Sengketa dapat terjadi pada siapa saja dan dimana saja. Sengketa dapatÂ terjadiÂ antaraÂ individuÂ denganÂ individu,Â antaraÂ individuÂ dengan kelompok, antara kelompok dengan kelompok, antara perusahaan dengan perusahaan, antara perusahaan dengan negara, antara negara satu dengan yangÂ lainnya,Â danÂ sebagainya.Â Dengan kataÂ lain,Â sengketaÂ dapatÂ bersifat publik maupun bersifat keperdataan dan dapat terjadi baik dalam lingkup local nasional maupun internasional. SengketaÂ adalahÂ suatuÂ situasiÂ dimanaÂ adaÂ pihakÂ yangÂ merasa dirugikanÂ olehÂ pihakÂ lain, Â yangÂ kemudianÂ pihakÂ tersebut menyampaikan ketidakpuasanÂ Â iniÂ Â kepadaÂ Â pihakÂ Â kedua.Â Â JikaÂ Â situasi menunjukkan perbedaanÂ Â pendapat,Â Â makaÂ Â terjadi lahÂ Â apaÂ Â yangÂ dinamakan dengan sengketa. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji bagaimanakah mekanisme pengajuan Gugatan Sederhana berdasarkan Perma No. 2 Tahun 2016 dilihat dari asas sederhana, cepat dan biaya ringan. Penelitian ini juga akan melihat apa yang menjadi kendala dalam penerapan Gugatan Sederhana.Penelitian ini merupkan penelitian normatif dengan melihat pada norma-norma dan asas-asas yang berlaku. Bahan hukum terdiri dari bahan hukum primer, sekunder dan tersier. Pendekatan yang digunakan adalah pendektan undang-undang dan konseptual.
Business is one of main activity in supporting national economic matter. Business activity run by businessman, varied according to their existence in regulation, activity or legal standing. In lower level for example, businessman are person with limited resources, but for middle or higher level, the activity run by business entity including incorporated and not a legal entity such person or cooperative as a corporation. This article examine legal aspect in applying criminal sanction to businessmen who act fraud in business according to Article 379a Criminal Code of Indonesia (KUHP). This article also examine the reason for those fraud action and analyze the enforcement by law enforcer. The result show that business is one of economic activity that seek profit but in some way the activity run by using inappropriate action which hurm other businessman. The reason for those fraud action are the weaknes of human resources; unethical behavior in business activity; and the weakness of law enforcement. Enforcement of article 379a in order to ensure legal certainty, equality before the law and legal protection still work slowly.
The sovereignty is the highest attribute of a state that shoul be respected by another states. In any situation it must not be violated by others but the result of this research shows that F-18 Hornet air craft is state air craft has done a sovereignty collision over Indonesian air space with fly without permission of Indonesian government and made some manuver in civil flight line that endangered the safety of navigation of civil air craft aviation. This reserch also shows that the military strenght of USA is bigger than Indonesianâ€™s, influence the sovereignty colission over Indonesian air space, made by F-18 Hornet. Therefore in the international relationship between states, then diplomatic settlement is the best way to choose. Beside that, it is important to determine the limit between air space and outer space, then coul be knew how far the souvereingty of a state over air space.
With so many Indonesian Workers who work abroad showed that the government's ability to provide jobs is very limited. Statistical news 2016 states that the number of placement of Indonesian workers Abroad in 2016 amounted to 153. 804 with details of Indonesian manpower formal 82.443 Indonesian workers and informal 71.361 Indonesian workers. Comparing the two types of workers in the formal and informal sectors, the subject-matter of the author adopted is to provide protection to informal workers thus have a legal position that is better and stronger through a certificate of competence so as to protect the rights of workers and bargaining power balanced between giver employers and workers.Â Keywords: Legal Protection, Labor Indonesia, Certificate of Competency.
This article describes the legal responsibility for the government officials involved lawsuit of the procurement of goods and services. Each year the government officials (budget users, official commitment maker, and procurement officer) is requiered to absorb optimally budget in order to succed the government development program, yet the other side they will experience â€œquandaryâ€ in the audit process by the Audit Board of The Republic Indonesia. the lower decree of checks and verification set off civil and administrative lawsuit attracted to the criminal responsibility. This causes the psichological effect for the government officials related to the procurement of goods and services. The problems researched: firstly, what is the factor causing the government officials of the procurement which will be able to involve law suit concerning on the corruption which has type of the financial harm state?; secondly, How is the legal responsibility for the government officials of the procurement fairly involved the corruption lawsuit having the type of the financial harm state. The research methods used by this research is the normative legal research applying the conceptual and legislation approach. The result of first discussion often find in the field of procurement officers and officials is a commitment-makers who are not competent in their field so the procurement process does not give good results and obey the law. The second result, law enfocer often has checked and verified a procurement lawsuit easily concerning in the corruption which has type of the financial harm state even though the facts found to be more civil and administrative
Legal protection for all workers/employees, especially for educators who work on the foundation, is absolutely necessary, since there are still many cases involving the university and the foundation. These problems still continue to haunt educators, so it needs concerted effort to minimize existing problems.Although there are regulations governing the relations between workers/employees with employers, but in a practical level is still not fully implemented. It is associated with several problems, one of which is the position of educators at the level of sub-ordinate more than the foundation. The phenomenon canâ€™t be happen when educators take the advantage of legal protection that already regulated by legislation.This study will elaborate on legal protection for the workers, especially for educators. The research method is a normative juridical approach using approach legislation.The results are legal protections for educators stipulated in Law No. 21 Year 2000 on the labor Unions, in particular regarding the purpose of the establishment of labor unions. In addition, Law No. 13 of 2003 on Employment already protect workers/employees, including educators, namely through union/employeeÂ Keywords: Legal protection, employment, educators, labor union
AbstrakDengan berkembangnya sistem bisnis e-commerce di Indonesia diperlukan berbagai peraturan dan regulasi untuk menghadirkanÂ aturan main yang jelas dan memberikan kepastian hukum kepada para pelaku usaha bisnis e-commerce di Indonesia. Pada tahun 2014, Pemerintah Republik Indonesia telah mengeluarkan peraturan Perundang-undangan yang mengatur bisnis e-commerce di Indonesia dengan terbitnya Undang - undang No. 7 Tahun 2014 tentang Perdagangan.Â Peraturan ini dijadikan dasar hukum penyelenggara Perdagangan Melalui Sistem Elektronik (PMSE) dan konsumen dalam kegiatan perdagangan via sistem elektronik. Undang - undang No. 7 Tahun 2014 mendefinisikan PMSE sebagai perdagangan yang transaksinya dilakukan dengan serangkaian perangkat atau prosedur elektronik.Â Dalam hal ini yang termasuk dalam PMSE adalah pedagang/merchant dan PPSE (Penyelenggara Perdagangan Secara Elektronik) seperti penyelenggara komunikasi elektronik, iklan elektronik, penyelenggara sistem aplikasi transaksi elektronik, penyelenggara sistem aplikasi transaksi elektronik, penyelenggara jasa aplikasi sistem pembayaran secara elektronik, serta penyelenggara jasa dan sistem aplikasi pengiriman barang yang secara keseluruhannya digunakan dalam transaksi perdagangan secara elektronik.Â Kata kunci : bisnis, e commerce, konsumen, perdagangan, transaksi.Â AbstractThe development of e-commerce business system in Indonesia required a variety of rules and regulations to present clear rules and provide legal certainty to businesses e-commerce in Indonesia. In 2014, the Government of the Republic of Indonesia has issued a regulation legislation governing e-commerce business in Indonesia with the publication of Law - Law No. 7 Year 2014 regarding Trade.Â This regulation is used as the legal basis organizer Trading Through Electronic Systems (PMSE) and consumers in trading activity via an electronic system. Law - Law No. 7 of 2014 defines PMSE as trade transactions are conducted with a series of devices or electronic procedure.Â In this case that is included in PMSE is a trader / merchant and PPSE (Organizer Trading Electronically) as providers of electronic communication, electronic advertising, organizing systems for electronic commerce applications, organizer systems for electronic commerce applications, a service provider payment system applications electronically, as well as service providers delivery and application systems in total are used in electronic commerce transactions.Â Keywords: business, e commerce, consumer, trade, transaction.
Indonesia plays an important role in the ASEAN region as well as in the global community, therefore investment policy become one of the major concern to government. To meet and accomodate the business enviroment both domestic and overseas that need capital investment, thus to develop the economic growth and build a suistainable economic stability in the region as well as for the people of Indonesia, it isÂ neccessary to stipulate the inevestment law that provide all the need . Therefore the government has replaced the old law with the newÂ Investment Law, the law No 25 of 2007.Â The Law provides the basic principle of legal certainty, non discrimination and Â same treatment for investors both domestic and overseas. The principles of opennes, accountability, togetherness and the concept of repatriation support the friendly investment atmosphere in Indonesia. As well as the supportive fasilities and easy procedure for investors to invest and build business in Indonesia. One of important issues regarding to Investment law is to increase the direct investment, instead of indirect investment that its contribution has a difference impact to the real sectors and economic growth.The question is the law and supportive law accomodatively provides the need of investment enviroment, knowing the economic growth has been influenced by the era of globalization and in fact Indonesia has signed and ratified international agreement as well. This writing will give a slighty persfective according to Indonesian Investment law and other supportive law, both national and international .Â Keywords: Law, Investment, Government Regulation, Principles, international law