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Contact Name
Dr. Masdiana C. Padaga, DVM. M App.Sc
Contact Email
vbcj@ub.ac.id
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nofanvet@ub.ac.id
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Location
Kota malang,
Jawa timur
INDONESIA
Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal
Published by Universitas Brawijaya
ISSN : -     EISSN : 26221012     DOI : -
Veterinary Clinical and Biomedical Journal (VBCJ) is periodically peer reviewed journal that publish every January and July per year since 2019. VBCJ accommodate any articles in the field of veterinary medicine, biomedical, as well as veterinary case report.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 13 Documents
Detection of Staphylococcus aureus Biofilm from Subclinical Mastitis Milk Lesmana, Muhamad Arfan; Qosimah, Dahliatul; Murwani, Sri
Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal

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Abstract

One of S.aureus's virulence factors is biofilm formation. When biofilms are formed, the bacteria will undergo phenotypic changes that require higher concentrations of antibiotics to inhibit proliferation. Phenotypic changes will lead to increase the production of extracellular matrix and multilayered colonies as well as decrease of metabolic rates, multiplication and polymicrobial colonization resulting in recurrent infection in the host and difficulty being treated with antibiotics due to resistance. The aim of this research was to know the formation of bacterial biofim by slime and quantitative by microplate titer method. The research method was qualitative descriptive using 27 samples of Staphylococcus aureus  with characterized from mastitis infected milk. The bacteria were grown on CRA (Congo Red Agar) media to observe the slime biofilm through bacteria black colony followed by MicrotiterPlate  method  with 570nm wave lenght. The results showed that 27 samples of Staphylococcus aureus which positive to form slime biofilm were 10 samples and continued to microtiter plate showed 3 positive samples of biofilm. The conclusions of this study, Staphylococcus aureus in subclinical mastitis milk samples were positive to form biofilms. 
The Routine Histopatological Examination-Chicken with Suspect Coryza (Stress Related Disease) Haryo, Albiruni; Enola, Janice
Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal

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Abstract

Coryza (snot) kown as respiratory disease in chickens caused by Haemophilus paragalinarum. Coryza is a disease that often occurs and results in large economic losses impact. The aim of this study was to look and diagnose changes in macroscopic and microscopic (histopathology) in chickens that have been examined and suspected of Coryza (snot) disease. The organs examined are palpabrae (eyes), trachea, pancreas and cerebellum. Examining and observing macroscopic changes, swelling of the palpabrae, tracheal hemorrhages and pancreatic hemorrhages and cerebellum were normal. Microscopic changes seen in palpabrae are oedema, hemorrhage and blood clot found, tracheal epithelial erosion, hemorrhage, multiplication of goblet cells and inflammatory infiltration of PMN cells, pancreas shown  there is an inflammatory cell infiltration and fibrosis necrosis, and infiltrating cell inflammation in cerebellum. From examinations and observations it can be concluded that macroscopic and microscopic changes lead to the suspected Coryza (snot) disease.
Solasodine and Gosipol Effectivity as a Male Contraception Inhibit LH Expression and Spermatogenesis in Rat Wulansari, Desi; Oktanella, Yudit; Hendrawan, Viski Fitri; Agustina, Galuh Chandra
Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal

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Abstract

Rabies related to increasing canine population in Bali. Uncontrolled wild animal populations caused disease transmission from animal to human. Various attempt at population control are carried out such as the use of natural contraception. Some compounds are known to have potential as antifertility are solasodine and gosipol. Solasodine is known have an antifertility affect. Gosipol, fenolic compound in Ceiba pentandra, inhibits spermatogenesis, reduce sperm concentration, motility and viability. This research aims to compare effectiveness of terong cepoka and Ceiba pentandra as antifertility. This research was conducted at Mei-November 2018. Eight-teen rats were used in this study and divided into three groups: control, P1 extract Solanum torvum 1g/kg BW and P2 extract Ceiba pentandra 0,1g/kg BW PO. Rats were treated with extract for 10 days and euthanazed at day 11. Testis were collected for histopathology using HE staining to observe spermatogenesis and using immunohistochemistry to observe LH expression. The result are analyzed using one way ANOVA P<0.05. the result show that extract solanum torvum 1g/kg BW and ceiba pentandra 0,1g/kgBW cannot reduce spermatogenesis and LH expression. This study used crude extract which still consist any other compound like antioxidant. Future study we need use isolated and pure solasodine and gosipol.
Antioxidant Activity of Goat Milk Yogurt Casein on Dioxin Intoxicated Rat Liver Function Setianingrum, Ani; Padaga, Masdiana Chendrakasih
Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal

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Abstract

Dioxin is toxic contaminant which persistent in the environment. This compound bio-accumulate through food chain and generate adverse effect in human health. Oxidative stress due to dioxin exposure can interfere metabolism process and leads to the development of hepatotoxicity.The aim of this study was to asses the role of casein derived from goat milk yogurt in dioxin-intoxicated rat based on liver function parameters. Substances used were: 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) diluted in corn oil and casein from goat milk yogurt. The study included 24 Wistar rats divided into 6 groups: (1) control group, (2) placebo group which given casein 600 mg/kg BW, (3) TCDD group given with TCDD 100 ng/kg BW, (4) group P1 given casein 300 mg/kg BW and TCDD, (5) group P2 given casein 600 mg/kg BW and TCDD, (6) group P3 given casein 900 mg/kg BW and TCDD. The respective dose were given orally for 21 days. Blood serum was collected for transaminases (ALT, AST) and γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT) analysis. Based on serum transaminases activity, there were no significant change on AST and ALT level. Casein yogurt supplementation has significant effect on serum GGT level (p<0,05) and optimum dose was 600 mg/kg BW/day
THE STUDY OF ORGANOPHOSPHATE (DIAZINON) TOXICITY TOWARD LIVER HISTOPATHOLOGY AND MALONDIALDEHYDE (MDA) SERUM LEVELS ON RATS (Rattus norvegicus) Pratama, Dyah Ayu Oktavianie; Aulia, Zulfa; Aulanni'am, Aulanni'am; Permata, Fajar Shodiq
Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal

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Abstract

Diazinon is an insecticide that has a higher toxicity than other insecticides. Normally, insecticides are detoxified by liver, but this process produced free radicals which causes cell damage. Free radicals also increase lipid peroxidation which directly increase malondialdehyde levels. This research was aimed to determine the influence of diazinon toxicity to the liver histopathology and levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) in the serum of rats (Rattus norvegicus). The rats were divided into 4 groups which consist of negative control group and three experimental groups which were given diazinon 20 mg/kgBW (P1), 40 mg/ kgBW (P2), and 60 mg/ kgBW (P3). The rats were given diazinon for 8 weeks orally. The parameters used in this research was liver histopathology with hematoxilin eosin stain and Malondialdehyde levels with Thiobarbituric test. Liver histopathology was analyzed in descriptive qualitative and the level of MDA was analyzed quantitatively using ANOVA and Tukey's exact test with α = 0.05. The result of this research showed the influence of organophosphate (diazinon) on liver histolopathology was shown by inflammatory cells infiltration in hepatic parenchyma, sinusoidal congestion, and cytoplasmic vacuolation of the hepatocytes. Statistical analysis proved that the diazinon was able to increase the level of MDA serum significantly (p<0,05) up to 71% in experimental group P1 (dose 20 mg/kgBW), which the increase level of MDA serum depend on dose of diazinon. This research concluded that diazinon is one of the organophosphate pesticide that toxic based on liver histopathology and MDA serum levels. 
Detection of Hydroureter in Rat After Medial and Distal Unilateral Ureteral Obstruction Using Ultrasound Frequency 10 MHz Rickyawan, Nofan; Arifianto, Dinar; Adji, Dhirgo
Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal

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Abstract

Unilateral ureteral obstruction can occur in all animals and it is located proximal, medial and distal. Obstruction causes abnormalities in ipsilateral ureters in the form of hydrouterers. The aim of this study was to detect hydroureters in post-unilateral medial and distal ureteric rats using a 10 MHz ultrasonography frequency. Thirty-six female Sprague Dawley rats aged 3 months were divided into 3 treatment groups. Each group consisted of 12 individuals. Group I as a control received laparotomy treatment. Group II laparotomy with medial right-hand ureteral ligation and group III with right distal ureteral ligation. Three rats taken randomly from each group at weeks 1, 2, 3 and 4 post-ligation is then performed ultrasonography. The results of ultrasonography were analyzed descriptively, comparatively but ureteral diameter were analyzed using statistical of 3x4 factorial patterns. Ultrasound examination showed that ligation in one ureter caused rat undergoing unilateral ureteral obstruction and hidroureter. The diameter of the ureter with a hydroureter has increased from the 1st to 4th week. The increase occurs because the urine in the lumen cannot be excreted. The contralateral ureter remains normal and cannot be observed. The conclusion of the study is that hydroureter in rats can be detected using the frequency of 10 MHz ultrasonography which is characterized by anekoic tubular formation posterior to the right kidney. The unilateral ureteral obstruction has no effect on the contralateral ureter because it is still able to compensate for the performance of the ipsilateral ureter that has a hydroureter. The difference in the location of ligation and time of examination affect the increase in ipsilateral ureteral diameter.
The Ointment of Peel Dragon Fruit (Hylicereus costaricensis) Extract Decreased the Interleukin-2 (IL-2) Expression and the Number of Mononuclear Inflammation Cells toward Open Wound in Skin of Rats Wistar Permata, Fajar Shodiq; Febrianto, Ahmad
Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal

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Abstract

Open wounds healing is need more time because of the long inflammatory phase. Dragon fruit skin contains flavonoids and vitamin C which function as anti-inflammatory and cell regeneration. The purpose of this study was to determine the therapeutic effects of dragon fruit skin extract ointment (Hylicereus costaricensis) on the area of IL-2 expression and the number of mononuclear inflammatory cells in skin tissue in open wounds of rats (Rattus norvegicus) for 6 days of treatment. As many as 20 male rats, ± 180 grams, Wistar were divided into 5 groups namely negative control, positive control, ointment of dragon fruit skin extract with concentration of 5% (P1), concentration of 10% (P2) and concentration of 15% (P3). Wound formed as dorsal skin biopsy of dorsal 1x1 cm. Ointment was given topically 2x/day for 6 days. Rats were euthanized on day 7th and the skin tissues of the wound area were collected. The number of mononuclear inflammatory cells was counted in skin slides of HE staining and Expression Area expression of IL-2 was measured by ImmunoRatio® in immunohistochemical slides. Data were analyzed statistically using One Way ANOVA and Tukey Post Hoc Test. The results showed that dragon fruit skin extract ointment was able to reduce significantly (p<0.05) for area expression of IL-2 and the number of mononuclear inflammatory cells and the best concentration of ointment for treatment was 15%. This is due to the effect of flavonoids as anti-inflammatory and vitamin C as a trigger for cell regeneration. The conclusion of the study was that ointment of dragon fruit peel able to become a candidate for therapeutic medicine for open wounds.
The Potency of Pluchea indica Less as Preventive Effort to Lead (Pb) Pertubation on Rats (Rattus norvegicus) Organs Aulanni’am, Aulanni’am; Julianto, Andri; Dewi, Made Artari; Dirgahariyawan, Tri Cahyo; Mahdi, Chanif; Wuragil, Dyah Kinasih; Herawati, Herawati
Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2019)
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Abstract

Lead (Pb) is one of the heavy m metals polluting the environment which is harmful to t the organism. Pb accumulation triggers free radic cals and disrupts the body's metabolism. Pluche indic ca leaf extract is reported contain flavonoids whiich act as antioxidants and can counteract free radiccal attacks. The purpose of this study was to de etermine the role of Pluchea indica leaf extract preve entive therapy in counteracting free radicals due too exposure to Pb in rats (Rattus norvegicus). Wistar mmale rats aged of 8-10 weeks with a body weight of about 200-250 grams. Rats were divided into 5 tr reatment groups, were group A as negative contr rol, group B as positive control induced by lead (Pb)) 10 mg/rat/day, groups C,D,E given with ethano olic extract of Pluche indica leavesof 200 mg/kgBW, , 400 mg/kgBW, and 600 mg/kgBW and lead (Pb b) exposure of 10mg/ rat/day. Kidney, liver and jejunaal histopathology using HE staining was observed microscopically. The results showed that the administtration of Pluche indica leaves extract could preve ent tissue damage to the kidney, liver and jejunum in rats exposured to Pb. Dose of 600 mg/kgBW show wed histopathological improvement in kidney, liver annd jejunum. The greater the dose, the better prev ention of tissue damage as indicated by tissue condition resembling those of control rats. The conclusion of this study, the Pluchea indica leaf extract has the potential to prevent organ damaged exposed to lead.
The Effect of Triponyl Sulphate on Fetuses Development and Placental Abnormalities in Inducing Preeclampsia of Rattus norvegicus animal model Purwatiningsih, Wawid; Aryani, Dhita Evi; Vidiastuti, Dian; Oktanella, Yudit; Firmawati, Aulia
Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2019)
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Abstract

Preeclampsia is one of the obstetrical problems that can cause maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Preeclampsia causes the fetus born prematurely and low fetal weight. This is caused by high blood pressure which causes decrease of blood delivery to the placenta, so the supply of oxygen and food to the fetus decreases. As a result, fetal development inhibits and trigger born prematurely. More fatal, this disease cause the release of placental tissue from the uterus prematurely. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of administration of triponyl sulfate as induction of increased blood pressure in preeclampsia animal models, fetal development with alizarin red staining and placental abnormalities. The experimental animals were rats Rattus norvegicus mated with male rats monomating , 4 months old and 250-300 grams body weigh. Pregnant female rats were induced by triponyl sulfate 70 mg / kg BW (k +) and without induced by triponyl sulfate (k-). The results of the study showed that there were formation of the sternal bone in k- and malformation of the sternum bone at k +. Placental abnormalities occured in k +, it could be seen in the presence of ghos villi in blood vessel abnormalities in the preeclampsia placenta caused by there was no invation of trophoblast cells in the whole or partial spiral arteries and the mean of blood pressure increased.
Prevalence and Predisposing factors of Subclinical Mastitis in Dairy Cows in Bakir, Sukomulyo Village, Batu Regency Fatmawati, Mira; Setianingrum, Ani; Haskito, Ajeng Erika Prihastuti; Dameanti, Fidi Nur Aini Eka Puji
Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal

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Abstract

Peradangan ambing pada sapi perah yang lebih dikenal sebagai mastitis masih menjadi masalah utama dalam industri susu. Kerugian peternak karena mastitis disebabkan oleh penurunan produksi susu dan penurunan kualitas susu yang dihasilkan. Pada umumnya pengetahuan peternak rakyat akan mastitis sebatas pada mastitis klinis karena gejala klinis yang dapat teramati. Mastitis yang sifatnya subklinis sulit dideteksi dan apabila dibiarkan tanpa penanganan dapat menjadi sumber penularan ke sapi perah lainnya. Deteksi mastitis subklinis pada sapi perah menggunakan uji tidak langsung yaitu california mastitis test (CMT) atau menggunakan uji langsung dengan penghitungan jumlah sel somatis (JSS). Penelitian ini merupakan studi lintas seksional dengan menggunakan sampel susu kwartir pada peternakan sapi perah rakyat di dusun Bakir, desa Sukomulyo, kabupaten Batu. Pengujian mastitis dilakukan di lapangan dengan uji CMT dan di laboratorium untuk penghitungan JSS. Pengambilan data dengan kuesioner untuk mengetahui faktor predisposisi mastitis. Prevalensi mastitis subklinis berdasarkan JSS adalah 60,22% dan berdasarkan uji CMT di lapangan adalah 18,20% dari total sampel kwartir. Faktor predisposisi yang mempengaruhi masih adanya kejadian mastitis pada peternakan antara lain kebersihan sapi, kandang, dan sanitasi sebelum dan sesudah pemerahan.

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