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MuchtI Yuda Pratama, M.Kes
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INDONESIA
Jurnal Riset Hesti Medan Akper Kesdam I/BB Medan
ISSN : 25279548     EISSN : 26150441     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Social,
Jurnal Riset Hesti Medan Akper Kesdam I/BB Medan (JURHESTI) merupakan jurnal yang berisi tentang penelitian-penelitian dari para dosen atau staf pengajar dan para akademisi yang tertarik meneliti dan memberikan ilmu tentang keperawatan, kesehatan dan ilmu psikologi keperawatan yang membahas mengenai penelitian-penelitian terbarukan di dunia keperawatan, kesehatan, kebidanan, dan psikologi keperawatan.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 67 Documents
PENGARUH KOMPRES PANAS TERHADAP PENURUNAN NYERI HAID PADA MAHASISWA AKPER KESDAM I/BB MEDAN Gustina, Erita
Jurnal Riset Hesti Medan Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Akademi Keperawatan Kesdam I/Bukit Barisan Medan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (129.275 KB) | DOI: 10.34008/jurhesti.v1i1.10

Abstract

Nyeri haid merupakan nyeri yang dialami pada saat haid yang diikuti dengan perubahan mental maupun  fisik yang terjadi pada hari pertama atau kedua masa haidnya. Pada kebanyakan wanita yaitu 80% wanita muda dibawah 25 tahun mengalami nyeri haid, namun hal tersebut hanya merupakan gejala primer yang biasa tanpa implikasi yang serius dan mudah diatasi (Declan,1997). Dan sering bertambahnya usia pada wanita mengakibatkan nyeri cenderung untuk menurun dan akhirnya hilang sama sekali setelah melahirkan (Smeltzer,2001).Desaian penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah quasi eksperimen yaitu eksperimen yang mengontrol situasi penelitian menggunakan rancangan tertentu dan atau penunjukan subyek secara nir-acak untuk mendapatkan salah satu dari berbagai tingkat faktor penelitian. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa Akper Kesdam I/BB Medan Tk II dan III yang berumur 20 tahun dengan siklus yang teratur dan mengalami nyeri haid. Penelitian ini menggunakan sampel 74 mahasiswa dengan pembagian 37 kelompok untuk intervensi dan 37 untuk kelompok pembanding yang tidak dilakukan tindakan kompres panas. Waktu penelitian dilakukan selama 2 bulan mulai dari bulan September sampai dengan Okober 2010 sesuai dengan siklus haid masing-masing responden.                Hasil penelitian diperoleh rata-rata skala nyeri pada kelompok yang mendapat intervensi kompres panas adalah 0,92 dengan standar deviasi 0,547, sedangkan untuk kelompok pembanding yang tidak mendapat pelakuan kompres panas, rata-ratanya adalah 2,24 dengan standar deviasi 0,495. Hasil uji statistic t-test independen didapatkan nilai p value 0,000, berarti pada alpa 5% terlihat ada perbedaan yang sihnifikan rata-rata kelompok intervensi dengan kelompok pembanding setelah mendapat intervensi kompres panas.                Dapat disimpulkan ada perbedaan bermakna antara rata-rata intensitas nyeri haid pada kelompok intervensi dan kelompok pembanding dengan p value responden yang didapat setelah dilakukan penelitian kebanyakan beragama Islam dan bersuku Batak . Setelah dilakukan kompres panas responden mengalami perubahan fisik rasa sakit berkurang , haid lancar dan dapat beraktifitas seperti biasa. Penelitian ini diharapkan dapat digunakan sebagai data dasar bagi penelitian selanjutnya dan dapat dijadikan sebagai sumber pengetahuan dan strategi bagi perawat dalam memberikan asuhan keperawatan yang lebih komprehensif pada pasien yang berkaitan dengan penatalaksanaan nyeri haid.Kata kunci : Kompres panas terhadap penurunan nyeri haid
FAKTOR-FAKTOR PENYEBAB TERJADINYA PENYAKIT OSTEOPOROSIS PADA LANSIA DI UPT PELAYANAN SOSIAL LANJUT USIA DI WILAYAH BINJAI TAHUN 2017 Suarni, Leny
Jurnal Riset Hesti Medan Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Akademi Keperawatan Kesdam I/Bukit Barisan Medan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (244.294 KB) | DOI: 10.34008/jurhesti.v2i1.61

Abstract

Osteoporosis is a disease that attacks the bone where the bone becomes brittle (flagella) and is easily broken and fractured. Many of the factors that cause Osteopororsis are one of them is calcium deficiency, especially in childhood to adolescence. By looking at the conditions above, the writer wants to do a research that aims to find out the Factors Causing Osteoporosis in the Elderly in the 2017 Binjai Elderly Service Unit. This research is descriptive with a cross sectional design carried out for the elderly with 25 people. This data collection is done by questionnaire. The results of this study indicate that the factors that cause osteoporosis are calcium deficiency factors as many as 18 people (72%), drug factors as many as 20 people (80%), smoking factors and consuming alcohol as many as 10 people (40%), factors lack of exercise as many as 19 people (76%), and disease factors as many as 15 people (60%). So, it can be concluded that the most dominant cause of osteoporosis in the elderly in the UPT for Elderly Social Services in the Binjai Region in 2017 is 80% Medicines. Therefore, it is expected that the elderly will consume less drugs that can cause Osteoporosis.Keywords: Osteoporosis, Causes of Osteoporosis, Elderly
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP PERAWAT DENGAN TINDAKAN PENCEGAHAN INFEKSI DI RUANG ICU RUMAH SAKIT Suharto, Suharto; Suminar, Ratna
Jurnal Riset Hesti Medan Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Akademi Keperawatan Kesdam I/Bukit Barisan Medan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (311.455 KB) | DOI: 10.34008/jurhesti.v1i1.1

Abstract

Pengetahuan dan sikap Perawat dalam penggunaan alat pelindung diri pada saat melaksanakan tindakan keperawatan akan mengurangi resiko terjadinya pemularan infeksi di rumah sakit. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat hubungan pengetahuan dan sikap perawat tentang APD dengan tindakan pencegahan infeksi di ruang Intencif Care Unit (ICU). Metode  penelitian ini yaitu penelitian observasional analitik, dengan desain cross sectional. Populasi dalam penelitian ini 23 Orang perawat ICU sebagai responden dengan menggunakan tehnik total sampling. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan kuesioner yang berisi pernyataan tentang pengetahuan, sikap dan tindakan pencegahan infeksi. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah teknik analisis univariat dan bivariat (Chi Square). Pengujian Hipotesis dilakukan pada taraf signifikansi  0,05 atau 95%.    Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan  variabel yang memiliki hubungan dengan tindakan pencegahan infeksi pengetahuan ρ= 0,024 < α = 0,05 dan sikap ρ=0,026<α=0,05). dengan demikian dapat disimpulkan bahwa terdapat hubungan pengetahuan dan sikap perawat dengan  tindakan  pencegahan infeksi di ruang ICU. Oleh karena itu disarankan kepada manajemen rumah sakit agar  meningkatkan pengetahuan dan sikap perawat ICU tentang manfaat APD dengan meningkatkan pengetahuan dan sikap perawat tentang APD melalui   pendidikan dan pelatihan bagi perawat secara berkelanjutan.  Kata Kunci : pengetahuan, sikap, dan tindakan pencegahan infeksi
GAMBARAN PARTISIPASI MASYARAKAT DALAM PROGRAM PENGENDALIAN VEKTOR DBD DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS AIR DINGIN Putri, Novia Wirna; Huvaid, Sevilla Ukhtil
Jurnal Riset Hesti Medan Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Akademi Keperawatan Kesdam I/Bukit Barisan Medan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (389.457 KB) | DOI: 10.34008/jurhesti.v3i2.44

Abstract

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is one of the important public health problems in Indonesia. Cases of dengue fever in the city of Padang in 2015 experienced a significant increase in the amount of 1,126 cases (IR = 124.8 per 100,000 population) with a total death of 8 people (CFR = 0.7%). The Cold Water Health Center is one of the health centers in the city of Padang with a work area that has a significant increase in dengue cases in 2015 with an IR of 361.5 per 100,000 population. The research objective was to analyze community participation in the DHF vector control program in the working area of the Cold Water Health Center in Padang City in 2018. This type of research was descriptive research. The sample is 99 people taken by proportional random sampling technique. Data analysis includes univariate analysis of community participation in vector control, namely environmental modification, environmental manipulation, physical control, chemical control, biological control and the existence of larvae. The results showed that 52.5% of respondents were larvae positive, 32.3% of respondents belonged to the bad category of environmental modification, 58.6% of respondents belong to the bad category of environmental manipulation, amounting to 30.3% of respondents classified in the bad category is physical control, 78.8% of respondents belong to the bad category of chemical control, and 35.4% of respondents belong to the bad category of biological control in the DHF vector control program in the working area of the Cold Water Health Center. It is recommended to the Air Dingin Health Center to be able to socialize to the public regarding DHF vector control programs both in aspects of environmental modification, environmental manipulation, physical, chemical and biological control.Keyword: DBD, vector, environment
PEMANFAATAN TEPUNG TALAS DAN FORMULA TEMPE SEBAGAI BAHAN PEMBUAT COOKIES Sitohang, Nur Asnah; Siregar, Farida Linda Sari
Jurnal Riset Hesti Medan Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Akademi Keperawatan Kesdam I/Bukit Barisan Medan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (329.858 KB) | DOI: 10.34008/jurhesti.v2i1.30

Abstract

Intake of nutritious foods is very important for pre schools in order to grow and develop optimally. One of the food sources of energy (non starch food) is the tuber of taro bogor. Bulbs taro bogor used as food industry materials can be processed into flour taro and made into various processed products such as dry bread, meatballs, and others. While as a source of vegetable protein from beans are soybeans that have been consumed by the community, among others, tempe, soy sauce, and others. Community service method used is education, training of cookie making based on taro flour and tempe formula, early detection and early intervention deviation of child growth and mentoring. This community service aims to empower the mother of pre school age in utilizing taro flour and tempe formula in order to develop food diversity and increase the appropriate knowledge and improve the nutritional status of children. This community service is done at Posyandu Klinik Bersalin Mawar  Babar Sari and Posyandu Anggrek 1 Klinik Bersalin Marinta Ulina in Desa Baru, Pancur Batu ,Deli Serdang. The result of this dedication to the community is that mothers are able to make taro flour, tempe formula and process it into cookies well and increase the nutritional status of children. It is therefore advisable for the mother to be diligent in making cookies and making it an additional food for pre schools.Keywords: Cookies, Flour Taro, Formula Tempe, Nutritional Status, Pre school
PENGARUH PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN TENTANG SADARI TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP REMA`JA PUTRI DALAM UPAYA DETEKSI DINI KANKER PAYUDARA DI SMA YASPEND PABA TAHUN 2017 Seniorita, Dona
Jurnal Riset Hesti Medan Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Akademi Keperawatan Kesdam I/Bukit Barisan Medan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (440.327 KB) | DOI: 10.34008/jurhesti.v2i2.76

Abstract

Breast cancer is a breast disorder that is most feared by women, because this disease cannot be cured if found at an advanced stage. An effective effort to find breast cancer early is one of them is BSE (Self Breast Examination). The lack of information and efforts to publicize breast cancer early detection has led to the discovery and treatment of cancer that has not been managed properly. One effort to provide information about BSE to young women is through health education.This type of research is quasi-experimental research. The design used was pretestt-posttest with control group design. The population of all high school female students YASPEND PABA Binjai, samples were taken 50 respondents using simple random sampling technique, divided into two, namely 25 as the control group and 25 as the treatment group. The statistical test used is the Mann Whitney test with α = 5%.From the data analysis, it was found that there was an effect of health education about BSE on knowledge (p = 0,000) and the attitude (p = 0,000) of respondents in the effort of early detection of breast cancer.It is recommended for the school to work with the Health Office through the Binjai City Education Office to organize counseling activities on BSE. so that teenagers can apply BSE routinely in daily life as an effort to detect breast cancer early. 
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERPENGARUH TERHADAP MUSCULOSCELETAL DISORDERS PADA PERAWAT DI RUMAH SAKIT UMUM SARI MUTIARA MEDAN TAHUN 2017 Taufik, Rizki; Ketaren, Otniel; Salmah, M. Sidan Umi
Jurnal Riset Hesti Medan Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Akademi Keperawatan Kesdam I/Bukit Barisan Medan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (592.264 KB) | DOI: 10.34008/jurhesti.v3i1.19

Abstract

AbstractMusculosceletal complaints are a complaint on the skeletal muscle sections felt by a person starting from a very mild to very painful complaint. If the muscles receive static loads repeatedly and over a long period of time, they can cause complaints of joints, ligaments and tendons. Skeletal muscle complaints generally occur due to excessive muscle contraction due to heavy workload with long duration of loading.The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors that influence musculosceletal disorders in nurses. This research is an analytic survey research with cross-sectional approach. The study was conducted at Sari Mutiara General Hospital Medan in ICU room and IGD room. The sample size is 38 people. Data analysis was done univariat, bivariate using chi-square, and multivariate test using multiple logistic regression test.Based on the result of the research showed that the factors influencing musculoskeletal disorders at the nurses in public hospital of pearl extract are gender (p-value = 0,002), work period (p-value = 0,049), and work attitude (p-value = 0,000). While the unrelated variable is age ((p-value = 0.147) .The attitude of work is the biggest variable of influence on musculoscelet disorders with (p-value = 0,003; OR = 17,627; 95% CI 2,68-115,957) work has a 17.627 times greater risk of complaints of musculosceletal disorders.It is expected that the nurse should continue to pay attention to the movement pattern when doing the activity, so that there is no wrong working attitude, so it can trigger the emergence of musculoscelet disorders.Key words: Factors, musculosceletal disorders
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP SISWI TENTANG KEPUTIHAN DI KELAS IX SMP NEGERI 8 KOTA BINJAI TAHUN 2016 Gusvita, Helvia
Jurnal Riset Hesti Medan Vol 1, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Akademi Keperawatan Kesdam I/Bukit Barisan Medan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (454.271 KB) | DOI: 10.34008/jurhesti.v1i2.67

Abstract

Leucorrhoea is a normal thing for women. However, this can turn out to be a dangerous disease due to infection by fungi or viruses, and no less important is the cause of other leucorrhoea, namely bacteria or parasites. This study aims to determine the relationship between student knowledge and attitudes about vaginal discharge using a descriptive study design correlation (correlation study) using a cross sectional study design. The data sources in this study are primary and secondary data using questionnaire and analysis instruments with correlation test and chi-square test techniques using the SPSS program (Statistical Product and Service Solution). The population in this study was female students, to determine the number of samples by taking 30% of the population. Data collection using a questionnaire or questionnaire. From the results of the study showed that the relationship between female knowledge and attitudes about vaginal discharge with a low positive correlation number (positive relationship with weak interpretation) with a level of confidence (α) = 5% = (0.05). For the correlation test obtained the value of P Value = 0.029 (P <0.05), meaning that there is a relationship between student knowledge and attitudes about vaginal discharge. The majority of students have enough knowledge about vaginal discharge as many as 19 people (52.8%). It is recommended that students broaden their knowledge to better understand and understand vaginal discharge.Keywords: Knowledge and attitude, vaginal discharge
PERSEPSI PERAWAT TERHADAP PRINSIP-PRINSIP ETIK DALAM PELAKSANAAN TINDAKAN KEPERAWATAN DI ICU RUMAH SAKIT TK. II PUTRI HIJAU MEDAN Pangaribuan, Resmi
Jurnal Riset Hesti Medan Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Akademi Keperawatan Kesdam I/Bukit Barisan Medan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (318.835 KB) | DOI: 10.34008/jurhesti.v1i1.6

Abstract

The nursing ethics were value and principles trusted by the nursing profession in carring out their duties related to the patient with society, the relationship between nurses and mates included the organization of the profession, as well as the regulation of nursing practice it self. The nurse perception to the ethical principles was able to influence the behavior of a nurse in making decision of nursing action. The aim of this observation is to explore the nurse perception to the ethichal principlesin implementation nursing action at Intensive Care Unit level II Putri Hijau Hospital Medan, this observation was done to nurse with four respondents.  The method of phenomenological qualitative. The sample with purposive sampling. Data was collected nursing indepth interview and then recorded by tape recorder. The results of observation reflected from six themes appearing which were agreed in doing treatment. Patient or patient’s family have right to refuse the treatment by giving sign of non-consent letter, to appreciate the patient and the family using traditional ways, tot the useful, and avoiding the dangerous thing to the patient. Religion teaches good deeds, never different patients,  and to take early treatment in accordance with the cases priority, give complete information.The conclusion of this observation was glance perception of nurses in implementing the nursing treatment. Key words: The Nursing’s perception, Ethichal principles, Nursing action
HUBUNGAN POSISI KERJA DENGAN KELUHAN MUSKULOSKELETAL PADA KARYAWAN- KARYAWATI SWALAYAN DIAMOND MEDAN JOHOR Novziransyah, Nanda; Syahputra, Deny; Depianti, Erika; Mukhtar, Muhammad Ramadhan
Jurnal Riset Hesti Medan Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Akademi Keperawatan Kesdam I/Bukit Barisan Medan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (506.442 KB) | DOI: 10.34008/jurhesti.v3i2.50

Abstract

AbstrakErgonomi merupakan penerapan ilmu-ilmu biologis tentang manusia bersama-sama dengan ilmu-ilmu teknik dan teknologi untuk mencapai penyesuaian. Keluhan muskuloskeletal adalah keluhan sakit, nyeri, pegal-pegal dan lainnya pada sistem otot (muskuloskeletal) seperti tendon, pembuluh darah, sendi, tulang, syaraf dan lainnya yang disebabkan oleh aktivitas kerja. Suatu survey yang dilakukan oleh Simon Fraser University and the United Food and Commercial Workers mengidikasikan 30% pekerja kasar menderita MSD. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui Hubungan berbagai posisi kerja dengan keluhan muskulosekeletal pada karyawan-karyawati  swalayan Diamond Medan Johor. Manfaat penelitian ini diharapkan dapat disebarluaskan di media massa tentang hubungan posisi kerja dengan keluhan muskuloskeletal sehingga dapat bermanfaat bagi karyawan-karyawati lainnya. Desain penelitian ini adalah menggunakan metode penelitian  analitik pendekatan cross sectional dengan besar sampel 60 orang.  Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan April sampai Mei 2018 dan alat pengumpulan data yang di pakai adalah dengan menggunakan lembaran kesioner. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa keluhan muskuloskeletal berupa nyeri terbanyak yaitu pada posisi mengangkat (Staf Area) 31 orang (50.6%), dimana 20 orang (33.3%) pada posisi berdiri (kasir) dan 6 orang (13.1%) pada posisi berjalan (pramuniaga). Keluhan muskuloskeletal berupa bengkak terbanyak yaitu posisi mengangkat (Staf Area) 2 orang (1.2%), 1 orang (0.6%) pada posisi berjalan (pramuniaga) dan pada posisi berdiri (kasir) tidak dijumpai keluhan muskuloskeletal.Kata Kunci : Ergonomi, Keluhan Muskuloskeletal, Posisi Kerja