Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
ISSN : 08534217     EISSN : 24433462
Artikel yang dimuat meliputi hasil-hasil penelitian, analisis kebijakan, dan opini-opini yang berhubungan dengan pertanian dalam arti luas, seperti agronomi, ilmu tanah, hama dan penyakit tanamam, ilmu kehewanan, kedokteran veteriner, keteknikan pertanian, teknologi industri, teknologi pangan, ilmu gizi, keluarga dan konsumen, biometri, biologi, klimatologi, peternakan perikanan, kelautan, kehutanan, dan sosial-ekonomi pertanian yang telah dipertimbangkan dan disetujui oleh Dewan Editor. Keterangan mengenai peralatan, pengamatan, dan teknik percobaan akan diterima sebagai artikel CATATAN. Pedoman Penulisan dicantumkan pada setiap terbitan tercetak. Indeks Penulisan dan subjek serta daftar penelaan (mitra bestari) dicantumkan di tiap nomor terakhir pada setiap volume.
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Aktivitas antibakteri asap cair dan daya awetnya terhadap bakso ikan Zuraida, Ita; Hasbullah, Rokhani; Sukarno, Sukarno; Budijanto, Slamet; Prabawati, Sulusi; Setiadjit, Setiadjit
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2009): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The study were investigated antibacterial activity of liquid smoke from coconut shell and its applications of fishball at room temperature (27-28°C) and refrigeration temperature {4±1°C). The Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of liquid smokel against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus were determined using broth or agar dilution methods. liquid smoke showed bactericidal effects with P. aeruginosa than S. aureus. MIC of liquid smoke was 0.40°/o against S. aureus and 0.22°/o against P. aeruginosa. Trial in fishball, showed that boiling in 2.5% liquid smoke and storage at 27-28°C and 4±1°C were inhibited the growthof total bacteria and increased shelflife 16 hours and 8 days than no treatment (based on SNI 01-3819-1995), respectively, and retarded the increased in pH and moisture content after storage. The results indicated thatliquid smoke was an effective inhibitor of fishball spoilage.Keywords: antibacterial activity, fishball preservation, liquid smoke, MIC valueKeywords : Garlic, herbal, imunomodulator, phagocytosis, turmeric, zinc.
Efektifitas pemberian kombinasi mineral zinc dan herbal sebagai imunomodulator Widhyari, Sus Derthi; Wientarsih, Ietje; Soehartono, Harry; Kompiang, I Putu; Winarsih, Wiwin
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2009): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Suplemen as imunomodulator used to increase immune response, to prevent disease. Herb and Zinc (Zn) can function as imunostimulan. The aim of this experiment was (1) to studythe effect of Zn mineral and herb combination influence the healthy condition, performance and immunity responses, 2) to have blood biochemistry and organ function in broiler who given zinc mineral and herb combination, 3) to know the effectivity of herb and Zn to be treated by Colibacillosis condition One hundred broiler were used in this research, divided by 5 groups: RO (control), R1 (RO + 2.5% garlic powder+ 1.5% turmeric powder), R2 (R0+2.5% garlic powder+ZnO 120ppm), R3 (R0+1.5% turmeric powder+ZnO 120ppm), R4 (R0+2.5% garlic powder +1,5% turmeric powder and ZnO 120ppm). The parameters in this research are the erythrocyte count, hemoglobin, andpack cell volume and total leucocyte. Blood biochemistry are investigate protein total, albumin, alanine aminotransferase (AL T), aspartat aminotransferase (AST), creatinin and ureum. The research showed that the erythrocyte count, hemoglobin, and pack cell and blood biochemistry in normal value, that explain safety for organ function and health group showing health status and performance is good, tested in ability to attack Colibasilosis. The result of research show and hematologi in normal, The age of chicken was 3 weeks, all of groups were treated by innoculum of Eschericia coli (E. col!) bacteria with 108 CFU.mr1 doses per-ons. The parameter was based on performance, health condition, and immunity responses. The activity and the capacityof phagositosis for assessments immunity respons, the result showed to decerease the performance and healthy condition at the first week infection, then converse to improve at the second week. The amount of leucocyt cell, especially heterophyl cell was increased at 1 week after infection as being indicated by the appearance of innoculum E. coli bacteria. The amount of leaucocyt cell was decreased directly after 2 weeks post infection at the group that was fed by turmeric-Zn (P1) and gave antibiotic (K+) drug. This condition showed that the body defence fastly to eliminate the infected agent which was supported by increasing phagocyitosis capacity (327±111 bacteria) and phagocyitosis activity 97%±10%, was compared with the control group (without drug) activity value 85±15% and phagocytosis capacity (176±118 bacteria). Feeding by turmeric-Zn combinationshowed better result which was compared to Garlic-Zn combination and the ability to increase healthy condition,performance and immunuity responses Keywords : Garlic, herbal, imunomodulator, phagocytosis, turmeric, zinc.
Nisbah stereoisomer erythro dan threo struktur β -o-4 serta hubungannya dengan jenis cincin aromatik penyusun makromolekul lig Syafii, Wasrin; Nawawi, Deded Sarip
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2009): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Reaction woods were obtained from leaning wood stems of several wood species and the relationships between the type of reaction wood and lignin characteristics was observed. As lignin characteristics, stereo structure of IJ-0-4 linkage (erythro/threo ratio), aromatic ring type (syringyl/guaiacyl ratio), klason lignin yield and acid soluble lignin content were determined. The relationships could be classified as a typical gymnosperms and angiosperms. Gymnosperms species formed compression wood having high lignin content as well as erythro/threo ratio. However, angiosperms species produced tension wood which tend to have lower lignin content but higher erythro/threo and syringyl/guaiacyl ratio. In all types of reaction wood, erythro/threo ratio changed with clear tendency from the opposite wood part to reaction wood part, but the direction of the change was dependent on its type. In Guaiacyi-Syringyl lignin, erythro/threo ratio was highly correlated with syringyl ratio, and in Guaiacyl-lignin, it was correlated with p-hydroxyphenyl content although the range of variation was very small. In addition, syringyl/guaiacyl rasio was also correlated with acid-soluble lignin formation.
Serologi dan virologi virus avian influenza H5N1 pada kucing jalanan di Kota Bogor Murtini, Sri; Susanti, R.; Handharyani, Ekowati
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2009): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) HSN1 virus is a known pathogen in birds. Recently, the virus has been reported to cause sporadic fatal disease in tigers, leopards, and other exotic felids as well as domestic cats in Thailand. The present study was carried out to investigate the presence of AI HSN1 virus infection in stray catsroaming around residential, traditional and chicken farms in Bogor, West Java. Ninety serum samples were tested using HI test to screened for the presence of antibody to AI HSN1. Virus isolation was done in SPF embrionated chicken eggs and identify using HI, AGP and RT -PCR.
Hubungan karakteristik individu dengan kejadian penyakit antraks tipe kulit pada penduduk di Wilayah Kabupaten Bogor Basri, Chaerul
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2009): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

This research is aim to know several of risk factors about individual characteristics which are related with occurrence of skin type of anthrax disease in Bogor district for 2003-2007. The research was designed to reach out for the goal of this research is use Case Control epidemiological research design. Case of this research is taken from victim of skin type of anthrax disease record in Puskesmas {Center for Health Services) and clarified as positive infected by anthrax bacterial based on laboratory serological examination in Balitvet Bogor. Control is taken from inhabitant in Bogor district which are live in the same area with people who is diagnose as a victim of skin type of anthrax disease and do not showed clinical signs of skin type of anthrax disease. Data collection is done through by structured interview and observation which is doing by researcher itself and assisted by Puskesmas staff in Bogor district. Analysis data is done trough two steps that are univariate for analysis of frequency distribution and bivariate with Chi-square. All analysis processed by SPSS 13.0. The risk factors about individual characteristics which are related with occurrence of skin type of anthrax disease is working as a farmer with OR=3.011 {95% C=1.410-6.427).
Optimasi kinerja proses distilasi minyak akar wangi dengan modifikasi suhu dan kesetimbangan fasa Rusli, Meika Syahbana; Noor, Erliza; Risfaheri, Risfaheri; Mulyon, Edi; Tutuarim, Tuti; Suwarda, Rosniyati
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2009): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

This research aims was to improve distillation process performance of vetiver oil in term of oil recovery and quality and energy efficiency through optimizing process condition. The main approach used in this work is stepwise increased steam pressure and flow rate along the distillation process. This method combined the relationship between temperature, phase equilibrium and boiling point of chemical constituents of vetiver oil. Distillation process with increased pressure was observed improve the oil recovery. while the oil quality was maintained. The energy efficiency was also improved through reduced distillation time. Increased steam flow rate significantly affect total oil recovery. The steam flow rate of 2 1/hr/kg material result in an vetiver oil recovery of 90 percent.Keywords: Energy efficiency, increased steam pressure and flow rate, oil recovery.
Pengobatan penyakit tumor mammae melalaui operasi (matektomi dan ovariohisterektomi) dan kombinasinya (tanaman herbal) pada hewan S, Gunanati; Priosoeryanto, Bambang Pontjo; Wientarsih, Ietje; Sumarny, Ros
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2009): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Tumor or neuplasm can be meant as a abnormal and uncontrol growth of the transformation tissue or the change of one or main location of the body. This degenerative desease is one of the deseases in the animal pet especially dog and cat. Generaly this tumor deseases can be used with therapy using surgery and usually will relapse after six months. from our previous research had succeded to examp by using activity in vitro antiproliverati from extract plant (nusa indah, blustru and temu putih) combined with recombinanct interferon dog ( rCaiFN). The above phenomenon indicate a new hope to make a therapy for tumor desease, especially for dog and cat and may be in the future can be used for human. In this research we used 21 female rabbits and divided into 7 treatment groups, consisted of 3 rabits ie : group A. negative control; B. surgery, preventive andcurative curcumine; C. positive control; D. positive control and surgery; E. surgery and preventive zedoaria capsul; F. surgery , preventive and curative zedoaria capsule and G. surgery and curative zedoaria capsule . Induction with carcinogen (MNU) treated every weeks during 3 weeks. Surgery is executed in the 5 weeks and giving capsule zedoaria is executed every day for 4 weeks (preventive or curative) and 8 weeks (preventive andcurative). Result of the research indicated that mammae tumor has been made successfully by MNU (n-metil-nnitrosuria)induction to rabit and capsule zedoaria and it has been treated by doing surgery therapy (mastectomy and ovariohisterectomy). Also decombination of zedoaria capsule. The result of the research indicated lindrance of tumorgenesis to the group which is given by zedoaria capsule. from the clinical picture shows that zedoaria capsule does not give negative effect to clinical picture (temperature, respiratory frequency and heart rate)/ stillnormal to all the groups. Tumor induction with (MNO) at mammary gland will occur allegic reaction inflammatory which is the beginning of tumor mechanism which is marked by total leucosit, neutrofil, eosinofil, and basofil increase. Tumor therapy with surgery (masektomi and ovariohisterektomi) and the combination with rimpang Temu Putih capsule can decrease the number of leucosit, neutrofil and limfosit but only a little affectmonosit number, although statistically it does not show real difference.
Optimasi dan pemodelan proses recover flavor dari limbah cair industri pengolahan rajungan dengan reverse osmosis Uju, Uju; Ibrahim, Bustami; Trilaksani, Wini; Nurhayati, Tati
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2009): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The waste water of blue crab pasteurization has potential in environmental pollution. It contained TSS of 206.5mg 1-1, BOD 7,092.6mg.1-1 and COD of 51,000mg.1-1 on the other hand, it also contains an interesting flavor compound, which composed of 0.23°/o non protein nitrogen and 17 amino acids where the highest was glutamic acid one. In this study, pre-filtration step using filter size 0.3 1J followed by reverse osmosis has been used to reduce these pollutions load and flavor compound recovery. During pre-filtration steps, TSS was reduced to 74.8°/o so turbidity decrased reased until 31°/o. After reverse osmosis process, BOD, and COD decreased more than 99°/o, and there was no amino acids detected in permeate stream. Factors that affect performance of reverse osmosis were transmembrane pressure, temperature and pH. The higher transmembrane pressure, temperature and pH resulted the higher the flux permeate. The use of higher temperature make flux increasing, eventually increasing transmembrane pressure make the flux increased only at transmembrane pressure less than 716 kPa. The protein rejection was influenced unsignifanctly by transmembrane pressure, temperature and pH. During concentrating flux declined exponentially by time function. At concentration factor 2.75 resulted 79°/o and 12°/o of increasing protein and NPN, respectively. The amino acids content can be increased 2-23 times of the origin. Even arginin and sistin, the amino acids that were undetectable initially, but they can bedetected at concentration of 0.0360 and 0.0250 (w/v) respectively at the end of the process. Hidrolysis and fermentation process can increase the amino acid content 31-45 times. Keywords : Blue crab, flavor, recovery, reverse osmosis.
Hubungan Karakteristik Individu Dengan Kejadian Penyakit Antraks Tipe Kulit Pada Penduduk di Wilayah Kabupaten Bogor Basri, Chaerul
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2009): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

This research is aim to know several of risk factors about individual characteristics which are related with occurrence of skin type of anthrax disease in Bogor district for 2003-2007. The research was designed to reach out for the goal of this research is use Case Control epidemiological research design. Case of this research is taken from victim of skin type of anthrax disease record in Puskesmas {Center for Health Services) and clarified as positive infected by anthrax bacterial based on laboratory serological examination in Balitvet Bogor. Control is taken from inhabitant in Bogor district which are live in the same area with people who is diagnose as a victim of skin type of anthrax disease and do not showed clinical signs of skin type of anthrax disease. Data collection is done through by structured interview and observation which is doing by researcher itself and assisted by Puskesmas staff in Bogor district. Analysis data is done trough two steps that are univariate for analysis of frequency distribution and bivariate with Chi-square. All analysis processed by SPSS 13.0. The risk factors about individual characteristics which are related with occurrence of skin type of anthrax disease is working as a farmer with OR=3.011 {95% C=1.410-6.427).
Efektifitas pemberian kombinasi mineral zinc dan herbal sebagai imunomodulator Widhyari, Sus Derthi; Wientarsih, Ietje; Soehartono, Harry; Kompiang, I Putu; Winarsih, Wiwin
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2009): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1529.68 KB)

Abstract

Suplemen as imunomodulator used to increase immune response, to prevent disease. Herb and Zinc (Zn) can function as imunostimulan. The aim of this experiment was (1) to studythe effect of Zn mineral and herb combination influence the healthy condition, performance and immunity responses, 2) to have blood biochemistry and organ function in broiler who given zinc mineral and herb combination, 3) to know the effectivity of herb and Zn to be treated by Colibacillosis condition One hundred broiler were used in this research, divided by 5 groups: RO (control), R1 (RO + 2.5% garlic powder+ 1.5% turmeric powder), R2 (R0+2.5% garlic powder+ZnO 120ppm), R3 (R0+1.5% turmeric powder+ZnO 120ppm), R4 (R0+2.5% garlic powder +1,5% turmeric powder and ZnO 120ppm). The parameters in this research are the erythrocyte count, hemoglobin, and pack cell volume and total leucocyte. Blood biochemistry are investigate protein total, albumin, alanine aminotransferase (AL T), aspartat aminotransferase (AST), creatinin and ureum. The research showed that the erythrocyte count, hemoglobin, and pack cell and blood biochemistry in normal value, that explain safety for organ function and health group showing health status and performance is good, tested in ability to attack Colibasilosis. The result of research show and hematologi in normal, The age of chicken was 3 weeks, all of groups were treated by innoculum of Eschericia coli (E. col!) bacteria with 108 CFU.mr1 doses per-ons. The parameter was based on performance, health condition, and immunity responses. The activity and the capacity of phagositosis for assessments immunity respons, the result showed to decerease the performance and healthy condition at the first week infection, then converse to improve at the second week. The amount of leucocyt cell, especially heterophyl cell was increased at 1 week after infection as being indicated by the appearance of innoculum E. coli bacteria. The amount of leaucocyt cell was decreased directly after 2 weeks post infection at the group that was fed by turmeric-Zn (P1) and gave antibiotic (K+) drug. This condition showed that the body defence fastly to eliminate the infected agent which was supported by increasing phagocyitosis capacity (327±111 bacteria) and phagocyitosis activity 97%±10%, was compared with the control group (without drug) activity value 85±15% and phagocytosis capacity (176±118 bacteria). Feeding by turmeric-Zn combination showed better result which was compared to Garlic-Zn combination and the ability to increase healthy condition, performance and immunuity responses.

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