Tropical Health and Medical Research
ISSN : -     EISSN : 2684740X
Tropical Health and Medical Research is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that publishes original research on all aspects of tropical medicine and global health. The journal welcomes clinical, epidemiological and laboratory. Key topics include: Viral, bacterial and parasitic infectious diseases, Vectors, Noncommunicable diseases, Epidemiology and population health, Drug, vaccine and diagnostic tool development, Other health issues related to the tropics.
Articles 5 Documents
Erythrocyte Morphology of Tuberculosis Patients Rifa'i, Ahmad; Muhlisin, Ahmad; Lutpiatina, Leka
Tropical Health and Medical Research Vol 1 No 1 (2019): Tropical Health and Medical Research
Publisher : Baiman Bauntung Batuah Center

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Abstract

Tuberculosis is one of the causes of anemia in chronic diseases in addition to rheumatoid arthritis, urserative colitis, Crohn's disease, ovarian malignancy and Hodgkin's lymphoma. Chronic disease anemia also known as anemia due to inflammation, occurs in patients with chronic infections. This anemia also occurs in some patients with malignancy. The causes of anemia are based on cell size, namely iron deficiency (often), anemia of chronic diseases (often), Thalassemia (often in certain ethnicities) causing the size of cells to become microsytic. Cells turn macrocytic due to liver disease, excess alcohol, megaloblastic anemia (vitamin B12 deficiency or folate or exposure to certain drugs), hemolysis, and aplastic anemia. Whereas the normal cell factors are blood loss, the initial phase of iron deficiency, anemia, chronic disease, and kidney failure. The aim of this study was to determine the type of anemia based on the morphological description of erythrocytes in the form, color, and size of erythrocytes seen in the smear blood supply of tuberculosis patients based on treatment duration of 0-6 months. The type of research used was a descriptive survey with a population of 15 people taken by accidental sampling. Data collection is done by examining the blood smear smears. Based on the examination of peripheral blood smear preparations in pulmonary tuberculosis patients, the morphology of erythrocytes in the form of Normocytic normochrome was 74% and microsocytic normochrome was 26%. Suggestions in the research for further research can be carried out with support other than the examination of peripheral blood smear.
Fungi That Produce Toxins in Salted Fish Susanti, Yuli; Lutpiatina, Leka; Dwiyanti, Ratih Dewi
Tropical Health and Medical Research Vol 1 No 1 (2019): Tropical Health and Medical Research
Publisher : Baiman Bauntung Batuah Center

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Abstract

Salted fish are fish that are processed through a process of salting and drying. The contamination of fungi in salted fish can be caused by prolonged storage. Storage of salted fish that is too long can cause the growth of various fungi. One of the fungi that often grows in salted fish is the fungus of Aspergillus sp. Some species of the Aspergillus sp fungi can produce aflatoxin, one of which is Aspergillus flavus. This study aims to determine the contamination of toxin-producing fungi in salted fish in the traditional Banjarbaru market in Indonesia. The type of research used is descriptive survey. Samples were taken by purposive sampling taken from 5 salted fish sellers each taken 3 different types of salted fish so that the number of samples was 15. The results were obtained from 15 samples examined, 6 positive samples contaminated with Aspergillus flavus fungi, 8 positive samples contaminated with Aspergillus fungi niger, 5 positive samples contaminated with Monilia sitophila fungi, 6 positive samples contaminated with Rhizopus sp fungi, 6 positive samples contaminated with Penicillium sp fungi, and 1 positive sample contaminated with Mucor sp fungi. Based on the results of the study, samples of salted fish contaminated with Aspergillus sp fungi were 73% (11 samples) and no samples were contaminated with Fusarium sp.
Staphylococcus aureus in Traditional Coconut milk Drinks Sari, Putri Mustika; Lutpiatina, Leka; Muhlisin, Ahmad
Tropical Health and Medical Research Vol 1 No 1 (2019): Tropical Health and Medical Research
Publisher : Baiman Bauntung Batuah Center

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Abstract

Coconut milk is a food ingredient that is used to increase the taste of food and drinks. Coconut milk has processed products in the form of traditional drinks such as ice dawet and cendol ice. According to the Indonesian National Standard in 2009 about Maximum Microbial Contamination in Food in liquid coconut milk must be in accordance with the requirements of TPC parameters, MPN Coliform, Salmonella sp., and Staphylococcus aureus. This study aims to determine the description of Staphylococcus aureus contamination in traditional coconut milk in the Banjarbaru region. This type of research is a descriptive survey. The samples in this study were traditional drinks (es dawet and es cendol) that used coconut milk by using Purposive sampling techniques as many as 6 sellers who made 2 times taking, namely taking 1 hour (testing I) after processing and 2 hours after the first take (testing II) . From the research that has been done, it is found that there are 4 samples of Staphylococcus aureus contamination in 4 samples, namely 3 samples fulfilling the requirements of the Indonesian National Standard and 1 sample that does not meet the requirements of the Indonesian National Standard. It is expected for the seller to always maintain personal hygiene, pay attention to the cleanliness of drinks sold either during processing or serving, noting the cleanliness of the appliance and storing the ingredients of the drinks sold.
Lactic Acid Levels Yogurt Red Beans with Addition of Honey Trigona sp Widyati, Ruri; Lutpiatina, Leka; Oktiyani, Neni; Haitami, Haitami
Tropical Health and Medical Research Vol 1 No 1 (2019): Tropical Health and Medical Research
Publisher : Baiman Bauntung Batuah Center

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Abstract

Red beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) are grains that are rich in nutrients and useful as a substitute for vegetable milk which can be processed into yogurt using Streptococcus thermophillus and Lactobacillus bulgaricus. Carbohydrates in red beans consist of a group of oligosaccharides that have little ability as an energy source for bacteria to produce lactic acid. Therefore, the making of red bean yogurt needs another source of sugar by adding Trigona sp. Honey. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of adding Trigona sp honey by 0%, 1.9%, 3.8%, 5.7%, 7.6%, 9.5% to the total level of lactic acid in red bean yogurt incubated for 24 hours at 37oC. This type of research is an experiment with the Postest Only With Control Group Design research design using the alkalimetry titration method. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling technique, namely Trigona sp honey bee taken at Trigona sp bee farm in Tambangan, Tanah Laut. Indonesia. The results showed that there was an effect of adding Trigona sp honey to total lactic acid levels in red bean yogurt with the addition of Trigona sp honey 1.9% - 9.5% fulfilling the requirements of SNI 01.2981-2009. The highest average value of total lactic acid in red bean yogurt with the addition of Trigona sp honey 9.5% which is equal to 0.6672%. It is recommended for future researchers to use other types of carbohydrate sources and additives in the form of proteins. For the community, it is recommended to use alternative sources of other sugar and optimize the addition of Trigona sp. Honey.
Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Vector in the Paring Sungai Martapura Indonesia Triyanti, Arista; Lutpiatina, Leka; Rifqoh, Rifqoh
Tropical Health and Medical Research Vol 1 No 1 (2019): Tropical Health and Medical Research
Publisher : Baiman Bauntung Batuah Center

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Abstract

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is one of the public health problems that is still found in Indonesia. This disease always occurs repeatedly due to failure of vector control. Indonesia is the second largest country among 30 countries endemic to DHF. This disease can cause death especially in children. In Sungai Paring Village, January-December 2017, 2 cases of DHF were found. The purpose of this study was to find out the House Index (HI), Countainer Index (CI), Breteau Index (BI), larva free numbers (LFN) , Density Figure (DF) and larvae positive container types. This research is a type of descriptive survey research with total sampling technique. The population in this study were households and containers in the Paring Sungai Martapura Sub-District. The sample in this study was all water reservoirs in 100 respondent's houses. Of the 100 houses surveyed there were 40 positive larvae (HI 40%), 60% ABJ, 41 larvae positive containers from 356 examined containers (CI 11.52%) and positive larvae containers namely, ceramic bath 3 (0.84% ), 1 cement bath (0.28%), 18 used paint buckets (5.06%), 4 large bucket buckets (1.12%), 3 ablutions (0.84%) and 6 plastic drums (1.70%). Based on this research, it is expected that respondents and the community take precautionary measures and control of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) vectors by 3M. For researchers to conduct further research to determine vector density fluctuations

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