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Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya
ISSN : 14104830     EISSN : 25021966     DOI : -
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Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya (JMB) or Journal of Society and Culture is a peer-reviewed journal that aims to be an authoritative academic source on the study of society and culture. We publish original research papers, review articles, case studies, and book reviews focusing on Indonesian society, cultural phenomena, and other related topics. A manuscript describing society and culture outside Indonesia is expected to be analyzed comparatively with the issues and context in Indonesia. All papers will be reviewed rigorously at least by two referees. JMB is published three times a year, in April, August , and December.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 20, No 2 (2018)" : 10 Documents clear
STATUS DAN PERAN PEREMPUAN JAWA DALAM TEKS SASTRA INDONESIA DAN DUNIA NYATA The Status and the Roles of Javanese Women in Indonesian Literary Texts and in the Reality Ismawati, Esti
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 20, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (335.709 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v20i2.612

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan status dan peran perempuan Jawa dalam teks sastra Indonesia dari masa penjajahan, masa kemerdekaan, masa sekarang dan perempuan Jawa dalam dunia nyata. Permasalahan yang akan dijawab adalah, bagaimana status dan peran perempuan Jawa dalam teks sastra dan dalam dunia nyata?. Adakah perubahan yang signifikan dari masa ke masa?. Adakah perbedaan antara status dan peran perempuan Jawa dalam teks sastra dan dalam dunia nyata?. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah deskriptif dan survai. Deskriptif untuk perempuan Jawa dalam teks sastra. Survai untuk perempuan Jawa di dunia nyata. Teknik yang digunakan adalah teknik pustaka dan angket. Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa status dan peran perempuan Jawa dalam teks sastra dan dalam dunia nyata mengalami perubahan dari masa ke masa. Perubahan tersebut meliputi pola pikir dan pola hidup. Dalam teks sastra ada tokoh bu Bei dalam Canting yang buta huruf dan bekerja di rumah, dan tokoh Dr. Larasati yang menamatkan S3 dan bekerja sebagai kepala kantor pemerintah. Keduanya memiliki status yang sama, yakni sebagai isteri, tetapi mempunyai peran yang tidak sama. Penelitian juga menyimpulkan tidak ada perbedaan antara status dan peran perempuan Jawa dalam teks sastra dan dalam dunia nyata karena sastra merupakan cermin masyarakat yang melingkupinya. This research aims to describe the status and roles of Javanese women in Indonesian literary texts from the colonial era, independence era, today’s era, and Javanese women in reality. The problems that need to be answered are the status and roles of Javanese women in Indonesian literary texts and in the reality, the significant change from an era to the others, and the differences between the status and roles of Javanese women in Indonesian literary texts and in the reality. The methods used in this research are descriptive method and survey. The descriptive method is for the Javanese women in literary texts, while the survey is for the Javanese women in the reality. The techniques used are bibliography technic and questionnaire. From the research result, it can be concluded that the status and roles of Javanese women in Indonesian literary texts and in the reality change from era to era. The changes consist of mindset and lifestyle. In literary text, there is Bu Bei from Canting who is an illiterate housewife and Dr. Larasati who has doctorate degree who works as the head of a government office. Both have the same status, which is as a wife, but they have different roles. This research’s conclusion is that there is no difference between the status and roles of Javanese women in Indonesian literary texts and in the reality because the literary texts are the reflection of the society
OJEK PANGKALAN VERSUS OJEK ONLINE (PEMBERDAYAAN BERBASIS KOMUNITAS DAN KETAHANAN EKONOMI OJEK PANGKALAN) Fathy, Rusydan
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 20, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (590.187 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v20i2.635

Abstract

Technology has penetrated into the transportation services sector in Indonesia. The existence of application-based ojek is a manifestation of technology adaptation into the transportation services sector. Its emergence replacing the ojek pangkalan’s existence as an alternative transportation. For members of ojek pangkalan who are able to adapt, they choose to become ojek online’s driver, while those who do not, choose to survive. However, the inability to adapt is getting worse with weakening the quality of their social capital. Ojek pangkalan’s entity as a community currently has a negative image in society because of their poor quality management system. This paper exploring community-based empowerment of ojek pangkalan and their economic resilience. This paper was conducted using qualitative approach. Data analyzed through the three-stage data encryption technique: open code, axial code and selective code. Arguments are formulated through analysis using social capital theory as a main theoretical framework. The opening of this article placing ojek pangkalan’s entity into the macro domain of urban studies. Ojek pangkalan will be drawn into the context discussion of a community. The main part of this article is exploring the social capital that Ojek Pangkalan Salemba have, which is the process of the establishment and how its role in making of economic resilience. Besides that, for the closing part, this article describe the constellation of ojek pangkalan’s existence in context of community-based empowerment.
KEPERCAYAAN TERHADAP PETTA ALE’E DI MATA MASYARAKAT DESA PALIPPU KEC.TANA SITOLO Arafah, Sitti
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 20, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (284.712 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v20i2.589

Abstract

Kepercayaan animisme beserta emosi dan ritual kepercayaannya masih berkembang di masyarakat yang sudah beragama monoteisme. Praktik-praktik animismenya didorong oleh adanya anggapan bahwa kekuatan yang disucikan itu memberikan banyak manfaat bagi kehidupannya. Hal ini juga terlihat pada kepercayaan Petta Ale’e bagi masyarakat Palippu. Penelitian ini mendeskripsikan kepercayan terhadap Petta Ale’a di mata masyarakat Desa Palippu. Sebagai penelitian kualitatif maka teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan makam Petta Ale’e yang berada di tengah hutan, hingga kini masih memberi pengaruh kuat bagi kehidupan sosial keagamaan masyarakat di sekitarnya bahkan masyarakat dari luar. Petta Ale’e diyakini memiliki kelebihan dan kekeramatan sehingga masyarakat senantiasa memberikan persembahan kepadanya sebagai ucapan terima kasih karena dipercaya telah melindungi dari malapetaka, memberikan rejeki dan sebagainya. Kepercayaan initelah mentradisi secara turun temurun, jika dilanggar dipercayai akan memberikan kesengsaraan, walaupun masyarakatnya juga melaksanakan ajaran Islam dengan baik sehingga sebahagian besar masyarakat menganggap bahwa kepercayaan terhadap Petta Ale’e dinilai sangat bertentangan dengan aqidah Islam. This research aims to describe to the beliefs of Petta Ale'e the community's to the in Palippu Village. As a qualitative research, data collection techniques use observation, interview and documentation. The results show that Petta Ale'e, is a tomb that is in the middle of the forest, until now still give a strong influence for the religious social life of the surrounding community and even the community from outside. Petta Ale'e is believed to have advantages and sanstutyso that people always give offerings to him as a thank you for protecting from calamity, giving fortune and so forth. This belief has traditionally, if violated is believed to bring misery, although the people also practice Islam well so that most of the people consider that belief in Petta Ale'e is considered very contrary to Islamic aqidah.
JMB Vol.20 No.2 2018 JMB, JMB
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 20, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (231.175 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v20i2.704

Abstract

REPRESENTASI PEREMPUAN DALAM LEMBAGA POLITIK DI INDONESIA rajab, budi
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 20, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (307.299 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v20i2.626

Abstract

Jumlah perempuan yang menjadi anggota parlemen pusat dan daerah selalu tidak representatif sejak Republik Indonesia berdaulat. Bahkan dengan diberlakukannya sistem kuota untuk perempuan dalam undang-undang politik agar ketimpangan gender di parlemen bisa berkurang, tetap saja secara kuantitas anggota parlemen perempuan tidak proporsional dibandingkan dengan jumlah anggota parlemen laki-laki. Penyebabnya bukan karena melulu terletak pada faktor internal perempuan sendiri, tetapi ada pada lembaga dan proses politik yang cenderung masih menonjolkan ciri-ciri politik yang maskulin dan patriarkhis. Selama sistem kuota tidak mengandung sanksi tegas, hanya sekedar himbauan seperti yang tertera pada undang-undang Pemilu, jumlah perempuan di parlemen tidak akan dapat bertambah secara berarti. Meski demikian, sistem kuota masih menjadi persoalan, anggota parlemen perempuan yang jumlahnya sedikit itu perlu bekerja sama untuk menelorkan kebijaksanaan yang pro-perempuan dan rakyat kebanyakan, karena kinerja mereka akan memperoleh dukungan yang kian luas dari masyarakat atas pentingnya posisi perempuan di parlemen.
From Grievance to Welfare: Reshaping the Identity of Past Gross Violation of Human Rights Victims in Indonesia Citrawan, Harison
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 20, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (299.6 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v20i2.571

Abstract

This article attempts to describe a shift of identity amongst the victims and survivors of past gross human rights violations in Indonesia, through examining the economic violence of past gross human rights violations in the country and the current available reparative mechanisms Arguably through this examination, and given a wider framework of Indonesia’s transition policy, it could be seen that there is a reshaping of victim’s interest from state’s violence grievances to structural economic vulnerability. This shift is mainly caused by several contributing factors: first is the absence of national level holistic paradigm in resolving the past. This could be depicted in the absence of clear legal framework and the lack of political will to resolve the past; and second is the emerging pragmatic choice made by the government and the (group of) victims/survivors- particularly given the current existing challenge of welfare-based needs faced by the victims/survivors. While the exercised reparative mechanisms- through judicial process and general assistance programs have been considerably useful in empowering the victims/survivors, this situation would potentially fail to portrait the structural (economic) violence that happened in the past.
Dinamika Implementasi Kebijakan Keagamaan di Indonesia Rohman, Muhammad Saifullah
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 20, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (350.945 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v20i2.555

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Judul : Religion and Regulation in Indonesia Penulis : Ismatu Ropi Penerbit : Palgrave Macmillan-Springer Nature Cetakan : I Tahun : 2017 Tebal : 263 halaman
Dakwah dan Kesalehan: Studi tentang Gerakan Teras Dakwah di Kalangan Remaja Yogyakarta Triantoro, Dony Arung
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 20, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (315.058 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v20i2.624

Abstract

Abstrak Lembaga Sosial Teras Dakwah (TD) didirikan pada tahun 2011 melalui sepetak teras rumah berukuran 2, 2 x 12 meter di kampung Nitikan Yogyakarta. Tujuan utama lembaga ini adalah sebagai wadah pemersatu ummat Islam lintas harakah. Selanjutnya penelitian ini ingin menjelaskan tentang konsep dakwah dan kesalehan di era kontemporer melalui teknologi komunikasi baru. Data penelitian diperoleh melalui wawancara, observasi dan didukung dengan literatur yang relevan. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa gerakan Teras Dakwah mengindikasikan ketidakpuasan gerakan Islam kontemporer dengan praktik kesalehan yang diajarkan oleh otoritas lama, serta tidak mampu menyesuaikan dengan kehidupan kontemporer. Kemudian melalui program hapus tato, Teras Dakwah menunjukkan bahwa organisasi membuka ruang kesalehan bagi muslim yang sedang dalam proses hijrah. Di samping itu, Teras Dakwah mendiskusikan konsep dakwah dengan budaya populer untuk memberikan kenyamanan bagi mereka yang sedang mencari kesalehan seperti, mendesain halaman rumah layaknya sebuah kafe, mengonsep tema dakwah yang menarik dan membuat video tematik berdurasi singkat yang menjelaskan tentang jadwal pengajian yang akan berlangsung. Sehingga fenomena ini membuka ruang diskusi tentang dakwah dan kesalehan dalam gerakan Islam kontemporer. Di samping itu, fenomena kemunculan Teras Dakwah menunjukkan bahwa Islam tidak sekedar sebagai agama masjid. Kata Kunci: Gerakan Islam Kontemporer, Kesalehan dan Budaya Populer
Ambiguous Neutrality: Kompas’ Position Amid the Wave of Political Polarization During the Presidential Election 2014 Wijayanto, Wijayanto
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 20, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (677.086 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v20i2.651

Abstract

This study aims to examine the position of Kompas daily newspaper amid the wave political polarization during Indonesian presidential election 2014 and explain the underlying reason behind it. Based on six months on site observation within the daily’s newsroom as well as content analysis to 278 of Kompas’ article during the presidential campaign, this study found that the actual position of the daily has been ambiguous. On one hand, it claimed to be neutral in its editorial policy, but on the other hand, most of its editorial elites as well as its reporters had personally supported Jokowi. Furthermore, even though the daily has managed to be in a relative balance in term of space in its coverage, it has favored Jokowi in term of tone. This study argues there are political, economy as well as cultural reasons underlying this ambiguous position. Politically, Kompas took position to be neutral to stay close, and to avoid conflict, with whoever might win the election. Economically, this position was taken to maximize its economic interest to maintain its readers whose supports were also divided to the two pairs of candidates and to keep the chance to get advertising revenue from both candidates. Finally, this position has been justified by the shared cultural values among the journalists that this is important to remain neutral to avoid direct confrontation with either Presidential candidate. This values has been embodied as part of the habitus of the journalists which its development primarily took place under the previous authoritarian era. This situation is surprisingly similar with the case in the post authoritarian South American countries, in which the legacy of the authoritarian past still takes hold to the current state of its journalism.
Refleksi Kepercayaan Masyarakat Pesisir Pantai Prigi dalam Sajen Slametan Njangkar (Kajian Etnolinguistik) Puspita, Ayunda Riska
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 20, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (299.922 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v20i2.614

Abstract

Masyarakat Jawa masih sangat mempertahankan budaya dan adat peninggalan nenek moyangnya. Salah satu adat yang masih dipertahankan sampai saat ini adalah kegiatan upacara selamatan (slametan) yang di dalamnya terdapat sajen yang melambagkan atau menyimbolkan pesan tertentu. Di pesisir Pantai Prigi upaca slametan yang masih dilaksaskan sampai saat ini adalah slametan njangkar. Slametan njangkar ini berhubungan erat dengan kepercayaan masyarakat pesisir Pantai Prigi terhadap Nyi Roro Kidul, Sang Penguasa Laut Selatan. Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan sajen-sajen yang terdapat dalam upacara slametan njangkar untuk mengetahui refleksi kepercayaan masyarakat pesisir Pantai Prigi dalam upacara tersebut. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian etnolinguistik dengan pendekatan kualitatif dan metode deskripsi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa penamaan sajen merefleksikan kepercayaan masyarakat pesisir Pantai Prigi terhadap Allah swt. dan makhluk ciptaan-Nya yang tidak dapat dilihat secara kasat mata atau makhluk ghaib yang merupakan penguasa wilayah tertentu seperti Nyi Roro Kidul. Hal tersebut menunjukkan bahwa kepercayaan masyarakat pesisir Pantai Prigi termasuk ke dalam sinkretisme karena terjadi akulturasi budaya Jawa dengan budaya Islam. Tujuan utama slametan njangkar adalah untuk memohon keselamatan kepada Yang Maha Kuasa dan meminta izin kepada penguasa laut selatan untuk memasuki wilayahnya dan mengambil sebagian harta yang dimiliki oleh Nyi Roro Kidul The Javanese people still preserve their culture and custom passed down by theiranchestors. One of the heritage that is still preserved till this day is in the form of ceremony or selamatan (slametan). In slametan there is a sajen that symbolize a particular message. In coastal Prigi beach the ceremony or slametan called slametan njangkar. This slametan is closely related to the beliefs of the coastal community in Prigi Beach toward Nyi Roro Kidul as the queen of the South Sea. This study aims to describe the sajen-sajen contained in the slametan njangkarin order to know the reflection of Coastal Coast Prigi people’s beliefthrough the ceremony. This ethnolinguistics research used qualitative approach and descriptive method. The results of this study then indicate that the naming of sajen reflects the belief of the coastal community in Prigi towards Allah swt and His invisible creatures that cannot be seen by the bare eye or supernatural beings who rules certain regions named Nyi Roro Kidul. It shows that the belief of the coastal community in Prigi Coast involved in the syncretism due to the acculturation of Javanese culture with Islamic culture. The main goal of slametan is to bega salvation to the Almighty and ask permission to the queen of the sea to enter her territory to take her resources.

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