Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy)
ISSN : 20852916     EISSN : 23373652
urnal Agronomi Indonesia, sebelumnya bernama Buletin Agronomi, terbit sejak 1962, diterbitkan oleh Departemen Agronomi dan Hortikultura Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor dan Perhimpunan Agronomi Indonesia (PERAGI). Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia merupakan media untuk publikasi tulisan asli yang berkaitan dengan budidaya tanaman secara luas, dalam Bahasa Indonesia maupun Bahasa Inggris. Naskah dapat berupa: hasil-hasil penelitian mutakhir (paling lama 5 tahun yang lalu), ulasan (review)singkat, analisis kebijakan atau catatan penelitian (research note) singkat mengenai teknik percobaan, alat, pengamatan, hasil awal percobaan (preliminary result).
Articles 870 Documents
Verifikasi Lokus Aluminum Tolerance (Alt) pada Tiga Populasi BC3F1 Padi Mizan, Muhammad Rauful; Wirnas, Desta; Prasetiyono, dan Joko
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 47, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v47i1.18664

Abstract

Most of marginal lands in Indonesia are in the form of acid dry land with low available P and high Al concentrations. Development of tolerant rice varieties to P deficiency and Al toxicity is one way to increase rice production. This study aimed to select BC3F1-Pup1+Alt genotypes from three crosses based on foreground and background markers. This research was conducted at the Indonesian Center for Agricultural Biotechnology and Genetic Resources Research and Development, Bogor, from August to December 2015. The materials used were 300 genotypes of BC3F1 Dodokan-Pup1+Alt, BC3F1 Situ Bagendit-Pup1+Alt, BC3F1 Batur-Pup1+Alt, and the parents. The research included selection in modified Yoshida’s nutrient solutions (0.5 ppm P dan 60 ppm Al) followed by foreground selection and background selection. Selection using Yoshida’s nutrient solution resulted in 150 genotypes with longer root than the recipient parent in each of the BC3F1 populations. Selection with foreground markers using markers RM1361 and RM12031 produced 85 genotypes of BC3F1 Dodokan-Pup1+Alt (56.6%), 105 genotypes of BC3F1 Situ Bagendit-Pup1+Alt (70%), and 77 genotypes of BC3F1 Batur-Pup1+Alt (51.33%). Selection using background markers revealed that genotype number 116 (BC3F1 Dodokan-Pup1+Alt), number 2 (BC3F1 Situ Bagendit-Pup1+Alt), and number 129 (BC3F1 Batur-Pup1+Alt) were the best genotypes with percentage of parent recovery of 95%, 90%, and 90.5%, respectively. These three genotypes were verified to have Alt loci and had the largest genetic proportion of restoring parents. Keywords: Alt, background markers, foreground markers, Pup1, upland rice
Pola Kemajuan Seleksi pada Cabai Rawit Spesies Capsicum annuum L. ,, Rosminah; Maharijaya, Awang; Syukur, dan Muhamad
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 47, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v47i1.21922

Abstract

Improvement of chilli’s quantitative traits requires several stages of breeding program, one of these is selection stage. The objective of this study was to obtain the information concerning the means and ranges of some quantitative characters, inbreeding depression, heritability estimates, and response to selection from six generations derived from crossing two parents of chili peppers. Materials used were IPB C160 (female), IPB C291 (male) as parents, F2, F3, F4, F5, and F6 derived from crossing of these parents with a total number of 630 plants. Results from this study showed that the mean valuesbetween the generations F2 to F6 showed an increase in the observed character except of harvesting time. The highest value of inbreeding depression for harvest time, weight per fruit, and fruit length was found in F5 generation. The highest value of inbreeding depression for fruit weight per plant, number of fruit per plant, and fruit weight was found in F6 generation, and for fruit diameter was found in F4 generation. The narrow-sense heritability estimates were classified into low to moderate criteria. In general, declined responses to selection for quantitative characters in the six generations of chili were observed.Keywords: advance selection, heritability, inbreeding depression, means value
Kandungan Antosianin dan Karotenoid serta Komponen Produksi pada Kacang Panjang Berpolong Ungu dan Hijau Reswari, Helvi Ardana; Syukur, Muhamad; Suwarno, dan Willy Bayuardi
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 47, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v47i1.23402

Abstract

Breeding improved yardlong bean varieties is not only aimed for yield, but also for enhancing nutritional content such as anthocyanin and carotenoids concentrations. The objectives of this research were to elucidate the anthocyanin and carotenoids concentrations as well as yield components in several yard long bean genotypes. This research was conducted at the Leuwikopo Experimental Station and Post Harvest Laboratory of Department of Agronomy and Horticulture IPB from November 2017 to January 2018. The experiment was arranged in a single-factor randomized complete block design with 4 replicates, involving 15 yardlong bean genotypes. The results showed that Fagiola 2 had relatively high anthocyanin and carotenoids contents. Peleton had higher yield than Kinaya 1, Pangeran Anvi, Parade, and Fagiola 2. Anthocyanin content was not correlated with yield components, whereas carotenoids content was positively correlated with the length of pod stalks, length of pods, weight per pod, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, and total chlorophyll. Pod weights per plant were positively correlated with the number of pods per plant (r = 0.81, P<0.01), and can be predicted by a linear model involving number of pods per plant and days to harvest (R2 = 0.75, P<0.01).Keywords: biofortification, chlorophyll, correlation, stepwise regression, Vigna unguiculata var. sesquipedalis
Hasil dan Kualitas Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench.) Merah dan Okra Hijau dengan Jenis Pupuk yang Berbeda Manik, Auhge Eva Sari; Melati, Maya; Kurniawati, Ani; Faridah, dan Didah Nur
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 47, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v47i1.22295

Abstract

Okra fruit contains phenolic compounds as natural antioxidant. The aim of this research was to analyze the effect of different types of fertilizers on production and quality of two okra varieties. The experiment was conducted in October 2017 to February 2018 at Bogor Agricultural University experimental field at Leuwikopo, Darmaga, Bogor (-6033’49.3”SL, 106043’30.7’’EL). The experiment used nested randomized complete block design with 2 factors and 4 replications. The first factor consisted of two okra varieties with different colour (red and green okra). The second factor was fertilizer types consisted of no fertilizer, organic (cow manure), combination of organic + inorganic, and inorganic fertilizer. The results showed that fertilizer types significantly affected plant height and fruit N content but did not affect fruit production. Red okra had a higher plant height, lower number of leaves and leaf K content than those of the green okra. The interaction effect of both factors was significant on total phenolic content in fruit and P content in leaf. The highest total phenolic content in fruit was showed by red okra with inorganic fertilizer, although it was not significantly different to those of red okra with combination organic + inorganic fertilizer, and also to green okra with organic fertilizer. The highest P content in leaf was found in red okra without fertilizer, however it was not significantly different to red okra with combination organic + inorganic fertilizer, green okra with organic fertilizer, and green okra with inorganic fertilizer.Keywords: inorganic fertilizer, leaf nutrient, organic fertilizer, phenolic compound
Keragaman Morfologi dan Kandungan Tanin pada Tanaman Leunca [Solanum nigrum (L.)] Nadila, Dea; ,, Sobir; Syukur, dan Muhamad
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 47, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v47i1.19554

Abstract

Black nightshades [Solanum nigrum (L.)] is an indigenous vegetable originatied from tropical and subtropical regions. In Indonesia, black naightshades widely spread in Java, especially West Java. Black nightshades has a bitter taste caused by the content of tannins. The objective of this study was to identify and analyze the morphological and tannin content of 20 black nightshades accessions. The research was started with germplasm exploration in November 2015-February 2016, followed by planting and analysis until September 2016 at a laboratory of the Center for Tropical Horticultural Studies (PKHT) IPB. The experiment was arranged in a single-factor randomized complete block design with three replications. The results from cluster analysis based on morphological variability showed that the accessions of black nightshades can be grouped into two groups. The accessions had different fruit tannin contents, and some accessions can be selected for breeding material.Keywords: group analysis, indigenous vegetable, qualitative character, quantitative character
Perbandingan Arachis pintoi dengan Tanaman Kacang-kacangan Penutup Tanah Lain dalam Menekan Laju Erosi pada Lahan Kelapa Sawit Berbukit Sarjono, Arif; Guntoro, Dwi; Supijatno, dan
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 47, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v47i1.22891

Abstract

Land preparation of oil palm plantation in hilly areas is vulnerable to environmental degradation. Legume cover crops can be used in vegetation system for soil conservation to control erotion. Arachis pintoi is a legume potential for cover crop. The objective of the research was to study the role of A. pintoi in suppressing soil erosion rate in oil palm land with the topography of hilly land. The research was conducted on the land of Bukit Kemuning farmer group, Mersam, Batanghari, Jambi with an average slope of 22.8% from September 2017 to March 2018. The experimental design used was a single-factor randomized complete block design with five treatments and four replications. The treatment consisted of natural vegetation, Arachis pintoi, Centrosema pubescens, Pueraria javanica and Calopogonium mucunoides. The results showed that the rate of increased leaf number of A. pintoi was 13.6 pieces per week and could cover the ground surface 100% at 20 weeks after planting (WAP). The dry weight of A. pintoi biomass was 496.08 g m-2 at 20 WAP. A. pintoi suppressed soil erosion by 80.45% as compared to natural vegetation treatment. However, it was not significantly different on suppression rates to other biomulch treatments.Keywords: biomass, Calopogonium mucunoides, Centrosema pubescens, land cover crop, Pueraria javanica
Ketahanan Beberapa Genotipe Jagung Hibrida Umur Genjah terhadap Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky ,, suriani; Tenrirawe, Andi; Makkulawu, dan Andi Takdir
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 47, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v47i1.21170

Abstract

Sitophilus zeamais is a major pest of cereal products in the storage that can reduce the quality and quantity of the grain. The use of resistant variety is an efficient method to control S. zeamais. This research aimed to evaluate the resistance of 8 early maturing hybrid maize genotypes to S. zeamais. The research was arranged in a single factor completely randomized design with 3 replications, involving 8 genotypes and 4 check varieties. Samples of 25 g seeds were stored in the container covered by gauze, then infested with same-aged 5 males and 5 females of S. zeamais and maintened to 105 days. Observed variables were the number of F1 progenies of S. zeamays, susceptibility index, seed damage, and weight loss. Based on the results, 3 early maturing hybrid maize genotypes (CH-19, CH-18 and CH-20) exhibited high resistance to the S. zeamais as indicated by their susceptibility index, number of progenies, percentage of seed damage, and weight loss. These genotypes had susceptibility index of 1.23-1.80 with low percentage of seed damage of 2.07-4.55%. Correlation tests showed that the susceptibility index of maize seeds had positive correlation with number of progenies and seed damage.Keywords: seed, stored pest, susceptibility index
Growth and Yield of Six Soybean Genotypes on Short-term Flooding Condition in the Type-B Overflow Tidal Swamps Sagala, Danner; Ghulamahdi, Munif; Trikoesoemaningtyas, Trikoesoemaningtyas; Lubis, Iskandar; Shiraiwa, Tatsuhiko; Homma, and Koki
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 47, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v47i1.21604

Abstract

A study to explore the agronomic response of some soybean genotypes to temporary flooding in the type-B overflow tidal swamp and to obtain the adaptive genotype to the environment was arranged in a split-plot design at coordinates 2°64’46.77” S and 104°75’27.75” E with an altitude of 3.5 m above sea level. The main plot was subject to short-term flooding with a variety of cultivation technologies consisting of saturated soil culture (SSC) for one month without flooding, SSC for one month with flooding, SSC during plant growth without flooding, SSC during plant growth with flooding and non-SSC/dry cultivation. The subplot was soybean genotype consisting of 6 genotypes: Tanggamus, Karasumame (Naihou), M652, Anjasmoro, M100-47-52-13, and Tachinagaha. The result showed that impaired soybean growth at the beginning of the growth stage caused pressure on the later growth stage and decreased soybean yield. Short-term flooding reduced the soybean yield. The non-tropical genotypes of Karasumamae (Naihou), M652 and Tachinagaha produced the lowest yield of seeds; 20% lower than the tropical genotypes of Anjasmoro, M100-47-52-13 and Tanggamus with SSC during plant growth without flooding treatment. The Karasumame (Naihou) genotype produced the highest seed yield of the three non-tropical genotypes. Anjasmoro and M100-47-52-13 produced the highest seed yield at temporary flooding.
Tanggap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tiga Varietas Kacang Hijau terhadap Lama Genangan Lestari, Sri Ayu Dwi; Wijanarko, Andy; Kuntyastuti, dan Henny
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 47, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v47i1.18047

Abstract

The objective of this research was to determine growth and yield responses of three mungbean varieties to waterlogging duration. The experiment was conducted at a screenhouse of ILETRI, Malang, East Java, from October to December 2016 using Alfisol soil from Probolinggo, East Java. The experiment consisted of two factors that were laid out in a factorial randomized complete block design with three replications. The first factor was mungbean varieties, namely Sriti, Vima 1, and Vima 2. The second factor was waterlogging durations, namely 0, 2, 4, and 6 days. The waterlogging treatments started at 20 days after planting. Mungbean plants fertilized with 250 kg Phonska ha-1 at the time of planting. The results showed that waterlogging treatments had negative effects on growth of the three varieties, indicated by a reduction in stem dry weight and leaf dry weight of the plants. Sriti variety was tolerant to waterlogging, Vima 1 was moderate tolerant, and Vima 2 was sensitive.Keywords: Alfisol soil, Vigna radiata, waterlogging stress
Potensi Hasil dan Toleransi Galur-galur Inbrida Sorgum pada Tanah dengan Hara Fosfor Rendah Momongan, Jorex Daniel; Trikoesoemaningtyas, Trikoesoemaningtyas; Wirnas, Desta; Sopandie, dan Didy
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 47, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v47i1.22629

Abstract

Sorghum development in Indonesia is directed towards cultivation in dryland and acid soil with low P availability. This research was aimed to obtain information on the performance of sorghum traits for selection in P deficient environment at early vegetative phase (3 weeks after planting), agronomic and yield potential traits in both P sufficient and P deficient environments, also to select high productivity sorghum genotypes which could tolerate P deficiency. The genetic materials used were 19 F7 recombinant inbred lines from a cross of B69 x Numbu developed under optimum condition (indirect breeding) by single seed decent. Variety Numbu and B69 used as checks. This research was conducted at The Indonesian Center for Biotechnology and Agriculture Plant Genetic Resources experimental field, Bogor, from May to September 2017. The experiment used a randomized complete block design with 3 replicates. The results showed that agronomic and yield traits varied among inbred lines under low P condition and optimum P condition. Adaptive lines showed better growth and yield compared to sensitive ones under low P condition. Plant height, panicle weight, and grain weight per panicle had high estimates of broad sense heritability. Selection based on stress tolerance index was able to identify inbred lines 286-6, 115-9, 114-7, 331-8, 170-9, 151-8, 104-7, 413-7, 68-5, 315-6, and 341-7 as tolerant to low P condition.Keywords: heritability, indirect breeding, optimum P condition, stress tolerance index

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