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Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya
ISSN : 14104830     EISSN : 25021966     DOI : -
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Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya (JMB) or Journal of Society and Culture is a peer-reviewed journal that aims to be an authoritative academic source on the study of society and culture. We publish original research papers, review articles, case studies, and book reviews focusing on Indonesian society, cultural phenomena, and other related topics. A manuscript describing society and culture outside Indonesia is expected to be analyzed comparatively with the issues and context in Indonesia. All papers will be reviewed rigorously at least by two referees. JMB is published three times a year, in April, August , and December.
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Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 14, No 3 (2012)" : 9 Documents clear
KERENTANAN PENAMBAK GARAM AKIBAT PERUBAHAN MUSIM HUJAN DI DESA RANDUTATAH, KABUPATEN PROBOLINGGO Wahyono, Ary
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 14, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (563.268 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v14i3.104

Abstract

This paper describes the vulnerability of salt farmers due to changes in rainy season caused by climate change. This paper also discusses about its effect on the working relationship between salt pond owners and salt farmers that need to adapt to this climate change or managing the risk sharing between parties. Salt farming is the main source of income of the people in coastal area in Probolinggo, East Java. The risk of salt pond harvest failure is relatively smaller than shrimp pond or fish pond. Salt pond farming is less like in to subject to crop disease or seed mortality, or any other problems that may happen on other farmings. Nonetheless, the salt farming at present faces difficulties since the global warming change the rainy season has changed. Usually the rainy and dry season was predictable, therefore the salt farmers are able to plan their income sources. Salt farming business is the activity conducted during dry season; and during rainy season, salt farmer work as crop workers, or fishermen. Unpredicted rainy season makes salt farmers unable to schedule salt farm production. The rain melts the salt, therefore the salt farmer has to start all over again. Keywords: climate change, social vulnerability, salt pond, salt farmer
MEMBACA PERUBAHAN IKLIM MELALUI BINGKAI ANTROPOLOGI Nadzir, Ibnu
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 14, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (79.178 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v14i3.108

Abstract

Judul Buku: Anthropology and Climate Change Editor: Susan A. Crate and Mark Nuttal Penerbit: Left Coast Press, Inc. Tebal: 416 (termasuk catatan dan indeks) ISBN : 978-1-59874 334-0
DAMPAK PERUBAHAN IKLIM TERHADAP PETANI TAMBAK GARAM DI KABUPATEN SAMPANG DAN SUMENEP Kurniawan, Tikkyrino; Azizi, Achmad
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 14, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (455.356 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v14i3.103

Abstract

The Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) has proclaimed Salt Self-Suficiency since 2011 and established Salt Producing Community Empowerment Program (PUGAR) under the Directorate General of Coastal Marine and Small Islands (KP3K) to support it. This article was based on a research conducted in Sampang and Sumenep Districts from February to August 2012. Data was collected by using purposive sampling and analysed by descriptive method. Climate gives huge contribution to salt production because the process uses evaporation techniques onto salt ponds that depends on the weather and climate. Rainfall is one of the decreased of elements that influence salt production. The research shows that without an adaptation strategy, the rain might cause significant reduction in salt production. In addition, strong winds and hurricanes destroy the indmills and salt warehouses; tide high waves damages the ponds; and soil abrasion will reduce the number of salt ponds. This research recommends an adaptation strategy based on the knowledge about climate that can be used to forecast the volume of salt import and to determine the time frame and the amount of PUGAR needed. Keywords: climate impact, salt farmers, dry season, forecasting, adaptation strategy.
STRATEGI ADAPTASI NELAYAN BAJO MENGHADAPI PERUBAHAN IKLIM: STUDI NELAYAN BAJO DI KABUPATEN SIKKA, FLORES, NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR Nurlaili, Nurlaili
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 14, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (287.823 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v14i3.107

Abstract

Climate change has a significant impact on coastal area ecosystem due to the rise of sea surface and its temperature, the change in salinity, and the frequency and intensity of extreme events such as tropical monsoons and high waves.Climate change has impacted social and economic activitiesin many areas. This paper aims to look at the adaptation strategy of Bajo fisherman in Sikka District East Nusa Tenggara province. The data for this study were collected by using in-depth interviews, observations and Focus Group Discussions. This research shows that Bajo fishermen develop adaptation strategy to face climate change through knowledge construction and innovation of fish capture. Keywords: adaptation strategy, climate change, knowledge construction, innovation
PERUBAHAN IKLIM DAN KASUS MALARIA: PEMAHAMAN DAN PERILAKU KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT DI KABUPATEN KEBUMEN Situmorang, Augustina; Widayatun, Widayatun; Fatoni, Zainal; Astuti, Yuly; Seftiani, Sari
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 14, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (250.81 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v14i3.102

Abstract

Previous studies indicate that the complexity of malaria transmission in certain areas is influenced by the indirect impact of climate change as well as non-climate factors, such as population mobility, behaviour and their access to health services. This paper aims to discuss the knowledge, understanding and health behaviour of rural community related to malaria and climate change. Information presented in this paper is mainly based on field research conducted in Kebumen District in 2010, and supported by a desk review of secondary data, related documents and previous studies. The study shows that several areas (village or sub-district) in Kebumen are vulnerable to malaria. Trend of malaria tends to increase during the last three years (2008-2010), meanwhile malaria outbreaks occur almost every year in different places. Even though local people are aware of the weather and temperature changes in their areas, they have not linked it with climate change phenomenon. People’s knowledge of malaria in terms of the source of the disease, the tranmission of malaria and the various method of malaria prevention is relatively limited and has not been practiced in their daily life. Therefore, an active participation of the government, the private sector and the local community is needed to address this situation. Keywords: malaria, climate change, knowledge and behaviour, rural community, Kebumen district
PENGELOLAAN SUMBERDAYA AIR DI KABUPATEN LOMBOK BARAT: SEBUAH POTRET IMPLEMENTASI KEBIJAKAN EKONOMI HIJAU Sudiyono, Sudiyono
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 14, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (195.036 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v14i3.106

Abstract

This article discusses water scarcity that occured in West Nusa Tenggara Province, particularly in West Lombok District. The main cause of this nature calamity was the forest destruction at the upstream area. To overcome this problem, the West Lombok District Government have issued water resource management policy, popularly known as “Green Economy Policy”. According to the UNEP, the concept of green economy is one effort to improve human well-being and social equity, while at the same time may significantly reduce environmental risks and ecological scarcities. In other words, green economy is the new paradigm of nature resource management, which shifts this sectoral approach to integrated management. Implementation of this programs are as follows; reforestation at the water catchment area, planting of mangrove trees, village self-help energy program (program desa mandiri energi), thousand blue programs (program seribu biru), and environment public services program. How this program is carried out by the West Lombok District Government? This article aims to answer the question. Keywords: water scarcity, water resource management, green economy.
GEJALA PERUBAHAN IKLIM, DAMPAK DAN STRATEGI ADAPTASINYA PADA WILAYAH DAN KOMUNITAS NELAYAN DI KECAMATAN BLUTO, KABUPATEN SUMENEP Indrawasih, Ratna
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 14, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (300.647 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v14i3.101

Abstract

This article discusses the results of research in Sumenep, East Java Province. The purpose of the research is to understand the community perceptions on natural conditions and symptons related to climate change; to understand the impact of the climate change to the coastal environmental and livelihood activities; and to identify how the adaptations made strategy developed on the economic activity. The study was using a qualitative approach. Collecting data was carried out through in-depth interviews with the help of an interview guide. Purposive selection of informants and snowball step is then performed. The results showed that climate change and its impacts have been felt by the people in the District of Bluto, even though they do not understand that the time shift transition seasons, the rainy season to the dry season is the symptoms of climate change. The impacts felt by people such as reduced income to meet their economic needs, adding to the reduction in yield from the sea as a fisherman, was also unable to obtain additional land, because they can not grow tobacco. An adaption strategy undertaken by fishermen is to do seaweed farming and the farmers to grow herbal chilly. Keywords: climate change, impact, strategy of adaptation, fisherman
STRATEGI MITIGASI DAN ADAPTASI TERHADAP PERUBAHAN IKLIM: STUDI KASUS KOMUNITAS NAPU DI CAGAR BIOSFER LORE LINDU Purwanto, Y.; Suryanto, J.
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 14, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1794.328 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v14i3.105

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Global climate change influences poverty phenomena and will be a challenge to community because its impact in the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem degradation. Ecosystem degradation that is brought about by climate change will affect the communities that depend on biodiversity for their livelihoods. The objective of this study are to gather knowledge and Napu community capabilities regarding to develop adaptation strategy in order to manage their biological resources. The study conducted in 2012 in Napu valley area, in the buffer zone and transition area of Lore Lindu Biosphere Reserve shows that communities have good knowledge about biodiversity and ecosystem types and spatial arrangement. Napu community knows and beliefs that climate change is the indicator of unpredictable temperature, dry season, rain season, and quantity of precipitation. Based on those conditions Napu community develops adaptation strategy with cultivation development, mixed cropping, changed in the varieties of crops, and other technique. Keywords: adaptation strategy, natural and biological resources management, climate change, Napu community Lore Lindu biosphere reserve
DIMENSI-DIMENSI SOSIAL DAN BUDAYA DALAM KERUSAKAN LINGKUNGAN, DAN PERUBAHAN IKLIM Syahra, Rusdi
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 14, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (197.07 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v14i3.100

Abstract

This article aims to discuss the extent to which social and cultural dimensions have been taken into account in the whole process of negotiations and agreements regarding the mitigation the impacts of and adaptation to climate change. Almost 18 years have passed since the establishment of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 1995, and 18 annual Conference of Parties (COP) have been held since then to set up agreements on the mitigation of climate change, but long and heated debates had taken place as to how to implement the agreements. It has been widely argued that social and cultural dimensions may have significant contribution in constraining the implementation of the agreements on the emission reduction of green house gasses (GSGs), especially when national interests have become a matter of non-negotiable. On the other hand some experts believe that social structures and cultural frameworks of individual countries could become the bases for concerted efforts by local communities to mitigate and adapt to climate change beyond the large scheme of the international agreements. Meanwhile Indonesia can play a strategic role in mitigating the impacts of global warming given the vast forest area at its disposal and can reap the benefits from carbon trading when land disputes with indigenous people and forest dependent communities could be settled. Keywords: environmental degradation, climate change, social dimension, cultural dimension, mitigation, adaptation, indigenous people

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