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Jurnal Perennial
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INDONESIA
PERENNIAL
Published by Universitas Hasanuddin
ISSN : 14127784     EISSN : -     DOI : -
“PERENNIAL” adalah artikel ilmiah hasil penelitian dan review asli dalam bidang teknologi, pengolahan, dan kebijakan pemanfaatan hasil hutan serta belum pernah dipublikasikan dan tidak sedang dalam proses penelaahan dalam jurnal ilmiah, bulletin, atau bentuk publikasi lainnya. Artikel yang dinyatakan diterima, hak publikasinya menjadi milik penerbit dan penulis tidak dapat mempublikasikan tulisan yang sama dalam jurnal atau bentuk publikasi ilmiah manapun.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 88 Documents
PAPAN SEMEN-GYPSUM DARI CORE-KENAF (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) MENGGUNAKAN TEKNOLOGI PENGERASAN AUTOCLAVE Maail, Rohny Setiawan; Hermawan, Dede ; Hadi, Yusuf Sudo
PERENNIAL Vol 2, No 2 (2006)
Publisher : Forestry Faculty of Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/perennial.v2i2.156

Abstract

Cement and gypsum bonded cellulosic fiber reinforced materials are ultimately ideal ecological building products. Their capability to use industrial coproducts and wastes as both their matrix material make its reinforcement also environmentally sustainable products. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of proportion cement-gypsum and curing autoclave time on the properties of cement gypsum board from core-kenaf. Three levels of proportion cement and gypsum were applied, namely; 40:60, 50:50, and 60:40, where cements contain at face-back layers and gypsum contain at core layers. Five levels of curing autoclave time were applied, namely ; conventional curing 2 weeks (control), curing autoclave 2, 4, 8, and 16 hours. CaCl2 3% and Borax 2 % was used as an accelerator and retarder. The physical and mechanical properties of cement-gypsum board were observed in according to JIS A 5417-1992. The results show that the physical and mechanical properties were gain on proportion of cement-gypsum 60:40 with 8 hours curing autoclave. Key words : Core-kenaf, Cement-gypsum board, Autoclave References
DESAIN MODEL PEMBANGUNAN KESATUAN PENGELOLAAN HUTAN (KPH) DI KABUPATEN MAMUJU PROVINSI SULAWESI BARAT Supratman, .
PERENNIAL Vol 5, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Forestry Faculty of Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/perennial.v5i1.188

Abstract

The research aimed to designing model of forest unit management based on field situation. The research was conducted in Karossa and Topoyo District, Mamuju Regency, West Sulawesi Province. Collecting data was conducted with documentation study, Focus Group Discussion (FGD), interview and survey methods. Analysis was done that is Qualitative – Descriptive Analysis and Quantitative – Descriptive Analysis. Research outcome was obtained the model of forest unit management development linkage with the dynamics of community, IUPHHK, IPKTM, forest industry, resettlement project, and rural region development. To improving the forest unit management development, it needed convergence activity of institution that linkage with forest management. Key words: Model, Management, Forest, Forest Unit Management
SIFAT FISIK DAN MEKANIS PAPAN SEMEN BERBAHAN BAKU BAMBU Suhasman, . ; Bakri, .
PERENNIAL Vol 8, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Forestry Faculty of Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (166.278 KB) | DOI: 10.24259/perennial.v8i2.220

Abstract

Fire resistance, termite resistance, and high dimensional stability are among critical attributes of cement board composite as alternative material to replace solid wood products. This study aimed to evaluate characteristics of cement boards made from various age classes of bamboo (1-2 year old, 3-4 year old, and 5-6 year old) and nature of bamboo stem (used and fresh bamboo). Cement board was produced with target density of 0.9 g cm-3, and 30 cm x 30 cm x 1 cm in dimension and the results showed that cement board made from younger bamboo (1-2 year old) had better physical and mechanical characteristics than cement board made from the older bamboo. Most of physical and mechanical characteristics, except for modulus of rupture and dimensional stability, of cement board made from younger bamboo fulfill the Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS) A 5417-2003. The results also showed that cement board made from used bamboo had similar characteristics with cement board made from fresh bamboo. Key words: Young bamboo, used bamboo, cement board
KUALITAS PAPAN KOMPOSIT YANG TERBUAT DARI LIMBAH KAYU SENGON DAN KARTON DAUR ULANG Suhasman, .; Massijaya, Muh. Yusram; Hadi, Yusuf Sudo
PERENNIAL Vol 2, No 1 (2006)
Publisher : Forestry Faculty of Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (60.8 KB) | DOI: 10.24259/perennial.v2i1.147

Abstract

The use of recycled carton as an alternative material for the layer of composite board may increase the board strength properties. The objective of this research was to find out the influence of face and back layer types on the quality of produced boards. Materials used in this study were wafer made from sengon wood (Paraserianthes falcataria L. Nielsen), water based polymer isocyanate adhesive, and several kinds of cartons such as duplex carton, recycled carton, and waste of corrugated board. The composite board was produced with the target density of 0.65 g/cm3 and the resin solid content of 6% based on oven dry weight of particle, face and back layers. The results are as follows : 1) Utilization of carton layers improved the dimensional stability and bending strength of board; 2) Composite board with recycled carton layer fullfilled the Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS) A-5908-1994 for wafer board type in terms of density, water content, and modulus of rupture (MOR) in lengthwise and widhtwise of board but, did not fullfill that for veneered particled board type; 3) The presence of those layer material types decreased internal bond of the board. Keywords : composite board, face and back layer types, recyled carton
PELUANG INVESTASI USAHA BUDIDAYA KUTU LAK (Laccifer lacca Kerr): STUDI KASUS DI KPH PROBOLINGGO PERUM PERHUTANI UNIT II JAWA TIMUR Taskirawati, Ira ; Suratmo, F. Gunawan; Darusman, Dudung ; Haneda, Noor Farikhah
PERENNIAL Vol 4, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Forestry Faculty of Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/perennial.v4i1.179

Abstract

Lac insect (Laccifer lacca Kerr) is phytophogus insect, that feed on Kesambi Tree (Schleichera oleosa Merr). During its life cycle, lac insect has been producing secretion in liquid form, known as LAK and having many uses, such as varnish/polish, food cover, drug capsule, cassette ribbon, etc. In 2005, Perum Perhutani has produced 60.547 kg LAK pellets, but has not fulfilled yet market demand. Cultivation technique is still conducted in a very sampling, and easy to be studied. Investment in developing lac insect is also profitable, and promising. There are two choices of management schemes in it cultivate, the first is by infecting lac insect to the host tree when the tree is 15 years old (project I) and the second is by infecting lac insect when the tree is 4 years old (project I). Financially, the Project II is more beneficial than Project I, so that the investment for project II is reasonable to be done. The value of NPV+22.321.052.395, IRR 16.9%, BCR 1.55 and Net B/C 3.71 with discounted payback period for 10 year 8 months. Key words: Laccifer lacca Kerr, Schleichera oleosa Merr, investment opportunity, strategy in developing
SELEKSI PRIMER UNTUK ANALISIS KERAGAMAN GENETIK JENIS BITTI (Vitex coffassus) Gusmiaty, . ; Restu, Muh. ; Pongtuluran, Ira
PERENNIAL Vol 8, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Forestry Faculty of Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (191.818 KB) | DOI: 10.24259/perennial.v8i1.211

Abstract

The successful of genomic DNA amplification using RAPD technique was determined by the sequence of primer’s base and primer compound in each reaction. The aim of research was finding the best primer for genetic diversity analyses of Bitti (Vitex coffassus). The results of amplification showed that number of band between one to five bands (110-600 bp). The primer of OPK-10, OPA-17, OPQ-07 and OPP-08 can be used for genetic diversity analyses of Bitti. The best primer used for genetic diversity analyses of Bitti was OPP-08 because it had the highest number of bands (5 bands). Key words: OPP-08, Primer Selection, Vitex coffassus
UJI EFEKTIVITAS BAKTERI ANTAGONIS Pseudomonas flourescens DAN P. putida UNTUK MENGENDALIKAN P. solanacearum PENYEBAB PENYAKIT LAYU PADA TANAMAN MURBEI Nuraeni, Sitti ; Fattah, Abdul
PERENNIAL Vol 3, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : Forestry Faculty of Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/perennial.v3i2.170

Abstract

Pseudomonas solanacearum is a bacterial agent causing wilt disease on mulberry species and other woody plant in Indonesian. Biological control employing the antagonist bacteria such as P. fluorescens and P. Putida is a potential method. The aim of the research was to know the effectiveness of P. fluorescens and P. putida to suppress wilt diseases caused by P. solanacearum. The diseases control test with antagonist bacteria was conducted by immersion of root of seedlings in P. fluorescens and P. putida suspensions before planted in a growth medium inoculated by P. solanacearum with the all concentrations were 108 CFU/ml. The following parameters were observed: numbers of leaves, fresh and dry weights of leaves and severity of disease. The results of the effectiveness test showed that antagonist bacteria in the form of mixing of P. fluorescens and P. putida was the best, because they were capable to suppress wilt disease caused by P. solanacearum and increased productivity of mulberry leaves. keywords : antagonist bacteria, biological control, wilt disease
PEMANFAATAN INDERAJA DAN SISTEM INFORMASI GEOGRAFIS (SIG) DALAM INVENTARISASI LAHAN KRITIS DI KABUPATEN KOLAKA UTARA Baharuddin, .
PERENNIAL Vol 6, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Forestry Faculty of Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/perennial.v6i2.202

Abstract

At this time the technology required to conduct a study of land mainly related to land change and land condition analysis. To anticiapate this need for technology Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System (GIS) that can quickly and accurately to conduct a study on land resources. Critical land is a condition of land which is the result of an error in the maintenance and land management. Kolaka Utara Regency a new district which has the problem of land mainly biophysical and social condition.In this case the methode used is to land suitability analysis approach based on FAO and determination based on the rules Director General Land Rehabilitation and Social Forestry – DEPHUT, SK.167/V-SET/2004, combined with productivity data field based on their utilization. Based on the analysis with Remote Sensing and GIS in Kolaka Utara Regency result that is dominated by protected forest area of 163.376,51 ha (53,0 %), followed by limited production forest 65.887,63 ha (21 %), cultivation area 60.977,75 ha. (19,6 %) and production forest convertion 20.258,94 ha (6.5 %). Land use and land cover largest is forest area of 177.850,02 ha (57,3 %), cocoa palantation area 91.066.80 ha (29,3 %), garden mixed area18.517,76 ha (6,0 %), shrub area 11.615,40 ha (3,7 %), and clove plantation area 4.067,93 ha ( 1,3 %). Potential land critical area is 39.040,96 ha (12,6 %), land rather critical is 13.513,43 ha (4,4 %), critical land is 47.534,21 ha, (15,3 %) and land critical immensely is 19.509,42 ha (6,3 %), and land while the rest is not critical is 190.902,81 ha (61,5 %). Degraded land spread in all areas well outside the region (cultivate area) and within region (forest area). Key words: Inderaja, SIG, critical land
Interpretasi Objek Wisata di Taman Wisata Alam Cani Sirenreng, Kabupaten Bone Maulany, Risma Illa; Rachman, Muhammad Fiqhi; Achmad, Amran
PERENNIAL Vol 14, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Forestry Faculty of Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (266.863 KB) | DOI: 10.24259/perennial.v14i2.5647

Abstract

Cani Sirenreng Nature Tourism Park is located in the  Bone Regency  which is under managed of Bureau Agency of the Conservation of The Natural Resources of South Sulawesi. This research aims to develop materials for the purposes of the interpretation of natural attractions in Cani Sirenreng Nature Tourism Park. The tourism object of Cani Sirenreng Nature Tourism Park was studied based on block utilization. The tourism object interpreted are physical, biological (flora and fauna) and social-cultural around the park. The first track was the track to Baruttunge Waterfall which became the main object with a height of 70 m waterfall, which is formed on the three levels of waterfalls. The second track was  the track to Coppo Cempa which featuring rows of hills and panoramic sunrise or sunset. In the track of  Coppo Cempa, there were 27 species of birds found here including Sulawesi Serpent Eagle  and Rofous Wingged Buzzard which were protected under the regulation. Direct interaction with the community around and viewing direct harvesting of nira of sugar palm can also be done in this track. This information can be used as the interpretation material to visitors coming to Cani Sirenreng Nature Tourism ParkKey words: Nature Tourism Park; potential of nature tourism; track (interpretation) tourism.
SIMULASI PEMANFAATAN LAHAN BERDASARKAN PENDUGAAN EROSI TANAH: STUDI KASUS SUB DAS MOWEWE DI DAS KONAWEHA SULAWESI TENGGARA Malamassam, Miranda R.; Pakasi, Sandra E.
PERENNIAL Vol 2, No 2 (2006)
Publisher : Forestry Faculty of Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/perennial.v2i2.161

Abstract

Sub watershed of Mowewe has been considered as important regions in South East Sulawesi because it takes a great responsibility as a water supplier in Konaweha watershed. Konaweha watershed is a source of irrigation and domestic water for Kolaka Regency, Konawe Regency, South Konawe Regency and Kendari Municipality which have been recently in a critical condition. For this reason, it should be well managed. This study was implemented with the aim of establishing model of land use in Mowewe sub watershed that can preserve the land and water resources. The method employs a system analysis with simulation technique by using the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) model based on Geographical Information Systems (GIS). The result of the research revealed that the predicting soil erosion is 68,58 ton/ha/year, more than the Tolerable Soil Loss (TSL) value of 21,52 ton/ha/year. Therefore, restructuring of land use pattern should be done to improve the condition of the area to achieve a sustainability. Keywords : Watershed, land use, soil erosion, GIS