Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
ISSN : 08534217     EISSN : 24433462
Artikel yang dimuat meliputi hasil-hasil penelitian, analisis kebijakan, dan opini-opini yang berhubungan dengan pertanian dalam arti luas, seperti agronomi, ilmu tanah, hama dan penyakit tanamam, ilmu kehewanan, kedokteran veteriner, keteknikan pertanian, teknologi industri, teknologi pangan, ilmu gizi, keluarga dan konsumen, biometri, biologi, klimatologi, peternakan perikanan, kelautan, kehutanan, dan sosial-ekonomi pertanian yang telah dipertimbangkan dan disetujui oleh Dewan Editor. Keterangan mengenai peralatan, pengamatan, dan teknik percobaan akan diterima sebagai artikel CATATAN. Pedoman Penulisan dicantumkan pada setiap terbitan tercetak. Indeks Penulisan dan subjek serta daftar penelaan (mitra bestari) dicantumkan di tiap nomor terakhir pada setiap volume.
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Penggunaan Makrozoobentos Sebagai Indikator Status Perairan Hulu Sungai Cisadane, Bogor Rahayu, Dyah Muji; Yoga, Gunawan Pratama; Effendi, Hefni; Wardiatno, Yusli
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Anthropogenic pollution (organic matter and Hg) around Cisadane River upstream can affect the abundances of macrozoobenthos. The aim of this research was to identify the abundances of macrozoobenthos and feeding groups, and also to identify the status of waters based on macrozoobenthos community. The research was conducted on January to March in four locations in the upstream of Cisadane River, covering Cikuluwung (ST 1), Cisarua (ST 2), Curug Bitung (ST 3), and Lukut (ST 4). Samples were collected with kick net and Eckman Grab. The dominance macrozoobenthos are Bungona (171 ind/m2), Simulium (101 ind/m2), Cheumatopsyche (50 ind/m2), and Polypedilum (28 ind/m2). Based on feeding groups, the dominance are filtering collector and gatherer collector. Based on the Pollution Index and Heavy Metal Pollution Index (Hg) on sediment, the upstream of Cisadane River is low polluted whereas EPT Index and Signal showed that upstream of Cisadane River is moderate polluted.
Peran Penyuluh Kehutanan Swadaya Masyarakat (PKSM) dalam Membantu Masyarakat Mendapatkan Izin Hutan Kemasyarakatan (HKm) di Kecamatan Sendang Agung Kabupaten Lampung Tengah Larasati, Fadila Ayu; Qurniati, Rommy; Herwanti, Susni
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

One of the solutions to increase the community welfare and manage the forest is by giving the Social Forestry license. The implementation of community forest intend to give space for the local community for sustainable forest management. The submission of HKm license was done by farmers of HKm group who already received facilitaties from forestry partner that is Non-govermental Forestry Extension Worker (PKSM) to regent. The objectives of this research were to analyze the role of PKSM level for assisting farmer to obtain HKm license and analyze the correlation between external and internal factors of partner with their role. This research was done in Subdistrict Sendang Agung as an area under the jurisdiction of PKSM to assist submission of HKm license. The data was analized by Chi Square test, meanwhile to detect the correlation level of respondent factors with partner role is using coefficient contingency correlation analize. Based on analize result partner role level is obtained in high classification, partner role is as dynamist, mediator, facilitator, motivator, and educators. Internal factors companion that has a strong enough relationship with the role of companion is the number of dependents, long-serving, and cosmopilitaness, where as age, income, as well as information disclosure had uneasy relations. External factors companion that has a strong relationship with the companion role is recognition of the success and intensity of supervision, facilities have less close relationship level with the role of companion.
Pengelolaan Kolaboratif Kawasan Konservasi Penyu Pangumbahan Kabupaten Sukabumi Harahap, Irma Minarti; Fahrudin, Achmad; Wardiatno, Yusli
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Establishment of Marine Protected Area Sukabumi once the backup area Pangumbahan as Turtle Beach Coastal Conservation Areas and Small Islands (KKP3K), directly or indirectly, in desperate need of local community participation in the management of the region. Public perception of environmental conservation activities in the region is expected to help better management activities in the marine conservation area. The results of the analysis of the validity and reliability of the indicator variables assessed showed that each variable has a value Corrected Item-Total Correlation greater than 0.300. While the reliability value is greater than 0.700, i.e. 0.827 (perception), 0.897 (participation), 0.894 (law enforcement), 0.858 (policy), and 0.846 for the variable management. Based on the analysis of variables concluded that the perception of stakeholders and local government policies related Pangumbahan Turtle Conservation Area is the most dominant variable in determining the success of the conservation area management.
Peran Inkubator Bisnis Perguruan Tinggi dalam Peningkatan Kinerja Usaha UKM Pangan Hasbullah, Rokhani; Surahman, Memen; Yani, Ahmad; Almada, Deva Primadia; Faizaty, Elisa Nur
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Businesses in food processing plays an important role in the national economy. Facing the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC), the performance of the food SMEs needs to be improved in order to compete in the ASEAN region. One of the institutions that play a role in nurturing the business SMEs is Business Incubators. This study aimed to assess the performance of University Business Incubators in nurturing the incubator tenants and to assess the effect of incubation program on the performance of Food SMEs tenants. Research was conducted at several Business Incubators belong to universities by interviewing managers and tenants of the Business Incubators that have focus on the food processing sector. Data were analyzed using balanced scorecard (BSC). The results showed that most of the University Business Incubators have sufficient performances (75) and only a small portion performs well (17) and excellent (8). Business Incubators in general have several limitations such as limitations in process, quality, and facility in incubation program, low efficiency and financial independence. Business Incubators have contributed in improving the business performance of the tenants by increasing the number of labor, the turnover, the market region, and the access to financial sources.
Karakteristik Fisik Peneluran Chelonia mydas, Linn. 1758 di Kaimana-Papua Barat Parinding, Zeth; Basuni, Sambas; Purnomo, Herry; Kosmaryandi, Nandy; Wardiatno, Yusli
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Venu Island Wildlife areas, Kaimana-West Papua is one of the places for nesting of Chelonia mydas, Linn. 1758/Green Turtles/Jelepi. Thus, This study was conducted to identify the physical characteristics of Jelepi nesting in the Venu Island Wildlife areas, Kaimana-West Papua. Based on the analysis of the main components bi-plot of the physical characteristics of the main factors were found nesting and landing Jelepi, among others: Temperature sand at depth ≤30 cm (X ̅=27.42 C ± stdev 0,47 C), lighting at 11.0013.00 (X ̅=229.25lux ± stdev 326.50lux), building areas (X ̅=3.18 m2 ± stdev 16,74 m2), medium sand fraction in depth ≤30 cm (X ̅=39.86 ± stdev 16.11), and the number of holes nesting Jelepi (X ̅=1.52 nest ± stdev 1.12 nest). 
Kecukupan Asupan Nutrien Asal Hijauan Pakan Kambing PE di Desa Totallang-Kolaka Utara Nurlaha, .; Abdullah, Luki; Diapari, Didid
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

This study aimed to identify patterns of feed provision and evaluate the nutritional adequacy of crossbred goats (EC) in Totallang, Lasusua District of North Kolaka. The method used was descriptive analysis to describe the general state of research sites, feeding system and adequacy of nutrien by EC goats. The result revealed that livestock rearing is generally performed by breeders at the age of 1556 years (productive age group) of 81.25 and the remaining 18.75 in those aged >56 years. The experience of breeder ranges from 15 years (68.75) and >6 years (31.25). The type of feed used by farmers in the village of Totallang include: Gliricidia sp., Pennisetum purpureum, Erytrina subumbrans (Hassk.), and Ficus variegata Blume. Gliricidia sp. was dominant forage fed to animals (95.98) and other forage were fed in limited portion such as: pennisetum purpureum (1.79), Erytrina subumbrans (Hassk.) (1.34%) and Ficus variegata Blume (0.89). Gliricidia sp. contributed protein in ration up to 16.82. About 56.25 of farmer fed animal with 100 Gliricidia sp., while 18.75 of farmer used Gliricidia sp. in combination with Erytrina subumbrans (Hassk.) and 12.5 of them fed EC goats with combination of Gliricidia sp. and Erytrina subumbrans (Hassk.) or and Ficus variegata Blume. About 62.5 farmer in Totallang fed their goat with sufficient dry matter intake according to Kearl (1982), as well as 100 of goat were sufficient in crude protein intake meanwhile TDN intake were not fulfilled by farmer about 93.75.
Etnobotani Penghasil Getah oleh Suku Anak Dalam di Taman Nasional Bukit Duabelas Kabupaten Sarolangun, Jambi Andhika, Rana Rio; Hariyadi, Bambang; Saudagar, Fachruddin
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Sap of plants is one of the non-timber forest products are used by the community Suku Anak Dalam (SAD) in the National Park Bukit Duabelas. SAD is Jambi tribal culture that has potential in utilized and protected forest biodiversity Bukit Duabelas National Park. This research aims at produced an inventory of plant sap, assess the utilization and preservation process and review process by SAD inheritance knowledge about produced plants to the next generation in National Park Bukit Duabelas Sarolangun, Jambi. Data collected by snowball sampling technique through in-depth interviews, participant observation, and documentation. Analysis of descriptive data. Based on the results of this study found 21 species of plants produced sap utilized by the SAD as a source of revenue, material treatment, fuel, hunting, adhesives, traditional rituals materials, dyes and other materials exudate freezer. SAD sources of knowledge on the use of plant sap derived from the shaman, the parents and their own experiences orally handed down to posterity.
Model Simulasi Emisi dan Penyerapan CO2 di Kota Bogor Nur, Rizka Permatayakti Rasyidta; Purnomo, Herry
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Most of the urban pollution is the result of carbon dioxide (CO2) emission from human activities. This research identified CO2 emission and absorption in Bogor, and also the alternatives to solve the emission problem by system model and simulation. CO2 emission and absorption system model was created using software Stella 9.0.2 based on loss-gain emission concept for 30 years prediction. Human activities that contribute to CO2 emission are transportation, industries, energy consumption such as fuel or electricity, house hold waste, and farms, while the decrease factor is green open spaces as CO2 sequester. The alternatives to solve emission problem in Bogor is created based on green city concept by including the environmental aspects in every urban activity. The result of this research, the CO2 emission of Bogor reached 20.027.878 tons and the absorption reached 93.843 tons in 2042. Combined mitigation alternatives in several sectors could reduce CO2 emission by 2.797.667 tons in 2042 and CO2 emission could be neutralized by reforestation in 2036.
Kualitas Perairan Sungai Buaya di Pulau Bunyu Kalimantan Utara pada Kondisi Pasang Surut Kurniadi, Bambang; Hariyadi, Sigid; Adiwilaga, Enan Mulyana
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Buaya River is one of the river in Bunyu Island which is found near with domestic and agricultural activities. Moreover, Buaya River is also used for fisheries activity by people nearby (fish products collecting and processing) and also used by the fisherman as the back of the boat. These activities will influence and change water quality. This research aimed to analysed water quality condition at Buaya River. Water quality assessment was conducted at four observation station. Water quality was analysed using Storet index and was compared with threshold for marine organisms (Kepmen No. 51/MENLH/2004). The result showed that Buaya River had been polluted at medium level at tide and medium to heavy level at low tide. TSS, oil and grease were not suitable with marine organisms threshold at all stations in low high and low tide. 
Penentuan Daya Dukung Perairan untuk Perikanan Alami (Studi Kasus: Situ Cilala, Kabupaten Bogor) MZ, Novita; Soewardi, Kadarwan; Pratiwi, Niken Tunjung Murti
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

This study aimed to assess the aquatic carrying capacity for extensive fishing. The study was conducted in Cilala Lake, Jampang Village, Bogor. The carrying capacity was determined based on primary productivity using the chlorophyll value, which is indicating the existence of phosphate in waters. The result showed that carrying capacity of Cilala Lake for extensive fishing was 3.51 tons/year. Tilapia was the fish which could be restocked, because it has high tolerance to waters condition and there’s not prey or predator for this fish. If fish for restocking was assumed about 25 g in size and would be about 250 g after 46 months (harvest size), then the maximum stocked was 15.602 fingerlings/year for two periods. The number of fish pen cage available on the lake should be considered in calculating the number of fish for restocking.

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