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Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya
ISSN : 14104830     EISSN : 25021966     DOI : -
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Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya (JMB) or Journal of Society and Culture is a peer-reviewed journal that aims to be an authoritative academic source on the study of society and culture. We publish original research papers, review articles, case studies, and book reviews focusing on Indonesian society, cultural phenomena, and other related topics. A manuscript describing society and culture outside Indonesia is expected to be analyzed comparatively with the issues and context in Indonesia. All papers will be reviewed rigorously at least by two referees. JMB is published three times a year, in April, August , and December.
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Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 17, No 2 (2015)" : 9 Documents clear
THE PRODUCTIVE ROLE OF WOMEN IN SEVERAL INDONESIAN FISHING COMMUNITIES Indrawasih, Ratna
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 17, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (364.648 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v17i2.286

Abstract

Some of the Indonesian women have a role as the family breadwinner. In that case, women have a dual role as a homemaker and a breadwinner (productive role). This phenomenon can also be observed in the fishing communities. As the breadwinner (run productive role), their activities are vary from the pre-production to the post-production. This paper discusses their activities. Data in this paper are gathered both from both the field research as well as secondary one from other researchers. Keywords: Productive Roles, Women, Fishing Communities
EMPIRICAL MODELS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RELIGION AND STATE IN INDONESIA: HOW RELIGIOUS BELIEFS DEFINE THE RELATION BETWEEN RELIGION AND STATE? Hadiwitanto, Handi; Sterkens, Carl
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 17, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (467.475 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v17i2.280

Abstract

In Indonesian political context the plausibility of religion is very high, both at individual and at societal level. People normally think that religion and state are not seen as totally independent. Religion should not be marginalised in public policies, and the state should deal with religious matters. In the same time we found the rise of religious fundamentalism and its influence on Indonesian politics. This particular situation shows the problematic relationship between religion and state in Indonesia. The dividing line between religion and state in today’s Indonesia is very thin at some points; and the role of religion in the legislative and executive branch receives a lot of attention in public debate. In this article we would like to examine empirically the attitudes of Indonesian students in higher education towards the relationship between religion and state. We will elaborate on the relationship between the religious convictions of individuals, and the influence of these convictions on their ideas about the separation of religion and state. We expect that university students attitudes are highly relevant regarding respect for religious freedom in domains where the state exercises control. The tension between religion and state is indeed visible in concrete legislation. Keywords: religion-state relation, liberalism, communitarianism, religion, Islam, Kristen, empirical research, Indonesia
BETWEEN AGRICULTURE AND COAL MINING: A STUDY OF THE LAND GRABBING IN THE SUB-DISTRICT OF TENGGARONG SEBERANG Siburian, Robert
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 17, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1453.036 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v17i2.285

Abstract

Tenggarong Seberang subdistrict had been an agriculture area since the 1980s which was started when migrants were located there. The subdistrict had ever been a rice granary for Kutai Kartanegara Regency. To support the agricultural activity, the regency goverment developed a rice processing unit to increase the quality of rice from that place. However, while the coal mining activity around Tenggarong Seberang is increasing, at the same time the agricultural land has changed its function become a mining concession. Land grabbing has emerged between peasants who are consistant to work in agriculture and those who see the mining as an economic sector which will bring a more advance life. This paper attempts to understand how the peasants survive in their agricultural activity with all obstacles and from mining industry which continuously push to the agricultural areas. This paper is based on the research conducted in 2014. Keywords: agriculture, mining, competition, and political ecology
HALAIK THE RELIGION OF TAU TAA VANA Hisyam, Muhammad
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 17, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (341.974 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v17i2.281

Abstract

Tau Taa Vana is a minority ethnic group living in Dataran Tinggi Bulang, Central Sulawesi. There are around 1500 inhabitants. They believe in Pue, their only God, and practice Halaik, a local customary religion. According to them, custom (adat) is the same as religion. Halaik, literally means belief. For the people of Tau Taa Vana, custom, tradition, and traditional medication are united as a religion system. Kapongo is the main ritual that provides offerings (sesaji) consisting of betel, areca nut, and lime to the super natural essence or Pue. These offerings are delivered in every special occasion, such as hunting, planting, harvesting, medicating, building house, and ceremonial feast. However, they have no church, no temple, and no regular worship. They can pray anytime and anywhere in various ways. Halaik is a genuine belief that has been practiced by Tau Taa Vana since a long time ago. In the past five decades, however, some of them have converted to be Muslims as well as Christians. Nevertheless, to the present days they still faithfully practice Halaik, their old religion. Keywords: Halaik, Kapongo, Pue, Dataran Tinggi Bulang
THE HISTORY AND DYNAMIC OF CUSTOMARY LAND TENURE IN THE VILLAGE OF PROBUR UTARA HABOLLAT, ALOR DISTRICT Sudiyono, Sudiyono
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 17, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (738.856 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v17i2.284

Abstract

This article aims to describe the history as well as the dynamics of customary land tenure in Probur Utara Habollat Village Alor District. There are six factors influencing the dynamics of customary land tenure, namely: (1) The expansion of village administration area as a consequence of the rising demand on public services; (2) The rising of the village infrastructure development, that needs legal formal regulation on land; (3) The customary land tenure, which is closely related with the local system believe, in the recent days have changed along with the process of Islamization and Christianization; (4) The implementation of community forestry programme under government’s control that has weakened the authority of traditional leaders in the land use management; (5) The land titling policy from the local government of Alor District that has shifted the land rights from the community rights to the personal rights; and (6) The very weak social economic life of the Beilel as a minority tribal group. Keywords: dynamic, customary land tenure, Probur Utara Habollat Village
THE CLASSIFICATION OF HABERMAS EPISTEMOLOGY AND ITS IMPLICATION TOWARD SOCIAL-CULTURAL RESEARCH METHODOLOGY Saidi, Anas
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 17, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (385.385 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v17i2.278

Abstract

As a branch of philosophy which studies the nature of science, epistemology seems to be neglected in the research world. Some of young researchers assume that epistemology is only an abstract philosophical material unrelated with the methodology. As a consequence, research is often conducted based on the known methods rather than the nature of the reality. From the very beginning, therefore, the research has been biased in methodology. This paper discusses the classification of Habermas’ epistemology. Habermas has classified the science paradigm into three categories, namely (1) Positivism (Technical knowledge interest or dominative knowledge), (2) Interpretative Paradigm (Humanistic or practical knowledge Interest or descriptive science), and (3) Critical Paradigm (Emancipatory knowledge interest/ liberating knowledge). Understanding the strengths and weaknesses of each paradigm will encourage the researchers to determine the appropriate methodology based on the the nature of reality. Keywords: implication, epistemology, methodology, social-cultural, Jurgen Habermas
INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT APPROACH FOR REDUCING SOCIAL EXCLUSION IN URBAN AREA: A CASE STUDY OF MARGINAL GROUPS IN KAMPUNG SEMANGGI, SOLO, CENTRAL JAVA Warsilah, Henny
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 17, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1322.997 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v17i2.283

Abstract

Since the 1980’s the paradigm of development in developing countries, especially in urban areas, has relied on the economic development with economic growth as the main output. This model tends to produce poverty, deprivation, and social exclusion. Social exclusion is a condition, in which individuals, families, and groups in the population do not have the social and political access toward social resources, lack of participation in social activities, and have inadequate living conditions and facilities. This development paradigm has been criticized as it only uses economic indicators and neglects other non-economical aspects. The challenge is to redefine or conceptualize the development in a wider term as a continuum process on a society or a social system led to social inclusion. It is a new approach, which develops an open environment and involves everyone from various backgrounds in the development process. As the development gap between rural and urban areas is getting wider, understanding social inclusion development is a need. Furthermore, President Joko Widodo’s (Jokowi) Nawacita declared that the State must be present among society; therefore, the development should start from the periphery to the centre in order to improve the quality of life, prosperity, and democracy. This paper aims to reconstruct the values of urban development along with the concept of social inclusion in order to increase the quality of life, social relationships, social cohesion, social participation, and social capital in Solo, Central Java. Keywords: social exclusion, social inclusion, inclusive development
ETNISITAS DAN AGAMA DALAM KONTESTASI WACANA KEKUASAAN DI MEDIA BARU Halimatusa’diah, Halimatusa’diah
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 17, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (218.586 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v17i2.287

Abstract

Judul : Etnisitas dan Agama Sebagai Isu Politik: Kampanye JK-Wiranto pada Pemilu 2009 Penulis : Nina Widyawati Penerbit : Yayasan Obor Indonesia Tahun : 2014 M Tebal : vi + 246 halaman
LIVING IN EXILE: THE INDONESIAN POLITICAL VICTIMS IN THE NETHERLANDS Mudzakkir, Amin
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 17, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (296.067 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v17i2.282

Abstract

This paper discusses the experience of Indonesian exiles in the Netherlands. Presented in a chronological order from their departure to foreign countries until the post-Suharto era. This paper shows a strong interaction between international and domestic political battles as the context of their origin. Organized based on interviews and observations of the Indonesian exiles in the Netherlands, in addition to related literature review, this paper points out the effort by the exiles to maintain their nasionalist commitment by creating a counter narrative to Indonesian historiography that neglected them. Keywords: 1965 tragedy, exile, citizenship, nationalism

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