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Jurnal ILMU DASAR
Published by Universitas Jember
ISSN : -     EISSN : -
Jurnal ILMU DASAR (JID) adalah jurnal ilmiah yang melingkupi bidang matematika, fisika, kimia dan biologi. Naskah yang diusulkan untuk diterbitkan Jurnal Ilmu Dasar adalah naskah yang belum pernah diterbitkan dan atau tidak sedang dipertimbangkan penerbitannya di majalah lain. Jurnal Ilmu Dasar menerima tulisan hasil penelitian dasar (bukan aplikasi) untuk bidang matematika, kimia, fisika, dan biologi. Naskah ilmiah ditulis dalam bahasa Indonesia atau dalam bahasa Inggris yang baik. Secara lebih detail dapat dilihat dari pedoman penulisan.
Articles
419
Articles
Survival Analysis of Sea Turtles Eggss Hatching Success using Cox non Proportional Hazard Regression

Forestryani, Veniola, Fatekurohman, Mohamad, Hadi, Alfian Futuhul

Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 20 No 1 (2019): (IN PRESS)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

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Abstract

The aims of this research is to know both the model and also the factors of incubation period and hatching success of eggs of sea turtles in Kuta, Legian and Seminyak Beach, Bali from January to September 2016. The reasearch was conducted by doing survival analysis by using Cox Non Proportional Hazard regression and then compare the model derived from it with log-logistic regression model. Precipitation, location, temperature, humidity, and hours of daylight are the factors which significantly influence incubation period and hatching success of eggs of sea turtles. According to the descriptive analysis, 12≤ precipitaion <18, Seminyak Beach, 28,5≤ temperature <29,5, 86≤ humidity ≤91, and 5,8≤ hours of daylight <8,3 are the factors which have highest percentage of hatching success. Meanwhile 12≤ precipitation <18, Seminyak Beach, 28,5≤ temperature <29,5, 86≤ humidity ≤91, and 0,8≤ hours of daylight <3,3 are the factors which have highest percentage of hatching success based on the hazard value. Although Seminyak Beach has the highest rate of hatching success, it’s not significantly different from Legian beach in respect to the location factor’s categories. Keywords: hatching success, cox non proportional hazard, log-logistic, survival analysis

Preparation and Characterization of Polysulfone/Celullose Acetate (PSF/CA) Blend Membrane

Syahbanu, Intan, Piluharto, Bambang, Khairi, Syahrul, Sudarko, S., Hermanto, Toto

Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 20 No 1 (2019): (IN PRESS)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Blend polysulfone (PSF)/cellulose acetate (CA) membranes have prepared by phase inversion method. In here, CA was prepared from bacterial cellulose by acetylation reaction. Various temperature of coagulation bath were used as variable to investigated water uptake, water flux, porosity and thermal properties of membranes. As comparison, the CA commercial (CCA) was also investigated with the same parameters. As the result, the functional group analysis by FTIR show that CA has successfully prepared from bacterial cellulose. The parameters include water uptake, water flux and porosity have the similar trend. The parameters increase with increasing of temperature of coagulation bath. The other hand, CCA membrane have similar trend to CA membranes for parameter of water water uptake, water flux and porosity. However, CCA membrane is higher than CA membranes for all parameters. Thermal analysis by Differential Scanning (DSC) showed that all blend membranes with different temperature of coagulation bath have single transition glass temperature (Tg) that indicated that molecular homogeneity. Keywords: blend membrane, phase inversion, coagulation bath, water flux, porosity.

Fluctuation of Insect Population on Rice Field in Pangkalan Sub-district Karawang Regency: Indicator for Environmental Health

Afifah, Lutfi, Sugiono, Darso

Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 20 No 1 (2019): (IN PRESS)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Pangkalan Sub-district is a forest edge area in Karawang that is rich in flora and fauna that has not been much identified. Because of its unique location that is bordered by primary forest, agricultural ecosystems in the area will not be separated from the influence of the surrounding forest. So, it is necessary to know more about the diversity and abundance of insects in the wetland rice ecosystems.The research was conducted in Pangkalan sub-district, Karawang regency. The size of each plot was 5 x 5 m (25 m2) and each treatment was repeated five times. Treatments carried out with integrated pest management (IPM), chemical pest management techniques (P-K), and Mixed Pest Management (P-C). Insect retrieval technique using sweep net method, yellow pan trap, and direct observation. The abundance of arthropod species found in 12 Orders consist of: Thysanoptera Order (2.4%), Orthoptera (0.5%), Odonata (1.4%), Mantodea (0%), Lepidoptera (8.7%), Hymenoptera (2.4%), Hemiptera (61.8%), Diptera (2.4%), Derma ptera (3.6%), Coleoptera (8.3%), Architaenioglossa (0.5%), and Aranea (8.0%). Based on the species richness, it was found that the orders of Diptera (25 species), Coleoptera (19 species), and Hymenoptera (18 species) showed higher numbers than other orders. The H 'diversity index in this study ranged from 1.99 to 2.45, the D index ranged from 0.73 to 0.88, and the E index ranged from 0.5 to 0.7. Overall the P-K plots showed a lower population abundance compared to IPM and P-C plots. Intense and scheduled spraying of insecticides on P-K plots causes a lower population abundance, which makes the diversity become low. Keywords: Rice pests, diversity of insects, natural enemies, pesticides, integrated pest control (IPM)

Laboratory Study Of Oviposition Preference of Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762) in Waste Settlement

Hariani, Nova, Syaidah, Eka Rahmawati, Trimurti, Sus

Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 20 No 1 (2019): (IN PRESS)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

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Abstract

This research aims to find out the oviposition ability of Aedes aegypti L. mosquitoes in various settlements wastewater including household waste, industrial laundry, and tofu home industry. The descriptive method was used to count the number of mosquito eggs on each wastewater and to calculate the percentage of survival rate of mosquito from egg to larvae and from larvae to mosquito. Fifty pairs of the Ae. aegypti were applied to modified cageusing three water sources namely household waste, laundry, and tofu industry.In this research, rainwaterwas used as a positive control. The result showed that Ae. aegypti from settlement in Samarinda are able to lay egg in all tested wastes. Laundry wastewater is the most preferred medium based on the number of eggs (6,290 eggs) with percentage of survival rate from egg to larvae is 75.0 % (cage contains one wastewater) and 48.4% (cage contains more than one wastewater) and the percentage of survival rate of larvae become adult mosquitoes phase is 92.8% (cage contains one wastewater) and 90.0% (cage contains more than one wastewater). Keywords: preference, vviposition, Aedes aegypti, wastewater

The The Effect of Ethanol Extract Turmeric Rhizome (Curcuma Longa) to Histologycal Structure of Rat Rectum Induced Dextran Sodium Sulphate (DSS)

Nikmah, Lidia Maziyyatun, Fajariyah, Susantin, Mahriani, M.

Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 20 No 1 (2019): (IN PRESS)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a plant that people use as a traditional medicine to treat some diseases such as: anti-inflammatory, antidiarrhea, antioxidants, hepatoprotector, and others. One of the main chemical compounds contained in turmeric and has a role as anti-inflammatory is curcumin. This study was conducted to determine the effect of ethanol extract of turmeric rhizome (Curcuma longa) on the histologycal structure of rat rectum induced by Dextran Sodium Sulphate (DSS). Wistar strain rats was divided into three groups: negative control group, positive control group (1% DSS), and DSS treatment group 1% + ethanol extract of turmeric rhizome dose 200mg/KgBB. DSS is given ad libitum, while ethanol extract of turmeric rhizome is given orally. We used paraffin method and Haematoxilyn Eosin staining to make the preparation organ. The data were analyzed using One Way ANOVA test, Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) test, and correlation test. The result of this study is DSS administration has an effect on decreasing average of crypt, number of Goblet cell, and depletion of rectal mucous layer. While treatment of extract turmeric rhizome can increase height of crypt and number of Goblet cell in rectal mucosal layer of rat. Keywords: Exctract of turmeric rhizome, DSS, rectum, Rattus norvegicus

Regeneration Rate of Eggplant Somatic Embryogenic In Various Maturation Media

Hartati, H., Hartati, N. Sri, Sudarmonowati, Enny

Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 19 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Ralstonia solanacearum is one of the most important pathogen that causes bacterial wilt disease in eggplant and inhibits eggplant production. Improvement of eggplant varieties resistant to bacterial wilt can be accomplished through genetic manipulation. Regeneration of in vitro plants isone of the important tools to supports plant improvementthrough biotechnology. This study was aimed to determine the rate of eggplant regeneration in various maturation media, and to find the best medium for eggplant regeneration based on maturation rate and the number of cotyledon produced. We used resistant eggplant (accession 032) as the material to produce somatic embryogenic.There were 7 types of regeneration media used in this research. MS medium was supplemented with a certain concentration of plant growt regulators , such as: 1 mg / L + BAP 1 mg / L, NAA 4mg / L, TDZ 0.005 mg / L, TDZ 0.001 mg / L, CuSO4 2mM + BAP 1 mg / L, CuSO4 2mM + BAP 2 mg / L and Kinetin 1 mg / L + CuSO4 2mM. Three clumps of callus per plate with three replications were transferred to MS suplemented medium. The parameters observed were the color of callus before and after they were transfered to regeneration medium, the day of formation of globular, heart-shaped, tubular and cotyledonary phase, and the number of cotyledons formed. The results obtained showed the somatic embryogenic color of the 032 genotype was white with friable structure before being transferred to regeneration medium and was turned to yellowish white after being transferred to the regeneration medium. On the day sixth, friable embryogenic somatic of eggplant was developed into nodule on medium MS + NAA 4 mg / L, MS + CuSO4 2mM + BAP medium 1 mg / L, and MS + CuSO4 2mM + BAP 2 mg / L. Somatic embryogenic callus of accession 032 were able to pass complete globular, heart-shaped, tubular and cotyledonary phase. The most responsive medium for somatic embryogenic callus regeneration, based on the days of the callus phases formation and the number of early-phase cotyledons obtained, were MS medium suplemented with CuSO4 2mM + BAP,and CuSO4 2 mM + BAP 2 mg / L.Keywords: eggplant, Ralstonia solanacearum, regeneration, cotyledonary, clump, BAP

Optimization Of The Annealing Temperature With Degenerate Primer For Amplification Of Arginine Decarboxylase (ADC) Fragment Gene From Genomic DNA of Maluku Tenggara Local Cassava

Kurniawati, Siti, Hartati, Sri

Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 19 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Arginine decarboxylase (ADC) is a key enzyme responsible for polyamines biosynthesis and has been shown to increase resistance to biotic and abiotic stress. Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz.) is able to grow and produce storage roots well on marginal land. The purpose of this study was to optimize annealing temperature of primers in PCR reaction to amplify candidate cassava ADC gene fragments. Annealing temperature is a crucial factor in PCR reaction affecting product (gene fragments) specificity. Four pairs of primers; MeADC1, MeADC2, MeADC3, andMeADC4, were designed using degenerate method from several plants species such as Jatropa curcas (Acc XM_022220421), Populus trichocarpa (Acc XM_002306105.2), Capsicum annuum cv Nockwang (Acc KC160547.1) and Lycopersicon esculentum (Acc L16582.1). All primer pairs successfully amplified DNA fragments from local cassava genotypes (Maluku Tenggara/Malra) including Malra012 and Malra016. The MeADC1 primer amplified DNA fragment with less than 1,000 base pairs (bp) at annealing temperature of 46°C, 47°C and 48°C. However, analysis of PCR product sequencing results using NCBI BLAST method showed that the amplified DNA fragment encodes for ribosomal protein S3 of Oryza minuta (Acc YP_009242005.1).Keywords: arginine decarboxylase, annealing, ADC, cassava, Maluku Tenggara, PCR

Investigations on The Mechanism of Artificial Photosynthesis of Ca-Pc-PDI and Dendrimer Molecule by DFT Calculations

Gunawan, Rahmat, Hammamiyah, Ulinnuha, Fadillah, Fahmi, Saleh, Chairul, Sitorus, Saibun

Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 19 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Artificial photosynthesis modelling of Ca-Pc-PDI complex Ca Phthalocyanine Perylenediimide), and dendrimer molecule using Density of Functional Theory (DFT) Method has been studied to showed the energy efficiency of these compounds in terms of electron transfer in photosynthesis. The Analysis of Ca-Pc-PDI and dendrimer compound and also chlorophyl has been done in all computations using the GAMESS-US software. The computations result in this research showed that the large wavelength complex compounds of Ca-Pc-PDI obtained was 138.3299 nm and energy efficiency obtained was 0.89 eV. The data analysis states that the absorption of harvest light energy of complex compounds Ca-Pc-PDI lies in the far UV spectrum. The other side, the polyphenylene dendrimer structure molecular orbital analyses it was found that the dendrimer was capable of electron transfers as indicated by the existence of HOMO and LUMO and result comparisons with chlorophyll. UV wavelengths of the polyethylene dendrimer and chlorophyll, respectively, suggesting that the polyphenylene dendrimer is capable of substituting chlorophyll in artificial photosyntheses. We can states from the result that these compound ability to be applied in the modeling of artificial photosynthesis as a material of energy absorption that mimics the workings of chlorophyll in terms of electron transfer in natural photosynthesis process. Keywords: Artificial photosynthesis modelling, Ca-Phthalocyanine-Perylenediimide complex, and dendrimer molecule

FTIR and Moisture Absorption of Yam Bean Starch Biocomposites with Yam Bean (Pachyrhizus erosus) Bagasse Fibers as Reinforcement

Mahardika, Melbi, Abral, Hairul, Kasim, Anwar, Arief, Syukri, Asrofi, Mochamad

Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 19 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Biocomposites from yam bean starch with yam bean bagasse (YBB) fibers as reinforcement has been successfully fabricated. The fabrication method was solution casting. YBB was variated for 1, 2, 3 and 4wt% (from dry weight starch basis). 2 mL glycerol was used as a plasticizer. The relative humidity (RH) condition in moisture testing was 99%. The result shows that the addition YBB able to decreased moisture absorption of starch film. The lowest moisture absorption was in biocomposites with 4wt% YBB. The moisture absorption test was supported byfourier transform infrared (FTIR) data.Keywords: Biocomposite, yam bean, yam bean bagasse, moisture, FTIR

Phase Diagram and Thermodynamic Properties of Ketoprofen-Succinic Acid Binary Mixtures

Wicaksono, Yudi, Setyawan, Dwi, Siswandono, S.

Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 19 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

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Abstract

The equilibrium phase diagram and thermodynamic properties of a mixture of drugs and additives are information related to various possible interaction processes between components. Therefore, we conducted a study of the phase diagrams and thermodynamic properties of binary mixtures of ketoprofen-succinic acid to estimate the types of interactions that may occur between these materials. The solid-liquid phase diagram of ketoprofen-succinic acid binary mixtures was determined by differential scanning calorimetry and composition of eutectic system was determined accurately using a Tamman diagram. The measurement of binary mixtures of ketoprofen-succinic acid with differential scanning calorimeter obtained the value of melting temperature and heat of fusion of ketoprofen- succinic acid system. The solid-liquid phase diagram of ketoprofen- succinic acid showed the formation of eutectic type phase diagram. The Tamman diagram showed accurately composition of the eutectic system of the Kp-SA binary mixtures at the mole fraction of Kp 0.87 and temperature 96.9oC.Keywords: ketoprofen, phase diagram, eutectic system, Tamman diagram