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Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan Tropis dan Veteriner Tropis diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Papua. Jurnal ini merupakan media komunikasi ilmiah dibidang peternakan dan veteriner yang berupa hasil penelitian atau telaah pustaka (review) yang meliputi produksi ternak, nutrisi dan makanan ternak, sosial ekonomi peternakan, dan budidaya ternak/satwa harapan, kesehatan ternak dan hewan kesayangan, serta veteriner. Jurnal ini diterbitkan dengan frekuensi dua kali setahun pada bulan Maret dan September. Redaksi menerima sumbangan artikel dengan ketentuan penulisan seperti tercantum pada halaman akhir pada isi jurnal ini.
Articles
132
Articles
POTENSI ISI RUMEN SAPI ASAL RUMAH POTONG HEWAN SEBAGAI PAKAN TERNAK RUMINANSIA DI KABUATEN MANOKWARI

Kocu, Yohosua, Hariadi, Bambang Tj., Rumetor, Sientje D.

Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis Vol 8, No 2 (2018): Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science
Publisher : Universitas Papua

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Abstract

The aim of this resarch is to determine the potential of   rumen  content of cattle from slaughterhouse as ruminants   feed in Manokwari District, judging   from quantity (fresh and dry weight), Quality (DM and OM content), and physical characteristics.  Data of research analyzed by tabulation and T-Test. The results showed that each cow that is cut produces an average rumen content  of 8.507, 88 g  fresh weight or 1.127,16 g  dry weight with DM content 89,14%   and  OM content 89,83%. The average daily cattle slaughter of 5 tails, so that the contents of the rumen generated as much as 10.595,8 g (10,596 kg) fresh weight or 5.635,8 g (5,636 kg)  dry weight with 5,024 kg  DM and 4,513 kg OM availability.  Characteristics of the rumen content after drying is  yellowishbrown ,  texture varies smooth to coarse and aromatic typical of rumen or dried grass.  Key words: rumen, slaughterhouse, ruminants feed, Manokwari

Potential Baggase and Molasses Waste Sugar Factory For Mixed Substrates With Cow Manure In Fermentation Process Methanogenic

Windyasmara, Ludfia, Pertiwiningrum, Ambar

Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis Vol 8, No 2 (2018): Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science
Publisher : Universitas Papua

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze the potential of the sugar mill waste, namely baggase and molasses as a mixture of cow manure as a substrate in a methanogenic fermentation. This study uses 4 treatment that is P0 as controls (100% cow manure), later in other treatment using a mixture of cow manure comparison: baggase: molasses, P1 (50:20:30), P2 (50:30:20) and P3 ( 50: 40; 10). Parameters measured were  nitrogen, carbon, ratio C / N and pH value. The analyze used in this research is statistic analysis. The results were obtained P3 which is a mixture of substrate (50:40:10) has an average value of the content of nitrogen, carbon, ratio C / N, and high pH value is compared to the other treatments. Ratio C / N at P3 of 24.47 closest Ratio C / N ideal for methanogenic fermentation which amounted to 25. The pH value of the treatment amounted to 7.05 billion P3 also meet the standards for process fermentation ranging from 6.6 to 7.6.  Keywords: Cow manure, Baggase, Molasses, Methanogenic fermentation

ANALISIS SIKAP DAN KEPUASAN KONSUMEN TERHADAP ATRIBUT PRODUK KARKAS AYAM PEDAGING SEGAR DI PASAR TRADISIONAL KOTA SAMARINDA

Ismanto, Arif, Julianda, Try, Mursidah, .

Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis Vol 8, No 2 (2018): Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science
Publisher : Universitas Papua

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Abstract

This research aims to know the attitude of consumers, the level of satisfaction, and what product attributes that are considered consumers before buying the broiler carcass in traditional market of Samarinda City. The data retrieval research conducted during November 2016. The basic method of research is using descriptive method, and it’s implementation with the technique level. The location of the study was chosen intentionally in Samarinda City by taking 3 traditional markets as a sample. The determination of the number of samples is done proportionally and the technique of determining the sampling method by chance (Accidental sampling) with the number of samples of 50 respondents. The type of data used is primary data and secondary data with data collection techniques by observation, interview, and recording. The analysis used is Fishbein Multi Attribute attitude analysis and to analyze satisfaction using Customers Satisfaction Index. The result of the research based on analysis of Fishbein Multiatribut known to consumer attribute value toward color attribute 16.80, weight (16.48), aroma (15.76), skin hygiene (14.57) and price (13.11). Based on Costumer Satification Index the level of customer satisfaction on broiler carcass is 77.11%. Result of research based on analysis of Fishbein Multi Attribute known consumer attitude toward carcass is “positive” which means consumers are well-receptive to broiler carcass in traditional markets with most attributes considered in the purchase decision of chicken carcasses in traditional markets of Samarinda City is the color of broiler carcasses. The order of attributes from the most considered to the least considered is color, carcass weight, aroma, skin hygiene and broiler carcass price. Based on Customer Satisfaction Index of consumer satisfaction level against broiler carcass is 77.11% who are satisfied category.    Key words: Carcass Broiler; Fishbein Multi Attribute; customer satisfaction index; traditional market; Samarinda

PENGAMATAN PERTUMBUHAN KAMBING PERANAKAN ETAWAH YANG DIPELIHARA INTENSIF DI KABUPATEN MANOKWARI

Zurahmah, Nani

Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis Vol 8, No 2 (2018): Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science
Publisher : Universitas Papua

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Abstract

This study aims to observe the growth of Peranakan Etawah goats (PE goat) that are maintained intensive in Manokwari regency. The research material used was 50 PE goats that were born from 42 parents. The research method used is suvei with case study technique. The sample of pregnant goat used was taken by purposive sampling. The observed variables were birth weight, body weight 90 days and daily weight gain of goats studied. Data on the results of the study were analyzed using the t-test to compare growth of the goats observed by type of birth (single vs twin) and sex (male vs female). The results of statistical analysis showed that birth weight (3.01 ± 0.44 kg) and body weight 90 days (9.09 ± 1.77 kg) in single-birth-type PE goats were higher (P <0.05) than birth weight ( 2.76 ± 0.44kg) and body weight of 90 days (8.07 ± 1.67kg) in twin goat birth type. However, the single birth weight of single-birthed PE goats (65.58 ± 17.53g) was statistically not different (P> 0.05) with the multiple births (58.96 ± 19.23g). Also known that birth weight (3.16 ± 0.47 kg) and body weight 90 days (9.22 ± 1.77 kg) in male PE goats was higher (P <0.05) than birth weight (2.68 ± 0.29kg) and body weight 90 days (8.27 ± 1.71kg) in the female. While the weight of male goat PE (64.26 ± 18.86g) was statistically not different (P> 0.05) with the female (62.18 ± 17.79g).Keywords: PE goat, growth, birth type, sex.

PENGAMATAN PENDAHULUAN OVARIUM BANDIKUT (Echymipera kalubu)

Rafli, Fahry, Tethool, Angel N., Pattiselanno, Freddy

Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis Vol 8, No 2 (2018): Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science
Publisher : Universitas Papua

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Abstract

The study aimed to determine the size and physical description (location, shape, colour and texture) ovarian of Echymipera kalubu. Study was conducted in 3 months from June to September 2017. Three female E. kalubu with an average body weight 399±97.32g and average body length 21.67±5.51cm were used in this study. Sample of bandicoots were dissected using a surgical tool and then measured using measuring tester and analytic scales. Descriptive statistics was used to analyse the data. The results showed that average length of female reproductive organs of E. kalubu was 11,00±0,87 cm (right) and 11,03±0,83 cm (left); average weight of ovarian was 0,01±0,0048  g (right) and 0,02±0,0006 g (left). This study also showed that characteristics of ovarian were in common with other polytocus animals.  Key words: Echymipera kalubu; ovarian; reproduction; Papua

TINGKAH LAKU SOSIAL RUSA TIMOR (Cervus timorensis) DI PENANGKARAN BUMI MARINA, MANOKWARI

Madja, Jerianto Tawala, Koibur, Johan F., Pattiselanno, Freddy

Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis Vol 8, No 2 (2018): Journal of Tropical Animal and Veterinary Science
Publisher : Universitas Papua

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Abstract

Deer is a wild animal that has economi value and can be utilized by the commnity as a source of protein of animal origin so that the deer can be breed by the communty. In papua deer have been cultivated or breed in a relativery large scare. The purpose of cultivation or captivity is to know the daily behavior or deer timor (Cervus timorensis) in brooder breeding condtion with large numbers of pet populations. The time of study for ±one month is from the beginning of september to the and of september 2017. Using 10 sample from 24 deer in breeding, 3 aduit males, 2 young males, 3 adult females and 1 young females and 1 culf. Using time observation method with observation technique. Analyze data using exel to find the percen tage of social activity from each time period. Each time period was divided into I 06:00-08:00(6,48%); II 08:00-10:00(25,93%); III 10:00-12:00(19,44%); IV 12:00-14:00(7,41%); V 14:00-16:00(6,48) and VI 16:00-18:00(34,26). Our findings showed that social activity/interaction in group much more observed in the afternoon.Key words: behavior, social, Timor deer, captivity

Karakterisasi Ciri Morfologi dan Zona Penyebaran Pohon Awar-Awar (Ficus Sp) Di Kabupaten Manokwari

Sraun, Thimotius, Tanujaya, Benediktus

Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis Vol 1, No 2 (2006): JURNAL ILMU PETERNAKAN
Publisher : Universitas Papua

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Abstract

An experiment ,vas determined in aim to act as data sources and information on biological science and animal feed nutrition. The experiment ,vas conducted for three weeks and carried out in two zones, low land and high land. In low land, area observed were Mano1.-wari, Masni and Ransiki, Whereas in high land areas observed were Kebar and Anggi. Data were analyzed usiDg a descriptive method. Variable measured were the distributing zones (plant habitat), and the characteristic morphology of plant. Result showed that Awar-awar tree (Ficlis Sp.) could be grown not only in low land but also in high land about 600-100 m above sea level Characteristic morphologies of Awar-awar tree (Ficus Sp.) were it was about 5,1 m high, diameter tree trunk 31 cm, leaf stalks 3,7 cm long, leaves 10,99 cm long and 4,21 cm wide, fruit stems 0,55 cm long and biomass production 25,79 kg. The color of tree trunk, stems and branches up to where the leaves cluster was black vith the white spot. The tree has long and pointed, shiny dark green leaves with boned-veins. The underside of leaves was light green. The tree had a:itemate leaves and meaty fruits which where located at leaf-joint and were brownish green in color.Key words : Awar-awar tree (Ficus sp.), distributing zor:e, charactet:is~ic morphology

Pengaruh Penggunaan Silase Pod Kakao Sebagai Pengganti Pakan Basal Terhadap Konsumsi Bahan Kering Dan Zat -Zat Makanan Ternak Kambing Kacang

Sawo, Kostafina, Rumetor, Sientje, Mudjirahayu, .

Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis Vol 1, No 2 (2006): JURNAL ILMU PETERNAKAN
Publisher : Universitas Papua

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Abstract

The aims of this experiment was to clarify the effect of subtitution of basal did by cocoa pod. silage on dry matter and nutrients intake of kacang goat. The experiment was done at Anima] Field Faculty of Agrictiitw-e Cenderavasih University in ,Manokwari from November 1999 to February 2000. Four kacang goat with body weight from 15.5 to 19 kg and 1-2 years old were allocated to a 4 x 4 Latin Square Design (LSD). Fow-treatment diets were 1) basal diet (control); 2) 90% of Irian grass and ] 0% of cocoa pod silage; 3) 80% of Irian grass and 20% of cocoa pod silage; 4) 70% of Irian grass and 30% of cocoa pod silage. Subtitution of basal diet of Irian grass by cocoa pod silage had significant (P,O.O I). Subtitution of basal diet ofIrian grass by ,cocoa pod silage had significant (P,O.01) effect on the dry matter andnutrients intake. In conclusion, subiitution on basal diet of Irian grass by cocoa pod silage could be applied up to 30% in kacang goat.Key words : silage, cocoa p od, kacang goal and dry malleI

Produktivitas Cacing Tanah Lokal (Lumhricus terrestris) Pada Berbagai Jenis Medium

Ollong, Abdul Rahman, Rahardjo, Dwi, Abdilla, A.

Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis Vol 1, No 2 (2006): JURNAL ILMU PETERNAKAN
Publisher : Universitas Papua

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Abstract

Pursuant to analyse the manner indicate that the treatment of medium type give the real influence (P<0,05) of accreation of body weight Lumbricus terrestris not have an effect on the reality to population accreation (P>0,05).Type of land mediwn Without mixture (PI), mix by land medium of ox dirt (P2) and mix by land mediwn ofchicken dirt (P3) is good to growing of local earth worm. Medium type with the land treatment mingled by ox dirt (P2) give the best result for the accreation of body weight L. lerrestris while medium type vith the land treatment mingled by chicken dirt (P3) give the best result for the accreation ofL. terrestris population.Key Words : Local earth Wonn, Biomassa

Peningkatan Kualitas Pengenceran Dan Lama Penyimpanan Semen Ayam Kampung Melalui Penambahan Yolk Puyuh (Corturnix Corturnix japonica)

Wajo, M. Jen, M., Jhoni, Abdilla, .

Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis Vol 1, No 2 (2006): JURNAL ILMU PETERNAKAN
Publisher : Universitas Papua

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Abstract

The aimed of experiment was to increace the quality of kampong cocks cement by adding quail s yolk (yolk of Corturnix Corturnix japonica) in Ringgers solution. The experiment was conducted at Laboratorium of animal production by collection cement of 10 adul kampong cocks. Moreover the macroscopic and microscopic observation wa, carried out to observe the quality of fresh cocks cement the fresh cement was then diluted by quails yolk and Ringers solution, and was stored at 5 0c. Results of research showed that the percentage of quails yolk had a significant eflccl on storage time duratio n. Dilution in 20 % quails yolk stored at 24 hours gave the best rcsult. However dilution in 30 % quail s yo lk in 24 hours storage time was still aplicable for AJ.Key word: Kampong cocks cemeru, quails yolk. Ringgers sohilin