Hidup di lingkungan baru tidaklah mudah bagi mahasiswa internasional. Selama proses penyesuaian diri di kehidupan barunya, para mahasiswa ini menghadapi berbagai tekanan interpersonal dan menunjukkan kesulitan selama masa belajar. Dalam upaya memprediksikan kesuksesan dan kepuasan mahasiswa internasional, maka diperlukan usaha untuk melihat proses penyesuaian dirinya. Pengaruh dari bagaimana seseorang melihat dirinya dan juga kepercayaan diri dalam berbahasa Inggris, diprediksi memberikan kontribusi pada penyesuaian sociocultural mahasiswa internasional ini. Dalam penelitian ini, independent self- construal dan English self-confidence dari 138 mahasiswa Indonesia yang berkuliah di Belanda diteliti sebagai faktor-faktor yang mungkin mempengaruhi penyesuaian sociocultural-nya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mahasiswa Indonesia ini mengalami kesulitan sociocultural yang lebih rendah ketika mereka memiliki independent self-construal dan kepercayaan diri berbahasa Inggris yang lebih tinggi. Kepercayaan diri berbahasa Inggris ini juga bertindak sebagai mediator dalam hubungan antara independent self-construal dan kesulitan sociocultural. Terakhir, ketika semua faktor dianalisis menggunakan multiple regression analysis, ditemukan bahwa lama tinggal dan dua dimensi dari independent self-construal (autonomy dan uniqueness) memiliki pengaruh paling signifikan terhadap kesulitan sociocultural.
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is one of the most frequent disorders distributed globally. Many drugs or regimens being used, complication risks, and various factors may induce diabetes-related distress in DM patients. Many studies have found that the presence of diabetes-related distress may provide negative impacts to patients, physically and psychologically. In older patients, the negative impacts may be worsened by the characteristics of older individuals. Having acknowledged those negative impacts to older DM patients, this study was aimed to learn the influence of cognitive behavior therapy approach to reduce diabetes-related distress in older DM patients. Two participants were selected in this study, both are older adults with high level of diabetes-related distress. All participants experienced decreased level of diabetes-related distress from their participation in this intervention, as shown during interview, observation, and assessment using PAID (Problem Areas In Diabetes) questionnaire. All participants were able to practice the respective techniques. All participants also understand that the therapeutic success is determined by their independence and their willingness to change by practicing it in daily life.
Hyperpigmentation is a disorder of the gingiva caused by various factors including heredity, disease, drugs, smoking habits. This can occur because of the accumulation of melanin pigment in the basal gingival layer resulting in a brownish or blackish color on the surface of the gingiva which when viewed aesthetically is not good because it is not like the normal gingival color of coral pink. Objective: to get the gingival color back to normal, namely coral pink. Management in cases of pigmentation using the surgical method by scrapping using a scalpel No.15. In this study there were 3 cases, namely, case 1, a 20-year-old female patient had genetic or genetic hyperpigmentation. Case 2, a 27-year-old male patient had genetic or genetic hyperpigmentation. Case 3, a 24-year-old female patient had gingival pigmentation due to smoking habits. The results of surgical management in all three cases, namely the gingival depigmentation method by scrapping gave a good esetetic result, but for gingival hyperpigmentation in cases 1 and 2 it could recur later.
The Islamic education is became considerable concern in Aceh from time to time and Dayah is one of the educational institution model which teaches the Quran. The weaknesses of the students both in reading and understanding the contents of Quran affected the goals and learning objectives, therefore the method of teaching is the key of learning achievement for individual who love the Quran. This study aims to identify the design and historical Tafsir studies at Dayah in Indonesia and in Aceh and analyzing the teaching method used and to know the extent influence of the methods practiced at integrated Dayah Al-Muslimun in North Aceh. A qualitative study was employed to collect the data from the respondents. A semi structure interview was conducted from four subjects’ teachers to explore the influence of the teaching method at Dayah Al-Muslimun Aceh. The result of study showed that the history of Tafsir studies at Dayah in Indonesia cannot be separated from the history of early spreading Islam in the Malay Archipelago. Moreover, the majority of Tafsir’s teachers at integrated Dayah Al-Muslimun used translation method and telling story in their teaching method. In term of interpretation of verse the majority of teachers used “tahlili methods” (problem solving). The impact of learning Tafsir was reviewed from three aspects, namely understanding, practice, and the result of examination. Moreover, this study emphasized that the teaching methods used for teaching Tafsir are good and have a good influence on students, this proven from the good aspect of understanding, the appropriate practice and the result of examination, however it still need to be evaluated and improved.
hree things must be fulfilled to distribute the inheritances: inheritor(s),heir(s), and inheritance. The problem arises if the sex is unknown(transvestite), will he receive the maleâ€™s or femaleâ€™s portion of inheritance?This research uses a literature research method, namely by analyzingexisting literature materials, both from the literature and from the laws andregulations, especially those relating to inheritance laws. Research resultsobtained by researchers that the Criminal Code has not discussed thetransvestite laws. The Criminal Code does not differentiate between maleand female inheritance whereas Islamic fiqh represented by Islamic LawsScholars begged to differ in views about the rule of transvestite and theperson who inherited with him: Hanafiyah argued that transvestites took theworst part and the heirs with him made the best part. Malikiyah explainedtransvestite and the person who inherited with him got half the male andhalf of women. Syafi'iyah argued that transvestites and the person whoinherited with him had the worst part of the two possibilities of being maleor female. Hanabilah was of the opinion that if the transvestite was stillsmall then they agreed with the view of syafi'iyah, whereas if the transvestitehad already matured then they agree with his opinion malikiyah.
Brain injury becomes worldwide public health issue since it may cause disability and mortality. The diagnosis of brain injury is made based on clinical neurology examination, and CT scan or MRI. Serum S100 protein examination in mild and moderate brain injury patients is needed to detect and evaluate the presence of post traumatic brain injury. This research subject is healthy people and patients with mild and moderate brain injury, based on their GCS grade, clinical neurologic examination, and CT scan. On these patients, the blood for S100 protein examination is taken at admission, 6 and 24 hours post trauma, and last day of hospitalization. Examination of a serum S100 protein is conducted using ECLIA method. There is significant difference (p = 0,001) in mild or moderate brain injury patients in all serum S100 protein. The peak level of serum S100 protein reached at 6 hours post trauma. Serum S100 protein in moderate brain injury patients at admission is significantly higher than the mild ones, and serum S100 protein in mild brain injury patients is also significantly higher than healthy people. Serum S100 protein can be used as brain injury biomarker to detect and evaluate the presence of post traumatic brain injury.
PSK is is one of the most vulnerable groups are infected with sexually transmitted diseases (STDS). The Mangga Besar of Central Jakarta is a spread of PSK and place a night club which allows the occurrence of free sex behaviour and ultimately at risk against STDS. The purpose of this research is to know the relationship of knowledge with the behavior prevention of STDS on commercial sex workers (PSK) in The Mangga Besar of Central Jakarta in 2014. The method in this research is a survey that uses Cross-sectional method. The subjects in the research were 253 workers of commercial sex in The Mangga Besar of Central Jakarta. Data analysis use Chi Square test. The results of the research is known significant (p = 0.011 and OR = 3.736) 60.7% of commercial sex workers who perform preventive of STDS as well. This study is health counselling about PMS, increasing confidence the PSK, post messages about health prevention of STDS, and support health workers against commercial sex workers.
Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is a type of lesion of the oral mucous consisting of sudden acute, painful, being recurrent, non-infectious, non- vesicular, and immunologically mediated. Chronic iron deficiency will result in iron deficiency anemia which is one of RAS predisposing factors. To ilustrate the complexity of RAS in iron deficiency anemia following the treatment strategies. Case Report: Outpatient woman, thirty years old, not married yet; came with painful aphthous on her tongue causing stiff tongue sensation and difficult to speak. She has frequent aphthous since last two months. Case Management: Diagnosis of RAS was derived from history and clinical presentation whereas iron deficiency anemia condition was derived from hematology examination. Patient has been instructed to increase iron source diet and limit tea consumption. Chlorhexidine gluconate and bee propolis were used as RAS medication. Ferro gluconate, ferrazone, and ascorbic acid were delivered as iron deficiency therapy. RAS treatment in iron deficiency anemia has to be considered both of RAS and iron deficiency condition related to their correlation.
The objectives of the research are to find out empirical evidence of the the effect of Local Financial Management and Internal Control System Government (SPIP) on Local Government Performance. This research was conducted at the Regional Device Work Unit (SKPD) in Bogor Regency, is West Bogor District. Each District of West Bogor taken three respondents namely the government, economic and administrative sections. The data used in this study is primary data obtained by distributing questionnaires directly to 41 respondents by using purposive sampling technique. Data analysis technique used in this research is Multiple Regression (Multiple Regression). The results of this study indicate that the Regional Financial Management and Government Internal Control System have a positive effect on the Performance of Local Government.
Pregnancy and giving birth are special moment in women’s life. Pregnancy starts with a dynamic growing period and significant development both physical and mental. Women’s judgement on her pregnancy can determine whether it can be a stressful or not. Trait mindfulness (observing, describing, acting with with awareness, non-judging, nonreactivity) could affect someone on perceiving all accepting daily experience. Trait mindfulness related to mental health. Islam also suggest people to tafakur (contemplate). The study aimed to determine how the role of trait mindfulness take part in a pregnancy stress. The sample was 223 pregnant woman and was taken by accidental sampling technique. This research use Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) Indonesian Version and Pregnancy Experiences Scale – Brief Version (PES-Brief) Indonesian Version as measuring instrument. The result of regression test showed that trait mindfulness on the dimention of acting with awareness predicted 7.3% (R-Square = 0.073, F= 3.439, p= 0,005) the pregnancy stress. However on the dimention of observing, describing, non-judging and non-reactivitydid not has role in the pregnancy stress.