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Buletin Ilmiah Impas
ISSN : 08537771     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Buletin IMPAS diterbitkan tiga kali dalam setahun, oleh Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Nusa Cendana. Buletin ini merupakan media komunikasi hasil-hasil penelitian, eksperimen, survei, opini serta kajian kepustakaan dalam biadang ekonomi pertanian.
Articles 20 Documents
Analisis Pendapatan Usahtani Wortel di Desa Netpala Kecamatan Mollo Utara, Kabupaten Timor Tengah Selatan Mogi, Elisabeth; Pellokila, Marthen R.; Nikolaus, Serman
Buletin Ilmiah Impas Vol 20 No 1 (2018): Edisi Desember
Publisher : Undana Press

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Abstract

Penelitian mengenai Analisis Pendapatan Usahatani Wortel Di Desa Netpala Kecamatan Mollo Utara Kabupaten Timor Tengah Selatan. Pengumpulan Data dilaksanakan pada bulan bulan Maret 2018. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1) Mengetahui karateristik usahatani wortel. (2) mengetahui besar pendapatan yang diperoleh petani dari usahatani wortel. (3) Mengetahui besar keuntungan relatif yang diperoleh petani pada usahatani wortel. (4) mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi produksi usahatani wortel.  Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode survei. Desa contoh ditentukan secara sengaja (purposive sampling), yakni Desa Netpala Kecamatan Mollo Utara Kabupaten Timor Tengah Selatan. Penentuan petani contoh, diambil dari populasi petani yang tergabung dalam 16 kelompok tani yaitu sebanyak 301 petani sehingga yang menjadi sample  sebanyak 75 petani contoh dengan penentuan per kelompok tani menggunakan metode Propotional Random Sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa karaterisik dari luas lahan yang dikelola1-5 are dengan jumlah petani sebanyak 19 orang, luas lahan 6-10 are sebanyak 32 orang, luas lahan 11-15 are sebanyak 10 orang dan luas lahan 16-20 are sebanyak 14 orang dan merupakan milik pribadi, benih yang digunakan oleh petani rata-rata 0,2 Kg dengan harga Rp.150.000 per Kg, pupuk yang digunakan merupakan pupuk bokasi, tahapan kegiatan usahatani meliputi: persiapan benih, persiapan lahan, penanaman, pemupukan, perawatan dan pasca panen. (2) besar pendapatan yang diperoleh petani dari usahatani wortel yaitu Rp. 289.147.179. (3) nilai R/C Rationya adalah 4,1 yang artinya usahatani wortel layak untuk diusahakan. (4) faktor luas lahan berpengaruh nyata terhadap produksi dari usahatani wortel sedangkan benih,pupuk dan tenaga kerja tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap produksi dari usahatani wortel.  Kata kunci: usahatani wortel, pendapatan, fungsi produksi Cobb-Douglas  ABSTRACT Research on Carrot Revenue Market Analysis in Netpala Village, North Mollo District, South Central Timor District. Data Collection was held in March 2018. This study aims to: (1) identify the characteristics of carrot farming. (2)  analyze the income earned by farmers from carrot farming. (3) unserstand the relative profit gained by farmers in carrot farming. (4) deterine the factors which influence the production of carrot farming. Data collection method used in this research is a survey method. The choice of sample village is applied a purposive sampling technique. The chosen village is Netpala, located in the Sub District of Mollo Utara, South Central Timor District. Furthermore, to select the sample farmer or respondent with the number of 75 farmers is used a proportional random sampling, taken from the 301 farmers who are the emembers of 16 farmer groups. The results of data analysis showed that: (1) the carateristics of carrot farming operated by the farmers in research area as follow: the number of farmers operating the land with size of 1 – 5 acres consisted of 19 farmers, the number of farmers operating the land with size of 6-10 acres are 32 people, operated the land with size of 11-15 acres are 10 people, while those who operate the land with size of 16-20 acres are 14 people. The land operated totaly is holded personaly. Then the seed used by farmers on average is 0.2 kgs per farmer with the price of Rp.150,000 per kg, while the kind of fertilizer used is organic fertilizer, and the stages in farming activities include: seed preparation, land preparation, planting, fertilizing, maintenance and post-harvest. (2) the number of income earned by farmers from carrot farming are Rp. 289.147.179.  (3) the value of R / C Ratio is 4.1 which means carrot farming feasible to cultivate. (4) the size of land operated has a significant influence on the number of production of carrot farming, whereas the number of seeds, fertilizers and labors have no significant influence on  the number of production of carrot farming.  Key words: carrot farm, income, Cobb-Doulas production function
Analisis Pendapatan Usahatani Bawang Merah Di Kecamatan Lembor Selatan Kabupaten Manggarai Barat Damsut, Eugenius Andika; Herewilla, Kudji; Bernadina, Lika
Buletin Ilmiah Impas Vol 20 No 1 (2018): Edisi Desember
Publisher : Undana Press

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Abstract

Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kecamatan Lembor Selatan Kabupaten Manggarai Barat bulan 28 Maret Sampai dengan 28 April. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui: (1) Aspek teknis usahatani bawang merah ; (2) pendapatan usahatani bawang merah; (3) keuntungan relatif usahatani bawang merah dan ; (4) faktor apa saja yang mempengaruhi pendapatan usahatani Bawang Merah. Metode survey digunakan dalam pengumpulan data. Lokasi penelitian diltentukan secara sengaja. Responden sebanyak 58 kepala keluarga yang telah dipilih secara acak sederhana. Jenis data yang dikumpulkan adalah data primer dan data skunder. Data dianalisis secara kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Menjawab tujuan pertama, aspek teknis usahatani bawang merah digunakan analisis deskriptif, menjawab tujuan kedua yaitu besar pendapatan usahatani bawang merah digunakan formula  Pd = TR ̶ TC, tujuan ketiga dijawab dengan menghitung keuntungan relative  menggunakan R/C Ratio. Dan tujuan keempat yaitu faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pendapatan dianalisis menggunakan analisis regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa (1) dari aspek teknis budidaya bawang merah yang dilakukan masih tergolong sederhana, teknik budidaya dimulai dari tahap persiapan benih, pengolahan lahan, penanaman, dan pemeliharaan yang terdiri dari beberapa tahap yaitu penyulaman, penyiangan gulma, penyiraman, pemupukan, pengendalian hama dan penyakit tanaman, panen dan pasca panen. (2) Total pendapatannya sebesar Rp. 1.114.476.500,00 dengan rata-rata Rp.19.215.112,07 per responden. (3) Keuntungan relatif 3,27. Hal ini dapat diartikan bahwa untuk setiap Rp 1,00 biaya yang dikeluarkan petani, maka petani akan memperoleh penerimaan sebesar Rp 3,27 (4) faktor yang berpengaruh pada pendapatan yakni: sewa lahan, biaya-biaya benih, pestisida, penyusutan, tenaga kerja, sewa traktor, pupuk, dan pengangkutan. .   ABSTRACT This research was conducted in South LemborSubdistrict, West Manggarai Regency, from March 28 to April 28.This study aims to determine:(1) technical aspects of shallot farming; (2) Large shallot farm income;(3) Large relative benefits of shallot farming and;(4) Knowing what factors affect the income of Onion farming.Data collection method used in this research is survey method.Determining the location of the study was done intentionally.Respondents were assigned as many as 58 family heads who had been selected randomly.The type of data collected is primary data and secondary data.Data obtained were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively.To answer the first goal regarding the technical aspects of shallot farming, descriptive analysis was used,and to answer the second goal, the shallot farming income is used the formula Pd = TR ̶ TC,and To answer the third goal of calculating relative profits,Data is analyzed using R/C Ratio.Meanwhile, to know the fourth goal is the factors that affect the income of shallot farming, the data can be analyzed using multiple linear regression analysis.The results showed that(1) when viewed from the technical aspects of shallot cultivation the steps undertaken in the research area is still relatively simple,cultivation techniques can be started from the seed preparation stage,land processing, planting,and maintenance which consists of several stages, namely refining, weeding,sprinkling,fertilization,pest control and plant diseases,harvest and post harvest.(2) The amount of shallot farming income in South Lembor District is high,where the total income is Rp. 1,114,476,500,00 with an average of Rp.19.215.112,07 per respondent.(3) The magnitude of the relative benefits of shallot farming in South Lembor District is 3.27.This can be interpreted that for every Rp 1.00 cost incurred by farmers,then the farmer will receive revenue of Rp 3.27 as a benefit from the shallot farming activities.(4) factors that affect the income of shallots farming in South Lembor District consist of land rent,seed costs,the cost of pesticides,cost of depreciation,labor costs,tractor rental fee,fertilizer costs,and transportation costs.                                                                                                
Analisis Permintaan Komoditi Bawang Merah di Kabupaten Timor Tengah Selatan Lay, Sri Maryana C; Kapa, Maximilian M.J.; Nainiti, Selfius P.N.
Buletin Ilmiah Impas Vol 20 No 1 (2018): Edisi Desember
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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui (1) faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi permintaan komoditi bawang merah di Kabupaten Timor Tengah Selatan, dan (2) elastisitas permintaan komoditi bawang merah di Kabupaten Timor Tengah Selatan. Pengumpulan data dilakukan pada bulan Juni-Juli 2018. Analisis data dilakukan dengan menggunakan analisis Regresi Linear Berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, (1) permintaan komoditi bawang merah di Kabupaten Timor Tengah Selatan khususnya Desa Mnelalete Kecamatan Amanuban Barat dan Kelurahan Karang Siri Kecamatan Kota Soe dipengaruhi oleh harga bawang merah itu sendiri, jumlah konsumsi bawang merah, dan pendapatan  rumah tangga, (2) Nilai koefisien elastisitas harga komoditi bawang merah di Desa Mnelalete Kecamatan Amanuban Barat sebesar 0,60 dan Kelurahan Karang Siri Kecamatan Kota Soe sebesar 0.97. Koefisien elastisitas harga di kedua daerah penelitian nilai e < 1 yang bersifat inelastis. Nilai koefisien elastisitas pendapatan komoditi bawang merah di Desa Mnelalete Kecamatan Amanuban Barat sebesar 0,01 dan Kelurahan Karang Siri Kecamatan Kota Soe sebesar 0.02. Koefisien elastisitas pendapatan di kedua daerah penelitian mempunyai nilai e < 1 berarti bawang merah merupakan barang given, dan nilai koefisien elastisitas silang komoditi bawang merah di Desa Mnelalete Kecamatan Amanuban Barat sebesar -0,01 dan Kelurahan Karang Siri Kecamatan Kota Soe sebesar -0,08. Koefisien elastisitas silang di kedua daerah penelitian yang bernilai negatif e < 1 menunjukkan bahwa menunjukkan bahwa bawang putih merupakan barang komplementer bagi bawang merah.  ABSTRACT  This study aimed at knowing; 1) factors that influence demand of shallot commodity in South Center Timor Regency and 2) the demand elasticity of shallot commodity in South Center Timor Regency. Data collection was conducted in June-July 2018. Data analysis was performed using multiple linear regression analysis. The results showed that (1) the demand of shallot in the Mnelalete Village West Amanuban and Karang Siri Soe City Sub district in the South Central Timor Regency affected by shallot prices itself, the amount of consumption of shallot, and income of farm household, (2) the price elasticity demand of shallot in Mnelalete village,  West Amanuban Sub District was 0.60 while in Karang Siri, Soe City Sub District was 0.97, indicating that the price elasticity coefficient in both study areas has an  e <1 that is inelastic. the income elasticity demand of shallot in Mnelalete village,  West Amanuban Sub District was 0.01 while in Karang Siri, Soe City Sub District was 0.02, the income elasticity coefficient in both study areas has an e <1 meaning that shallot is given commodity, and the cross elasticity demand of shallot in Mnelalete village,  West Amanuban Sub District was -0,01  while in Karang Siri, Soe City Sub District was -0,08, These cross elasticity coefficients in both study areas were negative e<1 indicating that garlic is a complementary goods for shallot.  
Analisis Finansial Agribisnis Jagung Pada Zona Agroekologi IIIay di Timor Barat Fabiola, Yuniati; Sirma, I Nyoman; Hendrik, Ernantje
Buletin Ilmiah Impas Vol 20 No 1 (2018): Edisi Desember
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Abstract

This research has been conducted in the Oenesu Village, Tesabela Village, Bolok Village of West Kupang Sub District and Oesusu Village, Takari Sub District of Kupang District of East Nusa Tenggara Province. The research starting in May-June 2016, with the aim to determine: (1) profitable of corn farming, and (2) financially feasible of corn farming. The method used in this research is survey method. Location research done intentionally (purposive sampling). Types of data collected are primary data obtained from interviews with respondents based on the questionnaire, while secondary data obtained from the institution concerned. To find the first goal, the data were analyzed using analysis of farming. The second purpose were analyzed by financial analysis tools through the calculation criteria NPV, Net- B/C, and Gross B/C. The results showed that: (1) the corn farming in research region are profitable, and (2) the investment on corn farming there are feasible to continued, because the financial analysed conducted with a positively NPV, is  Rp 4.653.799,07, the value of Net B/C of 1, and Gross B/C of 1,23 or more than 1.
Pemberdayaan Kelompok Tani Sayur Organik Melalui Pemanfaatan Bio Urine Sapi Di Desa Netpala Kecamatan Mollo Utara Kabupaten Timor Tengah Selatan. Studi Kasus Kelompok Tani Binaan Taman Teknologi Pertanian Mollo Bulu, Yohanis; Kapioru, Charles; Nainiti, Selfius P.N
Buletin Ilmiah Impas Vol 20 No 1 (2018): Edisi Desember
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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana: (1) Tingkat berdayaan petani binaan Taman Teknologi Pertanian (TTP) Mollo dalam mengadopsi teknologi pemanfaatan bio urine sapi di Desa Netpala. (2) Tingkat keberhasilan TTP Mollo dalam membina usaha petani sayur organik terhadap pemanfaatan bio urine sapi di Desa Netpala. (3) Tingkat keberhasilan TTP Mollo dalam membina modal petani dalam penggunaan teknologi pemanfaatan bio urine sapi di Desa Netpala. (4) Tingkat keberhasilan TTP Mollo dalam membina kelembagaan petani dalam penggunaan teknologi pemanfaatan bio urine sapi di Desa Netpala Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode survey. Penentuan lokasi di lakukan secara sengaja (purposive sampling) yaitu Desa Netpala Kecamatan Mollo Utara Kabupaten Timor Tengah Selatan. Populasi penelitian ini adalah seluruh petani yang tergabung dalam kelompok tani sayur yang mengelola bio urine sapi yaitu: kelompok tani Akar Mas, kelompok tani Bumi, kelompok tani Imanuel, kelompok tani Meo Eno, dan kelompok tani Tunas Baru dan yang beranggota 101 orang. Petani sampel ditentukan secara simple random sampling dengan rumus Slovin, sehingga diperoleh petani sampel sebanyak 50 orang. Analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis deskriptif kualitatif dan analisis rata-rata dan persentase dengan menggunakan pendekatan skala Likert. Hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa 80% responden tergolong pada usia dewasa produktif dan 20% usia non produktif (>55) tahun. pendidikan formal tergolong rendah (38%) dari total responden yakni hanya mengikuti pendidikan hingga tamat SD), pendidikan non formal (100%), dan luas lahan usahatani berada pada interval <0,5 Ha yakni 86%. Program pemberdayaan kelompok tani di Desa Netpala telah berhasil dalam mengadopsi teknologi pemanfaatan bio urine sapi, dan berada pada kategori “Tinggi” dengan skor rata-rata 89,23% . Usaha petani di Desa Netpala meningkat dengan menerapkan teknologi pemanfaatan bio urine sapi dan berada pada kategori “Tinggi” dengan skor rata-rata 85,50%. Modal petani di Desa Netpala bertambah dengan menerapkan teknologi pemanfaatkan bio urine sapi dan berada pada kategori “Tinggi” dengan skor rata-rata 87,56%. Kelembagaan petani di Desa Netpala meningkat dengan menerapkan teknologi pemanfaatan bio urine sapi dan berada pada kategori “Tinggi” denga skor rata-rata 86,60%.   ABSTRACT This study aims to find out how: (1) The level of farmers empowerment of Agricultural Technology Park Construction (TTP) Mollo in adopting the technology of cattle bio-urine cattle in Netpala Village. (2) The success rate of TTP Mollo in activity constucting of organic vegetable farmers toward the utilization of cattle bio-urine in Netpala Village. (3) The success rate of TTP Mollo in construction farmer's capital in the use of cattle bio urine technology in Netpala Village. (4) The success rate of TTP Mollo  in construction the farmer institution in the use of cattle bio-urine  technology in Netpala Village Study method which used was the survey method. The determination of location by purposive sampling namely Netpala Village, North Mollo Sub-district of South Central Timor Regency. The population of this study was all farmer who attached in vegetable farmer group which manage cattle bio-urine, sush as: Akar Mas farmer group, Bumi farmer group, Imanuel farmer group, Meo Eno farmer group and Tunas Baru farmer group with members of 101 person. Sample of farmer was simple random sampling determinated by Slovin formulas, untill obtained sample of farmer as many as 50 person. Data analysis which used in this study were qualitative descriptive analysis and average and persentage analysis by using Likert Scale approach. The results of the research showed that 80% of respondents were on productive age and 20% were non-productive age (> 55) years old. Formal education of farmers was categorized low (38%) with the total respondents only followed the education just until primary school, non-formal education (100%), and 86% of farmland area was at interval <0.5 Ha. The farmer group empowerment program in Netpala Village had been successful in adopting cattle bio-urine technology and it was in the "High" category with an average score of 89.23%. The farmers' business in Netpala Village increased because of the applying of cattle bio-urine and it was in the "High" category with an average score of 85.50%. The farmers' capital in Netpala Village increased because of applying of cattle bio-urine with the score was categorized in the "High" category with an average score of 87.56%. Institutional farmers in Netpala Village increased through applying the technology of cattle bio-urine was in the "High" category with an average score of 86.60%.  
Analisis Rentabilitas Dan Fungsi Produksi Usahatani Bawang Merah Di Desa Nulle Kecamatan Amanuban Barat Kabupaten Timor Tengah Selatan Felisitas, Maria Ratu; Pellokila, Marthen R.; Lango, Alfetri N.P.
Buletin Ilmiah Impas Vol 20 No 1 (2018): Edisi Desember
Publisher : Undana Press

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk 1)Mengetahui berapa besar pendapatan usahatani bawang merah di desa Nulle, 2)Mengetahui berapa besar keuntungan relatif usahatani bawang merah di desa Nulle, 3)Mengetahui rentabilitas usahatanis bawang merah di desa Nulle, 4)Mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan input produksi terhadap produksi usahatani bawang merah di desa Nulle kecamatan Amanuban Barat  kabupaten Timor Tengah Selatan. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan Juni sampai Juli 2018 dan data yang digunakan adalah data pada periode tanam tahun 2017.  Analisis data dilakukan dengan menggunakan analisis deskriptif kuantitatif, analisis Pendapatan dan keuntungan relatif  menurut Soekartawi , analisis Rentabilitas menurut Riyanto, dan analisis fungsi Cobb-Douglass menurut Soekartawi. Hasil analisis yang diperoleh dari penelitian ini adalah 1) Petani di desa Nulle tidak memperoleh pendapatan, total kerugian petani bawang merah di Desa Nulle adalah sebesar Rp 37.538.643 dengan rata-rata kerugian per responden adalah sebesar Rp 528.713.2) Rata-rata keuntungan relatif atau nilai R/C ratio petani bawang merah di Desa Nulle adalah 0,84. 3) Tingkat rentabilitas yang dicapai dalam usahatani bawang merah di Desa Nulle adalah -15,53%. 4) Input yang berpengaruh nyata terhadap produksi bawang merah adalah luas lahan dan benih sedangkan tenaga kerja tidak berpengaruh nyata. Dengan koefisien determinasi sebesar 0,78  artinya variasi yang bisa dijelaskan oleh variabel bebas adalah 78% sedangkan sisanya 22% dijelaskan oleh variabel-variabel yang tidak dimasukan kedalam model regresi. Nilai F hitung 80,40 dengan signifikansi 0,000 artinya secara simultan variabel bebas (luas lahan, benih, tenaga kerja) berpengaruh nyata terdahap produksi usahatani bawang merah.   ABSTRACT This research aims to 1) find out how many the income of shallot farming in Nulle Vilage, 2) find out how many the relative advantages of shallot farming in Nulle Vilage, 3) find out the rentability of shallot farming in Nulle Vilage, 4) find out the influence use of production inputs to the production of shallot farming in Nulle Vilage, West Amanuban Districts, Timor Tengah Selatan District. This research was conducted in June to July 2018 and the data used was in the 2017 planting period. Data analysis was performed using quantitative descriptive analysis, income analysis and relative advantages according to Soekartawi, analysis of rentability according to Riyanto, and analysis of cobb-douglass function according to Soekartawi. The results of the analysis obtained from this study are 1) Farmers in Nulle Vilage did not get income, the total lost of shallot farmers in Nulle Vilage was Rp.37.538.642 with an average loss of pe the respondent was Rp. 528.713. 2) the average of relative advantages or the R/C ratio of the shallot farmers in Nulle Vilage was 0,84. 3) the level of rentability achieved in shallot farming in Nulle Vilage is -15,53%. 4)the input that significantly affects the production of shallot is the area of land and seeds while the labor has no significan effects. With the coefficient of determination of 0,78, it means that the variation that can be explained by the independent variable is 78%, while the remaining 22% is explained by the variables that are not entered into the regression model. F value calculated 80,40 with a significance of 0,000 which means simultaneously independent variables (land area,sed, labor) with tangible influence on the production of shallot farming.
Analisis Pemasaran Agribisnis Wortel Di Desa Fatuneno Kecamatan Miomaffo Barat Kabupaten Timor Tengah Utara Lake, Florensia; Bano, Maria; Bernadina, Lika
Buletin Ilmiah Impas Vol 20 No 1 (2018): Edisi Desember
Publisher : Undana Press

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Abstract

Wortel merupakan sayuran yang bergizi tinggi, dan dapat mencegah berbagai penyakit. Wortel yang diusahakan oleh masyarakat di Desa Fatuneno memiliki prospek perkembangan yang cukup baik. Oleh karena itu perlu dikaji pemasarannya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui :  (1) saluran pemasaran, (2) fungsi pemasaran, (3) marjin, biaya,keuntungan dan farmer’share, (4) elastisitas transmisi harga. Penelitian ini telah dilaksanakan pada bulan Maret-April 2018. Metode penelitian adalah survei dan wawancara. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 55 responden dan 20 orang lembaga pemasaran. Penentuan sampel dilakukan secara acak sederhana atau simple random sampling, dan lembaga pemasaran dilakukan dengan cara accidental sampling. Data yang kumpulkan adalah data primer dan data sekunder. Data hasil penelitian dianalisis secara kualitatif, kuantitatif, dan deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1)pola saluran pemasaran yaitu : Petani-pedagang Pengumpul-Pedagang Pengecer, (2) fungsi-fungsi pemasaran yaitu fungsi pertukaran, fungsi fisik, dan fungsi fasilitas,(3) Marjin pada petani Rp5.000/kg, pedagang pengumpul desa Rp10.000/kg, dan pedagang pengecer Rp15.000/kg. Biaya pada petani Rp225,41, pada pedagang pengumpul desa Rp1.056,33, dan pedagang pengecerRp1.138,5. Keuntungan pada petani Rp5.000, pedagang pengumpul desa Rp10.000, dan pedagang pengecer Rp15.000. Farmer’s share pada petani 66,67%, pedagang pengumpul desa 60%, dan pedagang pengecer 100%, (4) elastisitas transmisi harga sama dengan satu (=1) dan merupakan pasar persaingan yang sempurna.   ABSTRACT Carrots is high nutritious vegetables and can prevent various diseases. Carrot which was cultivated by the community in the Village of Fatuneno had good prospects to develop. Therefore, it is necessary to review its marketing. The purpose of this research are to know: (1) marketing channel, (2) marketing function, (3) margin, cost, profit, and farmer'share, (4) price transition elasticity. This research had been conducted in March-April 2018. The method of this research was survey and interview. The number of samples was 55 respondents and 20 marketing institutions. Sample determination was  done by simple random sampling, and marketing institution was chosen by accidental sampling. The data which were collected were primary and secondary data. Data of study were analysed as qualitative, quantitative and descriptively. The results  of rescarch showed that (1) marketing channel pattern was: nemely farmer-collect trader-Retail trader , (2) marketing functions, namely the function of exchange, physical function and function of the facility, (3) Margin on farmers was Rp5.000/kg, village collectors was Rp.10,000/kg, and retail merchants was Rp.15.000/kg. Farmer's cost was Rp.225,41, margin of village collectors was Rp1.056, 33, and the retailer was Rp.1.138, 5.5. Profit on farmer was Rp.5.000, village collector was Rp.10.000, and retailer was Rp.15.000. Farmer's share in farmers was 66.67%, village collecting trader was 60%, and 100% on retailers, (4) price transmission elasticity equaled to 1 (= 1) and it was a perfect competi0tion market.  
Tingkat Partisipasi Anggota Kelompok Tani Dalam Perencanaan Program Penyuluhan Pertanian, Di Desa Oelbiteno Kecamatan Fatuleu Tengah, Kabupaten Kupang Bili, Yohanis; Olviana, Tomycho; Nainiti, Selfius P.N
Buletin Ilmiah Impas Vol 20 No 1 (2018): Edisi Desember
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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk : (1) Mengidentifikasikan program-program penyuluhan pertanian yang telah dilaksanakan di Desa Oelbiteno Kecamatan Fatuleu Tengah Kabupaten Kupang, (2) Mengidentifikasikan Tingkat Partisipasi Anggota Kelompok Tani Dalam Perencanaan Programa Penyuluhan di Desa Oelbiteno Kecamatan Fatuleu Tengah Kabupaten Kupang, (3) Mengidentifikasikan kendala-kendala yang dihadapi anggota kelompok tani dalam perencanaan programa penyuluhan di Desa Oelbiteno Kecamatan Fatuleu Tengah Kabupaten Kupang. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode survey. Lokasi sampel ditentukan secara  purpossive sampling yaitu pada Desa Oelbiteno Kecamatan Fatuleu Tengah Kabupaten Kupang. Populasi penelitian  ini adalah seluruh petani yang tergabung dalam kelompok tani  yaitu Berkat bersama, Harapan, Biseli, Amtoas, Taleko monit, Ameko,Besla satu, Amkolo, Tunas baru, Besla dua, Amoki, dan Polok teno,  yang berjumlah 290 orang. Petani sampel ditentukan secara simple random sampling dengan rumus Slovin sehingga diperoleh petani sampel sebanyak 290 orang. Analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis deskriptif kualitatif dan analisis rata-rata dan persentase dengan menggunakan pendekatan skala Likert. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 51,35%  responden tergolong pada usia dewasa akhir (>50) tahun, pendidikan formal tergolong rendah (43,24% dari total responden yakni hanya mengikuti pendidikan hingga tamat SD), pendidikan non formal masih tergolong rendah (77,03%), dan luas lahan usahatani cukup besar yakni pada interval 0,5-1 ha (86,49%). Programa penyuluhan  yang dilaksanakan di Desa Oelbiteno yakni programa peningkatan produksi padi ladang, dengan melihat potensi lahan kering dan rata-rata petani di lokasi penelitian berusahatani padi ladang. Tingkat partisipasi anggota kelompok tani dalam perencanaan program peningkatan produksi padi ladang di Desa Oelbiteno  berada pada kategori “Tinggi”. Dimana patrisipasi petani dalam pengumpulan data berada pada kategori tinggi dan tingkat partisipasi petani dalam penyusunan konsep programa penyuluhan juga berada pada kategori tinggi.  Kendala-kendala yang dihadapi oleh petani di lokasi penelitian yaitu rendanya pengetahuan, sikap, dan ketrampilan petani. Dimana di lokasi penelitian rata-rata petani berpendidikan rendah, sehingga sulit dalam memberikan informasi mengenai keadaan yang mereka alami. Abstract  This study purpose to: (1) Identify agricultural extension programs which already conducted at Oelbiteno Village Center Fatuleu Subdistrict of Kupang Regency, (2) Identify level participation of farmer group members in planning of agriculturalextension program at Oelbiteno Village, Center Fatuleu Subdistrict of Kupang Regency,  (3) Idetify the obstacles faced farmer group member at Oelbiteno Village Center Fatuleu Subdistrict of Kupang Regency. The method study was survay. Sample location was purpossive sampling determining namely Oelbiteno Village, Center Fatuleu Subdistrict of Kupang Regency. The populasi in this study was all farmer which grouped in farmer groups namely  Berkat Bersama, Harapan, Biseli, Amtoas, Taleko Monit, Ameko, Besla Satu, Amkolo, Tunas Baru, Besla Dua, Amoki, dan  Polok Teno with the amount of 290 farmers. Sample of  farmer was simple random sampling determination by using Slovin formula therefore obtained farmer sample asmany as 74 farmers.  Data analysis in this study were qualitative descriptive, average and percentage analysis by using Likert Scale Approach. The result of study show that  51,35% respondent appertained on old ages (>50 years), appertained on low formal education (43,24% from the total of respondent who joined formal education untill pass from Elementary School), appertained on low non formal education (77,03%), and the wide of  farming was big enough namely on interval of 0,5-1 Ha (86,49%). Extension program which already conducted at Oelbiteno Village namely program of  increasing  production of dryland paddy, by looking the potencial of dryland and the average of farmer cultivate dryland paddy in the study location. Participation level of farmer group member in planning program of  production  increasion of dryland paddy at Oelbiteno Village was on “High” category. It was looking from farmer participation  on data collection appertained on high category and  level participation of  farmer on compiling estension draft program also on high category.  The obstacles which faced by farmer in the location of study namely low experiance of  knowledge, attitude, and farmer’s skill. In addition, farmer in the study location average own lowformal education, therefore they are difficult to inform their real codition.
Faktor-Faktor Sosial Ekonomi Petani Yang Mempengaruhi Produksi Jagung Di Kecamatan Amarasi Kabupaten Kupang Neloe, Raysky D. S.; Wiendiyati, Wiendiyati; Sinu, Ignatius
Buletin Ilmiah Impas Vol 20 No 1 (2018): Edisi Desember
Publisher : Undana Press

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui: (1) untuk mengetahui pandangan petani jagung terhadap komoditas jagung, (2) untuk mengetahui berapa besar produksi dan pendapatan petani jagung, (3) untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor sosial ekonomi apa saja yang berpengaruh terhadap produksi jagung. Dalam penelitian ini, peneliti menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif, dengan informan berjumlah 95 orang. Teknik penentuan informan menggunakan purposive sampling. Sumber data yang diperoleh adalah data primer dan data sekunder. Metode pengumpulan data adalah wawancara, observasi dan pencatatan mendalam. Teknik analisis data adalah analisis deskriptif kualitatif dan analisis fungsi produksi Cobb-Douglas. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa (1) terdapat dua alasan mendasar petani di Kecamatan Amarasi, Kabupaten Kupang mengusahakan jagung, yaitu menanam sebagai tradisi atau budaya masyarakat lokal dan menanam untuk tujuan komersil. (2) Rata-rata produksi jagung yang dihasilkan oleh petani di Kecamatan Amarasi, Kabupaten Kupang adalah 719,3 Kg dan rata-rata pendapatan yang diperoleh adalah Rp 3.322.316. (3) Secara bersama-sama variabel-variabel independen (Xi) berpengaruh nyata terhadap variabel dependen (Y). Secara parsial terdapat 6 faktor sosial ekonomi petani yang secara nyata mempengaruhi produksi jagung di Kecamatan Amarasi, Kabupaten Kupang, yaitu tingkat pendidikan (X2), jumlah tanggungan keluarga (X4), luas lahan (X5), jumlah tenaga kerja (X6), status pekerjaan petani (X8) dan status kepemilikan lahan (X9). Sedangkan 5 faktor lainnya seperti umur petani (X1), pengalaman berusahatani (X3), pendapatan rumah tangga (X7), kelompok tani (X10) dan konsumsi pangan pokok (X11), dikatakan tidak memiliki hubungan nyata terhadap produksi jagung.   Abstract The research aims to explore (1) to explore the perception of corn farmers towards the corn comodity (2) to explore the amount of production as well as the income of corn farmers (3) to explore the social economy factors influencing the production of corn. In this study, the researcher utilises decriptive qualitative method, with 95 research participants. The participants were selected using purposive sampling. The data source is from primary data and secondary data. The method of data collection is interview, observation and intensive written recording. The technique of data analysis is descriptive qualitative analysis and the analysis of production functions Cobb-Douglas. The result of this study shows that (1) there were two fundamental reasons of for the farmers in  Amarasi district, Kupang Regency, to grow corns are growing corns as a part of cultural tradition of local community and for businesses purposes (2) the average corn production in  Amarasi district, Kupang Regency is 719,3 kg and their average income is Rp 3.322.316. (3) The independent variables (Xi) simultaneously have real effects on the dependent variable Y. In particular, there are 6 social economic factors that have strongest influence on corn production in Amarasi district, Kupang regency, they are; the level of a farmer’s education (X2), the size of a farmer’s family (X4), farming field area (X5), the number of employees a farmer has (X6), farmer’s occupation status (X8), and propietary land status (X9). The remaining 5 factors; age (X1), farming experience (X3), family income (X7) farming group (X10), and type of primary food consumption (X11) are deemed to have virtually no effect on corn productions
Alokasi Tenaga Kerja Wanita Dan Kontribusinya Terhadap Pendapatan Rumah Tangga Petani Jagung Di Desa Mnelalete Kecamatan Amanuban Barat Kabupaten Timor Tengah Selatan Lay, Sri Maryani P; Kapa, Maximilian M.J.; Telnoni, Hans L
Buletin Ilmiah Impas Vol 20 No 1 (2018): Edisi Desember
Publisher : Undana Press

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (165.657 KB)

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui (1) besarnya curahan tenaga kerja wanita tani pada usahatani jagung, (2) pendapatan usahatani jagung, dan (3) kotribusi tenaga kerja wanita tani pada usahatani jagung terhadap pendapatan rumah tangga petani di Desa Mnelalete Kecamatan Amanuban Barat Kabupaten Timor Tengah Selatan. Pengumpulan data dilakukan pada bulan Juni-Juli 2018. Analisis data dilakukan dengan menggunakan analisis deskriptif, tiga variabel yang diukur adalah alokasi tenaga kerja wanita pada usahatani jagung, pendapatan rumah tangga usahatani yang berasal dari usahatani jagung, serta kontribusi pendapatan wanita tani terhadap pendapatan rumah tangga. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1) rerata alokasi waktu kerja wanita tani pada usahatani jagung sebesar 22,62 HKP dengan rinncian penyiapan benih 0,61  HKP, persiapan lahan 11,82 HKP, penanaman 2,64 HKP, pemupukan 0,58 HKP, perawatan 4,25 HKP, pemanenan 2,72 HKP. (2) pendapatan usahatani jagung sebesar Rp 2.858.434. (3) pendapatan wanita tani dari usahatani jagung adalah sebesar Rp 499.799.  Kontribusi pendapatan wanita tani terhadap pendapatan adalah sebesar 17,47%. Nilai tersebut menunjukkan kontribusi pendapatan wanita tani tergolong kecil. Abstract This research aimed at knowing, (1) the amount of woman labor alocation in maise farming, (2) income derived from maise farming, and (3) the contribution of women labor in maise farming to the household income in Mnelalete Village, Amanuban Barat Sub District, Timor Tengah Selatan Regency. Data collection was conducted from June to July 2018. The data was analysed descriptively, variables measured were female labor allocation in maise farming, and farm house hold income derived from maise farming and the contribution of farm female income to the household income. The results of study showed that, (1) the average working time allocation of women in maize farming was 22.63 MWD, these comprised seed preparation activity was 0.61 MWD, land preparation was 11.82 MWD, planting was 2.64 MWD, fertilizing was 0.58 MWD, maintenance was 4.25 MWD and harvesting was 2.72 MWD. (2) the average income of maize farming household in the stdy area was Rp 2,858,434. (3) the income of women labor from maise farming was Rp 499,799, and the contribution of woman income in maize farming to the household income was  17.47%. This value indicated that the income contibution of woman labor is small.

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