Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
ISSN : 08534217     EISSN : 24433462
Artikel yang dimuat meliputi hasil-hasil penelitian, analisis kebijakan, dan opini-opini yang berhubungan dengan pertanian dalam arti luas, seperti agronomi, ilmu tanah, hama dan penyakit tanamam, ilmu kehewanan, kedokteran veteriner, keteknikan pertanian, teknologi industri, teknologi pangan, ilmu gizi, keluarga dan konsumen, biometri, biologi, klimatologi, peternakan perikanan, kelautan, kehutanan, dan sosial-ekonomi pertanian yang telah dipertimbangkan dan disetujui oleh Dewan Editor. Keterangan mengenai peralatan, pengamatan, dan teknik percobaan akan diterima sebagai artikel CATATAN. Pedoman Penulisan dicantumkan pada setiap terbitan tercetak. Indeks Penulisan dan subjek serta daftar penelaan (mitra bestari) dicantumkan di tiap nomor terakhir pada setiap volume.
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Pengetahuan Etnobotani Suku Manggarai dan Implikasinya Terhadap Pemanfaatan Tumbuhan Hutan di Pegunungan Ruteng Iswandono, Elisa; Zuhud, Ervizal Amir Muhammad; Hikmat, Agus; Kosmaryandi, Nandi
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1703.493 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.20.3.171

Abstract

Ruteng mountains are inhabited by the tribe Manggarai. Local community in the mountains of Ruteng have ethnobotany knowledge in utilization forest plant to meet their needs. Loss of traditional knowledge would have negative impacts on forest resources, because the indigenous people would have less knowledge on sustainable ways to manage the existing forest resources so that a research is required to identify the status of traditional knowledge. This study aims to analyze the level of knowledge of ethnobotany, retention rate, and the rate of change of the annual retention on the indigenous people in the Ruteng mountains. The research was conducted in the Kampung Mano, Lerang, and Wae Rebo, Manggarai District within the Province of Nusa Tenggara Timur in the period of July-December 2014. Data was obtained through Focus Group Discussion (FGD), semi-structured interviews with 90 respondent, and in-depth interviews. Data obtained were analyzed for the level of ethnobotany knowledge, ethnobotany retention index, and testing the significance of the factors that affect the level of knowledge with Kruskal Wallis test and Man Whitney. The results of the study shows that the Manggarai communities in the Mountains of Ruteng have local knowledge to meet daily needs, especially food, and medicine through the utilization of forest plant. The level of ethnobotany knowledge is high because they use forest plants, practice traditional rituals, and inheritance knowledge. The ethnobotany knowledge of young generation decreased which can give negatif impact to forest conservation.
Analisis Jangkauan (Outreach) LKMS bagi Rumahtangga Miskin Sektor Pertanian di Perdesaan Bogor, Jawa Barat Mulyaningsih, Yani; Nuryartono, Nunung; Oktaviani, Rina; Firdausy, Carunia Mulya
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1254.84 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.20.3.182

Abstract

The Objective of research to acknowledge the hypothesis: outreach islamic microfinance for the poor household of agricultural sector at rural Bogor West Java. The majority of the poor community in Indonesia stay at rural areas. Lack of access credit/financing generally seen as one of the main reasons why many people remain poor. Credit/financing as a powerful instrument to help poor people break out of the vicious cycle because it has the potential to improve income and savings, consequently, enhance capital accumulation, and reinforce high incomes, but providing credit to the poor of agricultural sector in many cases is a very costly activity. Bank isn’t interest to serve it. Hopefully, islamic microfinance institutions reaches to more the poor of agricultural sector. The average loan is the most commonly used to measure the degree of microfinance institutions (MFIs) outreach to poor customer segments, but it is very simple. Using the CGAP (Consultative Group to assist the poorest) method, the poverty multidimension of islamic microfinance outreach was measured. The result of study showed that islamic MFIs didn’t reach the poor household of agricultural sector at rural Bogor West Java.
Kajian Peningkatan Pati Resisten yang Terkandung dalam Bahan Pangan Sebagai Sumber Prebiotik Setiarto, Raden Haryo Bimo; Jenie, Betty Sri Laksmi; Faridah, Didah Nur; Saskiawan, Iwan
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1093.301 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.20.3.191

Abstract

Prebiotics are food ingredients that selectively stimulate the growth of probiotic bacteria in the colon. Resistant starch (RS) is the starch that can not be digested by digestive enzymes and resistant to gastric acid so it can reach the colon to be fermented by probiotic bacteria. There are treatments to increase the content of RS such as: autoclaving-cooling cycling, combination of lintnerized with autoclaving-cooling, and combination of debranching pullulanase with autoclaving-cooling. The results of techno-economical study showed that the combination of fermentation followed by autoclaving-cooling can be used as an alternative technique to increase the content of resistant starch in food more effectively and efficiently.
Pengelolaan Lahan Basah Terpadu di Desa Mulia Sari Kecamatan Tanjung Lago, Kabupaten Banyuasin Rahmi, Ombun; Susanto, Robiyanto Hendro; Siswanto, Ari
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (564.48 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.20.3.201

Abstract

Lowland is the fragile land which is sensitive toward modification. The accurate and integrated management is substantially needed to utilize the lowland. This study analyzed the integrated lowland management in Mulia Sari Village, Tanjung Lago Subdistrict, Banyuasin Regency, South Sumatera Province. Sampling was chosen randomly consisted 21 respondens. Primary data: the farmers typical and farming system, were collected by using questionnaire while doing observation and purposive interviewing method. Qualitative approach was used to analyze the data. The result represented that the farmers typical substially determine the integrated lowland management. 80% people in Mulia Sari Village are farmers. Average farmers are between 25-65 years old. 75% farmers are male which is higher than female farmers that is 4.7%. More or less 50% farmers do not comply nine years learning programme. 33% of farmer’s educational level was only elementry school. Approximately, 47.61% graduated junior high school. They got land between 0.5-4 acre and more than 30% rented. The farming system of lowland need to consider water and land management. Both water and land management are the primary requirement in the integrated lowland management. The integrated lowland management in Mulia Sari Village is hardly to apply. It still needs strategic policy and elucidation which are compatible with the farmer’s typical and the lowland ecosystem.
Pengaruh Luas Lahan dan Pupuk Bersubsidi Terhadap Produksi Padi Nasional Santoso, Agung Budi
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (556.956 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.20.3.208

Abstract

Rice has become a staple food of Indonesias population. The target of rice self-sufficiency continued to be a priority of the government until 2017. This study aims to analyze land use and subsidized fertilizer that affect national rice production and analysis description of the factors that affect rice production covering the spread and proportion in each of the major islands in Indonesia. The data used in this study was a secondary data derived from agricultural statistics of 2013 issued by the Data Center and Information Ministry of Agriculture. The data was processed using multiple linear regression analysis. The results that the national rice production was affected by land use, realization of subsidized urea fertilizer, realization of subsidized SP-36 fertilizer, and realization of subsidized ZA fertilizer. All of these factors on rice production was inelastic in the short term or long term. Java and Bali Island have the highest proportion in all the factors that affect national rice production.
Analisis Ekologi Perikanan sebagai Indikator Kerentanan Nelayan Asli Papua Kabupaten Manokwari, Papua Barat Runtuboi, Ferawati; Loinenak, Frida Aprilia; Simatauw, Fanny Fransina; Dasmasela, Yehiel Hendry
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1611.5 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.20.3.213

Abstract

The native fishermen are distributed in Manokwari coastal and have currently limited access to fisheries resource. This condition give vulnerable risk to potential utilization of fisheries resources to face vulnerable risk of local fishermen base on ecologycal aspect to take a wisely step to the problem. This research was conducted in April-September in 8 coastal district in Manokwari Regency. The result showed that native fishermen is medium vulnerable with value 0.57 to the number of catches, the composition of the fish and the fishing ground distance area. If this condition continues it will affect the existence of the status of local fishermen wich needs a partisanship in favor of the independence of local fishermen.
Karakteristik Aus Mata Pisau Terlapisi Bahan Pengeras pada Pemotongan Kayu Mersawa dan Papan Partikel Fahrussiam, Fauzan; Darmawan, Wayan; Wahyudi, Imam; Usuki, Hiroshi; Yoshinobu, Masahiro; Koseki, Shuhou
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1305.769 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.20.3.223

Abstract

The use of mersawa wood and particleboard as a materials has been increasing for building constructions and decorative purpose. In previous study reported that, these materials provide a high rate of wear caused by abrasion (high silica) and resin content. This article presents the characteristics of wear on the clearance face of newly multilayer-coated K10 cutting tools when milling mersawa wood and particleboard. The K10 cutting tools were coated with monolayer titanium aluminum nitride (TiAlN), multilayer TiAlN/titanium silicon nitride (TiSiN), and TiAlN/titanium boron nitride (TiBN). Mersawa wood with density of 0.80 g/cm3 and particleboard with a density of 0.61 g/cm3 were cut using the coated tools and uncoated K10. Cutting tests were performed on computer numeric control router at a high cutting speed of 17 m/s and a feed rate of 0.1 mm/rev to investigate the wear characteristics on the clearance face of these coated tools. Result of research shown that the coated tools experienced a smaller amount of wear than the uncoated tool when cutting the mersawa and particleboard. The best coating among other coated in this study was multilayer TiAlN/TiBN. The high hardness, low coefficient of friction, high resistance to oxidation, and high resistance to delamination wear of the multilayer-coated TiAlN/TiBN tool indicate a very promising applicability of this coating for high-speed cutting of abrasive woods and wood based materials.
Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Padi Sawah dan Gogo dengan Pemberian Pupuk Hayati Berbasis Bakteri Pemacu Tumbuh di Tanah Masam Aryanto, Arie; Triadiati, .; Sugiyanta, .
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1172.919 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.20.3.229

Abstract

Biofertilizer is a substance which contains microorganism and promotes plant growth by increasing the soil nutrient availability. The aim of this study was to analyze the growth and production of lowland and upland rice by using the biofertilizer in acid soils. Seven isolates of bacteria were used as biofertilizer, i.e. Bacillus sp., two strains of Pseudomonas sp., two strains of Azospirillum sp., and two strains of Azotobacter sp.. The treatments of this study were without fertilization, compost, 100% NPK, compost enriched with 7 isolates, compost enriched with 7 isolates + 50% NPK, compost enriched with 4 isolates, and compost enriched with 4 isolates + 50% NPK. The results showed that biofertilizer in compost improved nutrient content in acid soil, and increased rice growth and production as well. Compost enriched with 7 isolates 50% NPK showed the highest rice yield production both in the lowland and upland rice. The biofertilizer could reduced 50% utilization NPK fertilizer dosage in the first growing season.
Pengaruh Kombinasi Pemangkasan Akar dan Sumber Inokulum Ektomikoriza Terhadap Pertumbuhan Bibit Melinjo (Gnetum gnemon) Wulandari, Arum Sekar; Supriyanto, .; Febrianingrum, Hannum Wulan
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (685.425 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.20.3.236

Abstract

Root pruning technique may improve new lateral growth. The purposes of this research are to analyse the combined effect of root pruning and inoculum ectomycorrizal types on the growth of gnetum seedling (Gnetum gnemon). This research using split plot design. The source of ectomycorrizhal inoculum as main plot consist of 3 types: control, infected seedling of ectomycorrhizal, and soil inoculum. The root pruning level as sub plot also consist of 3 types: 0, 30, and 50%. Observation is conducted on month 5th and 6th after treatment. The result of this research indicates that root pruning technique on 7 month seedling able to enhance melinjo seedling’s growth and increase ectomycorrhizal colonization (Scleroderma spp.) after 6 months observation. The source of inoculum was able to enhance ectomyrorrhizal colonization but had no significant to gnetum seedling’s growth on month 6th after treatment. Interaction between root pruning 30% and fungal inoculation with soil inoculum source can improve gnetum seedling growth.
Efek Senyawa Saponin pada Sapindus rarak dengan Pakan Berbasis Jerami Padi dalam Mitigasi Gas Metana Krisnawan, Nanang; Sudarman, Asep; Jayanegara, Anuraga; Widyawati, Yeni
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (704.937 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.20.3.242

Abstract

The objective of the research was to study saponin in Sapindus rarak were added to the diet of rice straw ammoniation (20 & 40%), related to the effect in reducing methane emissions of ruminants and pattern of rumen fermentation were tested by in vitro. Completly randomized block design with four treatments and four replications was used. Variables measured were gas production total, methane production, dray matter digestibility (DMD), N-ammonia, VFA total, VFA partial, and population of protozoa. The results showed that the addition saponins in S. rarak as a source of rice straw ammoniation significant effect (P<0.05) of the total gas production, methane production, dray matter digestibility (DMD), N-ammonia, VFA partial, and population of protozoa. S. rarak use as a source of saponins with a dose of 20% on rice straw ammoniation was able to reduce methane gas production drop in gas production total, concentration of N-ammonia, and  protozoa population.

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