Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy)
ISSN : 20852916     EISSN : 23373652
urnal Agronomi Indonesia, sebelumnya bernama Buletin Agronomi, terbit sejak 1962, diterbitkan oleh Departemen Agronomi dan Hortikultura Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor dan Perhimpunan Agronomi Indonesia (PERAGI). Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia merupakan media untuk publikasi tulisan asli yang berkaitan dengan budidaya tanaman secara luas, dalam Bahasa Indonesia maupun Bahasa Inggris. Naskah dapat berupa: hasil-hasil penelitian mutakhir (paling lama 5 tahun yang lalu), ulasan (review)singkat, analisis kebijakan atau catatan penelitian (research note) singkat mengenai teknik percobaan, alat, pengamatan, hasil awal percobaan (preliminary result).
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Search results for , issue " Vol 35, No 2 (2007): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia" : 12 Documents clear
Regenerasi Tanaman pada Kultur Antera Padi: Pengaruh Persilangan dan Aplikasi Putresin Dewi, Iswari S.; Purwoko, Bambang S.; Aswidinnoor, Hajrial; Somantri, Ida H.
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 35, No 2 (2007): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The efficient use of anther culture in crop improvement depends on the success of plant regeneration techniques and the recovery of sufficient number of either green haploid plants that may be artificially or spontaneously doubled yielding homozygous diploid pure lines in first generation.  Putrescine, one of growth regulator polyamines, was known as essential factor in embryogenesis on various plant tissues.  The objective of this research was to study the effect of crosses and putrescine application on certain stages of culture most efficient in increasing green plant regeneration.  The experiment was arranged factorially. The first factor was reciprocal crosses of Taipei 309 to Asemandi and Asemandi to Taipei 309.  The second factor was application of putrescine consisted of control (M0: N6 induction medium and MS regeneration medium); M1: N6 induction medium,  MS regeneration medium + 10-3 M putrescine;  M2: N6 induction medium + 10-3 M putrescine, MS regeneration medium;  and M3: N6 induction medium + 10-3 M putrescine, MS regeneration medium + 10-3 M putrescine.  The results indicated that the addition of 10-3 M putrescine into callus induction and plant regeneration media was the best in increasing number and percentage of responding anther, callus formation, responding calli, green plants and number of total plants.  Rice anther culture efficiency, which was indicated by ratio of green plant to responding calli and percentage of green plant to number of anther innoculated, was also increased by the addition of 10-3 M putrescine. At that best treatment maternal effect showed in number of calli producing green plantlets, number of green plantlets, and percentage of green plant to number of anther innoculated. F1 from Taipei309/Asemandi was better  than F1 from Asemandi/Taipei30.   Key words :  Rice, anther culture, putrescine, green plant, reciprocal crosses
Pertumbuhan Bibit Tanaman Manggis (Garcinia mangostana L.) Setelah Inokulasi dengan Berbagai Galur Agrobacterium rhizogenes1 Lizawati, ,; Poerwanto, Roedhy; Sobir, ,; Rusmana, Iman; Ermayanti, Tri Muji
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 35, No 2 (2007): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Growth of mangosteen essentially depends on its root system.  Therefore, it needs technology to obtain stringer mangosteen root system.  The use of Agrobacterium rhizogenes bacterium is an alternative.  The objectives of this experiment were : 1) to find the effective strain of A. rhizogenes bacterium for inoculation of mangosteen seedling root, 2) to find the best inoculation method for inducing mangosteen seedling root.  The materials used in this experiment were ; mangosteen fruit and A. rhizogenes collection from Puslit Biotechnology LIPI Cibinong-Bogor.  The experiment was arranged in completely randomized design with two factorial treatments.  The first factor : 11 strains A. rhizogenes (ATCC-15834, ATCC-8196, R-1000, 07-20001, A4, A4-J, 509, 510, 511, MAFF 01-1724, and control), the second factor : 2 inoculation methods (cutting and dipping).  The results showed that A. rhizogenes  of ATCC-15834, 509, 07-20001, A4, and R-1000 increased stem diameter, plant height, leaf number, lateral and tertiary root number, better than ATCC-8196, MAFF 01-1724, 510, 511, A4-J, and control.  Cutting root method of inoculation resulted in higher live plant percentage compared to dipping root method.   Key words :  Agrobacterium rhizogenes, Garcinia mangostana, inoculation
Ketahanan 22 Genotipe Cabai (Capsicum spp.) terhadap Phytophthora capsici Leonian dan Keragaman Genetiknya Yunianti, Rahmi; Sastrosumarjo, Sarsidi; Sujiprihati, Sriani; Surahman, Memen; Hidayat, Sri Hendrastuti
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 35, No 2 (2007): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Laboratory and field experiments were carried out to analyze genetic diversity of 22 pepper genotypes (Capsicum spp.) and their resistance to Phytophthora capsici Leonian. Resistance screening was performed in plastic flats 72 cells. Inoculation was done on 28-day old pepper plant soon after watering by pipeting 5 ml of inoculum (105 zoospore/ml) at the base of each plant. P. capsici  isolate used in this experiment was TG01, identified as race 3 based on AVRDC differential pepper lines (PI 188478, PBC 602, PBC 137 and Early Calwonder).  The evaluation of pepper genotypes characteristic was conducted in the field.  Principle Component Analysis, Clustering Analysis and Biplot Analysis were used to analyze genetic diversity based on 37 characters. Result of resistance evaluation showed that two genotypes (C4 and C13) were identified as resistant, 7 genotypes (C2, C3, C5, C8, C10, C15, and C20) as slightly resistant, 6 genotypes (C7, C9, C17, C19, C21 and C27) as slightly susceptible, and 7 genotypes (C1, C11, C18, C28, C48, C64, and C65) as susceptible.  Based on genetic diversity analyzed, all genotypes could be divided into 4 clusters.  Cluster I consisted of 18 genotypes i.e. C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C7, C8, C9, C10, C13, C14, C15, C17, C18, C19, C28, C64, and C65. Cluster II consisted of only 1 genotype i.e. C48.  Cluster III consisted of 2 genotypes (C20 and C21) which were characterized by the colour of corolla, corolla spot, and filament. Cluster IV consisted of 1 genotype (C27) which was characterized by fruit cross-sectional corrugation.   Key words :  Capsicum, resistance, Phytophthora capsici, genetic diversity, clustering.
Pola Topografi Pewarnaan Tetrazolium sebagai Tolok Ukur Viabilitas dan Vigor Benih Kedelai (Glycine max L.Merr.) untuk Pendugaan Pertumbuhan Tanaman di Lapangan Dina, ,; Widajati, Eny; Wirawan, Baran; Ilyas, Satriyas
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 35, No 2 (2007): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Topographical tetrazolium (TZ) pattern to determine viability, vigor and field stand on soybean seeds cv. Burangrang was studied.  Laboratory test for standard germination, vigor index, speed of germination, accelerated aging, seedling growth rate and field performances were performed on five lots (A,B,C,D,E) of soybean seeds.  The viability and vigor categories of each pattern were determined by Root Mean Square (RMS), regression, and correlation analysis.  Ten topographical patterns were recognized. The laboratory test results and field performances were compared with topographical pattern. Combination of patterns 1,2,3,4 (embryonic axis and cotyledon completely and/or gradually stained) selected as viable category as it gave the least RMS value, the highest determination (R2) and correlation (r) coefficient with standard germination (RMS=6,46; R2=0,37; r=0,61). Combination of patterns 1,2,3 (embryonic axis and cotyledon completely stained) selected as vigor category as it gave the least RMS value, the highest R2and r with relative speed of germination (RMS=7,96; R2=0,44; r=0,66), vigor index (RMS=6,66; R2=0,36; r=0,6), field emergence (R2=0,79; r=0,89) and field stand (R2=0,65; r=0,80). The combination of patterns 1,2,3 is recommended for estimating field emergence and field stand.   Key words :  Tetrazolium, topographical pattern, viability, vigor, accelerated aging, field stand, soybean seed.
Mutasi pada Beberapa Kandidat Galur Mutan Pemulih Kesuburan Tanaman Padi Sobrizal, ,
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 35, No 2 (2007): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) system has largely been applied in development of rice hybrid varieties. In this system the maintainer and restorer lines are necessary to maintain the CMS and to restore the pollination abilities of hybrid plants, respectively. In this study, rice candidate of restorer mutant lines were developed through irradiation of CMS seeds by 0.2 kGy gamma rays. Some mutations indicated by polymorphism between mutants and original plants were observed through simple sequence repeat (SSR) marker genome survey in six mutant lines. Frequencies of polymorphism varied depend on the lines, range from 8.5 to 18.3%. No common marker showed polymorphism between six mutant lines and original plants indicating that the mutant lines do not carry the same restoring genes. Nevertheless, allelic tests or linkage studies using segregating populations are needed for confirmation. This result should be useful as initial information on genetic studies of restoring genes induced by gamma ray irradiation as well as for application of these genes in hybrid rice breeding program.   Key words :  Mutation, restorer mutant lines, hybrid rice
Karakter Morfo-Fisiologi Daun, Penciri Adaptasi Kedelai terhadap Intensitas Cahaya Rendah Kisman, ,; Khumaida, Nurul; Trikoesoemaningtyas, ,; Sobir, ,; Sopandie, Didy
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 35, No 2 (2007): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The main objective of this study was to identify the leaf morpho-physiological characters as markers for adaptation of soybean to low light intensity. The field experiment was conducted using split plot design with 3 replications. First factor was soybean genotype consisted of shade tolerant genotypes (Ceneng, Pangrango) and sensitive genotypes (Godek, Slamet). Second factor was low light intensity consisted of: L0 = control (under full sun light), L1 = 5 days under 50% shading (exposed after 21 days after planting/DAP), L2 = 5 days under dark condition (exposed after 21 DAP), L3 = 3 days 50% shading + 5 days sun light (exposed after 18 DAP), dan L4 = 3 days 50% shading + 3 days sun light + 5 day dark conditions (exposed after 15 DAP). The 50% shading was made artificially using black plastic paranet with 50% light transmitted. Results of this study showed that under the conditions of low light intensity, leaf morpho-physiological characters of soybean that could be used as markers for adaptation were leaf area, specific leaf weight, and chlorophyll content. Leaves of shade tolerant genotypes were wider and thinner and also contained higher chlorophyll especially for chlorophyll b than that of shade sensitive genotypes under low light intensity.   Key words :  Low light intensity, tolerant genotype, leaf area, chlorophyll, specific leaf weight
Identification of a Notched Kernel Gene Associated with Pre-Harvest Sprouting Using Oryza glumaepatula Introgression Lines in Rice Sobrizal, ,; Yoshimura, Atsushi
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 35, No 2 (2007): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Pre-harvest sprouting in rice is related to the lack of a normal dormancy level during seed development and maturation. The prominent effects of pre-harvest sprouting are lower yield due to harvest losses and end-product quality reduction. A single novel gene (nk2) for notched kernel was identified at backcross segregating population (BC4F2) of Oryza glumaepatula to Oryza sativa cv. Taichung 65 as recurrent parent. The nk2 gene was closely associated to pre-harvest sprouting character, and mapped on the long arm of chromosome 5 with 3.5 cM and 3.6 cM distance to G1103 and R521 RFLP markers, respectively.   Key words :  Notched kernel, pre-harvest sprouting, genetic map, rice
Pertumbuhan, Serapan Hara dan Kualitas Turfgrass pada Beberapa Dosis Pemberian Pupuk Hayati Mikoriza Guntoro, Dwi; Purwoko, Bambang S.
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 35, No 2 (2007): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The objective of the research was to study the effect of mycorrhiza dosage on nutrient uptake, growth and turfgrass quality.  The research was conducted at IPB turfgrass experimental farm, Darmaga, Bogor.  The experiment was arranged in randomized complete block design with four replications.  The treatment consisted of five dosages of mycorrhiza (100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 g per pot).  The result showed that application of mycorrhiza at 300 g per pot increased coverage area and dry weight of clipping, and decreased vertical height, but it did not significantly increase nutrient uptake and quality of turfgrass compared to control.   Key words :  Mycorrhiza, turfgrass, growth, nutrient uptake, quality
Application of Deep Sea Water (DSW) for Nutrient Supplement in Hydroponics Cultivation of Tomato : Effect of supplemented DSW at Different EC Levels on Fruit Properties Chadirin, Yudi; Matsuoka, Takahisa; Suhardiyanto, Herry; Susila, Anas D.
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 35, No 2 (2007): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Deep sea water (DSW) has the potential characteristics for nutrient supplement in hydroponics cultivation. This experiment was carried out to evaluate the application of DSW as a nutrient supplement for tomato cultivation in hydroponics system. Tomatoes were grown on 4 beds in nutrient film technique (NFT) system circulated with 1.5 dS m-1(control), 10 dS m-1 15 dS m-1 and 20 dS m-1 of nutrient solution, respectively.  DSW was supplemented into nutrient solution of control to obtain high EC level. Fresh weight of fruits decreased varied from 10-20% by increasing DSW concentration in nutrient solution, but the effect of the treatment was not found on size of 3rd truss fruits.  The density of fruits increased as the DSW concentration increased in nutrient solution. Tomato stiffness of treated plants had almost the same value among EC levels although different among 3 trusses.  Fruit quality parameters increased by increasing the DSW concentration in nutrient solution. Treated plants circulated with EC 20 dS m-1 supplemented nutrient solution for 2 weeks produced tomatoes with highest soluble solids, 8.0% Brix or increased 30% of control (1st truss).  However there were no significant effect on fruits of 2nd and 3rd trusses.  DSW could be used as nutrient supplement for hydroponics cultivation of tomato.     Key words :   Deep sea water, fruit quality, electrical conductivity, tomato
Growth and Production of Amorphophallus paeoniifolius Dennst. Nicolson from Different Corm Weights Santosa, Edi; Sugiyama, Nobuo
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 35, No 2 (2007): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The effect of different seed corm weight on the growth and production of elephant foot yams (Amorphophallus paeonifolius Dennst. Nicolson) were studied. Two forms of corm with same weight were prepared, i.e., whole corm and vertically sectioned by 1/2. The fresh mass of each whole corm and corm section was the same. Six different corm weights were compared, i.e., 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000 and 2000 g. Growth and development of  elephant foot yam were determined by corm weigth, large seed corm produced larger leaf and fresh mass of daughter corms. On the contrary, number of leaf decreased with increasing seed corm weight. Plants from whole seed corms emerged earlier and they were larger than those from the sectioned corms, irrespective of weight. Plants from small sized whole corm emerged earlier than the larger ones. Dissecting the main bud caused the development of lateral buds, resulted in a delay of leaf emergence. The lower yield obtained by the use of sections might be related to the late emergence leading to shorter vegetative period in the field. In the cultivation, it is recommended to use whole seed corms of 100 or 200 g.   Key words :  Elephant foot yams, tuber crop, Araceae, corm weight, tuberization rate

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