SALTeL Journal (Southeast Asia Language Teaching and Learning)
ISSN : -     EISSN : 26142864
Southeast Asia Language Teaching and Learning (SALTeL) is a double-blind peer-reviewed international journal dedicated to promoting scholarly exchange among teachers and researchers in the field of Language Teaching. The journal is published online twice a year. The scope of SALTeL includes the following fields: theory and practice in language teaching and learning, teaching a second or foreign language, language teachers’ training, and education.
Articles 12 Documents
Domestication and Foreignization of Cultural Terms in Economics Textbook

Tarigan, Fatin Nadifa

SALTeL Journal (Southeast Asia Language Teaching and Learning) Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Association of Language Teachers in Southeast Asia (ALTSA)

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Abstract

The research deals with domestication and foreignization strategies in translating culture specific items in economics bilingual textbook for junior high school students. The objectives of this study was to investigate the most frequent strategies used in translating culture specific items in economics bilingual textbook for junior high school. The research was conducted by using descriptive qualitative design. The data of this study were words, phrases, and clauses containing culture specific items. The data were collected through documentary technique. The technique of data analysis was interactive model. The finding of this study revealed that for domestication there were 25% cultural terms in the form of word and 46,4% in the form of phrase. While for foreignization, it was found only 21,5% in the form of word, and 7,1% in the form of phrase. It was not found the culture specific items in the form of clause both in domestication strategy and in foreignization strategy. The domestication was the dominant strategy used in translating cultural items in economics bilingual textbook. It indicates the translators tend to introduce Indonesian culture specific items into TL cultureKeywords: Domestication, foreignization, cultural terms, economics textbook

INTEGRATION OF CRITICAL LITERACY IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNING AS A MEANS OF ENHANCING NATIONAL INTEGRATION IN THE SOCIAL CONTEXT OF INDONESIA

Saragih, Amrin

SALTeL Journal (Southeast Asia Language Teaching and Learning) Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Association of Language Teachers in Southeast Asia (ALTSA)

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Abstract

Disintegration is now internally threatening Indonesia.  It is assumed that the problem is caused by cultural misunderstanding.  The cultural misunderstanding has resulted in intolerance and radicalism of group ideology.  For years Indonesia with its 250 million populations has been peacefully living together with Pancasila ideology in which unity in cultural diversities is highly appreciated and respected.  The root of problem lies in the practice of education and obviously the best solution is through education.  One of the solutions to the problem is by integrating critical literacy principles in the field of Englsih language learning.  Principles of critical multicultural and global literacy can be integrated in English language learning.  Theory of systemic functional linguistic (SFL) is in line with and contributes to the principles of critical literacy.  This paper combines principles of critical literacy and those of SFL in developing language learning materials.  It is expected that by integration of critical literacy principles and those of SFL in the practice of English language education, Indonesia can avoid disruptions of national disinttegration and regain national unity in harmony.

Theme Markedness in EFL Students’ Recount Texts: A Systemic Functional Analysis

Hanafiah, Ridwan, Yusuf, Muhammad, Aswani, Aprilza

SALTeL Journal (Southeast Asia Language Teaching and Learning) Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Association of Language Teachers in Southeast Asia (ALTSA)

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Abstract

This study is aimed to discover the types and the dominant type of theme markedness in EFL students’ recount texts based on the theory of systemic functional linguistics. Qualitative content analysis approach was utilized in this study. Writing sheets were utilized as the instruments of collecting the data. The data were in the form of clauses taken from 33 recount texts written by second-year students of English literature department of University of Sumatera Utara. Based on the analysis, it was discovered that there were 1144 clauses in the data. Then, in terms of theme markedness, marked theme (MT) had 213 occurrences (18.62%) and unmarked theme (UMT) had 931 occurrences (81.38%). The conclusion can be drawn that there were 2 types of markedness namely marked theme (MT) and unmarked theme (UMT), and the dominant type of theme markedness was unmarked theme (UMT). It means that the students dominantly used unmarked theme in their recount texts.Keywords: markedness, theme, recount text, systemic functional, content analysis

Education in Southeast Asia: Shaping the Asian Intellectuals

Padilla-Valdez, Nena

SALTeL Journal (Southeast Asia Language Teaching and Learning) Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Association of Language Teachers in Southeast Asia (ALTSA)

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Abstract

With the view that the quality of human resource is the greatest transformational assest, the education of the Asian region strives in building a critical mass of k-economy citizens. Stimulating the educational system to move toward this direction resonates the seriousness of Asian institutions in seiving their traditions, overcoming their intricacies, and embracing uncertainties with positive anticipation. The presence of a critical mass of  academics postulates the urgency of changing organizational needs, and correspondingly increasing their absorptive capacity as  they respond to the intense competitive pressures being generated by an increasingly global economy. This paper explores the transitional changes the education system have rendered to boost regional integration. More specifically, it highlights the initiatives higher education institutions have adapted as they align their development thrusts to regional and national expectations. Likewise, it challenges local intellectuals to develop a macro perspective of flexibility while the changing educational priorities converge toward acceptable global practice.

English Lecturers’ Preferences for High Impact Professional Development in Indonesia

Syafitri, Winda

SALTeL Journal (Southeast Asia Language Teaching and Learning) Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Association of Language Teachers in Southeast Asia (ALTSA)

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Abstract

Professional development plays an important role in improving both teachers’ and students’ outcomes. With various models and strategies, professional development is expected to have a high impact on teaching learning success. This study focused on English lecturers’ preferences for high impact professional development in Indonesia. With small survey design, the data were collected from 20 English lecturers around Indonesia by using questionnaire and interview. This research reveals that most of English lecturers in Indonesia expressed that they prefer seminar, conference, workshop, training, and action research to others because of their short durations and their high impacts. Then, related to technology, they said that internet helps them very much in preparing better instruction, but not in developing their professionalism. The result of this study would be very useful for government and stakeholder to take any decision related to English lecturers’ professional development.Keywords: Professional Development Preferences, High Impact 

Emotional Intelligence in Classrooms

Rawian, Rafizah Mohd

SALTeL Journal (Southeast Asia Language Teaching and Learning) Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Association of Language Teachers in Southeast Asia (ALTSA)

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Abstract

The 21st century learning requires educators and learners to move beyond traditional academic learning. The fundamental aspects of the “Four Cs” (communication, critical thinking and problem solving, creativity and collaboration) are a prerequisite for the 21st century classrooms. Learners’ emotions in classrooms are now regarded as essential. The study of emotions in classrooms is central to understand learners’ motivation and learning patterns. Nelson and Low (2003) defined emotional intelligence as a confluence of developed skills and abilities to: (1) accurately know oneself in terms of personal strengths and weaknesses; (2) establish and maintain effective and healthy relationships; (3) get along and work productively with others; and (4) deal effectively and healthily with the demands and pressures of daily living. In other words, emotional intelligence is essential to effectively manage behaviours, to navigate social situations and to make decisions. This paper discusses the significant role of emotional intelligence in classrooms as well as the effective ways to enhance learners’ emotional intelligence.

Developing English Pragmatic Based Material for Students of Hotel Management Study Program

Rahman, Benni Ichsanda, Husnaini, Husnaini

SALTeL Journal (Southeast Asia Language Teaching and Learning) Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Association of Language Teachers in Southeast Asia (ALTSA)

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Abstract

There were some miscommunications occurred between speakers and listeners because the listener did not understand the core intent of the speaker, especially what was conveyed implies pragmatic meaning. Thus, "pragmatic" material is urgently needed to be incorporated to the curriculum of basic English as well as English conversation, to enrich student's vocabulary in understanding the culture and meanings of native English speakers. Thus, this study is aimed to develop the pragmatic based English material that is appropriate to the students’ needs of Hotel Management study program. This research was conducted based on Research and Development techniques (R & D). The research was carried out by: (1) analyzing the existing curriculum and syllabus, analyzing existing materials, and analyzing the students' needs to identify problems, (2) reviewing the principles about effective teaching materials, (3) designing syllabus and teaching materials, (4) validating new teaching materials with the experts, and (5) revising teaching materials as advised by experts. The data were collected through questionnaire analysis and interview. Meanwhile, the development of the material followed these steps, as used by Hutchinson in Ichsanda (2013: 36): 1), collected information on target needs by distributing questionnaires to students of STIM Sukma, 2) analyzed students' learning needs, 3), read and analyzed pre-existing materials; 4) developed materials according to student needs; 5), revision; 6); prepared the drafts; 7), and had a triangulation with experts; 8); final drafts; 9), product application. Based on the analysis, material that is appropriate with hotel management study program has been created and developed.Keywords: Developing materials, hotel Management

Intercultural Teaching and Learning English through Reading Skill

Miftakh, Fauzi

SALTeL Journal (Southeast Asia Language Teaching and Learning) Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Association of Language Teachers in Southeast Asia (ALTSA)

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Abstract

In this globalization era, teaching English has to also involve intercultural aspects in order that students can develop their awareness towards the differences of the culture of the target language. The intercultural teaching and learning English can be corporated with reading skill activities as suggested by Usó-Juan & Martínez-Flor (2008). This study was a qualitative study which potrayedreading activities to assist intercultural teaching and learning English. The data were taken with observation of teaching learning in the classroom with 25 students of 2nd semester at a state university in Karawang, West Java. 6 students were also selected to have interview in order to know their response and understanding. Finaly, there were some reading activities, such as critical reading and cultural bump, conducted in the classroom that could quite effectively improve the students’ intercultural awareness. Some students also responded by giving positive statements about reading skill activities so their intercultural understanding could improve. However, implementing these activities were not an easy task because the teacher needs to understand the theoritical concept of intercultural language learning.

Attitudes towards English Medium Instruction Courses among Second Language Learners in Relation to Learning Anxiety and Learning Achievement

Che Ghani, Nurul Farhani Binti

SALTeL Journal (Southeast Asia Language Teaching and Learning) Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Association of Language Teachers in Southeast Asia (ALTSA)

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Abstract

The purpose of this paper was to examine second language learners’ attitudes towards English Medium Instruction (EMI) courses at University of Selangor (UNISEL) in Malaysia affectively, behaviorally and cognitively. This study also investigated students’ learning anxiety and students’ learning achievement towards EMI courses. This study employed ABC Model of Attitudes (1998) as guidelines to investigate learners’ attitudes towards EMI courses. 100-degree students form Faculty of Science and Information Technology (FSIT) participated in the study by completing a questionnaire of English Medium Instruction courses. A quantitative method was employed to analyze the collected data, performing statistical procedures of descriptive statistic and Pearson correlation using SPSS. The major findings of the study were as follows: (1) most participants demonstrated positive attitudes towards English medium Instruction courses affectively, behaviorally and cognitively, (2) there was no significant relationship between students’ learning anxiety and students’ learning achievement towards EMI courses. It was due to the ways lecturers delivering EMI courses to the students. This situation happened when the way their lecturers conducted the lesson in English medium setting might help the students reduce their learning anxiety of the lesson. In other words, the level of their anxiousness in learning EMI courses depends on how their lecturers deliver the subject during teaching and learning process. Finally, some pedagogical implications that would help tap the students’ attitudes and achievement were demonstrated.Keywords: English Medium Instruction, attitudes, learning anxiety, learning achievement

Designing the Vocabulary Component for an EFL Cross-Cultural Communication Class

Tsubaki, Mayumi

SALTeL Journal (Southeast Asia Language Teaching and Learning) Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Association of Language Teachers in Southeast Asia (ALTSA)

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Abstract

A systematic course design is essential in order to achieve an optimal outcome for EFL learners. I will describe the course design of vocabulary components in a Cross-Cultural Communication class in a Japanese university. This course was designed according to the Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) model, in which language learners learn the target language and content at the same time, rather than learning the target language, per se. In Cross-Cultural Communication classes of the CLIL model, learners’ English vocabulary develops as well as other language skills while they increase their knowledge of Cross-Cultural Communication. Some of the problems with this approach in Japan seem to lie in the students’ insufficient English skills and their English learning backgrounds. I have attempted to design the course in order to solve these problems. I have mainly considered how to “fill the gap” between what is needed to conduct the class and what the students lack, while focusing on vocabulary development of the university students in my class. I have employed two frameworks, the Curriculum Development Process (Nation & Macalister, 2010) and the four strands (Nation, 1996), and I have adapted them to suit my teaching situation. Curriculum Development Process consists of comprehensive factors necessary for curriculum development and has allowed me to analyze my present situation. On the other hand, the four strands approach is a well-balanced principle for vocabulary learning. It is supported by Second Language Acquisition (SLA) theories and has four components: meaning-focused input, meaning-focused output, language-focused learning, and fluency development. Although the Curriculum Development Process and the four strands approach mentioned here can be effectively applied to various foreign and second language learning situations, I found it crucial to analyze my teaching situation as much as possible, and to adapt these frameworks accordingly. This paper explains how a course can be designed with partial analysis of one's present teaching situation, in hope that this could offer some guidance to those who need to develop or improve their own course based on their best analysis under limited time.Keywords: Teaching and learning vocabulary, course design, English as a Foreign Language (EFL), the four strands,, content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL)

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