The largest production of paddy is produced from rain-fed rice fields scattered in Kecamatan Pulau Laut Timur. With the Operation and Maintenance on rainfed rice field is expected to improve service to local farmers. To evaluate the Operation and Maintenance can be measured by measuring its dimensions in the form of: 1) Facility / physical infrastructure, 2) Supporting facilities, 3) Organization, 4) Documentation, institutional condition, and 5) Productivity cropping. This study aims to determine the level of farmers' perceptions of Operation and Maintenance activities, then provide recommendations for priority development and improvement of Operation and Maintenance management. By using quiz dispersion method for farmer perception and expectation in Kecamatan Pulau Laut Timur. The data were processed by quantitative descriptive analysis, TKi suitability analysis, quadrant analysis to determine the priority order of the improvement of OP. The result of the analysis of the farmers' suitability level was in the dissatisfied category, with the percentage of TKi ≤ 100%. And quadrant analysis: the main improvement priority in quadrant I (one), that is in the low priority, the variable is in (X1,1), where the channel condition is not in line with the farmer's expectation. Evaluation and development of rainfed maintenance and maintenance operations by raising awareness of farmers maintaining and maintaining channels. The need for technical / non-technical irrigation infrastructure development to support the success of agricultural activities. Keywords : Farmers perception, Irigations, Operation and maintenance, Rainfed rice field
Pain is a sensory and emotional experience related to tissue damage. Fragrant lemongrass (Cymbopogon nardus) is widely used in Indonesia as a traditional medicine, especially used as a pain reliever. Therefor the use of these plants must be scientifically tested. The purpose of this test was to determine the ethanol extract of fragrant lemongrass’s leaves which had analgesic potential in male white mice (Mus musculus) and determine the optimal dose potentially provide analgetic activity. This test was an experimental study and conducted on 25 male white mice (Mus musculus) which were grouped randomly into 5 groups, including negative controls, positive control (Ibuprofen), ethanol extract of fragrant lemongrass’s leaves doses I (200 mg / kg), dose II (400 mg / kg), and dose III (800 mg / kg). Pain induction was performed chemically using perintoneal acetic acid after 30 minutes of treatment given. Analgesic power is calculated using the sum number of stretching mice for 1 hour. The results showed that ethanol extract of fragrant lemongrass’s leaves had analgesic activity at dose I (38.70%), dose II (51.84%) and dose III (59.51%). The optimal dose of ethanol extract of fragrant lemongrass’s leaves is at dose II (400 mg / kg) that had 51.84% analgesic effect. Keywords : Pain, Cymbopogon nardus, analgesic activity test, male white mice, chemical way induction pain
With increasing social circumstances made the patients more and aware of the quality of health services, so that the required quality of service quality improvement better health-oriented patient satisfaction from the results of preliminary observations each patient was found to rate Clinics are expected to create and provide health services to the maximum. However, in general the Clinics currently in accordance with its functions, namely providing a quality service on his patients, reflected on the last two years of patient visits declined by as much as 25% and there are complaints of patients who feel not satisfied against the health service provided at clinics of the city of Banjarmasin in 5 of the 7 patients expressed less satisfied against the Clinics. The purpose of this research is to know the internal factors determining satisfaction patients clinics of the city of Banjarmasin, this type of research with Cross Sectional. The number of respondents who examined 95 respondents. The results of the data collection to be analyzed with the use of univariate statistics, the chi square test bivariat use with the aid of computerized Value significance (a) 0.05. Patient satisfaction in Banjarmasin City Clinics can note that stating satisfied as much as 62%. Variables that have the relationship significantly with patient satisfaction is age, occupation and place of residence of the patient. While the variables that have no relationship significantly with patient satisfaction is the gender and education. Based on the research results, analysis and conclusions there are a couple of suggestions that need to be done to improve the satisfaction of patients against the health service at the health center of the city of Banjarmasin, among others, for the program in improving patient satisfaction Clinics health workers to make it more responsive and always give more attention against a visiting patients to health services especially in the elderly seniors so they always feel taken care of and for more research further expected to unearth the factors causing the old age of the respondents was not satisfied against the health service. Keywords: Health services , Satisfaction patients , the internal factor.
This research was conducted on Guntung Paikat village at Banjarbaru district, on 26 April until 26 Juni 2018. This study aims to determine the market channels and analyze the margins of tempeh. The Method used was.survey method and porposive samping technique Data obtained through interview technique to marketing actors (Farmer, wholesalers and retailers) and analyzed descriptively. Results of this stusy showed that the tempeh marketing channels on Guntung Paikat village consists of several types that are I, II and III. Marketing Margin for each Tempeh of marketing channels I, II and III, respectively are Rp.3000Rp.2000,-, and Rp.0 The Highest farmer’s share received by tempeh producers is on channel II (60%) and the lowest is on channel 1 (50%). The Average Farmer’s share is 55 %. Keywords : tempeh, marketing channels , marketing margin, farmer’s share, guntung paikat village
The aim of the study was to determine the effect of soaking time with pineapple extracts on cooking shrinkage and organoleptic test on the meat of rejected laying hens. The method used was Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with five treatments and four replications, the treatment given was a different immersion time, P0 (without soaking pineapple fruit extract), P1 (soaked with 250 ml pineapple fruit extract for 30 minutes), P2 (soaked with 250 ml pineapple fruit extract for 60 minutes), P3 (soaked with 250 ml pineapple fruit extract for 90 minutes), P4 (soaked with 250 ml pineapple fruit extract for 120 minutes). Variables measured are cooking shrinkage and organoleptic (color, flavor, tenderness and flavor). Data analyzed on cooking shrinkage using analysis of variance (ANOVA), if analyzed significantly, it will be continued with a mean difference test using the Duncan's Multiple Region Test (DMRT) while the non parametic organoleptic test will be tested using Kruskall Wallis test. The results showed that the effect of soaking meat of culled laying hens with the use of pineapple extract solution can increase the cooking shrinkage provides highly significant effect (P˂0,01) against the meat of laying hens culled and able to improve the organoleptic meat of culled laying hens which provide different influences real (P˂0,05). The average of organoleptic test with soaking laying hens with the use of pineapple extract solution which was given the best treatment was achieved in P4 treatment. Keywords: soaking time, pineapple extract, rejected laying hens, cooking shrinkage, organoleptic test.
Forest galam is forest typical south kalimantan capable of growing on land peat and have the potential as herbs. Bark galam is part plant which remains underutilized. Hence the study was done to know compound bioaktif which is found in bark galam so bark galam could be more used especially as herbs. Screening phytochemistry analysis, the total fenol-flavonoid and the antioxidant activity performed on extract ethanol bark galam. Based on the results of phytochemical screening, compounds of secondary metabolite contained in the bark extract were alkaloid, polyphenol, flavonoid and quinone. Total phenolic was defined by using Folin-Ciocalteu method at wavelengths 748 nm and the results was 33,8646 ppm with the total of phenol level was 30,47814 mg GAE/g of extract. The total flavonoid was specified by using the method of AlCl3 at 373,6 nm. The results showed that the total concentration of flavonoid 0,0942 ppm with the total level of extract flavonoid was 0,2826 mg QE/g of extract. The antioxidant activity test uses DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2- picrylhidrazyl) method and the measurement uses spectrophotometry UV-Vis at wavelengths 518,90 nm. The comparison compound used is ascorbic acid. Antioxidant activity test showed that the IC50 values in the bark extract is 44,4888 ppm. Antioxidant intensity in the bark of galam extract is included in very strong intensity (<50 ppm).
The purpose of this study is to determine the cost incurred each month when using natural gas and LPG in meeting household needs. From the research data obtained that the users of natural gas in RT 18 Jl. Brigjend Katamso Bontang has 118 users consisting of 21 RT-1 users, 94 RT-2 users and 3 PK-2 users. For RT-1 users the average cost per month of Rp 106,000 with the use of gas of 17.8 m3, if using LPG 14.3 kg at a cost of Rp. 143,000. and for RT-2 the average expenditure cost per month is Rp 85,800 with the use of gas of 14.3 m3, if using of LPG 11.5 kg at a cost of Rp 115,000. As for PK-2, using natural gas for business activities costs incurred each month an average of Rp 949,200 with the use of natural gas 158.2 m3, if using LPG as much as 127 kg with the cost of Rp. 1.270.000. Expenses incurred will be smaller by opening the channel faucet on the gas pipe is not full. If there is no family event and the number of small family members then the cost is also small is on average Rp 42,000 - Rp 60,000 per month (for the use of natural gas 0 - 10 m3). In addition, the use of natural gas more safe and environmentally friendly, practical and inexpensive compared to using LPG. Keywords: Natural Gas, LPG, Usage, Cost
The purpose of research to know the influence of various media making salted egg on the quality of organoleptic so as to be consideration and information in the use of media making salted egg proper and get better quality. In the implementation of this research design used Completely Randomized Design, which consist of three treatments and five replicates. The treatment is : PG ; salt solutions, PA ; dough ashes rub and PL : dough loam/clay. While test organoleptik salted egg consisted: 1. General appearance, 2. A briny taste egg white and 3. Flavor egg yolk. Data analyzed a sort of descriptive set and models non-parametrik kruskall-walis. The result of this research showed that the treatment significant on general appearance eggs, a briny taste egg white and flavor egg yolk, treatment PG (salt solutions) show the same thing with treatment PA (dough ashes rub) however in contrast to treatment PL (dough loam/clay).