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INDONESIA
Psychological Research on Urban Society
Published by Universitas Indonesia
ISSN : 26203960     EISSN : 26158582     DOI : -
Psychological Research on Urban Society (PRoUSt) welcomes excellent empirical and theoretical contributions to applied research related to the psychology of urban issues. Reviews are also welcome, as are replications of previous research. Articles deal with all fields on urban society, such as urban mental health and well-being, educational and child development in urban society, intergroup relation, acculturation, and identity formation in urban contexts, urban social issues (e.g., poverty, traffic, crime and violence), urban culture, and urban issues on employment and organizational behavior. As these topics are closely related to issues in other disciplines, this journal is open to contributions of an interdisciplinary nature.
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Articles 25 Documents
How a Leader Transforms Employees’ Psychological Empowerment Into Innovative Work Behavior Prabowo, Rahadi; Mustika, Martina Dwi; Sjabadhyni, Bertina
Psychological Research on Urban Society Vol 1, No 2 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (372.511 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/proust.v1i2.32

Abstract

Businesses, especially those in urban areas, rely on innovation as a crucible of growth. Therefore, innovation is central to a business’s success. A transformational leader spurs their employees’ capability and efficacy. As a result, employees feel valued by the company, which encourages them to be innovative in the workplace. Thus, they can be inventive without fearing a reprimand by superiors. We argue that psychological empowerment indirectly influences the relationship between transformational leadership and innovative work behavior. This study surveyed 292 employees from different organizational types (e.g., private sector and public sector) in urban areas. The results of the study’s moderated mediation analysis demonstrate that innovative work behavior is the outcome of psychological empowerment through transformational leadership. Therefore, a transformational leader tends to empower their employees psychologically, which may improve employees’ ability to be more innovative at work. Furthermore, organizational types play a role in influencing employees’ psychological empowerment.
Core Self-Evaluations and Innovative Behavior Among Microentrepreneurs: The Mediating Effect of Proactive Personality Purba, Debora Eflina; Paundra, Joshua
Psychological Research on Urban Society Vol 1, No 1 (2018): April 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (542.438 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/proust.v1i1.30

Abstract

Given the key role that entrepreneurs play in a country’s economic growth, there is a need to study how entrepreneurs innovate for their firm’s survival. This study aims to investigate the mediating effect of proactive personality on the relationship between core self-evaluations (CSE) and innovative behaviors among microentrepreneurs. Data was obtained from a survey administered to 307 micro entrepreneurs in Jakarta, Indonesia and its surrounding cities. Data was tested using Hayes’ PROCESS macro on SPSS. Results showed that proactive personality mediated the relationship between CSE and innovative behavior, whereby CSE leads to proactive personality, which in turn influences innovative behavior. Theoretical and practical implications of the findings are further discussed
Premarital Sexual Compliance among Urban Indonesian Women: A Descriptive Study Kristanti, Inez; Poerwandari, Elizabeth Kristi
Psychological Research on Urban Society Vol 1, No 1 (2018): April 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (375.756 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/proust.v1i1.8

Abstract

Premarital sexual compliance is a common phenomenon found among women, and this tendency is influenced by the socialization of gender roles. This descriptive study examines the prevalence of and reasons for premarital sexual compliance by women in Jakarta. What surroundings are they in? What aspects of their relationships precede it? And, what are the emotional consequences of sexually compliant behavior? From 1,444 research participants obtained through accidental sampling, 391 participants have performed sexual compliance. The data for these 391 individuals was analyzed to explore and identify the intricacies of this behavior by urban women in Jakarta. Results show that gender roles and the sexual script seem to influence the occurrence of premarital sexual compliance behavior. One suggested intervention or prevention measure to eradicate this issue, among others, would be the development of a program designed to increase sexual assertiveness and to execute comprehensive sex education programs in schools.
Challenges of Parenting in an Urban Setting Hendriati, Agustina; Okvitawanli, Ayu
Psychological Research on Urban Society Vol 2, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (258.604 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/proust.v2i1.43

Abstract

Child development is affected by the physical and socio-cultural environment, both directly and through parental behavior. This paper examines the characteristics of urban environments in comparison with rural areas, along with their implications for parenting practices. Challenges facing urban parents are discussed, including time scarcity, failure to impart moral values, work/life imbalance, and the lack of emotional bonding. The case of Jakarta as a mega city has been chosen to illustrate these challenges. The paper also suggests some solutions be adopted from experience in more developed countries.
Behavioral Skills Training Program to Improve Personal Safety Skills for a Down Syndrome Adolescent with Mild Intellectual Disability Kumalasari, Dewi; Kurniawati, Farida
Psychological Research on Urban Society Vol 1, No 2 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/proust.v1i2.28

Abstract

This study investigated the effectiveness of a Behavioral Skills Training program that aimed to improve the personal safety skills of a Down syndrome adolescent with mild intellectual disability. Personal safety was defined as an ability to recognize touch appropriateness, including four self-protective skills; resisting, removing, telling others, and reporting any inappropriate touch experienced. This single-subject design was administered over three days. The results demonstrated that the program was effective at improving the subject’s personal safety skills due to his achieving 97% of the maximum score. The subject was able to master the skills of recognizing, resisting, removing and telling others with a 100% score, while his reporting skill score was 83%. A repetition of this program has been recommended with a specific focus on developing reporting skills. To improve the program’s effectiveness further, in-situ training, training for test administrators, and the provision of reinforcements has been suggested.
Greetings from the desk of the Editor-in-Chief R. Suradijono, Sri Hartati
Psychological Research on Urban Society Vol 1, No 1 (2018): April 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (109.178 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/proust.v1i1.26

Abstract

Greetings from the desk of the Editor-in-Chief
Coping with Sexual Abuse Romeo, Tameka; Otgaar, Henry; Landstrom, Sara
Psychological Research on Urban Society Vol 1, No 1 (2018): April 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (322.286 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/proust.v1i1.11

Abstract

General consensus exists in the psychological literature with regard to what constitutes child sexual abuse (CSA) and the negative implications for victims of CSA throughout the course of their lives. Recently, different types of cognitive strategies that victims may use to cope with CSA and the possible effects of these coping strategies on memory have received considerable empirical attention. The first aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the current literature about why, how, and when victims of CSA use the cognitive coping strategies of false denial, disclosure, and recantation to cope with psychological, emotional, and even interpersonal implications of their abuse. Over the years, disclosure is the one strategy that has been researched extensively, whereas research on false denial and recantation has barely just begun. The second aim is to provide a recent overview of the relationship between coping strategies and memory in the context of CSA. Specifically, we will discuss how false denials may have the potential to negatively affect a victim’s memory. Finally, we present an argument for the need to undertake research into insufficiently examined coping strategies such as false denial and recantation.
Access or Ownership? The effect of car attributes and collective psychological ownership on the preference for car subscription services Szamatowicz, Marcin; Paundra, Joshua
Psychological Research on Urban Society Vol 2, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (417.29 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/proust.v2i1.44

Abstract

Alternative transportation services for urban commuters expand with car subscription services. Car subscription services give drivers access to cars without ownership for a relatively longer time period (e.g., months) than other sharing economy transportation services. Based on a mix of between- and within-subject design online experiment involving 274 participants, this study investigates traditional and upcoming subscribed car features namely, mileage limit, price, self-driving capability, advanced safety systems, and the moderating influence of collective psychological ownership of these features on people’s preference for car subscription services. The results suggest that these features significantly impact people’s preference toward this service. Collective psychological ownership was found to moderate the influence of self-driving capability and advance safety systems on people’s preference for car subscription services. Individuals with high collective psychological ownership preferred subscription cars with self-driving capability and were more concerned with the lack of advanced safety systems in a subscription car. Car subscription companies need to consider traditional (price and mileage limit), and upcoming features (self-driving capability and advance safety systems) when offering their services. More importantly, the moderating influence of collective psychological ownership on these features means that car subscription companies should account for people’s psychological disposition when considering additional car features.
Indonesian Older Adults’ Mental Health: An Overview Hanum, Lathifah; Utoyo, Dharmayati Bambang; Jaya, Edo Sebastian
Psychological Research on Urban Society Vol 1, No 2 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/proust.v1i2.33

Abstract

Many studies have been conducted on the prevalence of common psychological problems among older adults, but most of them were in a Western setting. This study aims to provide some data on the mental health of Indonesian older adults, specifically those related to stress, chronic pain acceptance, depression, and insomnia. Results show a high prevalence of psychological problems among older Indonesian adults, which is comparable to the findings of Western studies. This means that these older adults are at risk for psychological disorders; 46.28% experienced stress, 31.72% were depressed, 33.69% suffered from insomnia, and 16.84% had difficulty dealing with chronic pain. However, access to psychological services in Indonesia remains far below the Western standard.
Consequences of False Memories in Eyewitness Testimony: A Review and Implications for Chinese Legal Practice Wang, Jianqin; Otgaar, Henry; Smeets, Tom; Howe, Mark L.; Merckelbach, Harald; Zhuo, Chu
Psychological Research on Urban Society Vol 1, No 1 (2018): April 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (336.411 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/proust.v1i1.15

Abstract

False memories can result in severe legal consequences including the imprisonment of innocent people. False memory in eyewitnesses is the largest factor contributing to miscarriages of justice in the United States. To date, no study has focused on how false memories might play a role in the Chinese legal system. The purpose of this review is to summarize the latest findings on false memory and eyewitness testimony in the literature, and to shed some light on how the Chinese legal system may incorporate these experiences into practice. Overall, false memories of eyewitnesses are generated either by external misleading information or by internal cognitive processes; false memories may guide police investigations in the wrong direction or cause eyewitnesses to misidentify an innocent person as the perpetrator. We conclude that specially designed interview protocols such as the Cognitive Interview, warnings given to eyewitnesses, and blind lineup administration may prevent or lower the risk of false memory occurrence.

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