Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya
ISSN : 14104830     EISSN : 25021966
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya (JMB) or Journal of Society and Culture is a peer-reviewed journal that aims to be an authoritative academic source on the study of society and culture. We publish original research papers, review articles, case studies, and book reviews focusing on Indonesian society, cultural phenomena, and other related topics. A manuscript describing society and culture outside Indonesia is expected to be analyzed comparatively with the issues and context in Indonesia. All papers will be reviewed rigorously at least by two referees. JMB is published three times a year, in April, August , and December.
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TUN SRI LANANG DAN IKATAN KULTURAL ALAM MELAYU

Abdullah, Taufik ( Ketua Komisi Ilmu Sosial, Akademi Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (AIPI) )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 16, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (122.601 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v16i1.32

Abstract

The beginning of the 16th century can be seen as the time when the history of the two big powers in the Malay world–Majapahit and Malaka–had ended and the period of “stable instability” began. That was the time when the new emerging kingdoms were involved in the highly unstable relationship. Despite of the conflicts and uncertainties, the Malay literary tradition began during this period. Sejarah Melayu (Sulalat us Salihin) or Malay Annals is one of the most famous manuscripts in Malay literary tradition. It was written by Tun Sri Lanang, the Bendahara (“prime minister”) of Johor (a kingdom on Malay Peninsula), who later became the district-head of Samalanga, Aceh- Darussalam. The manuscript does not only describe the history of the Malay kingdoms–from the time of Palembang through the establishment of Malaka to the crisis of the Sultanate of Johor– but also discusses the ethics of power. This manuscript can be compared with Taj us Salatin, written in 1603. The basic foundation of power is justice. However, can the sense of justice be used to oppose the ruler, who has failed to perform the justice? Then, how are the dilemma between justice and rebellion be solved? Keywords: sirna ilang krta ning bhumi, Majapahit & Malaka, Sejarah Melayu, traditional historiography, political theory of Malay, justice and rebellion

ISLAH SEBAGAI DALIH: STUDI KASUS ‘PENYELESAIAN KONFLIK’ PERISTIWA TANJUNG PRIOK (1984) DAN TALANG SARI (1989) PASCA REZIM ORDE BARU

Akmaliah, Wahyudi ( Pusat Penelitian Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan (PMB-LIPI) )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 16, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (134.73 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v16i1.56

Abstract

Abstract A term of islah is quite familiar for Indonesian Muslims. It is an Islamic reconciliation term adopted from Al-Quran and Sunnah to end a conflict. With this term, those people who have been conflicting try to improve their relation to look for a better future by getting rid of their anger and vengeance. The cases of Tanjung Priok (1984) and Talang Sari (1989) tragedy, which caused hundreds of killed Muslims during Soeharto regime, are real examples to see how islah is practiced. Instead of being the best way for conflict resolution, it was part of the problems causing those cases unfinished in the formal court. It had caused the group of the victims divided within two groups; pros and cons of islah. Using islah as the pretext, many of the victims tended to finish it informally with the violators, although the rest still insisted to bring it to the court. The fragmented memory among them about the cases caused a lot of difficulties to prove it legally. Exploring the Islam sources as well as the case of Tanjung Priok and Talang Sari in Post-New Order Regime, this paper examines whether islah is a solution or precisely a part of the problem. This paper aims to put the term of islah and its significant in a proper way; therefore, this paper can contribute to the development of peace and conflict studies. Keywords: Islah, Tanjung Priok (1984), Talang Sari (1989), islamic law, victims, conflict resolution

PERSEPSI MASYARAKAT VERSUS PEMERINTAH TERHADAP LAYAK GUNA AIR: STUDI KASUS KALI JAGIR KELURAHAN NGAGELREJO SURABAYA

Husain, Sarkawi B. ( Departemen Ilmu Sejarah Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Airlangga Surabaya )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 16, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (377.304 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v16i1.36

Abstract

Jagir River is one of the three important rivers in Surabaya, which provides the basic need of clean water for the citizens of Surabaya and its surroundings. However, the water has low quality, proved by the limp, dead, and floating fish on the river. In fact, some people still use it for their daily lives, from washing their clothes, bathing, defecating, to ablution. The question is why those people are still willing to use the poor water there for their daily needs. Does not the government perceive it as being polluted with various wastes? Using an ethnoecological approach, this paper aims to discuss the different perceptions between the government and the society about the river as well as the water quality of Jagir River. For the government, this river has two functions, namely (1) to divide and to control the water volume of Mas River in order to prevent the flood in Surabaya; and (2) to provide water for Perusahaan Daerah Air Minum/Regional Company for Drinking Water (PDAM) Surabaya in order to be produced as drinking water. Meanwhile, for those living in the riverside, Jagir River has four patterns of usage. Those are (1) spraying and watering, (2) cleaning, (3) performing ablution, and (4) taking recreation and earning a living. Keywords: perception, society, government, worthy-usable, water, Kali Jagir

MEMPERTAHANKAN RUANG HIDUP KONSERVASI DAN BUDAYA DI TELUK TOMINI

Amin, Basri ( Program Studi Sosiologi, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial, Universitas Negeri Gorontalo )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 16, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (133.345 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v16i1.52

Abstract

The coastal area of Pohuwato, Tomini Bay, degrades, in which the mangrove forests has been converted into fishpond. During the last ten years, the mangrove forest has widely converted into fishfond. The expansion of fishpond area is widely due to the presence of migrants fom South Sulawesi. The process is not simple, in which the locals formerly rent it to the migrants and eventually sell it to them. Uniquely, the migrants’ economic ethos in fishfond activities is well-recognized by the locals. The empowerment of coastal community, therefore, should consider the diversity of their jobs, culture, and livelihood. This paper examines the development of migrants’ economic expansion in the coastal area of Tanjung Panjang, Pohuwato. Keywords: migrant, fishpond, Tanjung Panjang, economic culture, Pohuwato, Tomini Bay

CHINA AND THE SHAPING OF INDONESIA, 1949-1965

Thung, Ju Lan ( Pusat Penelitian Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan (PMB-LIPI) )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 16, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (107.068 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v16i1.65

Abstract

Judul Buku: China and the Shaping of Indonesia, 1949 - 1965 Penulis: Hong Liu Penerbit: NUS Press, Singapura, bekerja sama dengan Kyoto University Press, Jepang Cetakan: 2011

PEMBIAYAAN USAHA PERIKANAN TANGKAP DAN MOBILITAS SOSIAL NELAYAN

Masyhuri, Masyhuri ( Pusat Penelitian Ekonomi (P2E-LIPI) )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 16, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (132.896 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v16i1.53

Abstract

This article aims to address the importance of non-formal financial institution role toward the social mobility of fisherman as well as the development of Indonesian small scale fishing sector. This institution can be an individual entrepreneur or financial agent, which provides credit or other stimulus. From qualitative approach, the social mobility of fisherman and the development of fishing is a consequence of economic relations complexity. However, the role of non-formal financial institution is a dominant factor. This institution is important and always needed as far as the formal financial institutions have not been able to provide opportunity for all fishermen to access the capital. The compatibility of formal finance system and socio- economic characteristics of fishermen is an important factor to encourage the increase of formal finance system role in fishery. Keywords: fishery, fisherman’s income, invesment, social mobility

LETUSAN KRAKATAU 1883: PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP GERAKAN SOSIAL BANTEN 1888

Tantri, Erlita ( Pusat Penelitian Sumber Daya Regional (PSDR-LIPI) )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 16, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (357.863 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v16i1.61

Abstract

This paper aims to explain the Krakatau explosion in 1883 and its impact, mainly on the 1888 social movement in Banten. Krakatau explosion in 26-27 August 1883 was one of the tremendous volcano explosions in the 19th century, after the Tambora explosion in 1815. The impacts of explosion, such as high tsunami wave, ash, gas covered the atmosfer, had given other impacts on social, political, and economic aspects, as well as scientific sphere. Climate change affecting the ecology, such as the increase of death because of starvation and diseases, increase religion fanatism. This religious fanatism generated the social movement in Banten peaking in 1888. Keywords: volcanoes, Krakatau, Banten, religious fanaticism, social movement.

RITUAL TAGI JERE DALAM KOMUNITAS ETNIK KAO: PERAN LEMBAGA DEWAN ADAT DAN BADAN SYARA’ DAN PERKEMBANGANNYA

Manan, Mohammad Azzam ( Pusat Penelitian Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan (PMB-LIPI) )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 16, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (134.511 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v16i1.33

Abstract

Tagi jere is a ritual conducted by the Kao people in North Halmahera. It is a pilgrimage to a tomb (jere) believed as Shekh Masyur tomb, a religious traveller from Baghdad coming to Kao to preach Islam. The Kao people believe that the sacred tomb of Shekh Mansyur can be a mediation (Arabic: tawasul) to gain blessing and luck in order to achieve their hopes and dreams. This article describes the ritual process, both from cultural as well as social aspects, in which the Tribal Council (Dewan Adat) and Religious Council (Badan Syara’) play important roles. This article also draws the ritual from the mythology aspect and the social solidarity between the Kao people and other ethnic groups surrounding the tomb. Keywords: tagi jere, ethnic Kao, holy tomb, Tribal Council, Religious Council

KEARIFAN LOKAL VERSUS KELESTARIAN MANGROVE: UPAYA MENJAGA KAWASAN PESISIR KABUPATEN BELITUNG DARI KERUSAKAN

Siburian, Robert ( Pusat Penelitian Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan (PMB-LIPI) )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 16, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (183.261 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v16i1.44

Abstract

This paper aims to explain the local wisdom related to ecology of Belitung people. It has existed from generations to generations. There three forms of local wisdom related to ecology, namely dukun kampung, kelekak, and hutan larangan. Although they have that local wisdom, the forest area in Belitung remains damage. It indicates that the local wisdom has not been implemented into their life, particularly in relation to the environment where they live. However, the reality in the forest is not similar to the mangrove plants. Although the local wisdom does not orient to the sea, the mangrove plants is in a very good condition. Analysing that case, this paper focuses on the understanding of Belitung people on mangrove plant related to their local wisdom. Keywords: local wisdom, ecology, mangrove sustainability, coastal area, environmental damage

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