Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
ISSN : 08534217     EISSN : 24433462
Artikel yang dimuat meliputi hasil-hasil penelitian, analisis kebijakan, dan opini-opini yang berhubungan dengan pertanian dalam arti luas, seperti agronomi, ilmu tanah, hama dan penyakit tanamam, ilmu kehewanan, kedokteran veteriner, keteknikan pertanian, teknologi industri, teknologi pangan, ilmu gizi, keluarga dan konsumen, biometri, biologi, klimatologi, peternakan perikanan, kelautan, kehutanan, dan sosial-ekonomi pertanian yang telah dipertimbangkan dan disetujui oleh Dewan Editor. Keterangan mengenai peralatan, pengamatan, dan teknik percobaan akan diterima sebagai artikel CATATAN. Pedoman Penulisan dicantumkan pada setiap terbitan tercetak. Indeks Penulisan dan subjek serta daftar penelaan (mitra bestari) dicantumkan di tiap nomor terakhir pada setiap volume.
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Kajian Model Pemberdayaan Ketahanan Pangan di Wilayah Perbatasan Antar Negara Syarief, Rizal; Sumardjo, .; Fatchiya, Anna
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Malacca District is one of Indonesian border area with East Timor. This region is also become the home for largest number of refugees in East Timor after the poll.The existence of the East Timorese former warrior who lived in the ressetlement area built by the EU and UNHCR in Kanamasa village, Central Malaka subdistrict-Malacca District, need special attention amid uncertainty life after their struggle. The Central Malacca subdistrict classified as number one priority areas of food insecurity in East Nusa Tenggara according FSVA. The development of agriculture is alternative solutions in an effort to strengthen the refugees household food security. The purpose ofthis study wasto analyzethe condition of the availability of food, the factors causing food problems, and designing a model of community empowerment efforts to increase food security in the inter-state border. The results showed the condition of the people of East Timorex-fighters in a state of food insecurity that characterized the energy consumption below the cutting point for the adequacy of the energy consumption of 2.160Cal/cap/dayis equal to1209.08Cal/cap/day. Food problems that arise due to the lack of diversification factor, high food prices, and food cultureareless supportive of the adequacy of nutrient intake in the family. Agricultural development program is an effort to address the problem of food insecurity, with a capital in the community experience in agriculture. Programs that can be developed are: 1) institutional strengthening through the establishment of farmers groups; 2) human resource development through training of crops and horticulture nursery; 3) optmize of yards land use; 4) initiation of land cultivation procurement; 5) agriculture activities in demonstration plots land. Keywords: community empowerment, food security, poverty
Campuran Pulp Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit dan Selulosa Mikrobial Nata de Cassava dalam Pembuatan Kertas Syamsu, Khaswar; Haditjaroko, Liesbetini; Pradikta, Gamma Irca; Roliadi, Han
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Nowadays, forest-extracted wood cellulose still predominantly serves as raw material for pulp and paper manufacture in Indonesia. Consequently, the deforestation rate has alarmingly increased. The purpose of this research is to study the use of mixed microbial cellulose pulp from nata de cassava and pulp from empty oil palm fruit bunch (EOPFB) for paper manufacture. In this research, pulp of nata de cassava’s microbial cellulose was mixed with EOPFB pulp at various proportions. Additives (i.e. 2% alum, 2.5% tapioca starch, and 5% kaolin) were added to such mixture. Sheet forming without additives was made as a control. Addition of microbial cellulose tends to increase the physical and strength properties of paper and decrease the capability to absorb water significantly. The mixture of pulp of empty oil palm fruit bunch and microbial cellulose from nata de cassava has a potency to substitute wood pulp for paper manufacture. Keywords: empty oil-palm fruit bunch, microbial cellulose (nata de cassava), pulp/paper
Struktur Komunitas Cacing Parasitik pada Ikan Kembung (Rastrelliger Spp.) di Perairan Teluk Banten dan Pelabuhan Ratu Indaryanto, Forcep Rio; Wardiatno, Yusli; Tiuria, Risa
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The short mackerel is the most commercially important small pelagic fish in Indonesia. Parasitism plays a central role in fish biology. Parasitism is a ubiquitous phenomenon in the marine environment and it is probable that all marine fishes are infected with parasites. Helminth parasitic of Rastrelliger spp. are Lechitocladium angustonum (Digenea: Hemiuridae), Lecitochirium sp. (Digenea: Hemiuridae), Prodistomum orientalis (Digenea: Lepocreadiidae) and Anisakis typica (Nematodes: Anisakidae), with 90.12% of prevalence. They are not significant different of helminth parasitic abundance from R. kanagurta and R. brachysoma, but significant in helminth species richness. This different of helminth species richness was because of L. angustonum dominances. The different location wasn’t have significant different of helminth parasitic abundance because Indonesian in the tropical zone. Anisakis species in Java sea have a same genetic with Anisakis typical and not zoonotic parasite kategories. The fish digestion was a microhabitat for helminth parasitik because they have much food stuff. The fish growth have significant different in helminth parasitic abundance and intencity. This situation was because the fish immunity development and the food habit of fish. Keywords: Banten bay, community structure, helminth parasites, Pelabuhan Ratu bay, Rastrelliger spp.
Wisata Alam Taman Nasional Gunung Halimun Salak: Solusi Kepentingan Ekologi dan Ekonomi Ekayani, Meti; Nuva, .; Yasmin, Rizqiyyah; Sinaga, Fernando; Maaruf, La Ode M.
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The extended of Gunung Halimun Salak National Park (TNGHS) coverage area pose a conflict of interest which is trade-off between the interests of the TNGHS main functions as conservation areas (ecological interests) and interests of local people who use the forest for economic needs. One of the intangible environmental services of TNGHS is natural tourism in the used zone which can be a win-win solution alternative to the trade off of conservation and economic interests in conservation area. Natural tourism in national parks is a payments for ecosystem services (PES) scheme that will provide added value, both conservation and economic benefits as non-exploited activity that will not endanger the national parks preservation. Therefore, in this study, how the natural tourism activities in TNGHS can support conservation and local economic improvement is examined. The high economic value of tourism and economic impact i.e. multiplier effect and job opportunity demonstrate that natural tourism in TNGHS as environmental services is very important. Natural resources and the beauty of nature in TNGHS should be preserved to keep the sustainability of natural tourism, because without the conservation of natural resource thus will be no natural tourism, which means there will be no economic benefit to the community. Keywords: conservation, economic Impact, economic Value, Gunung Halimun Salak National Park, multiplier Effect, payments for ecosystem services
Model Pendampingan UMKM Pangan Melalui Inkubator Bisnis Perguruan Tinggi Hasbullah, Rokhani; Surahman, Memen; Yani, Ahmad; Almada, Deva Primadia; Faizaty, Elisa Nur
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Business incubator in Indonesia has not developed yet as in developed countries. It is caused by a lack of support from the government and the lack of a model of the concept of business incubation as a reference. This study aimed to develop a mentoring model for food processing SMEs through the Business Incubator in higher education. Research was conducted at several Business Incubators belong to universities by interviewing managers and tenants of the business incubators that have focus on the food processing sector. Data were analyzed using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and SWOT. The results showed that the most effective incubation models for the food processing SMEs is a model of mentoring participatory. SMEs tenants should be involved in any decision-making process and are actively involved in discussions about their business problems and solutions to overcome their problems. Incubation of tenants is carried out for three years covering the stage of pre incubation, incubation and post-incubation. The main program of incubation for SMEs include technical and managerial training, simple accounting, preparation of business plan, facilitating access to capital and marketing. Keywords: business incubation, mentoring model, participative mentoring, SMEs of food processing
Biologi Populasi Rajungan (Portunus Pelagicus) dan Karakteristik Lingkungan Habitat Esensialnya Sebagai Upaya Awal Perlindungan di Lampung Timur Kurnia, Rahmat; Boer, Mennofatria; Zairion, .
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

There are several option management measures in preventing sustainability stock of the blue swimming crab (Portunus pelagicus), i.e., nursery ground conservation. Thus, the objective of this study was to analyses habitat characteristic and its population biology in the PGN marine embayment of Labuhan Maringgai, as one among crab habitat essential in East Lampung coastal water. The potential nursery ground conservation was assessed by habitat suitability index, carrying capacity, distribution and abundance as well as crabs size. The result shows that environmental condition was still suitable, even though the habitat carrying capacity tend to degraded by an increasing of turbidity and sedimentation at the embayment mouth. The crabs captured were also not representing of peak abundance season and recruitment during sampling period, while those crab size almost 100% under Lm50. The strategic management directive is required to control in utilization of crab’s essential habitat, including crab fishing by any fishing gear resulted undersize captured crabs. Meanwhile, to propose habitat essential conservation might need more consideration and comprehensive study, including social economic and cultural aspects and co-management approach may be required in management measure applied. Keywords: conservation, East Lampung, essential habitat, population biology, Portunus pelagicus
Pemanfaatan Daun Bangun-Bangun dalam Pengembangan Produk Makanan Tambahan Fungsional untuk Ibu Menyusui Syarief, Hidayat; Damanik, Rizal Martua; Sinaga, Tiurma; Doloksaribu, Tetty Herta
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Bangun-bangun leaves (Coleus amboinicus Lour) is one of plants that has a function as laktagogue which can increase secretion and production of breast milk. Therefore, the bangun-bangun leaves are potential to be used as an ingredient in the product development of supplement and functional foods for lactating mothers. The objective of this research is to develop supplement and functional foods for lactating mothers from the bangun-bangun leaves.Two types of products were made with same type and amount of basic material, but different in the amount of bangun-bangun leaves, i.e.120 or 150 g. Results of organoleptic test using 40 lactating mothers as panelists show that the average panelist favorite for both products were not significantly different and altogether all panelists can accept the two products. Keywords: bangun-bangun leaves, lactating mothers, supplement and functional food
Karakteristik dan Sifat-Sifat Dasar Kayu Jati Unggul Umur 4 dan 5 Tahun Asal Jawa Barat Wahyudi, Imam; Priadi, Trisna; Rahayu, Istie Sekartining
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Anatomical characteristics, fiber morphology, microfibril angle, specific gravity and wood density, dimensional stabilization, modulus of rupture (MOR), modulus of elasticity (MOE), hardness and natural durability of superior teakwood from West Java were studied comprehensively in order to find out their best quality improvement technique. It was showed that quality improvement technique has to be employed since characteristics and properties of the superior teakwood studied are inferior compared to those of the older teakwood. In general wood strength, wood durability, wood stability and wood figure were lower compared to those of the conventional teakwood. Keywords: MFA, MOE, MOR, superior Teakwood, Tectona grandis
Model Pengembangan Rumpon Sebagai Alat Bantu dalam Pemanfaatan Sumber Daya Ikan Tuna Secara Berkelanjutan Nurani, Tri Wiji; Wisudo, Sugeng Hari; Wahyuningrum, Prihatin Ika; Arhatin, Risti Endriani
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
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Abstract

The increasing use of fish agregating devices (FADs) in the Indian Ocean South Coast of Java is concerned that will be affect the sustainability of tuna resources. The research aimed to evaluate and make development model of FADs as a tool in the sustainability utilization of tuna fish resources. Research was conducted in PPP Tamperan and PPP Pondokdadap. The evaluation was conducted to 1) the lengths size composition, 2) tuna stok resources, 3) map location of FADs, 4) policy rules of use of FADs. Evaluation results indicated 1) the size composition of decent catch tuna fish in PPP Tamperan and PPP Pondokdadap differed for sampling in different month, i.e. respectively in June-July 75,14 and 99,42%, while in August-September 43,18 and 73,43% respectively; 2) estimation of MSY is 2.569 tonnes per year, the optimum effort of 970 units, the level of utilization is 78,81; 3) FADs installed in position 8-13 oLS, 111-113 oBT, the number of FADs quite a lot with the installation distance was less than 10 miles and not in order; 4) regulations already existed, but the level of stakeholder understanding of regulations was still low. Based on evaluation results, recommendations of development model are 1) tightening the permissions, that tuna fish which is allowed to be caught is with lenght size over than 80 cm; 2) FADs installation location refers to the variability of chlorophyll-a, sea surface temperature and the rules that are contained in the Kepmen KP No. 30/2004, 3) more technical regulations need to be made and socialized, accompanied with monitoring and controlling. Keywords: development, FADs, sustainability, The Indian Ocean South Coast of Java, tuna
Wisata Alam Taman Nasional Gunung Halimun Salak: Solusi Kepentingan Ekologi dan Ekonomi Ekayani, Meti; Nuva, .; Yasmin, Rizqiyyah; Sinaga, Fernando; Maaruf, La Ode M.
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1001.945 KB)

Abstract

The extended of Gunung Halimun Salak National Park (TNGHS) coverage area pose a conflict of interest which is trade-off between the interests of the TNGHS main functions as conservation areas (ecological interests) and interests of local people who use the forest for economic needs. One of the intangible environmental services of TNGHS is natural tourism in the used zone which can be a win-win solution alternative to the trade off of conservation and economic interests in conservation area. Natural tourism in national parks is a payments for ecosystem services (PES) scheme that will provide added value, both conservation and economic benefits as non-exploited activity that will not endanger the national parks preservation. Therefore, in this study, how the natural tourism activities in TNGHS can support conservation and local economic improvement is examined. The high economic value of tourism and economic impact i.e. multiplier effect and job opportunity demonstrate that natural tourism in TNGHS as environmental services is very important. Natural resources and the beauty of nature in TNGHS should be preserved to keep the sustainability of natural tourism, because without the conservation of natural resource thus will be no natural tourism, which means there will be no economic benefit to the community.

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