Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
ISSN : 08534217     EISSN : 24433462
Artikel yang dimuat meliputi hasil-hasil penelitian, analisis kebijakan, dan opini-opini yang berhubungan dengan pertanian dalam arti luas, seperti agronomi, ilmu tanah, hama dan penyakit tanamam, ilmu kehewanan, kedokteran veteriner, keteknikan pertanian, teknologi industri, teknologi pangan, ilmu gizi, keluarga dan konsumen, biometri, biologi, klimatologi, peternakan perikanan, kelautan, kehutanan, dan sosial-ekonomi pertanian yang telah dipertimbangkan dan disetujui oleh Dewan Editor. Keterangan mengenai peralatan, pengamatan, dan teknik percobaan akan diterima sebagai artikel CATATAN. Pedoman Penulisan dicantumkan pada setiap terbitan tercetak. Indeks Penulisan dan subjek serta daftar penelaan (mitra bestari) dicantumkan di tiap nomor terakhir pada setiap volume.
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TINGKAT STRES DAN STRATEGI KOPING MENGHADAPI STRES PADA MAHASISWA TINGKAT PERSIAPAN BERSAMA TAHUN AKADEMIK 2005/2006 Hernawati, Neti
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 11, No 2 (2006): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The purpose of this research was to evaluate relationship between stress level with coping strategy and to find out factors affecting stress level among students living in dormitory of IPB. The study site were at Asrama Putri (Girls Dormitory) and Asrama Putra (Boys Dormitory) Bogor Agricultural University. The data was collected from August to October 2005. The primary data included individual characteristic, the resources of stress, level of stress, coping strategy to deal with stress and also the relation between stress level and coping strategy of the student who lived in Asrama Putra (Boys Dormitory) and Asrama Putri (Girls Dormitory) Bogor Agricultural university. The results showed the things that become the factors of stress for new student college, which are never lived out from home before, too much roommates, difficult to interact with surrounding, personal problems, health problems, homesick and financial problems. Most of respondent was experienced high stress level, which is the respondent who get the tendency of emotional stress is larger than they are who get physical stress as a symptoms. The respondent was tended to do problem-focused coping strategy than emotional-focused coping strategy.
KANDUNGAN KIMIA BERBAGAI EKSTRAK DAUN MIANA (COLEUS BLUMEI BENTH) DAN EFEK ANTHELMINTIKNYA TERHADAP CACING PITA PADA AYAM Ridwan, Yusuf; Darusman, Latifah K; Satrija, Fadjar; Handaryani, Ekowati
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 11, No 2 (2006): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Study on the chemical compound of painted nettle (Coleus blumei Benth) leave extract and its anthelmintic activity against chicken tapeworm were conducted. Leave of painted nettle were collected and extracted with hexane, chloroform, ethanol and water. Phytochemical analysis was carried out to determine the chemical compound of secondary metabolites. Anthelmintic activity was evaluated with an assay using chicken tapeworm in a serial microplate dilution method by determination of efective concentration 50 (EC50) using probit analysis. The result of phytochemistry analysis showed that Coleus leaves consisted of flavonoid, steroid, tannin and saponin. Three of four extracts displayed strong anthelmintic activity with the higest activity belong to chloroform extract with EC50 5 mg/ml followed by n-hexane 9 mg/ml and metanol extract 10,2 mg/ml, while water extract has a weak anthelmintic activity with 106,2 mg/ml. In general, chloroform extract proved to be a more efficient extractant of biologically active compounds than either hexane, ethanol or water extract. The promising activity displayed by a number of extracts has led to further investigation of the active compound. Unfortunately, the result of invivo assay showed that the chloroform extract treatment with dose level 25 mg/kg BW could not to reduce the number of tapeworm in chicken. It is interesting for further investigate the differences of respon between in vitro and in vivo to determine involved factors.
DAYA DUKUNG LINGKUNGAN PERAIRAN TELUK EKAS UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN KEGIATAN BUDIDAYA IKAN KERAPU DALAM KARAM BA JARING APUNG Krisanti, Majariana; Imran, Zulhamsyah
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 11, No 2 (2006): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Grouper net cages culture in Ekas Bay, East Lombok, Nusa Tenggara Barat were carried out for public income improvement. The net cages culture also potentially waste generate that can be harmful for those activity itself. Waste potential study from net cages culture was conducted to obtain information about Ekas Bay carrying capacity for culture activity. The information consists of physical and chemical properties of water (salinity, water temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, ammonia, nitrite, nitrate, turbidity, and depth) as primary and secondary data. According to ammonia and nitrate concentration, the net cages culture activities could not suit the carrying capacity of Ekas Bay. The cage culture activity should be organize therefore can be economically and ecologically profitable furthermore ecologically sustainable.
KERAGAMAN PRODUKTIVITAS KOMODITAS KEDELAI PADA BERBAGAI SKENARIO PERUBAHAN IKLIM MENGGUNAKAN MODEL IKLIM DAN PERTANIAN Perdinan, .; Santikayasa, I Putu
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 11, No 2 (2006): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The need of soybean in Indonesia grows from time to time. Now, Indonesia imports at about 1,1 milion ton/ha yearly. This condition indicates that the need of soybean in Indonesia can be a serious problem of agricultural sector in the future. Furthermore, the climate change issue as a result of human activity used a large amount of fosil fuel will derive a new problem for agricultural sector which requires a better strategy of anticipation. This point out the important of information in order to estimate the potential of soybeans yield in Indoensia in the future. In general, this research is designed to identify the evidence of climate change and to learn the impact of the climate change scenarios on the future of soybeans yield in Bandung district. For this purpose, literature study and analysis of global circulation model (data) data are applied for identifying the occurrence of climate change. Then, the impact analysis of these scenarios on soybeans yield is conducted by using climate and agricultural simulation model, which consist of statistic and mechanistic models. Analysis of the earth surface mean temperature shows the increasing of global air temperature has been started since 19s century with the occurence of increasing temperature from about -0.4 °C to about 0.1 °C in the year of 1940s. Then, the occurence of climate change in Indonesia can be identified using monthly rainfall data for a certain period. Previous study, which has been conducted by Kaimuddin (2000) shows the changing of rainfall pattern in Indonesia. Additionally, analysis on Global Circulation Model (GCM) data for various climate change scenarios reveal the evidence of rainfall and temperature changing variability in percentage for each model in year 2020, 2050 and 2080. The highest value of A2 scenario in come from NIESS, meanwhile for B2 scenario is GFDL. Then, the minimum value is mostly gained from ECHAM model. Moreover, the result of simulation using maximum and minimum value from those scenario for year 2020 decrease in almost of the whole area of Bandung.
PEMANFAATAN ABU GOSOK DAN KHITOSAN SEBAGAI UPAYA PENINGKATAN MUTU DAN EFESIENSI PADA PENGOLAHAN AGAR-AGAR KERTAS DI PAMEUNGPEUK, GARUT JAWA BARAT Suseno, Sugeng Heri
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 11, No 2 (2006): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

This study attempts to increase the quality and for production gelatinous paper that is by using ashes rub as a substitute for potassium hydroxide ( koh ) that serves as penjedal and khitosan to improve the quality of organoleptik from gelatin paper.The research obtained that treatment ashes rub 30 % and khitosan 0.6 % give the best results in the test gel strength compared to the, while in the color and texture not markedly dissimilar and control.
EVALUASI BAKTERI INDIKATOR SANITASI DI SEPANJANG RANTAI DISTRIBUSI ES BATU DI BOGOR Firlieyanti, Antung Sima
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 11, No 2 (2006): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Ice was never considered to be of microbiological concern, due to its low temperature. However, this perception is contradictive with a number research that shows several outbreaks of enteric Illness caused by ice. Evaluation of microbiological quality of ica In Bogor, emphasize on the presence of sanitation indicator bacteria (coliform fecal and non fecal) is associated with hygiene and sanitation implemantation on Ice handling. The presence of sanitation indicator bacteria on ice Is an Indication of poor hygiene on Ice handling, and also as an indicator of the presence of fecal pathogenic bacteria that can be harmful since they can cause foodborne diseases. The objective of this research is to examine the microbiological quality of ice through out Its distribution chain In Bogor, with coliform presence as the criteria. A total of 31 samples were analysed, consisted of 4 samples from ice manufactures, 6 samples from distributors (depot’), and 21 samples from ice vendors. The result showed the total plate count of the samples are in the range between 2.8xl02 CFU/ml to 1.1x106 CFU/ml, while coliform were 1.5x102 MPN/100 ml to 1.2x106 MPN/100 ml. There were 31 samples (100%) coliform positive, 14 samples (45%) fecal coliform positive, 31 samples (100%) non fecal coliform positive, and 3 samples (10%) E.coli positive. The results shawed that ice cubes in Bogor area did not meet the microbiological criteria specified In SNI and Kepmenkes (coliform and E. coli absence in 100 ml) indicating of poor hygiene of Ice handling In Bogor.
IDENTIFIKASI PEUBAH PENCIRI RUMAH TANGGA MISKIN DAN RUMAH TANGGA YANG SEDIKIT DI ATAS GARIS KEMISKINAN Indahwati, .
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 11, No 2 (2006): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Poverty still becomes main problem in this country. The categorization of the poor or not poor household based on the poverty line is difficult to be performed in practice. Therefore, it is needed to find other variables that could be used to characterize poor household. In addition, because the households that almost poor could become poor easily, it is also needed to analyze the probability of these household become poor household. This research use Susenas Data Kor 2003 from Badan Pusat Statistik for Jawa Barat province which includes explanatory variables: house physical condition, protein consumption, type of fuel/energy, ownership of asset, and also head of household characteristic. Result from logistic regression analysis shows some poor household characteristics: floor area per capita <= 8 m2, theres no closet, final place of feces exile is not tank, closet type is not goose neck, do not consume food with high protein, dont have motor vehicle or saving, electrics do not use gauge, head of household is a woman, amount of household members >= 5, head of households age > 55 years. For the urban area, another characteristics are: dont have farmland, do not use gas, do not use electrics from PLN, using firewood, head of households work status is erratic, head of households education maximum is elementary school. For rural area, another characteristics are: house is not property of them selves; most of wall not made by cement; dont have precious goods, store, or productive asset; do not use kerosene. Ordinal logistic regression obtain model that explain relation between household status and its independent variables. However this model can not explain probability of almost poor household become poor household, because the household exactly have higher opportunity to be categorized as not poor. Probability of almost poor household categorized as poor household only 9.59% for urban area and 11.79% for rural area.

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