Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya
ISSN : 14104830     EISSN : 25021966
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya (JMB) or Journal of Society and Culture is a peer-reviewed journal that aims to be an authoritative academic source on the study of society and culture. We publish original research papers, review articles, case studies, and book reviews focusing on Indonesian society, cultural phenomena, and other related topics. A manuscript describing society and culture outside Indonesia is expected to be analyzed comparatively with the issues and context in Indonesia. All papers will be reviewed rigorously at least by two referees. JMB is published three times a year, in April, August , and December.
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Search results for , issue " Vol 7, No 2 (2005)" : 8 Documents clear
MEDICAL PRACTICES IN CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY

Zaenuddin, Dundin ( Pusat Penelitian Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan (P2KK - LIPI) )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 7, No 2 (2005)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (86.233 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v7i2.224

Abstract

Fenomena banyaknya kasus pasien miskin yang ditolak mendapat perawatan oleh beberapa rumah sakit merupakan refleksi dari situasi konflik yang dihadapi sistem sosial penyedia perawatan seperti rumah sakit. Rumah sakit berada dalam situasi dilematis untuk berorientasi pada keuntungan atau tetap berpijak sebagai lembaga sosial yang tidak mencari keuntungan. Desakan kapitalisme begitu kuat mempengaruhi sistem sosial penyediaan perawatan terhadap kebutuhan dasar manusia ini. Di lain pihak, terjadi kecenderungan makin menguatnya kesadaran masyarakat akan hak-hak untuk hidup secara sehat. Berbagai tantangan di lakukan masyarakat untuk menanggulangi watak penyedia perawatan yang cenderung semakin mahal dan komersial. Analisis sosiologis terhadap masalah ini menjadi penting untuk dilakukan guna mengetahui cara-cara membangun kembali rasa percaya masyarakat terhadap sistem sosial penyedia perawatan ini (health care systems) yang pada gilirannya dapat membangun kembali rasa percaya terhadap negara yang memang berkewajiban menyediakan sistem sosial tersebut. Artikel ini merupakan hasil penelitian kepustakaan, observasi di tempat-tempat perawatan baik modern maupun tradional dan wawancara mendalam dengan sejumlah dokter, praktisi tradisional perawatan kesehatan, pasien dari berbagai kelas dan manajemen penyedia perawatan.

URANG TUO PASIA PEMERSATU NELAYAN DAN PELESTARI SUMBERDAYA KELAUTAN

Ferawati, Ferawati ( Alumni Fakultas Sastra Universitas Andalas )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 7, No 2 (2005)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (101.888 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v7i2.228

Abstract

This study is about Urang Tuo Pasia, “The Fishermen Leader and Ocean Resources Conserver”. Urang Tuo Pasia is both a institution and a chief in traditional costums of a fishermen community in Bungus-Teluk Kabung, Padang, West Sumatra. Instead of Urang Tuo Pasia, he is also called as Angku (“father”) or Tuo Pasia (“the old fisherman”). The aim of the study is to find out the role of Urang Tuo Pasia in the problems of the integration among the fishermen and the conservation of the sea natural resources. This reveals as an important thing since from the historical perspective, many manuscripts note that Urang Tuo Pasia could have had outstanding role in solving the problems encountered by the local fishermen. The method used in this research is qualitative one. It is supported by multidimensional approaches to sharpen the analysis. They come from the field of anthropology, sociology, economics, and politics. From the various data found and analyzed, this research concludes hat theroleof Urang Tuo Pasia is running into stagnation. However, it local wisdom still remain.

KEMISKINAN DAN ADAPTASI MASYARAKAT NELAYAN PADA EKOSISTEM DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI LEMPUING, SUMATERA SELATAN : Suatu Pembedahan Fenomena Sosial Menggunakan Perspektif Ekologi

Nasution, Zahri ( Balai Besar Riset Sosial Ekonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan, Badan Riset Kelautan dan Perikanan, Departemen Kelautan dan Perikanan )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 7, No 2 (2005)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (88.929 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v7i2.227

Abstract

Fishermen society as a social system and Lempuing river basin ecosystem as an ecological system has been interacting and influencing each other. They interaction were producing a fishermen society poverty phennomena. Negative impacts on river basin ecosystem has been influencing fisheries activities. These impacts on river basin ecosystem namely loss energy and material sources were occuring. Than, prosperity of the fishermen society were decrease. In this case, selection and adaption concept of Rambo is useful to used in order to explanation that phennomena. Energy and material input from social system and other wise, any changes on social system or ecological system are discussion in this paper. At the end, the fishermen poverty, they adaptation, fish species tolerances to the Lempuing river basin ecosystem are also disscussed.

MEMBACA POSISI WANITA MELALUI BAHASA: DERETAN TEMUAN PENELITIAN TANPA IMPLIKASI TEORETIS

Katubi, Katubi ( Pusat Penelitian Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan (P2KK - LIPI) )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 7, No 2 (2005)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (33.724 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v7i2.231

Abstract

Judul Buku : Gender, Bahasa, dan Kekuasaan Penulis : Esther Kuntjara Penerbit : Gunung Mulia. 2003 Tebal : ix + 117 halaman

PEMERINTAHAN PUSAT DAN SWAPRAJA: MASALAH SENTRALISASI DAN DESENTRALISASI

Ardhana, I Ketut ( Pusat Penelitian Sumber Daya Regional (P2SDR-LIPI) )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 7, No 2 (2005)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (77.43 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v7i2.226

Abstract

This paper discusses the historical process in the context of the government system in Nusa Tenggara. This paper particularly analyses the bargaining position of the people of Nusa Tenggara in gaining the status of their region as a province. Indeed, the name of Nusa Tenggara as a region in the Indonesian archipelago had not been known before the formation of the Republic of Indonesia. Based upon the historical evidences, the external factors had considerably affected the patterns of the traditional political and social systems. Prior to the colonial era, there were several chiefdoms which were fragmented and competed to one another. The coming of the colonial Dutch has transformed the traditional political systems to a more modern system in which the colonial Dutch introduced a new system, the province of Timor, Residentie Timor en onderhoorigheden. This province has been changed to be the province of Nusa Tenggara since the Indonesian independence.

KOMUNITAS ARAB: KONTINUITAS DAN PERUBAHANNYA DI KOTA SURABAYA 1900–1942

Rabani, La Ode ( Jurusan Ilmu Sejarah, Fakultas Sastra Universitas Airlangga Surabaya ) , Artono, Artono ( Jurusan Pendidikan Sejarah FIS Universitas Negeri Surabaya )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 7, No 2 (2005)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (91.884 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v7i2.230

Abstract

This article was aimed to explanation of the continuity and change Arab communities in Surabaya cities 1900 – 1942. The development included the community life since the migration to Surabaya, social, politic, economic, and other following effects. This study found mort Arabs who came to Surabaya were from Hadramaut, the infertile highland. When the Suez Canal was opened In 1869, the Arabs migrated to Netherlands East Indies, especially to Surabaya. The Arabs migration came from Al Makalla (Asy Syihr) path to Bombay, Ceylon, Singapore, and Aceh. From Aceh and Singapore, the Arab went to different areas in Indonesia like Batavia, Cirebon, Tegal, Pekalongan, and Surabaya. The local people respected the Arabs, because of their efforts in spreading Islam, especially wali and kiai. That position gave benefits for Arabs because they were accepted in society easily, eventhough some of then were renters. This profession was absolutely forbidden and prohibited in Islam. In this context, it could be seen that religion was not always in accordance with economy activities indeed, religion was the media for economy activities. Key Word: migration, society, network, and change

PEMENJARAAN: PE(AB)NORMALAN BUDAYA?

Humaedi, Alie ( Alumnus Magister Ilmu Budaya Universitas Sanata Dharma dan Magister Filsafat IAIN Sunan Kalijaga ) , Pratomo, Yulius Panon ( Magister Ilmu Religi dan Budaya Universitas Sanata Dharma ) , Sianturi, Rudi Ronald ( Magister Ilmu Religi dan Budaya Universitas Sanata Dharma )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 7, No 2 (2005)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (126.52 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v7i2.225

Abstract

Prison (restraint) is a room derived from the society’s interpretation and experience in order to rehabilitate, remedy, retribution, normalize, and social reintegration. This is a practical explanation of the concept of justice and democracy. The available room is export room. The delegated room to the number of authoritative subjects represents the entire communities to rehabilitate the deviate person from expectations and in order to normalize the morality. It is likely to say not only that those who under control are those whose no place in social area, but also that the authorities in this project may feel fettered due to becoming the thrown-people attendant directly. "Rooming" means self-isolation and restriction from the general forms of social service, while, for either prisoner or student at traditional Muslim school, it means to survive in any such a room it is, including having to create the imaginary rooms.

KEBERADAAN HAK ADAT DALAM PEMANFAATAN SARANG BURUNG WALET DI HABITAT ALAMI: ANTARA HARAPAN DAN KENYATAAN

Wahyono, Ary ( Pusat Penelitian Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan (P2KK - LIPI) )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 7, No 2 (2005)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (73.538 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v7i2.229

Abstract

Existency of adat community in reources use found in state constitution. On the contrary, regulation of nest Swiflets of Collacia not including in support of communal property rights. In one hand, privatization of nest swiflets of Collacia pay attention to solution for depletion of these genus. But in other hand, privatization had ignored communal property rights. Adat community should be substute the state for control of nest swiflets of Collacia used in natural environment

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