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Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya
ISSN : 14104830     EISSN : 25021966     DOI : -
Core Subject :
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya (JMB) or Journal of Society and Culture is a peer-reviewed journal that aims to be an authoritative academic source on the study of society and culture. We publish original research papers, review articles, case studies, and book reviews focusing on Indonesian society, cultural phenomena, and other related topics. A manuscript describing society and culture outside Indonesia is expected to be analyzed comparatively with the issues and context in Indonesia. All papers will be reviewed rigorously at least by two referees. JMB is published three times a year, in April, August , and December.
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Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 7, No 1 (2005)" : 6 Documents clear
CONSTITUTIONALIZING HUMAN RIGHTS: A Comparative Studies on Thailand and Indonesia’s Constitutional Reform Mulyani, Lilis
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 7, No 1 (2005)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (94.13 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v7i1.210

Abstract

Perkembangan dan proses reformasi konstitusi di suatu Negara tidak bisa terlepas dari pengaruh konsep-konsep global di antaranya adalah konsep hak asasi manusia. Konsep hak asasi manusia merupakan suatu konsep yang paling penting peranannya dan paling banyak diadopsi di abad ini. Namun demikian dalam proses adopsi ke dalam konstitusi suatu negara, konsep ini mengalami lagi proses ‘adaptasi’ sejalan dengan situasi politik dan sosial-budaya di Negara penerima. Hal ini diperlihatkan dalam proses reformasi konstitusi yang dilakukan di dua Negara Asia yang berada dalam situasi transisi demokrasi yaitu Thailand dan Indonesia. Dari perbandingan dua negara ini ditunjukkan bahwa tidak akan ada dua Negara yang mengadopsi konsep hak asasi manusia yang serupa secara substansial. Di dalam perjalanannya konsep ini akan mengalami interpretasi, modifikasi -dan bahkan mengalami perubahan- yang pada akhirnya akan menghasilkan sebuah konsep hak asasi manusia yang memiliki karakteristik yang khusus.
KERAJAAN BIMA DALAM SASTRA DAN SEJARAH Tondo, Fanny Henry
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 7, No 1 (2005)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (24.947 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v7i1.223

Abstract

Judul Buku : Kerajaan Bima dalam Sastra dan Sejarah Penulis : Henri Chambert-Loir Tahun Cetak : 2004 Penerbit : Kepustakaan Populer Ecole francaise d’Extreme-Orient Halaman : 416
MINORITAS MUSLIM THAILAND Asimilasi, Perlawanan Budaya dan Akar Gerakan Separatisme Yuniarto, Paulus Rudolf
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 7, No 1 (2005)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (131.926 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v7i1.213

Abstract

The aim of this article is to describe Thailand Moslem minority with problem of assimilation, culture resistance and the root of separatist movement. One challenges that facing Thailand multiethnic people and Thai country today is management about diversity of ethnicity development. The characteristic of Thai multiethnic people strive for government attention especially related with crucial problem had been facing; ethnicity conflict and the rise up of communalism, separatism, and problem majority-minority relation. Composition of this problem in fact has related each others. The down fall of Thailand politics integration and obligation to accept Thai monolithic ethnic identity can be seen in anarchy demeanor of Moslem Patani to Thai government and claim for independencies Southern Thailand territorial separates from nation state of Thailand. The impact from integration process in the Thailand state building on Moslem area is create unstable relation between ethnic majority-minority, resources distribution and economics injustice form, the worn out of center government and local government democratic relation, social politics economic and culture polarizes. Stakeholder role like civil society organization (CSO), government, and military failed to take an integration policy program or conflict resolution.
THE EFFECT OF LOGGING INDUSTRY ON THE LOCAL PEOPLE’S ECONOMY: A Case Study on Muara Gusik Village, East Kalimantan Hidayat, Herman
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 7, No 1 (2005)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (200.229 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v7i1.222

Abstract

Kehadiran HPH (Hak Pengusahaan Hutan) PT.ITCI, di Kenanga, Balikpapan pada masa Orde Baru berdampak negatif atas masyarakat lokal. Implikasi tersebut ialah adanya ‘konflik lahan’ antara pemilik HPH dan masyarakat desa Muara Gusik. Jambuk dan Pringtalik. Akibat konflik ini kehidupan ekonomis dan sosial masyarakat telah terpinggirkan. Tulisan ini memfokuskan untuk mengkaji respon masyarakat untuk bertahan hidup di tengah konflik lahan ialah dengan melakukan bertani padi pada sebagian lahan mereka dan menanam rotan, karet, mencari kayu gaharu dan berdagang kayu bekas sebagai pendapatan sampingan. Key words : Concession holder, local people, and agricultural productions.
KOPRODUKSI DAN SINERGISME: PERGESERAN PARADIGMA DALAM PELAYANAN PUBLIK Syahra, Rusydi
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 7, No 1 (2005)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (80.216 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v7i1.212

Abstract

This article seeks to discuss a shift in paradigm in public service policy from full government responsibility toward the larger participation of civil society in public service provision. The dominant paradigm is that conventionally the government positions itself as the provider of services, whereas the people perceive themselves as the beneficiaries because as the tax payers they assume every right to enjoy the services. However this paradigm has been challenged by the fact that in recent development the governments in many countries have shown their inability to shoulder the full responsibility in public services and have rendered part of the responsibility to the communities. A number of studies conducted in these countries concluded that there is a tendency toward an increase in civic engagement in the forms of coproduction and synergy between the government and the communities in service provision. Recent government policies in several municipalities in Brazil that allow citizens’ participation in the planning, budgeting, implementing and monitoring many kinds of public services are provided as an example to show that a new paradigm is being adopted to replace the old one. In Indonesia, despite a longtime recognition of community participation in development in the form of swadaya masyarakat or community contribution in development, in most instances the government still perceives itself as the sole benefactor of public services. Some structural and cultural problems must be addressed before the new paradigm can be fully adopted in this country.
DIMENSI ETNO-POLITIK PEMEKARAN WILAYAH DAN PILKADA Beberapa Catatan dan Pemikiran Tirtosudarmo, Riwanto
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 7, No 1 (2005)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (116.83 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v7i1.211

Abstract

The events surrounding Suharto’s resignation in May 1998 and its aftermath pararelly followed by the occurrences of communal conflicts in several places such as Maluku, Central Sulawesi and Kalimantan. Interestingly these communal conflicts also occurred at the same time with the process of splitting of the district territories (pemekaran) that were accelerating under the implementation of the new law of decentralization and regional autonomy in 2001. This paper utilizing the political demography perspective is a preliminary attempt to look at the possible linkages between ethnodemographic configuration and the communal conflict within particular geographic administrative boundaries and its repercussions on the process of pemekaran. As the implementation of the direct election of the local governmental head (Pilkada) is currently underway the paper also provides some notes on the ethno-political dynamics of this regional version of people’s direct election. The paper argues that ethnicity is mattered in the process of pemekaran and could be manipulated by the local elites in their attempt to obtain mass support during the Pilkada. More systematic research however is needed to better understand the complex nexus between ethnicity and local politics in Indonesia.

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