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Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Artikel yang dimuat meliputi hasil-hasil penelitian, analisis kebijakan, dan opini-opini yang berhubungan dengan pertanian dalam arti luas, seperti agronomi, ilmu tanah, hama dan penyakit tanamam, ilmu kehewanan, kedokteran veteriner, keteknikan pertanian, teknologi industri, teknologi pangan, ilmu gizi, keluarga dan konsumen, biometri, biologi, klimatologi, peternakan perikanan, kelautan, kehutanan, dan sosial-ekonomi pertanian yang telah dipertimbangkan dan disetujui oleh Dewan Editor. Keterangan mengenai peralatan, pengamatan, dan teknik percobaan akan diterima sebagai artikel CATATAN. Pedoman Penulisan dicantumkan pada setiap terbitan tercetak. Indeks Penulisan dan subjek serta daftar penelaan (mitra bestari) dicantumkan di tiap nomor terakhir pada setiap volume.
Articles
609
Articles
Analisis Pengaruh Variasi Jumlah Lapisan Biji pada Akurasi Prediksi Kandungan Minor Biji Kopi Arabika Hijau Bondowoso dengan NIR Spectroscopy

Madi, Sri Citra Yuliana ( Sekolah Pascasarjana, Departemen Teknik Mesin dan Biosistem, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680 ) , Budiastra, I Wayan ( Departemen Teknik Mesin dan Biosistem, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680 ) , Purwanto, Yohanes Aris ( Departemen Teknik Mesin dan Biosistem, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680 ) , Widyotomo, Sukrisno ( Pusat Penelitian Kopi dan Kakao Indonesia, Jember, Jawa Timur, Indonesia. )

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 23, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Void space in the bean layers will lead to the occurrence of non-fully interacted radiation (NFIR) affecting the reproducibility of NIRS measurements. Void space in addition to being affected by particle size is also influenced by the number/thickness of the bean layers. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of number of bean layer variation on prediction accuracy of caffeine, chlorogenic acid and trigonelline in Bondowoso green Arabica coffee beans by NIR Spectroscopy (NIRS). The study was conducted using three kind of layers, i.e. 3, 4, and 5 layers, with 100 samples each. Samples were measured by FT-NIR spectrometer in wavelength of 1.000-2.500 nm. The pretreatment method used were second derivative (dg2), the combination of first derivative (dg1) and Multiplicative Scatter Correction (MSC), and the combination of dg2 and MSC, while calibration method used was Partial Least Square (PLS). The results shows that the accuracy of 5 layers was better than 3 or 4 layers. The best calibration and validation for caffeine was obtained by dg2 pretreatment and 6 factors of PLS (r = 0.99; SEC = 0.01%; SEP = 0.01%; and RPD = 5.40), for chlorogenic acid was by dg2 pretreatment and 5 factors of PLS (r = 0.99; SEC = 0.09%; SEP = 0.09%; and RPD = 4.76), whereas for trigonelline was by combination of (dg2, MSC) and 5 factors of PLS (r = 0.99; SEC = 0.01%; SEP = 0.01%; and RPD = 4.86). Therefore, the 5 layers can be used as a reference in NIRS measurement of coffee beans.

Pengaruh Lingkungan dan Nilai Ripitabilitas pada Kualitas Semen Sapi Peranakan Ongole Jantan

Sitanggang, Gunawan ( Sekolah Pascasarjana, Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Direktorat Jenderal Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan, Kementerian Pertanian, Jalan Harsono RM Nomor 3 Ragunan, Pasar Minggu, Jakarta Selatan 12550 )

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 23, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The aims of this study were to analyze the effect of environmental factors (age of bull, season of collection and frequency of ejaculation) and estimate the repeatability on semen quality of ongole grade bulls. Semen data were collected from Singosari National Artificial Insemination Centre, in Malang District, East Java Province, Indonesia. A total of 1.020 ejaculates collected from three Ongole grade cattle from 2012-2016 were analyzed. Data were analyzed by restricted maximum likelihood (REML) method using the mixed model including the random effect of bull and the fixed effects of age of bull, season of collection, and ejaculate number. The results showed that age of bull and ejaculate number significantly affected all studied variables (P<0.01). Season only affected to sperm motility (P<0.01). Repeatability estimates of semen volume, sperm concentration, total number of sperm and sperm motility were 0.48; 0.42; 0.28; and 0.01, respectively. It was concluded that the age of the bull and frequency of ejaculation significantly affected semen quality of Ongole grade cattle. Repeatabilities for semen quality were low, moderate and high.

Dampak Kebijakan Perberasan pada Pasar Beras dan Kesejahteraan Produsen dan Konsumen Beras di Indonesia

Siswanto, Edy ( Sekolah Pascasarjana, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680 ) , Sinaga, Bonar Marulitua ( Departemen Ekonomi dan Sumberdaya Lingkungan, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680 ) , Harianto, . ( Departemen Agribisnis, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680 )

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 23, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Rice demand in Indonesia increases every year so it makes the big gap between production and consumption of rice. Excess demand is covered by rice import which causes domestic rice price responds the global rice price movements that harm both producers and consumers. So, the policy instruments that could reduce dependence on rice import and can provide benefits to producers and consumers of rice is very needed. The objectives of this study were to analyze the impact of rice policy on rice market and the welfare of rice producers and consumers. This study uses annual time series data and simultaneous equations model with two stages least squares method. The analysis showed that rice policy changes can influence condition of Indonesia’s rice market and that the increase in Government Purchase Price (HPP), agricultural credit, and fertilizer subsidy can improve the welfare of the producers and consumers.

Trematodosis pada Sapi dan Kerbau di Wilayah Endemik Schistosomiasis di Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah, Indonesia

Budiono, Novericko Ginger ( Sekolah Pascasarjana, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680 ) , Satrija, Fadjar ( Departemen Ilmu Penyakit Hewan dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Veteriner, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Institut Pertanian Bogor Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680 ) , Ridwan, Yusuf ( Departemen Ilmu Penyakit Hewan dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Veteriner, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Institut Pertanian Bogor Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680 ) , Nur, Defriska ( Dinas Kehutanan dan Peternakan, Jl. RA Kartini No. 26-31, Palu, Sulawesi Tengah 94111 ) , Hasmawati, . ( Dinas Kehutanan dan Peternakan, Jl. RA Kartini No. 26-31, Palu, Sulawesi Tengah 94111 )

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 23, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Cattle and buffaloes have economic value as a source of protein and draught power. The people of Sulawesi also use buffalo in various custom and religious activities. Infections by Trematodes may disrupt livestock productivity. In Indonesia, endemic Schistosomiasis can only be found in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia (Lindu, Napu, and Bada Valleys). There is no data on the status of Trematode infection in cattle and buffalo animals in the area. The study was conducted using a cross-sectional design to measure the prevalence of Trematodosis in cattle and buffalo around the endemic areas of Schistosomiasis in July-November 2016. A total of 261 stool samples consisting of 173 cattle and 88 buffaloes from 7 villages (Anca, Bewa, Mount Gintu, Sedoa, Wangga, Watumaeta, and Wuasa Villages) were collected and stored at 2-8 °C until further analysis. The Danish Bilharziasis Laboratory method was chosen to quantify the infection by trematodes. The prevalence of the overall trematodosis of this study was 85.06%. The prevalence of Trematodosis in buffalo was higher than in cattle and differed statistically (P<0.05). The highest prevalence was Paramphistomiasis (75.48%), followed by Fascioliasis (67.05%) and Schistosomiasis japonica (30.27%). The trematodosis prevalence of each village also varied and differed statistically (P<0.05). Intensites of infection of mild, moderate, and severe infections were reported in this study. Mixed infections by two even three species of trematodes were reported in this study. Two newly endemic Schistosomiasis villages are reported, namely Bewa Village and Gunung Gintu. The results of this study are used as a basis for controlling Trematodosis in large ruminants in endemic areas especially with zoonotic potential.

Alokasi dan Pemanfaatan Kompensasi Pembayaran Jasa Lingkungan Air Kota Cirebon dan Kabupaten Kuningan

Febrian, Tommi ( Sekolah Pascasarjana, Fakultas Ekonomi Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680. ) , Syaukat, Yusman ( Departemen Ekonomi Sumberdaya dan Lingkungan, Fakultas Ekonomi Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680 ) , Ekayani, Meti ( Departemen Ekonomi Sumberdaya dan Lingkungan, Fakultas Ekonomi Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680 )

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 23, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

In recent years there has been a decrease in Cipaniis springs, indicating the declining ecological conditions of the area surrounding the spring. The compensation fund provided by Kota Cirebon to Kuningan Regency in the framework of payment for environmental services cooperation since 2004 has not provided significant benefits for Cirebon City, the surrounding community, and the environment. This study aims to evaluate the allocation and use of compensation funds and its benefits to the city of Cirebon, society, and the environment. Gap analysis is used to evaluate the allocation and use of compensation funds, as well as descriptive analysis on see the benefits of compensation funds for PDAM of Cirebon City, communities, and the environment. In 2016 the compensation fund paid is IDR 2.9 billion, of which only 16.23% is allocated for conservation activities, 1.53% for the villages around the springs and the remaining 82.3% for the Regional Government of Kuningan Regency. The compensation fund for the payment of environmental services has not been utilized properly, so the benefits received by PDAM of Cirebon City, society, and environment are still very low.

Komposisi Makanan dan Strategi Makan Ikan Famili Gobiidae di Teluk Pabean, Indramayu

Khoncara, Aldi Chandra ( Departemen Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680 ) , Sulistiono, . ( Departemen Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680, Masyarakat Iktiologi Indonesia, Pusat Penelitian Biologi-LIPI Jl. Raya Jakarta-Bogor Km 46, Cibinong 16911 ) , Simanjuntak, Charles Parningotan Haratua ( Departemen Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680, Masyarakat Iktiologi Indonesia, Pusat Penelitian Biologi-LIPI Jl. Raya Jakarta-Bogor Km 46, Cibinong 16911 ) , Rahardjo, Muhammad Fadjar ( Departemen Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680, Masyarakat Iktiologi Indonesia, Pusat Penelitian Biologi-LIPI Jl. Raya Jakarta-Bogor Km 46, Cibinong 16911 ) , Zahid, Ahmad ( Masyarakat Iktiologi Indonesia, Pusat Penelitian Biologi-LIPI Jl. Raya Jakarta-Bogor Km 46, Cibinong 16911, Politeknik Kelautan dan Perikanan Jembrana, Bali, Politeknik KP Sidoarjo, Jl. Raya Buncitan Kotak Pos 1, Sedati-Sidoarjo 61253 )

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 23, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The objectives of this study were to identify and evaluate diet composition and feeding strategy of Gobiid fishes in Pabean Bay, Indramayu. Fishes were collected monthly using gill nets, shrimp nets and fixed trap nets from April 2016-March 2017. Diet composition and feeding strategy were analyzed by IRI (Index of Relative Importance) and modification of the graphical Costello method, respectively. Nine species of Gobiidae were captured during the study period, namely Acentrogobius caninus (with total body length range 46-115 mm), Acentrogobius cyanomos (49-108 mm), Boleophthalmus boddarti (95-189 mm), Glossogobius aureus (70-210 mm), Oxyurichthys tentacularis (88-130 mm), Parapocryptes serperaster (112-198 mm), Paratrypauchen microcephalus (100-150 mm), Pseudapocryptes elongatus (88-190 mm), and Taenioides cirratus (160 mm). According to the diet analysis, A. caninus, A. cyanomos, and G. aureus were grouped into crustacivore, while the B. boddarti, P. serperaster, P. microcephalus, and P. elongatus were categorized as phytobenthic feeder. A. caninus, G. aureus, and A. cyanomos exhibited a specialist feeding strategy with the main food was Metapenaeus sp., Metapenaeus sp. and Acetes sp., respectively. B. boddarti, P. serperaster, P. microcephalus, P. elongates displayed a generalized feeding strategy. This research showed that Gobiid fishes occupy different trophic levels and play an important ecological role in Pabean Bay.

Pemanfaatan Pekarangan Melalui Pengembangan Lanskap Produktif di Desa Mangunan, Kabupaten Bantul Yogyakarta

Irwan, Siti Nurul Rofiqo ( Departemen Budidaya Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55282 ) , Rogomulyo, Rohlan ( Departemen Budidaya Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55282 ) , Trisnowati, Sri ( Departemen Budidaya Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55282 )

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 23, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Utilization of land around a house as a pakarangan supports the quality and biodiversity of ecosystems. Utilization of pekarangan will develop a productive landscape in order to support food production for household and social interaction facility with neighbors. Mangunan Village has a category of marginal land because of the character of a dry land, rocky, far from water sources, and hilly topography. Therefore this village needs plants that can be adaptable for the environmental characteristics. The research aimed to identify the utilization of pekarangan, to find out the opinions of the people through the utilization of pekarangan and to reveal the linkage of plant functions in developing a productive landscape of pekarangan. Data were collected by purposive sampling with samples of 180 households spreading over six clusters of dusun in Mangunan Village. Variables of research were land area, species and quantity of plants, and people response in developing the productive landscape. Utilization of pekarangan in a wide variety of planting covering planting fruit crops (31%), herbal plants (20%), aesthetics plants (15%), and vegetables (15%). Mangunan Village has diversity index of pekarangan on medium rate (H’ 2.65) and evenness of species on stable position (E 0.32). Therefore, Mangunan Village requires more plants and species to keep a better ecosystem. Community in Mangunan Village was very enthusiastic in the utilization of pekarangan for provisioning food (59%). People require assistance to implement pekarangan functions because they have not enough knowledge on pekarangan plan. The plant functions had high linkage and low linkage in developing productive landscape of pekarangan.

Penilaian Bangunan Masjid Tua Wapauwe di Desa Kaitetu, Maluku

Cahyono, Tekat Dwi ( Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Darussalam Ambon, Jl. Raya Tulehu Km. 24 Ambon 97584 ) , Kaliky, Fitriyanti ( Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Darussalam Ambon, Jl. Raya Tulehu Km. 24 Ambon 97584 ) , Kawarnidi, Narti ( Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Darussalam Ambon, Jl. Raya Tulehu Km. 24 Ambon 97584 )

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 23, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Historical tour is one of supporting aspects in tourism industry, locally and nationally. Old mosque of Wapauwe at Kaitetu Village of Central Maluku Regency, Maluku Province, is one of historical tour destinations that offers beautiful architecture and wood structure. Even though the main building is only 10 x 10 m2, this is one of important relics of Maluku’s Islamic culture richness that stands and is well maintained since its building in 1414 AD. A structure surely will deteriorate during utilization, therefore a study on the durability of old Wapauwe Mosque building was conducted. Forensic method was employed in all of building components and the results were subsequently compared in the standard of proper building. The results revealed that the building was still in well category and fit for proper use. The structure of columns, walls, and roof frame were still quite sturdy and well maintained, yet symptoms of water capillarity were appeared on few parts of the walls and building foundation. The building was built from several wood species namely Nani (Xanthostemon verus), Linggua (Pterocarpus indicus), Red meranti (Shorea pinanga) and Bintanggur (Calophyllum inophyllum). The study recommends a moderate maintenance is required in roof that was noticeably suffered a little damage and particular method on preventing and inhibiting dampness on walls and foundation. Moreover, subsequent study will be required in wood anatomy structure, creep test and wood ages in determining wood durability in longer term.

Analisis dan Desain Sistem Produksi Mi Aceh Spesial Menggunakan Model Process-Oriented Analysis

Fadhil, Rahmat ( Program Studi Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3 Darussalam, Banda Aceh 23111 ) , Bantacut, Tajuddin ( Program Studi Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Dramaga 16880 ) , Machfud, . ( Program Studi Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Dramaga 16880 )

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 23, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

This study describes the analysis and design of production systems at an Aceh noodle restaurant based on the approach of process-oriented analysis (POA). POA is a technique that can be used to design or re-engineering a production system. This system useD a type of static analysis with two models i.e., value flow diagram (VFD) and resource flow diagrams (RFD). The results showed that the POA method is very useful to study the analysis and design of production systems. Application of this method of learning and project engineering production provides an enormous benefit in analyzing and designing the production system of special Aceh noodles at a restaurant, which includes the amount of information, numbers, and economic return value (VFD), as well as information on the flow of resources (including mass, energy, and embodied energy) and their respective ecological values (RFD).

Perlakuan Pematangan Buatan pada Pepaya (Carica papaya L.) Varietas IPB 9 untuk Perbaikan Sistem Distribusi

Darmawati, Emmy ( Departemen Teknik Mesin dan Biosistem, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680 ) , Sutrisno, Ken ( Departemen Teknik Mesin dan Biosistem, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680 ) , Tawakal, Mohammad Iqwal ( Dinas Tanaman Pangan dan Hortikultura Provinsi Jawa Barat )

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 23, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Papayas as a climacteric fruit are commontly harvested and distributed in an unripe state with various of maturities. Ripening is required before papaya ready for consumption. The objectives of this research were to analyze the response of artificial ripening treatment for papaya in order to perform the best marketing schedule. This study was started by harvesting, sorting, cleaning, hot water treatment, and transportation simulation similar to 90.44 km, storage in refrigerator at 15 °C, artificial ripening treatment and storage at room temperature. Physical quality parameters measured consisted of weight loss, color, firmness, and total soluble solid. Artifial ripening using ethephon will accelerate the maturation of papaya. Papaya with maturity level of 60% (yellow tinge) that stored at 15 °C for 7 days was found still not ready to be consumed as a table fruit, and it was still necessary to artificially ripening process. Artificial ripening using ethephon of 250 and 750 ppm did not significantly affect the fruit color, hardness, and total soluble solids. This papaya could be consumed after 2 days of ripening and reached the optimum conditions for consumption after 4 days, with a possibility of shelf life for 6 days at room temperature. The best artificial ripening treatment for papaya that had been stored 14 days at 15 °C was by using 250 ppm of ethephon. The use of 250 ppm ethephon would make the best visually and smoothly yellow color of papaya’s peel surface.

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