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Contact Name
Marthin Kalay
Contact Email
marthinkalay@yahoo.com
Phone
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Journal Mail Official
agrologia@yahoo.com
Editorial Address
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Location
Kota ambon,
Maluku
INDONESIA
AGROLOGIA : Jurnal Ilmu Budidaya Tanaman
Published by Universitas Pattimura
ISSN : 23017287     EISSN : 25809636     DOI : -
Agrologia: Journal of Plant Cultivation is a means of publicizing the results of research and articles. The scope of the study published in Agrologia includes: - Agronomy - Plant diseases and pests - Soil science - Environment
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 110 Documents
Efek Dolomit Dan Sp-36 Terhadap Bintil Akar, Serapan N Dan Hasil Kacang Tanah (Arachis hypogaea L.) Pada Tanah Kambisol Silahooy, Charles
Agrologia Vol 1, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Pattimura University, Ambon

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (107.232 KB) | DOI: 10.30598/a.v1i2.283

Abstract

Maluku in general and Ambon municipality in particular is a region with the lowest peanut production as compared to its national production. Cambisol is one of soil type that has good soil physical properties, but it is low in N and P contents and has an acidic reaction that inhibit the growth of peanut plants.  The research was conducted in a plastic house in Halong Village, Teluk Ambon Baguala Subdistrict, from April to Juli 2012. This research used a Completely Randomized Design with two factors, i.e. factor 1 with three levels of dolomite fertilization, consisting of D0 (without dolomite), D1 (0.3g dolomite per pot), D2 (0.6 g dolomite per pot), and factor 2 with three levels of phosphate fertilization consisting of P0 (without phosphate fertilizer), P1 (0.7 g SP-36 per pot) and P2 (1.4 SP-36 per pot). The results showed that the application of SP-36 increased the number of root nodules and yield of peanut. Response was even better if accompanied by the application of dolomite. Leaf N uptake could be enhanced by application SP-36, but it was independ from the application of dolomite. The highest peanut yield of 41.83 g per pot was achieved with the fertilizer combination of D1P2  (0.3 g dolomite per pot and  1.4 g SP36 per pot)
Serangan Ulat Jengkal (Hyposidra talaca Wlk.) Pada Bibit Pakoba (Syzygium luzonense (Merr.) Merr.) Di Persemaian Hidayah, Hanif Nurul; Irawan, Arif; Anggraini, Illa
Agrologia Vol 6, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Pattimura University, Ambon

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (117.775 KB) | DOI: 10.30598/a.v6i1.182

Abstract

Obstace of pakoba (Syzygium luzonense (Merr.) Merr.) cultivation in nursery is  twig caterpillar (Hyposidra talaca WLK) attacks. The Pest symptoms was holes in the leaves especially young leaves; twig caterpillar enable to attack all leaves of pakoba seed. Severe attacks cause death of seedlings. There are five blocks in pakoba nursery that were observed; 1014 pakoba seedlings were grown in these blocks. The average percentage of twig caterpillar’s attack was quite high, reached 49.34%. Twig caterpillar has been controlled by integrated pest management. Chemical control to decrease twig caterpillars attack in nursery has been done by using half dose of insecticide profenofos.
Pemanfaatan Kompos Ela Sagu, Sekam Dan Dedak Sebagai Media Perbanyakan Agens Hayati Trichoderma harzianum Rifai. Uruilal, Costanza; Kalay, A. Marthin; Kaya, Elizabet; Siregar, Adelina
Agrologia Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Pattimura University, Ambon

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (247.979 KB) | DOI: 10.30598/a.v1i1.295

Abstract

The use of biological agents to prevent the growth of plant diseases is aimed at decreasing the capability of particular pathogen, preventing their growth and spread, reducing the infection and intensity of pathogenic attack to main plants. Trichoderma harzianum is commonly found in almost all types of soil, and is one of fungi that can be used as biological agents to control plant pathogens.  Growth and development of this fungi are mostly influenced by factors such as temperature, light, air, and pH.  It is also dependents on other nutrients such as carbon, nitrogen and plain carbohydrate which are contained in sago waste (ela), bran and rice husk. The objective of this study is to find out the utilization of sago waste, bran and rice husk as media to multiply the biological agents T. harzianum. The result of this study showed that sago waste compost could  be used as a medium to multiply the antagonist T. harzianum; when appropriately mixed with bran and rice husk (1:1:1 v/v), sago waste composts would be an effective media to develop the T. harzianum fungus. This mixture is better compared to sago waste composts, husk, sago waste composts and bran, and sago waste composts and husk. It is doe to the fact that in the media number of spore of T. harzianum (7,08 x 109/mL) increased and colony characteristics was dense..
Pengaruh Aplikasi Pupuk Hayati, Vermikompos Dan Pupuk Anorganik Terhadap Kandungan N, Populasi Azotobacter sp. Dan Hasil Kedelai Edamame (Glycine max (L.) Merill) Pada Inceptisols Jatinangor. Setiawati, Mieke Rochimi; Sofyan, Emma Trinurani; Nurbaity, Anne; Suryatmana, Pujawati; Marihot, Gordon Pius
Agrologia Vol 6, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Pattimura University, Ambon

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (81.232 KB) | DOI: 10.30598/a.v6i1.174

Abstract

In Indonesia, Inceptisols is the largest soil order on which intensive agriculture is done. The fertility of this soil order is low, so that it is necessary to improve the soil fertility by using biofertilizers and organic matter. The objectives of this experiment were to determine the effect of a biofertilizer that contains microbe Azotobacter sp., Vermicompost and N, P, K Fertilizer on N content, the population of Azotobacter sp., and the yield of the Edamame soybeans at Inceptisols Jatinangor. A Field experiment was conducted by using Randomized Blocked Design consisted of 10 treatments and three replication. The combinations of these treatments consisted of: control (no treatment), the dose recommendation Urea 100 kg ha-1 + SP36 150 kg ha-1 + KCl 125 kg ha-1, 5 ton ha-1 vermicompost + ½ recommendation ha-1 N, P, K, 5 ton ha-1 vermicompost + 1 recommendation ha-1 N, P, K, 5 ton ha-1 vermicompost + 1½ recommendation ha-1 N, P, K, 10 ton ha-1 vermicompost + ½ recommendation ha-1 N, P, K, 10 ton ha-1 vermicompost + 1 recommendation ha-1 N, P, K, 10 ton ha-1 vermicompost + 1½ recommendation ha-1 N, P, K, 5 ton ha-1 vermicompost +  ½ recommendation ha-1 N, P, K + liquid biofertilizers 5 L ha-1, 10 ton ha-1 Vermicompost + ½ recommendation ha-1 N, P, K + liquid biofertilizers 5 L ha-1.  The experimental results showed that the combined treatment of liquid biofertilizer, Vermicompost and N, P, K fertilizer enhanced the population of Azotobacter sp. and weight of soybean but did not significantly influence N uptake.
Pengaruh Kompos Jerami Dan Pupuk NPK Terhadap N-Tersedia Tanah, Serapan-N, Pertumbuhan, Dan Hasil Padi Sawah (Oryza sativa L) Kaya, Elizabet
Agrologia Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Pattimura University, Ambon

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (70.353 KB) | DOI: 10.30598/a.v2i1.277

Abstract

Nitrogen is a major nutrient for plant growth, nitrogen was absorbed by plant roots in the form of NO3-(nitrate) and NH4+ (ammonium). Nitrogen deficiency affects negatively on plants, like stunted plant, leaf turns yellow, and limited rooting system, while excess nitrogen causes elongated vegetative growth, easy to fall down, reduce the grain quality and its response to pests and diseases. The purpose of this study is to determine the available soil-N, plant N uptake and growth as well as the yield of paddy rice (Oryza sativa L) due to the treatment of straw compost and NPK fertilizer. Treatment was carried out in a factorial experiment designed in randomized block design, the straw compost factor consisted of  two dose levels: 0 and 3.0 ton ha-1 and NPK fertilizer factor consisted of five dose levels: 0, 75, 150, 225, and 300 kg ha-1 with three replications. Research findings indicated that the amendment of straw compost together with NPK fertilizer increased the plant uptake of N, but straw compost improved independently the soil-N, and plant growth (plant height and number of tillers/clump). Likewise, NPK fertilizer independently increased soil-N, growth parameter (plant height and number of tillers/clump) and grain yield (number of grains/panicle and number of filled grain/panicle). The straw compost amendment at 3 tons ha-1 along with 150 kg NPK ha-1 resulted the highest N-uptake of 3.51%.
Pengaruh Effective Inoculant Promi Dan Em4 Terhadap Laju Dekomposisi Dan Kualitas Kompos Dari Sampah Kota Ambon Manuputty, M. C; Jacob, Agustinus; Johanis P, Johanis P.
Agrologia Vol 1, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Pattimura University, Ambon

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (338.04 KB) | DOI: 10.30598/a.v1i2.290

Abstract

Solid waste management is an old problem in urban areas.  High population growth rates have caused the increasing amount of wastes generated. One of the efforts to solve the problem is to recycle the organic wastes by composting. The purpose of this research was to find out the influence of effective inoculants PROMI and EM4 on decomposition rate and compost quality from municipal waste in Ambon. This research used a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) in single factor experiment using 2 effective inoculants, i.e. PROMI (no Promi = P0, 24 gr Promi/10 kg organic waste = P1, 48 gr Promi/10 kg organic waste = P2) and EM4 (no EM4 = E0, 150 ml EM4/10 kg organic waste = E1, 300 ml EM4/10 kg organic waste = E2). The treatments consisted of the 2 types of inoculants with 3 dosages of each, and 3 replications. The result showed that the addition of effective inoculant EM4 with a dosage of 300 ml per 10 kg organic waste (E2) was more effective compared to the other treatments in accelerating the decomposition rate in 28 days. This was supported by decomposition rate indicators, such as compost physical characteristics, C/N ratio (11.56), and the increased compost quality, such as pH (8.03), Nitrogen (2.91%), Phosphorus (141.33 mg per 100g P2O5), Potassium (553.67 mg per100g K2O). This compost was in accordance to Indonesia National Standard (INS) or Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI) of organic manure No. 19-7030-2004.
Penggunaan Ekstrak Buah Hutung (Barringtonia Asiatika) Untuk Mengendalikan Hama Maruca Testulalis Penggerek Polong Pada Kacang Panjang Siahaya, Riski; Siahaya, Victor George; Kalay, Marthin; Talahaturuson, Abraham
Agrologia Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Pattimura University, Ambon

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (75.838 KB) | DOI: 10.30598/a.v6i2.169

Abstract

The use of synthetic chemicals to control plant pest should to be limited by utilizing natural products so that environmental contamination can be reduced and crop yields are safe to eat. The aim of this research is to get the effective concentration and application time of hutung fruit (Barringtonia asiatika) extract to control Maruca testulalis pod borer on long bean. The experiments design was complety randomized block design with treatments of  5% extract of hutung fruit with interval of time of two days application, 5% extract of nutmeg with time interval of three days application, 10% extract of nutmeg with time interval of two days application, 10% fruit extract hutung with a three-day application time interval. Two control treatments were 0.1% Decis insecticide with a three-day application time interval three replications and without any treatment. The result showed that 10% hutung fruit extract with two days application time interval was the best treatment and could decrease the intensity of Maruca testulalis pest borer attack on long bean up to 39,14%.
Pengujian Viabilitas Dan Vigor Benih Beberapa Jenis Tanaman Yang Beredar Di Pasaran Kota Ambon Lesilolo, M.K; Riry, Johan; Matatula, E.A
Agrologia Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Pattimura University, Ambon

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (105.828 KB) | DOI: 10.30598/a.v2i1.272

Abstract

This study aims to identify and determine the viability and vigor of seeds of some species of plants in Ambon city market. This research was conducted in the Laboratory of Seed Control and Certification Institute (BPSB) Passo and at the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Pattimura Greenhouse Ambon from February to April 2012. The method used was testing seed with duplo system and using T test with three replications. There were eight seed plant types tested, i.e corn, mustard, long bean, eggplant, bitter melon, cucumber, large chili, and cabbage. Responses observed consisted of viability parameters, i.e. germination percentage, germination rate, and germination rate index, and vigor parameters consisted of simultaneity sprouted seeds and sprouted seeds pace. The results showed that seeds in the market city of Ambon, such as corn, mustard, long beans, eggplant, bitter melon, cucumber, large chili, and cabbage were in excellent quality, as shown by the results of the seed germination rate which reached 90.33 - 97.33% at laboratory test, meanwhile at greenhouse test the rate reached 90.33 - 94.33%, strong vigor with synchrony seed grow were 51.00 - 64.67%, and the growth rate reached 29.46 - 33.65%.
Pelestarian Secara In Vitro Melalui Metode Pertumbuhan Lambat Pada Beberapa Genotipe Ubi Jalar (Ipomea Batatas (L) Lam) Laisina, Jean K J
Agrologia Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Pattimura University, Ambon

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (62.285 KB) | DOI: 10.30598/a.v2i2.267

Abstract

The objectives of this research were to estimate responses of several sweet potato genotypes in preservation media through in vitro slow growth preservation, and to achieve cheap and accessible media. Experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design with a single factor. The experimental factor was sweet potato genotype (Sukuh, 421.34,343.15 and 2040.8). These genotype were tested in a preservation media which consisted of 15% coconut water +  30 mg/l aspirin + 50 g/l sucrose + 7 g/l agar. Experiment was replicated four times. Data was analyzed parametrically and non-parametrically. The result showed that genotype gave high responses to preservation media. Genotype Sukuh produced highest leaves while genotype 421.34 yielded highest numbers of root and internode. In the preservation medium of Genotype Sukuh through in vitro slow growth preservation, aspirin could be added to inhibit growth by increased leaf senesence. This experiment also showed that Hiponex (20:20:20) could be used as the basic media for in vitro preservation of sweet potato
Studi Perladangan Berpindah Dari Suku Wemale Di Kecamatan Inamosol Kabupaten Seram Bagian Barat Matinahoru, Johan M
Agrologia Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Pattimura University, Ambon

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (72.745 KB) | DOI: 10.30598/a.v2i2.262

Abstract

Shifting cultivation is a farming system  in which farmers  cultivate through a movement of activity from a place to another  in the secondary or primary forest. Wemale tribe in the Inamosol District of West Seram Regency are able to open forest area about 0.2 – 1.0 hectare in each year for practing the shifting cultivation. To understand how Wemale tribe practiced the shifting cultivation, a research has been  conducted with the main objevtive to know the factors that determined  the variation of the land size of the shifting cultivation. The method used in the research was by interview and direct observation in the field. The results of the research indicated that variation of land size of the shifting culvation that was practiced by the Wemale tribe were the number of  household labors and the number  of children in the household that were still active in the process of education

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