Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
ISSN : 08534217     EISSN : 24433462
Artikel yang dimuat meliputi hasil-hasil penelitian, analisis kebijakan, dan opini-opini yang berhubungan dengan pertanian dalam arti luas, seperti agronomi, ilmu tanah, hama dan penyakit tanamam, ilmu kehewanan, kedokteran veteriner, keteknikan pertanian, teknologi industri, teknologi pangan, ilmu gizi, keluarga dan konsumen, biometri, biologi, klimatologi, peternakan perikanan, kelautan, kehutanan, dan sosial-ekonomi pertanian yang telah dipertimbangkan dan disetujui oleh Dewan Editor. Keterangan mengenai peralatan, pengamatan, dan teknik percobaan akan diterima sebagai artikel CATATAN. Pedoman Penulisan dicantumkan pada setiap terbitan tercetak. Indeks Penulisan dan subjek serta daftar penelaan (mitra bestari) dicantumkan di tiap nomor terakhir pada setiap volume.
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Search results for , issue " Vol 19, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia" : 18 Documents clear
Pemberian Daun Kayu Manis Cinnamomun Burmanni dalam Pakan Terhadap Kinerja Pertumbuhan dan Komposisi Nutrien Tubuh Ikan Patin Pangasius Hypopthalmus Setiawati, Mia; Jusadi, Dedi; Marlinda, Shella; Syafruddin, Dadang
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

This research was carried out to evaluate the effect of cinnamon leaf (Cinnamomun burmanni) as a suplement inthe diet due to growth performance and nutriet composition of patin (Pangasius hypothalamus). A triplicateexperiment was conducted using fish with an initial body weight of 7.27 ± 0.28 g. Fish were culture in aquaria 50 x40 x 35 cm at a density of 10 fish/aquaria. Fish were fed on the diet contained either 0, 0.5, 1; or 1.5% respectively.Fish fed on the diet at satiation for 30 days. The result shows that the suplementation of cinnamon leaf powder inthe diet 0 to 1.5% was insignificantly affected feed consumption, specific growth rate, and survival rate of fish.However, the addition of Cinnamomumn burmanni up to 1% was significantly increased the level of total feeddigestibility twice, the protein digestibility to 87.39%, and protein retention 1.5 higher than the control (withoutcinnamon leaf powder). On the other hand, the diet of 1% Cinnamomumn burmanni were the optimal result of thisresearch with the feed efficient, decrease 30% of fat and have more compact flesh texture.Keywords: cinnamon, growth, nutrien composition, patin
Analisis Ecological Footprint Sistem Perikanan di Kawasan Taman Wisata Perairan Gili Matra, Lombok Utara Pratiwi, Made Ayu; Wardiatno, Yusli; Adrianto, Luky
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Gili Matra Aquatic Park is a conservation area located in Gili Indah Village, North Lombok. It is one of marineprotected areas that has a wide range of potential resources, i.e. fish resources and ecosystems. The potency offish resources and marine ecosystems is utilized in fisheries and tourism activities. Non responsible fisheries andtourism activities can cause ecosystem degradation and fish extinction. The existence and preservation of fishresources is the main key to successful fisheries management in Gili Matra. Therefore, it is necessary to study theecological footprint to estimate the carrying capacity of fisheries in Gili Matra Aquatic Park. This study wasconducted in May June at TWP Gili Matra. The ecological footprint analysis showed that EF in Gili Indah village is0.1 x 10-6 km2/kapita. When the population of Gili Indah village in 2014 are 3.694 people, the area of EF is 0.55 km2.Compared with 18.97 km2 sustainability fisheries zone of TWP Gili Matra, so this is referred to undershoot. The useof EF fishery is still smaller than available area and the resources can reproduce and maintain its ecologicalfunctions.Keywords: carrying capacity, ecological footprint, Gili Matra aquatic park, undershoot
Karakteristik Susu Kerbau Sungai dan Rawa di Sumatera Utara Damayanthi, Evy; Yopi, .; Hasinah, Hasanatun; Setyawardani, Triana; Rizqiati, Heni; Putra, Salwa
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The objective of this research was to investigate the characteristics and differences in quality milk of Water andSwamp buffalo milk in North Sumatera. This research was conducted used complete random design used 30buffalo from three breeding farm in North Sumatera. Buffalo milk were collecting from lactating buffaloes on threetraditional farms located at Patumbak, Lubuk Pakam, and Siborong-borong with extensive farming system. Theresult of this research shown milk production per day for Swamp buffalo is 1 1.5 l and Water buffalo is 6 8 l withquality of Swamp and Water buffalo sequentially are for protein 5.14 ± 0.37% and 4.68 ± 0.41%, fat content 7.52 ±0.98% and 4.13 ± 0.73%, non-fat dry matter (NFDM) 10.61 ± 0.78% and 11.5 ± 0.86%, moisture 81.87 ± 2.26% and80.33 ± 2.33%, milk density 1.030 and 1.036, and then Total Plate Count (TPC) 3.79 x 106 and 5.08 x 105, shownindicated that there ware significant difference in protein, fat content and NFDM (P<0.01). But there is nodifferences in moisture and milk density. TPC shown that Swamp buffalo milk has above the maximum microbespresent in milk. The conclusion of this research is milk production of Swamp buffalo less than River buffalo but hashigher in chemical quality of milk than River buffalo such as protein, NFDM and fat content. Amino acids in Swampbuffalo milk were higher than River buffalo milk. Althought buffalo has less milk production than cow but buffalomilk were higher in all quality tested parameters and have more potential than dairy cow to be developed becausemaintenance of buffalo in North Sumatera is still use traditional method and not yet leading to efforts to obtainmaximum production performance.Keywords: amino acids, buffalo, fatty acids, milk characteristics
Respons Antibodi Anti ETEC K99 pada Induk Sapi Bunting Setelah Pemberian Vaksin Escherichia Coli Polivalen Esfandiari, Anita; Widhyari, Sus Derthi; Murtini, Sri; Febram, Bayu; Wulansari, Retno; Maylina, Leni
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The objective of this experiment was to detect antibody (IgG) against enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC)K99 in the blood of cows vaccinated by Escherichia coli polyvalent vaccine. Eight dry cows were injectedsubcutaneously by polyvalent Escherichia coli twice prior to parturition. Before vaccinated, the cows were givenimmunomodulator orally for 3 days. Blood samples were drawn from coccigeal vein prior to the 1st vaccination,two week following the 1st vaccination and at 1, 2, and 4 weeks after the 2nd vaccination. Blood samples wereanalyzed for IgG and ETEC K99 using indirect Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) assay. Results of theexperiment indicated that absorbance values of all vaccinated cows before the first vaccination until third weekfollowing the 2nd vaccination were below cut off values. The absorbance values then increased and were above cutoff values at fourth week following the 2nd vaccination. In conclusion, antibody against ETEC K99, were detected inthe blood of cows, fourth week following the 2nd vaccination.Keywords: cattle, colostrum, enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, IgG
Deformitas Ligula Larva Tanypodinae sebagai Indikator Pencemaran Logam Berat di Danau Lido, Jawa Barat Pramesthy, Tyas Dita; Wardiatno, Yusli; Krisanti, Majariana
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

As one group of Chironomidae Tanypodinae larvae can be used in biological assessment to detect the heavymetal pollution in aquatic environment, because they could show morphological changes due to the pollution. Thestudy was aimed to describe ligula deformities in Tanypodinae larvae in a heavy metal polluted lake. The study wasconducted in Mei to June 2014 at Lake Lido, West Java. The results showed that lead (Pb) concentration in LidoLake was quaite high, i.e. 0.08 0.19 mg/L. Ten of fifty-five collected Tanypodinae larve exhibited deformation in theirligulae. Index of severity of ligula deformation (ILSD) was 4.4 indicating the response of the Chironomidae larvae tolead pollution.Keywords: Chironomidae, heavy metal pollution, ligula deformities, Tanypodinae larvae
Produksi Serasah Mangrove di Pesisir Tangerang, Banten Aida, Gilang Rusrita; Wardiatno, Yusli; Fahrudin, Achmad; Kamal, Mohammad Mukhlis
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
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Abstract

Mangrove ecosystem plays an important role in contributing the organic matter from litter produced which is amajor link of the food web in mangrove ecosystem. The research was conducted to estimate litterfall production ofmangroves in Tangerang coastal area. The structure and composition of the mangrove ecosystem consists ofAvicenia marina, Avicenia alba, Rhizophora mucronata, and Sonneratia caseolaris with density and diameter ofmangrove trees about 3 23 tress/100 m2 and 4.8 38.2 cm, respectively. The results of station groupings based onthe structure and composition of mangrove with environmental parameters showed the highest production oflitterfall generated by group II (station 4; consists of Avicenia marina and Rhizophora mucronata), followed bygroup III (station 6; consists of Sonneratia caseolaris) and group I (station 1, 2, 3, and 5; of Avicenia alba, Aviceniamarina, and Rhizophora mucronata). Litterfal production of group II reached 3.86 ± 0.22 g/m2/day, followed by groupIII and group I (3.63 ± 2.2 g/m2/day and 2.88 ± 0.99 g/m2/day, respectively). Overall, the total production of litterfallper day in the coastal area reached 3.45 g/m2/day with leaf as the main component (>80%), followed by twigs andreproductive organs.Keywords: coastal area, litterfall, mangrove ecosystem, Tangerang
Tangible Value Biodiversitas Herbal dan Meningkatkan Daya Saing Produk Herbal Indonesia dalam Menghadapi Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN 2015 Putri, Eka Intan Kumala; Rifin, Amzul; Novindra, .; Daryanto, Heny Kuswanti; Hastuti, .; Istiqomah, Asti
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
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Abstract

Herbs are environmentally friendly commodities that slogan back to nature. Herbal is a reliable commodityIndonesia because herbal raw material comes from Indonesias abundant biodiversity. However, the currentIndonesian herbal faced a number of challenges to be able to compete with the herbs that come from foreigncountries. The existence of the Free Trade Agreement can be seen by the opening of the market to the entry ofIndonesian herbal products imported from Cina, India, Malaysia, and others. Economically, Indonesias tradebalance deficit with export figures of herbal products continues to decline. That is, the existence of free tradeagreements is adversely affected by the low competitiveness of herbal products against imported products thatcirculate in Indonesia. In the midst of adversity free trade, in 2015 has agreed a free trade agreement between theASEAN countries (EAC). Will EAC able to lift Indonesian herbal products from the domestic market?.Keywords: competitiveness, EAC, export product, herbal, the domestic market
Rekayasa Mobile Sprayer Machine untuk Pemeliharaan Tanaman Tebu Lahan Kering Pramuhadi, Gatot; Purwanto, Mohammad Yanuar Jarwadi; Sutejo, Agus
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
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Abstract

In order to raise sugarcane productivity and milling yield, it must be applied a mobile sprayer machine in asugarcane dry land to apply nutrition droplets on plants rows that it can follows vegetative and generative plantsgrowths until nearly harvesting time. The objective of the research was to design a mobile sprayer machine. Resultof the design was a prototype A (mobile sprayer machine based on a motorcycle). Test result of the prototype Ashowed that spraying flow rate increased from 3.79 6.71 l/minute by increasing liquid pressure from 2 7 kgf/cm2,so that operating time of the machine with 50 l capacity were 7.46 13.20 minutes. Test result in the PG Subangsugarcane area showed that the prototype A was difficult to control, but it still could accelerate on between plantsrows with average forward speed of 0.32 0.76 m/second. It were operated on liquid load of 100 and 50 kg. Theprototype A was changed by a prototype B (mobile sprayer machine based on tri-cycle motorbike). Test result inthe PG Subang sugarcane area showed that the prototype B could accelerate smoothly with forward speed of 2.15m/second on a flat area, but it just had capability to accelerate with average forward speed of 0.24 m/second when itwas applied on three-months ratoon plants rows area.Keywords: milling yield, mobile sprayer machine, sugarcane productivity
Kajian Metode Pelilinan Terhadap Umur Simpan Buah Manggis (Garcinia mangostana) Semi-Cutting dalam Penyimpanan Dingin Ahmad, Usman; Darmawati, Emmy; Refilia, Nur Rahma
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Mangosteen can be stored for a relatively long period in low temperature storage, but peel hardening due to lostof moisture makes it difficult to open before consumption. One attempt to solve this problem is the application ofsemi-cutting treatment before storage of the fruits at low temperature. However, semi-cutting will acceleratedeterioration process since it increases fruit respiration and creates a door to microorganism to enter and spoil thefruit. Waxing the fruit after semi-cutting helps to overcome the problems, so the fruit can be stored at lowtemperature for long period, but it can be opened easily before consumption. This research aims to find a suitablemethod of waxing as well as the best wax concentration solution for waxing process. The methods of waxingconducted in this research were dipping and smearing, while the wax concentration in solution for both methodswere 6, 9, and 12%. The results show that smearing the fruit after semi-cutting with 12% wax concentration gave thelongest self life for the mangosteen stored at low temperature, while the fruits were still easier to open afterstorage.Keywords: mangosteen, peel hardening, semi-cutting, waxing
Analisis Ecological Footprint Sistem Perikanan di Kawasan Taman Wisata Perairan Gili Matra, Lombok Utara Pratiwi, Made Ayu; Wardiatno, Yusli; Adrianto, Luky
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (709.855 KB)

Abstract

Gili Matra Aquatic Park is a conservation area located in Gili Indah Village, North Lombok. It is one of marineprotected areas that has a wide range of potential resources, i.e. fish resources and ecosystems. The potency offish resources and marine ecosystems is utilized in fisheries and tourism activities. Non responsible fisheries andtourism activities can cause ecosystem degradation and fish extinction. The existence and preservation of fishresources is the main key to successful fisheries management in Gili Matra. Therefore, it is necessary to study theecological footprint to estimate the carrying capacity of fisheries in Gili Matra Aquatic Park. This study wasconducted in May June at TWP Gili Matra. The ecological footprint analysis showed that EF in Gili Indah village is0.1 x 10-6 km2/kapita. When the population of Gili Indah village in 2014 are 3.694 people, the area of EF is 0.55 km2.Compared with 18.97 km2 sustainability fisheries zone of TWP Gili Matra, so this is referred to undershoot. The useof EF fishery is still smaller than available area and the resources can reproduce and maintain its ecologicalfunctions.

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