Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy)
ISSN : 20852916     EISSN : 23373652
urnal Agronomi Indonesia, sebelumnya bernama Buletin Agronomi, terbit sejak 1962, diterbitkan oleh Departemen Agronomi dan Hortikultura Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor dan Perhimpunan Agronomi Indonesia (PERAGI). Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia merupakan media untuk publikasi tulisan asli yang berkaitan dengan budidaya tanaman secara luas, dalam Bahasa Indonesia maupun Bahasa Inggris. Naskah dapat berupa: hasil-hasil penelitian mutakhir (paling lama 5 tahun yang lalu), ulasan (review)singkat, analisis kebijakan atau catatan penelitian (research note) singkat mengenai teknik percobaan, alat, pengamatan, hasil awal percobaan (preliminary result).
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Search results for , issue " Vol 39, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia" : 23 Documents clear
Analisis Marka RAPD yang Te rpaut dengan To leransi terhadap Naungan pada Kedelai Wirnas, Desta; Sopandie, Didy; Trikoesoemaningtyas, ,; Sobir, ,
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 39, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The objective of the research was to identify RAPD markers linked to QTL related to agronomic traits of soybean under low-light intensity condition.  The genetic material used in the QTL analysis based on RAPD Markers were  Ceneng, Godek, and  F6 RILs derived from hybridization between  Ceneng (tolerant parent) and Godek (sensitve parent). The results of molecular analysis showed that 9 primers were polymorphic and linked to the tolerant parent.  Primers produce 14 RAPD markers which were polymorphic and linked to the tolerant parent. The markers were distributed into a linkage group that containing seven markers. RAPD Markers (OPE15-800, OPM20-800) were linked to two QTL controlling number of productive node and seed weight, respectively.  The marker linked to the tolerant parent could be used as a marker assisted selection for high-yielding soybean lines under low-light intensity.    
Radiosensitivitas Pisang cv. Ampyang dan Potensi Penggunaan Iradiasi Gamma untuk Induksi Va rian Indrayant, Reni; Mattjik, Nurhajati Ansori; Setiawan, Asep; Sudarsono, ,
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 39, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Banana is commonly propagated vegetatively by suckers since most of edible banana are triploid, male sterile and parthenocarpic, use of conventional breeding for banana improvement is difficult.  Mutation induction and in vitro technique are alternative tools for banana improvement. The objectives of this research were (1) to determine radiosensitivity of banana cv. Ampyang against gamma irradiation, and  (2) to evaluate performance of plantlets regenerated from gamma irradiated explants of banana cv. Ampyang.  Explants of in vitro grown shoots were exposed to gamma irradiation at 0, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, and 50 Gy to determine their radiosensitivity. Growth and development of regenerated plantlets were recorded after 10 months of proliferation and regeneration periods. The CurveExpert ver. 1.4 analysis results indicated that lethal doses of irradiation reducing 20% to 50% of shoot growth (LD20-50) were 51.07 - 64.54 Gy.  All regenerated plantlets from irradiated explants produced less numbers of roots, and some of regenerated plantlets, showed significantly less plantlet fresh weight and height than the control one. Plantlets regenerated from explants irradiated with 25, 40, 50 Gy have longer leaves than the control. The regenerated plantlets from gamma irradiation treatments were successfully transferred into soil and they would be used to evaluate existence of variants among regenerated banana plantlets.   Keywords: induced mutation, gamma irradiation, lethal dose (LD20-50)
Pola Peningkatan Hasil Ta naman Jarak Pagar (Jatropha curcas L.) Ekotipe Lombok Barat selama Empat Ta hun Siklus Produksi Santoso, Bambang Budi; Hariyadi, ,; Purwoko, Bambang Sapta
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 39, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The aim of this experiment was to evaluate the pattern of yield improvement of Jatropha curcas L. of West Lombok ecotype at dry land of North Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara during four years production cycle.  The experiment was conducted in randomized complete block design (RCBD) using three types of propagules (i.e., stem cutting, seed, and seed followed by pruning after transplanting) and three replications from November 2006 to November 2010. The results showed that yield was increased as plant age increased. Plants cultivated during rainy season had higher yield compared to those cultivated during dry season.  However, the oil content of nuts was slightly higher when harvested in dry season than in rainy season.  Yield was also affected by plant material used.  In the first year, plants propagated by stem cutting had the highest yield.  In the second, third, and fourth year, plants propagated from seed followed by pruning produced the highest nut dry weight. During four years production cycle, yearly yield improvement was about 2-3 times than the previous year and did not follow the geometrical progression based on dichotomy branching pattern of Jatropha.   Keywords: dry land, productivity, pruning, seed oil content, type of propagule  
Protein and Anthocyanin Production of Waterleaf Shoots (Ta linum triangulare (Jacq.) Willd) at Different Levels of Nitrogen+Potassium and Harvest Intervals Susant, Hilda; Aziz, Sandra Arifin; Melati, Maya; Susanto, Slamet
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 39, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The experiment was conducted at IPB Experimental Station, Leuwikopo, Dramaga, Bogor, from November 2009 until February 2010 to study the effect of different  nitrogen+potassium rates and harvest intervals on protein and anthocyanin production of waterleaf shoot (Talinum triangulare (Jacq.) Willd). A randomized complete block design was used with three replications of two factors, which were  four N+K  dosages (50 kg urea + 50 kg ha-1 KCl, 50 kg urea + 100 kg ha-1 KCl, 100 kg urea + 50 kg ha-1 KCl, 100 kg urea + 100 kg ha-1 KCl) and three harvest intervals (30, 15, and 10 days).  The results showed that interaction of 100 kg urea + 100 kg ha-1 KCl and 15-day harvest interval produced the highest content (8.29 mg g-1 fresh weight) and production (4.72 g plant-1) of protein.  The interaction of N+K dosages and harvest intervals were not significant in affecting the anthocyanin content.  The highest production of anthocyanin was produced by single treatment of 100 kg urea + 100 kg ha-1 KCl (152.23 µmol plant-1) and 10 days harvest interval (165.47 µmol plant-1), respectively.  Leaf protein levels negatively correlated with anthocyanin content.   Keywords: anthocyanin, fertilizer, harvest interval, protein, Talinum triangulare  
Application of Filter Cake on Growth of Upland Sugarcanes Purwono, ,; Sopandie, Didy; Harjadi, Sri Setyati; Mulyanto, Budi
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 39, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Recently planting site of sugarcane was shifted from lowland to upland area. Sugar cane cultivation in upland has many constraints, especially limited water supply and low nutrition availability. The objectives of this research were to study the influence of  application of composted filter cake on growth and water use efficiency of upland sugar cane. The research was conducted in Jengkol, Kediri. Treatments consist of three factors: frequency of irrigation (once every 1 week, once every 2 weeks, and once every 3 weeks); sugarcane varieties (PS-862 and  PS-864); and  compost doses (0, 2.5, 5, and 7.5 ton ha-1). Split plot design with three replications was used in each  irrigation treatment, using composted filter cake as main plots and sugarcane varieties as sub plots. The results showed that the highest sugar content was  reached at application of 5 ton ha-1   compost  and the  greatest crystal sugar was reached at 3.09 ton ha-1 compost. Compost application at 5 ton ha-1 on each planted row can reduce  frequency of irrigation from once a week to once every 2 weeks.   Keywords: compost of filter cake, frequency of irrigation, upland sugar cane
Application of 1-MCP to Intact To matoes Differing in Maturity Delays Quality Changes in the Stored Slice Pangaribuan, Darwin Habinsaran; Irving, Donald
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 39, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

A study was carried out to determine the effect of  1-MCP applied to intact tomatoes differing in maturity stage on quality of stored tomato slices.  1-MCP (1 mL L-1, 20 °C, 12 h) was applied directly to intact tomatoes from ‘turning’, ‘pink’, and ‘light-red’ stages of maturity. After slicing, slices were stored for up to 10 days at 5 ºC. 1-MCP maintained slice quality during storage following treatment of intact ‘turning’ and ‘pink’ maturity fruit as indicated by higher titratable acidity, higher ascorbic acid concentration, and lower lycopene content.1-MCP treatment did not significantly affect soluble solids and electrolyte leakage.  Slices from ‘light-red’ maturity stage fruit did not respond to 1-MCP.  The results show that application of 1-MCP to intact tomatoes was effective in maintaining tomato slice quality if 1-MCP is applied to fruit at early (‘turning’ and ‘pink’) stages of maturity.   Keywords:  1-methylcyclopropene, soluble solids, acidity, ascorbic acid, lycopene, electrolyte leakage   
Perbanyakan Tunas Mikro pada Beberapa Umur Simpan Umbi dan Pembentukan Umbi Mikro Bawang Merah pada Dua Suhu Ruang Kultur Dinarti, Diny; Purwoko, Bambang Sapta; Purwito, Agus; Susila, Anas Dinurrohman
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 39, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Shallot bulb generally stored for several month before planted in the field. Since explant age is one of important factors in tissue culture development, storage period of shallot bulb might alter the explant growth in vitro. Shoots of shallot formed in the in vitro culture should form bulbs before can be use as seedling, and temperature may affect micro bulb induction. Two experiments had been conducted to evaluate 1) the effect of storage period in the field on the growth of shallot explant in vitro and 2) the effect of culture room temperature in microbulbs induction of shallot. In the first experiment, shallot bulb had been stored for 1, 2, 3 and 4 months before used as explants. Storage period significantly influenced the explant growth in vitro. Bulb with 2 months storage gave the best performance on number of micro shoot, number of leaves and roots, and less of vitrification. Micro shoots on three weeks after planting (WAP) was feasible to use as propagule for shallot micro bulb induction. In the second experiment, shoots from propagation medium was transplanted to bulb induction medium and  grown in growth chamber with different temperatures (day/night) 20/17 oC and 30/27 oC, respectively.  Micro bulb induction was influenced by temperature. Lower temperature showed good results for number of leaves, length of leaves, number of roots, and length of roots. However, temperature of 30/27 oC gave the best result on number of micro bulb, diameter of bulb and bulb width:bulb disk diameter ratio.   Keywords: Allium, explants age, micro bulb,  temperature, 2ip
Nitrogen and Potassium Applications on the Growth of Amorphophallus muelleri Blume Santosa, Edi; Setiasih, Ika; Mine, Yoko; Sugiyama, Nobuo
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 39, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Productivity of Amorphophallus muelleri is considered low. Thus, pot experiment was conducted at the Cikabayan Experimental Farm, Bogor Indonesia during rainy season November 2007 to July 2008, in order to determine the optimum fertilizer dose for A. muelleri under 50% shading net. Treatments consisted of four doses of nitrogen (0, 50, 100 and 150 kg ha-1 N) and three doses of potassium (0, 50 and 100 kg ha-1 K2O). The results showed that application of N and K fertilizers significantly increased vegetative growth, i.e., number of leaves, number of leaflets and second leaf size, but did not affect harvesting time. Fresh weight and dry matter content of daughter corm were significantly affected by N and K applications. Combination of 50 kg ha-1 N and 100 kg ha-1 K2O resulted in higher corm weight than other treatments. It is evident that the application of nitrogen and potassium is important in A. muelleri.   Keywords: disease infection, iles-iles, Indonesian konjac, nitrogen, potassium
Mekanisme Toleransi Aluminium pada Rumput Pakan Setaria splendida Karti, Panca Dewi Manu Hara
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 39, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Plant tolerance mechanism to aluminum (Al) toxicity can be studied by comparing the Al-tolerant and Al-sensitive species. Setaria splendida is an Al tolerant forage, while Chloris gayana is a Al sensitive one. This research was aimed to reveal the main Al-tolerant mechanism in S. splendida. The first experiment was arranged in completely randomized design with two factors and two replications to study the organic acid and Al accumulation in the S. splendida and C. gayana. The first factor  was Al concentration (0 and 2 mM Al), while the second factor was Al tolerant (S. splendida) and Al sensitive (C. gayana) species. The second experiment was arranged in completely randomized design with two factors and three replications to study the effect of Al stress on plant growth. The first factor was Al tolerant (S. splendida) and Al sensitive (C. gayana) species, while the second factor was four levels of Al concentration in the growth medium (28.19, 27.37, 13.74, and 0.13 me Al3+). The results showed that the Al accumulation in the root tissue of S. splendida was similar to C. gayana. Although S. splendida accumulated higher Al in the shoots in comparison to C. gayana, they were more tolerant to Al. S. splendida tolerated Al-toxicity by secreting oxalic acids and citric acid from roots to the external solution, and by accumulating oxalic acid and malic acid in their roots and shoots.   Keywords: aluminum, Chloris gayana, organic acid, Setaria splendida, tolerance.  
Evaluasi Daya Gabung dan Heterosis Lima Galur Jagung Manis (Zea mays var. saccharata) Hasil Persilangan Dialel Iriany, R. Neni; Sujiprihati, Sriani; Syukur, Muhamad; Koswar, Jajah; Yunus, Muhamad
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 39, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

  The objective of this research was to estimate general combining ability (GCA), specific combining ability (SCA), and heterosis of five sweet corn inbreds in order to be selected to develop hybrid varieties. Five inbred lines as parent were Mr12/SC/BC4-6-1B-1, Mr14/SC/BC4-6-1B-1, Mr4/SC/BC4-2-1B-1, Mr11/SC/BC4-2-1B-1, and Mr12/SC/BC3-3-1B-1. The experiment was conducted from April to June 2010 using a Randomized Complete Block Design with two replications at Indonesian Cereal Research Institute (ICERI) experimental station, Maros, South Sulawesi. Analyses of GCA and SCA were based on the Griffing’s fixed model of Diallel Design Method I. Heterosis values were predicted based on the average values of their parents whereas heterobeltiosis were predicted based on the average values of the highest parents. Cross B x D (Mr14/SC/BC4-6-1B-1 x  Mr11/SC/BC4-2-1B-1) had  the highest SCA for yield 990.67. Cross A x B (Mr12/SC/BC4-6-1B-1 x Mr14/SC/BC4-6-1B-1) had the highest SCA for ear diameter 0.36. Cross A x D (Mr12/SC/BC4-6-1B-1 x Mr11/SC/BC4-2-1B-1) had the highest heterosis and heterobeltiosis for yield, while Cross A x D (Mr12/SC/BC4-6-1B-1 x Mr11/SC/BC4-2-1B-1) had the highest heterosis and heterobeltiosis for ear  length. Cross A x B (Mr12/SC/BC4-6-1B-1 x Mr14/SC/BC4-6-1B-1) and E x A (Mr12/SC/BC3-3-1B-1 xMr12/SC/BC4-6-1B-1) had the highest heterosis and heterobeltiosis for ear diameter.   Keywords: combining ability, diallel crossing, heterosis, sweet corn 

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