PHILOSOPHICA Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Budaya
ISSN : 26555662     EISSN : 26549263
This journal is aimed at promoting a principled approach to research on literature, language, and culture by encouraging enquiry into relationship between theoretical and practical studies.
Articles 12 Documents
Relasi Game Warspear dan Kemampuan Berbicara Serta Kosakata Mahasiswa Sastra Inggris Universitas Ngudi Waluyo

Saptanto, Deswandito Dwi, Wibowo, Tri Arie

PHILOSOPHICA Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Budaya Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Ngudi Waluyo

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Abstract

The material and learning process in lectures to improve speaking skills and vocabulary at present generally still have a conventional pattern that is with the teaching and learning process such as lectures, giving material or topics to be discussed along with role play activities as well as structured assignments with media practice questions. Students who have received lecture materials with conventional methods tend to have a sense of boredom, this will certainly lead to a decline in the level of enthusiasm of student learning, as well as directly impacting the existence and presence of students in the lectures. Creative, innovative and interactive learning processes become problem solvers of this problem. This study contributes that is combining between giving lecture material creatively and innovatively by using information and communication technology media in the form of games in order to improve the ability and enthusiasm of students to learn speech and vocabulary material interactively. In this study, researchers used a game called Warspear which focused on communication that occurred between characters in the game. This study uses a qualitative descriptive method in the form of surveys, giving questionnaires, interviews and observations. The method is to answer the problem that the game can improve the ability of students in the scope of speaking and vocabulary and games are good learning tools, and have a positive impact on students.

The Semantics and Pragmatics Analysis of Javanese and English Apologetic Speech Acts

Ghasani, Betari Irma

PHILOSOPHICA Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Budaya Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Ngudi Waluyo

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Abstract

Reconsidering the role of apologizing as one of fundamental aspects in speech act learner has become important nowadays. It is argued that acquiring apologizing speech act can build their attitude. The purpose of this study is analyzing semantic and pragmatic of Javanese apologetic speech act, especially with respect how Javanese apologetic speech act expression differ conceptuallyfrom English expression. In order to fi nd out the differences between Javanese apologetic speech act nuwun sewu”and English speech act sorry, I used the natural semantic metalanguage proposed by Wierzbicka (1987). Furthermore, I described some distinguishable features of Javanese culture as well. By using Blum-Kulka (1989) and her collaboration model, I analyzed Javanese apologyspeech act strategies found in several conversations and situations. The fi ndings of my study are the attitudinal meanings of nuwun sewu and sorry, as well as the illocutionary acts associated with the two expressions are different. My study further suggests that conceptualizing speech act expressions, using semantically simple words, may help second learners acquire the proper ways of using speechacts in the target language and culture.

Efektivitas Permainan Taboo Words dalam Meningkatkan Kemampuan Kosakata Mahasiswa Sastra Inggris Universitas Ngudi Waluyo

Nurjanah, Ratih Laily, Pratama, Mochamad Rizqi Adhi

PHILOSOPHICA Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Budaya Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Ngudi Waluyo

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Abstract

Mahasiswa Sastra Inggris Universitas Ngudi Waluyo megalami kesulitan dalam meghapalkan kosakata-kosakata bahasa Inggirs. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keefektifan permainan taboo words dalam meningkatkan penguasaan kosakata mahasiswa Sastra Inggris Universitas Ngudi Waluyo. Desain penelitian menggunakan desain pretest posttest experimental design. Hasil pretest dan posttest menunjukkan bahwa taboo words efektif untuk meningkatkan penguasaan kosakata mahasiswa. Hal ini dibuktikan dengan penambahan nilai rata-rata mahasiswa dari 73,4 menjadi 82,75. Dari penelitian ini, dapat disimpulkan bahwa model pengajaran dengan menggunakan permainan Taboo Words efektif dalam meningkatkan kemampuan kosakata mahasiswa.

Analisis Makna Kata Enak dan Kuchi Sebagai Polisemi (Kajian Linguistik kognitif)

Sulhiyah, Sulhiyah

PHILOSOPHICA Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Budaya Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Ngudi Waluyo

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Abstract

As a system, language consists of several elements or levels that form a complete construction. These elements are sounds or phonemes, morphemes, words, phrases, clauses, sentences, paragraphs, and discourses. Furthermore, these elements can be studiedthrough the branches of linguistics that have been available in accordance with theseelements. This study aims to determine the classifcation of the meaning of polysemicmeaning "enak" and to investigate the classifcation of Polysemi meaning of the wordkuchi (mouth) from the point of view of cognitive linguistics. The research method usedis qualitative descriptive (descriptive research) by recording from several references. thetechnical method and data collection are carried out using the listening method and tapping technique, while the advanced technique is a note-taking technique. From the resultsof the study, it was concluded that the word tasty not only means the delicious taste ofa food that is felt by the taste buds, but also the feeling felt by all members of the bodyand feelings. The word kuchi not only has the meaning of an oral cavity, but it can beinterpreted as a good deed that is good or bad, and can also be interpreted as a job seeking activity Keywords: cognitive linguistics, fgure of speech, enak, kuchi (mouth)

The Use of Deixis in Narrative Texts in the BSE English Textbook's "Developing English Competencies 1"

Ibnus, Nizar

PHILOSOPHICA Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Budaya Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Ngudi Waluyo

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Abstract

Deixis as one of pragmatic features appears in every kind of text including narrative text. Deictic elements hold inseparable relation between its textual meaning and its context. This study is aimed at examining deixis in the narrative texts in BSE English textbook’s “Developing English Competencies 1” for Senior High School Grade X and explaining how they are realized in different contexts. The study uses descriptive qualitative method with five narrative texts taken as the sample for analysis. The results show that the narrative texts use all kinds of deixis, with person deixis as the most frequently used one. Person deixis enables the narrative texts to focus on the characters and the actions. Deixis is highly context-dependent that it cannot be understood without considering the context. Therefore, in comprehending narrative texts, English learners cannot only rely on their vocabularies repertoire they need also to comprehend the whole context of the story.

Greeting Strategies Employed by Javanese People

Adhi Pratama, Mochamad Rizqi

PHILOSOPHICA Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Budaya Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Ngudi Waluyo

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Abstract

Javanese has been becoming fruitful sources of data especially in Pragmatic field. However, nobody has concerned the greeting strategies they employed. This study is aimed at investigating the greeting strategies employed by Javanese people in Mangunsari village, Semarang, Indonesia. The notion of greeting strategies has not got quite considerable attention by Pragmatic researcher since there are only few studies concerning them. As utterances and verbal communication should be interpreted based on the socio-cultural background, Javanese cannot be separated from the concept of Javanese culture like friendliness. As a result, the verbal communication they uttered might have more meaning than the said. Therefore, this study also attempts to trace the implicature they intent. This paper examines how greeting strategies are manifested and conveyed within the major framework of the Javanese culture. This study is about socio-cultural pragmatics in which utterances are discussed in relation to their situation and cultural background which support them. The data are in the form of dialogue between Javanese which does not show any different social status among the interlocutors. The data of this research were collected by recording and note taking (for the parts in which recording is not possible). The data are aimed at generating the strategies used by Javanese (in Mangunsari village, Semarang, Indonesia) to maintain harmony among the members. Finally, the data are examined from general theory of implicature and the Javanese culture concept (friendliness). This study provides important findings showing that Javanese tend to greet others by employing a particular way which differ from common ways of greeting. They employed the utterances to imply their friendliness as a harmony and relation maintenance and to avoid the sense of arrogant and individualistic.Keywords: greeting strategies, friendliness, implicature, harmony

Kontrastivitas Aspek-Kala Makna Verba Tsukeru dan Kakeru dengan Makna Verba Menggunakan dan Memakai dalam Bahasa Indonesia

Santoso, Teguh

PHILOSOPHICA Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Budaya Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Ngudi Waluyo

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Abstract

Penelitian ini membahas tentang perbedaan dan persamaan aspek dan kala makna verba tsukeru dan kakeru dengan makna verba memakai dalam bahasa Indonesia. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah bertujuan untuk memperoleh deskripsi mengenai perbedaan dan persamaaan bentuk kala dan aspek dalam verba tsukeru dan kakeru dalam bahasa Jepang dengan makna verba menggunakan dan memakai padanan verba tsukeru dan kakeru dalam bahasa Indonesia. Dalam penelitian ini, menggunakan metode kualitatif, dengan teknik pengkajian data menggunakan metode padan dengan menggunakan teknik pendekatan linguistik kontrastif, disebut juga linguistik bandingan yang bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan persamaan dan perbedaan dua bahasa yang berbeda. Pendeskripsian persamaan dan perbedaan tersebut akan bermanfaat untuk pengajaran kedua bahasa, sebagai bahasa kedua (bahasa asing). Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan konteks yang menyatakan deiksisnya apakah menggunakan penanda waktu sekarang, hari ini, baru-baru ini atau kata keterangan sedang sebagai penanda waktu kala kini/sekarang/sedang berlangsung, apakah akan menggunakan penanda waktu kemarin, dulu/dahulu, tadi pagi, atau kata keterangan telah/sudah sebagai penanda kala lampau (past tense)nya tergantung pada data yang diperolehnya. Selanjutnya, dari segi aspek verba memakai termasuk aspek imperfektif (kognitif, kontinuatif, duratif progresif atau berulang-ulang dan terus berlanjut.

The Use of List-Group-Label (LGL) Strategy in Teaching Vocabulary (A Pre-Experimental Research to the second semester Students of Islamic Education Department of Teacher Training and Education Faculty of IAIN Pontianak in the Academic Year of 2017/2018)

Sulaiman, Sulaiman

PHILOSOPHICA Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Budaya Vol 2, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Ngudi Waluyo

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Abstract

The aim of this research was to find out the effectiveness of List-Group-Label (LGL) strategy in teaching vocabulary and how significant the effect of List-Group-Label (LGL) strategy was in teaching vocabulary to the second semester Students of Islamic Education Department of Teacher Training and Education Faculty of IAIN Pontianak  in the Academic Year of 2017/2018.The research design employs a pre-experimental research in form of one group Pretest- Posttest design and had no control group. The population of this research was all of the second semester Students of Islamic Education Department of Teacher Training and Education Faculty of IAIN Pontianak  in the Academic Year of 2017/2018 consisted of 317 students and the chosen sample was class B. The sample was taken by apllying Cluster random sampling technique. The research was conducted at IAIN Pontianak.The technique of data collection in this research was measurement. The data were collected with essay test. The pre-test and post-test were distributed in order to get the data from the students. The data were analyzed by using t test. The result revealed that List-Group-Label (LGL) strategy was effective on students’ vocabulary mastery because the mean score in pretest and posttest were different and the difference were considered significant. The effect size calculation revealed that List-Group-Label (LGL) strategy gave strong effect to the students’ vocabulary mastery. It could be inferred that List-Group-Label (LGL) strategy was significantly effective in teaching vocabulary to the second semester Students of Islamic Education Department of Teacher Training and Education Faculty of IAIN Pontianak  in the Academic Year of 2017/2018 and the treatments gave strong effect to the students in learning vocabulary. List-Group-Label (LGL) strategy can be implemented in teaching vocabulary in order to improve students’ vocabulary mastery.

Wujud Kesantunan dan Makna Dasar Pragmatik Imperatif dalam Tuturan antar Mahasiswa Melayu Sambas di Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Ilmu Keguruan IAIN Pontianak

Djarot, Muchammad

PHILOSOPHICA Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Budaya Vol 2, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Ngudi Waluyo

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Abstract

Imperative politeness is one of the concerns in character education. This is becausepoliteness in speaking is part of pillars in character education. Based on the results of study,students from the Tarbiyah and Teacher Training Faculty, Institute Agama Islam Neger(IAIN) Pontianak showed a tendency to be less polite in speaking, this is evident fromthe imperative speeches they convey in their interactions between them. Meanwhile, thespeech language they use represents their personality, and becomes problematic becausethey are studying at the Tarbiyah Faculty and Teacher Training of IAIN Pontianak adnthey are prepared to be prospective teachers. Methodologically, this research is classifedas qualitative research with a pragmatic approach. In research, the data collection methodused is the referring method and the profcient method. The objects of the study wasSambas Malay students who study at the Teacher Training Faculty, Institute Agama IslamNeger (IAIN) Pontianak .

Analisis Makna Kata Hana dan Bunga Sebagai Polisemi (Kajian Linguistik Kognitif)

Riani, Rosalina Wahyu

PHILOSOPHICA Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Budaya Vol 2, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Ngudi Waluyo

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Abstract

Cognitive linguistics views that the meaning of a word, especially in polysemi, doesnot just appear, but there is something that motivates and lies behind it. To describethe relationship between meanings in polysemy can be done through language style.Categorization and comparing activities can occur in the form of metaphorical, metonymy,and synchronic forms. The word 'flower' in Indonesian with ana hana ’in Japanese hasalmost the same meaning and function. This study aims to determine the meaning of theword flower and hana seen from the perspective of cognitive linguistics. This study usesa qualitative descriptive method by taking data from various sources. The results of thisstudy are 1) in general the meaning of the word "flower" is something beautiful, calmingthe heart, pleasing to the eye, pleasant to hear, fragrant smell; 2) in general the meaningof the word "hana" is a beautiful woman; Wreaths; flower picture card game; colorful,striking, brilliant, beautiful.Keywords: cognitive linguistics, polisemi, hana, bunga

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