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INDONESIA
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya
ISSN : 14104830     EISSN : 25021966     DOI : -
Core Subject :
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya (JMB) or Journal of Society and Culture is a peer-reviewed journal that aims to be an authoritative academic source on the study of society and culture. We publish original research papers, review articles, case studies, and book reviews focusing on Indonesian society, cultural phenomena, and other related topics. A manuscript describing society and culture outside Indonesia is expected to be analyzed comparatively with the issues and context in Indonesia. All papers will be reviewed rigorously at least by two referees. JMB is published three times a year, in April, August , and December.
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Articles 3 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 14, No 2 (2012)" : 3 Documents clear
MELIHAT KEMBALI RADIKALISME ISLAM DI INDONESIA DAN UPAYA-UPAYA PENCEGAHANNYA Turmudi, Endang
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 14, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (153.965 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v14i2.76

Abstract

Radicalism embraced by a smallgroup of Muslims in Indonesia continues to develop and their radical actions increased significantly, as can be seen from the bombing of some hotels, churches and even mosques. Radicalism is influenced by an ideology which among others opposes the presence o f(Secular) Indonesian States, considers other Muslims outside their own group as infidels and exerts to establish an Islamic state. Furthermore, the radicals tolerate violence and even terrorism in order to achieve what they pursue. Since radicalism deals with ideology, the effort of de-radicalization is to unplug certain Islamic understanding of the radicals. Without such direction, deradicalization seems to be difficult to achieve, given the fact that changing ideology is impossible. Therefore, experts proposed a program of "disengagement" which is“not to the point" trying to pull out the idea of   radicalism. Nevertheless, the facts show that there has been some radical group exponents, such as AliImran, who are deradicalized, realizing what they did concerned with terrorism is wrong. From there, the government launched deradicalization programs involving many stakeholders. However, the effectiveness of the programs should be reviewed, and some research need to be conducted to see their constraints since the programs are not related to de-radicalize the terrorists only but also those embraced radicalism in general who are influenced by activist of social movements that propagate radicalism. Keywords: radicalism, de-radicalization, ideology.
MEMELIHARA RUST EN ORDE: KASUS AGAMA JAWA SUNDA PASUNDAN Iskandar, Mohammad
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 14, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (237.471 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v14i2.78

Abstract

Many polemics took place because of the difference in interpretation about deviate religion, especially within the religious or the new beliefs. In this study, I select one case of deviationism which more or less represent two different era, namely the Religion of Java Sundanese Pasundan (Agama Jawa Sunda Pasundan-AJSP). According to colonial documents, the AJSP actually had appeared in Cigugur-Kuningan, West Java since the beginning of the 20th century. But the impact of its presence, especially that caused unrest among the society, only rose since the decade of the 1920s. Later, the unrest turned into a tension between support groups AJSP against Muslim Ummah around it. Especially after the AJSP leader, Kiai Madrais openly said that in the year of Alip, all religions will be disappeared but the AJSP. The tension eventually turned into some collective actions that accompanied by some violence. The AJSP side attacked group of Muslims and destroyed their properties. On the other occasion, the AJSP was the party that was attacked by muslim community around it. Keyword: Agama Jawa Sunda Pasundan (AJSP), Syncretism, Conflict, Tolerance.
ISLAM AND MULTICULTURALISM: CHALLENGE TO THE FUTURE OF DEMOCRACY IN INDONESIA Saidi, Anas
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 14, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (99.503 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v14i2.77

Abstract

Amids the world’s attention to Indonesia, a question is raised: “will the world’s largest Muslims country be able to show Islamic capabilities with democracy?” Ironically, intolerance based on religious spirits with their violent face has continued to increase. Democratic structure formulated after the demised of the New Order regime in 1998 is now facing a new challenge from the rise of theocracy that opposed democracy, pluralism, and multiculturalism. The rise of theocracy is essentially inconsistent with the “Unity in Diversity” principle. Religious politics struggling to institutionalized this theocracy model has become “the sand in the shoe” in the mids of Indonesia’s celebration of multiculralism and pluralism embracing deliberative democracy. Obstacles to democratic reconciliation occured not only due to disfunction of democratic institutions that concentrate much on democratic procedure instead of substantive democracy; but also has been distorted by these theocracy ideals that continues to emerge. The jargon to uphold Islam as a whole (“kaffah”) stated religious views is un-negotiable, although this is actually in contrast with the Islamic principle, “shalih likulli zaman wa makan” (meaning: religious universality applies accross time and space). The effort to textualized with interpretation, can easily fall into the use of violence has given a negative contribution to the building of democracy. Pancasila as nation’s concensus, a conditio sine quanon, for pluralistic and multiculture Indonesia, has now continued being disputed. Keywords: Islam, multiculturalism, democracy

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