Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
ISSN : 08534217     EISSN : 24433462
Artikel yang dimuat meliputi hasil-hasil penelitian, analisis kebijakan, dan opini-opini yang berhubungan dengan pertanian dalam arti luas, seperti agronomi, ilmu tanah, hama dan penyakit tanamam, ilmu kehewanan, kedokteran veteriner, keteknikan pertanian, teknologi industri, teknologi pangan, ilmu gizi, keluarga dan konsumen, biometri, biologi, klimatologi, peternakan perikanan, kelautan, kehutanan, dan sosial-ekonomi pertanian yang telah dipertimbangkan dan disetujui oleh Dewan Editor. Keterangan mengenai peralatan, pengamatan, dan teknik percobaan akan diterima sebagai artikel CATATAN. Pedoman Penulisan dicantumkan pada setiap terbitan tercetak. Indeks Penulisan dan subjek serta daftar penelaan (mitra bestari) dicantumkan di tiap nomor terakhir pada setiap volume.
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Penggunaan beluntas, vitamin C dan E sebagai antioksidan untuk menurunkan off-odor (25%) daging itik alabio dan Citaheup ., Rukmiasih; PS, Hardjosworo; PP, Kataren; PR, Matitaputty
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 15, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Meat consumption of Indonesian society is not limited to the beef and chicken. Meat ducks are now starting to become popular and food products that are brilliant prospects. Sources of duck meat usually from male and female ducks dismissed that as a result of low-quality meat. The purpose of this study is looking at providing beluntas, vitamin c and e on the effectiveness of local men ducks. In the present study utilized two strain Cihateup male duck and Alabio male duck, each of which consists of three repeats with four treatment of forages, namely: 1. KO (control), 2. Beluntas commercial feed + 0.5% (KB), 3. Beluntas commercial feed + 0.5% + vitamint c 250 mg/kg (KBC), 4. Beluntas commercial feed+ 0.5% + vitamint e 400 IU/kg/dose (KBE). Design made of CRD. The results showed that the feed treatment (KB, KBC, KBE) has no effect on feed intake, feed conversion, final weight, body weight gain, weight cut, the percentage of carcasses and carcass parts percentage Alabio duck, but duck feed Cihateup treatment (KBE) significant effect on final weight, percentage body weight gain and carcass parts of the chest compared with treatment C, KB and KBC. The use of leaf starch levels beluntas 0.5°/o yield better feed conversion. Wheat leaf beluntas as much as 0.5% + Vitamint E in the diet, is able to maintain good performance with the ducks.Keywords : Alabio duck, cihateup duck, wheat leaf beluntas, vita mint C, vitamint E.
Biaya perjalanan domestik pengunjung terhadap manfaat rekreasi di taman wisata alam punti kayu (TWAPK) kota Palembang Qurniati, Rommy; Saleh, Abdur Rahman
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 15, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Punti Kayu Nature Park can provide various benefits. Currently benefits obtained are still considering to be low. An objective and quantitative assessment of a recreation benefits by calculated travel cost and willingness to pay of visitors to recreation benefits, in the end good for as consideration to determine development alternative, construction and cost of conservation activity in Nature Park Punti Kayu (TWAPK). This research was conducted in the Nature Park Punti Kayu Palembang city, South Sumatra Province. The object of research in this study were the respondents (visitors) in the Nature Park Punti Kayu. Number of visitors samples in this study were 100 visitors. Data obtained in the form of tabulations and percentages, then analyzed descriptively. According to the research, visitor assessment to TWAPK related to condition of road to recreation object, accessibility, biodiversity, and recreation facility are good with mean score 3,62, 3,91, 3,18,and 3,33. While security and information service are ugly, with mean score 2,58. Mean of travel cost of visitor TW APK range from Rp 44.913,04 till Rp172.000,00. Progressively far the distance which is gone through by a visitor from home to location of recreation, hence expend more and more traveling cost conversely. Totalize value of willingness topay of visitors in TWAPK for forest and land cost rehabilitation equal to Rp 876.070.734,00/year.Keywords : Travel cost, willingness to pay, Nature Park.
Konservasi keanekaragaman hayati pada kegiatan pertambangan di kawasan hutan di Indonesia Ardhana, I Putu Gede
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 15, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

This paper is carried out in order to study and evaluate the existing of governmental policies and the strategies of Indonesian government for conservation of forest and protective areas and it is also to formulate a sustainable development strategy for forest and protective areas. This study is related with the enactment of the No. 19 Act in 2004 which is implemented in the forest areas, as a new regulation of forestry especially for 13 companies which got the permission in accordance with Presidential Decree No. 41 in 2004 which is a manifestation of synchronization of mining activities in the forest areas. The method of this paper is used a normative legal research to study and evaluate the governmental policies and strategies which deal with mining activities in the forest areas. In this paper I analize a normative vagueness between two Acts, that is No. 11 Act in 1967 as the law of mining and No. 41 Act in 1999 as the law of forestry regarding utilization of forest and conservative forest to overlapping the mining activities. From the result of this study I concluded that in reality the mining is one of the causes of forest destruction. Walhi indicated that the mining locations clearly visible how the face of Indonesian forests are destroyed by excavation, disposal of waste rock and tailing and after mine operation support of the activities and they left about the holes were allowed to continue to open and become toxic acid at the post-mining lake. From the review above for addressing the threat need to formulate a sustainable development strategy for forest and protective areas at least need to revitalize the effort to required legislation concerning forest and conservation of biodiversity for mining activities in the forest areas.Keyword : Biodiversity, conservation, mining, forestry.
Pengaruh pupuk NPK dan kompos terhadap pertumbuhan semai gmelina (Gmelina arborea Roxb.) pada media tanaha bekas tambang emas (tailing) Wasis, Basuki; Fathia, Nuri
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 15, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Mining activities could adversely affect the environment if the waste it generates is not processed properly. Negative impacts include disruption of natural ecosystems in the form of changes in soil structure resulting morphology and physical conditions, chemical and biological soil becomes worse. Tailings are mineralmineral/ logam-logam composite weight from mining activities, has a sandy texture. Planting crops gmelina (Gmelina arborea Roxb.) On the media tailings with the addition of NPK fertilizer and composted manure is expected to improve the physical properties, chemical and biological soil tailings as a medium for plant growth in land revegetation efforts. Experimental design used in this study was factorial design with two factors. The first factor is fertilizer NPK with 4 level and the second factor is the compost with 4 level. The interaction betweenNPK fertilizer and compost that give real effect on the growth of both high and diameter gmelina. So that theresulting growth in both fertilizer interaction produces a real growth. A2B3 combination treatment (NPK 10 grams to 30 grams of compost) to give the most obvious influence with the highest growth in response to the control that is 7.56 em {75.08%). In the interaction treatment A3BO (NPK fertilizer with compost 15 grams 0 grams) shows the percentage growth in value of the diameter of the supreme control of 0.0575 em {22.716%).Keywords: Gmelina arborea Roxb., Tailings, mining, compost fertilizer, NPK fertilizer.
Kandungan emisi gas rumah kaca pada kebakaran hutan rawa gambut di pelalawan Riau Nurhayati, Ati Dwi; Aryanti, Ervina; Saharjo, Bambang Hero
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 15, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Peat land in the east coast of Sumatera (Riau, Jambi, South Sumatera) and Kalimantan (South Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan and West Kalimantan) has being used for agricultural crops such as rice field, palm oil and coffee plantation. land preparation practiced is slash and burn method. Smoke haze that produce from peat fires were caused by these method. To determine the impact of such practice to atmospheric quality, a study was conducted at Pelalawan Province Riau. Four plots on peat land were prepared at sapric and hemic, each plot was 20 m x 20 m (0,04 ha). Before burning vegetation was cleared off, then the plots were circularly burned (ring fire) and greenhouse gases emitted were measured. The average of greenhouse gases emitted from sapric plot burning were 273 ppm CH[4], 10.395 ppm C0[2] and 1.223 ppm CO. Greenhouse gasses emitted from hemic plot burning were 306 ppm CH[4], 10.678 ppm C02 and 2176 ppm CO. The high CO emission from peat burning indicate there has been an incomplete burning at the fuel, due to high fuel moisture. The largest single atmospheric emission from peat burning was C0[2] and the smallest was CH[4] • The increase of greenhouse gases emission will contribute to global climate change, especially the global temperature increase through greenhouse effect of the gases.Keywords : Greenhouse gases, sapric, hemic,peat fire.
Analisis paket teknologi lokal dalam pengelolaan produksi madu organik untuk pasar global dan industri Hilmanto, Rudi
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 15, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Production of honey conventionally by community do generate constraint at marketing to global market and industry. Model local technological packet is hoped improve the value sell honey commodity to go in global market and industry. Activity of production organic honey use local technological packet is hoped able to face Free Trade Agreement (FTA) for local farmer. local Technological packet at activity produce honey commodity, is expected be able to develop and strengthen production quality commodity. The objective of this research was to analyse the local technological packet at activity produce organic honey commodity to industrial and the global market in the form of technological model of management produce honey. The research method use Knowledge Base Creation constructively computer program of Agroekological Knowledge Toolkit 5 (AKT5). Result of research indicate that application local technological packet at activity produce organic honey had to watched five activity, namely: (a) system agroforestry as source of nectar and pollen; (b) to improve the stock honeybee; (c) select, breeder, making bee hive honey; (d) give meal artificial (e) time and technique of cropping, till the product was sold. The result of reseach showed that the responder group applying activity produce honey organic at species Apis cerana yield 2,5 kg each stup, rate moisture content 20°/o, not turbid, and cleared at yielded honey. Result Interpretation was showed fulfill ideal technology management target. Keyword : Model, technological packet, honey, organic, local.
Formulasi susu berkhasiat anti flu burung dan anti diare; produksi imunoglobulin Y dalam berbagai bentuk Hidayat, Rahmat
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 15, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The ultimate goal of fresh milk formulations are efficacious against-bird flu and diarrhea (against Escherichia coli and Salmonella enteritidis). Outputs generated in this first year of immunoglobulin Y anti-bird flu and anti-diarrhea in various forms of spray dry yolk, dry freeze egg yolks, and pure extracts. lg Y that collected is located in the egg yolks and tested positive for HSNl virus, E. coli and S. enteritidis. Production of Ig Y begins with the treatment in the form of vaccination in laying hens 4 (four) times during the 4 (four) weeks. The vaccines were used in the form of HSNl in the first and third week, while E. coli and S. enteritidis usedevery week. Serum and yolk was collected and checked for the presence of anti-lg Y was the third agent since the first week after the last vaccination. Inspection method for E. coli and S. Enteritidis is the order Presipitation Gel Test (AGPT) while the HSNl method Haemagglutination Inhibition (HI). The results give a positive result against all three antigens, but in a different week. This situation is common given the immunity of each chicken is different depending on race, age and environment. Keywords : Milk formulation, immunoglobulin Y, bird flu, diarrhea.
Daya racun ekstrak kasar daun bintaro (Cerbera odollam Gaertn.) terhadap larva Spodoptera litura fabricius Utama, Sri; Syaufina, Lailan; Haneda, Noor Farikhah
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 15, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Spodoptera litura Fabricius is one of polyphagous insects that often attacks so many plant species either annual and perennial crops .. Severe infestation of the pest may decrease crop production. The farmers who grow agricultural crops generally control the insect pest using synthetic chemical insecticides. However, improper use of such pesticides may cause negative impacts to the environment. Insect pest control using botanical insecticide is an alternative which is relatively safe to the environment. A research to test the lethal effect of crude extract of bintaro leaf ( Cerbera odollam gaertn.) to S. litura larvae was conducted. The research was conducted at the laboratory of Forest Product Chemistry and the laboratory of Forest Entomology, Faculty of Forestry, IPB in 2009. The results shows that the crude extract of bintaro leaf has a strong knock down effect to S. litura larvae, with lC50 at 0,6 °/o to the second instar and 0,28 % to the second and the third instar. It is proven that the leaf extract, contains active chemical compounds pesticidal, e.g. flavonoid, steroid, saponin and tannin. Further tests are suggested under field condition researches should be conducted to test the efficacy of the extract in controlling S. litura at the nursery and the field.Keywords : Pests control, bintaro ( Cerbera odollam Gaertn.) leaf extract, pesticide active ingredient.
Kajian perbaikan mutu pada agroindustri skala mikro dan kecil gambir indonesia Said, Endang Gumbira; Syamsu, Khaswar; Herryandie, A.; Mardliyati, E.; Evalia, N. A.
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 15, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Quality is an absolute requirement used by product to compete in the global market. Therefore, as the competition is getting more tight , high-quality gambier products become an absolute demands that must be met. One of the steps that must be taken is continuous technological improvement. In this study, quality analysis of various raw gambier samples of Lima Puluh Kota regency and the Padang City in West Sumatera, and Musi Banyu Asin regency in South Sumatra was done. The results of dimensional measurement and weighing samples of Bootch Gambier, Lumpang Gambier, Wafer Block and Stick Gambier showed that the quality of raw gambier were very various. The variation occured because the drying process and storage of gambier were not good enough. The proximate analysis data showed, in terms of ash content, only two types of Gambier samples (Bootch CVR Gambier and Wafer Block CVR Gambier) that met quality requirements, whereas the Coin Gambier and Bootch CVA Gambier had a very high ash content (38.93 percent and 75.64 percent).Keyword : Gambier, quality, technology improvement, agroindustry, SME
Dinamika profil hematologi dan rasio netrofil:limfosit monyet ekor panjang (Macaca fascicularis) pada pengaturan mikroklimat ruangan Binol, Ridzki M.F.; Suprayogi, Agik; Darusman, Huda S.
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 15, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to obtain the profile of physiological hematology (erythrocyte, PCV, Hb, MCV,MCH, MCHC, and leukocyte) and the profile of ratio between neutrophil and lymphocyte of long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis) in different microclimate conditions due to the rooms temperature and humidity setting. The symptom of stress was also observed in this study. The research used 10 male macaques aged of 4 until 5 years old which placed in room temperature and humidity of 29,00±1,95°C and 79,52±1,57% respectively 7 days for adaptation period. Further more, the room temperature and humidity were set into 25,79±1,16°C and 80,19±9,05°/o during 14 days for treatment period. For the last treatment, macaques were reconditioned in room temperature and humidity of 29,00±1,95°( and 79,52±1,57°/o during 14 days for post-treatment period. Blood samplings were collected through femoralis vein on last day of adaptation period, continued with treatment and post-treatment periods as the day 1, 4, 7, 14, and 28. The results showed that there were not significant difference by room temperature and humidity setting to hematology and neutrophil: lymphocyte ratio. It could be proven by all parameters score obtained were still in normal ranges compared to literatures. There was also nostress symptom based on neutrophil:lymphocyte ratio measurement. Condition with room temperature and humidity of 25,79±1,16°C dan 80,19±9,05% regarded as the most suitable condition for long-tailed macaqueslife.Keywords : Biomedical, hematology, long-tailed macaque, microclimate, neutrophil: lymphocyte ratio.

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