Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya
ISSN : 14104830     EISSN : 25021966
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya (JMB) or Journal of Society and Culture is a peer-reviewed journal that aims to be an authoritative academic source on the study of society and culture. We publish original research papers, review articles, case studies, and book reviews focusing on Indonesian society, cultural phenomena, and other related topics. A manuscript describing society and culture outside Indonesia is expected to be analyzed comparatively with the issues and context in Indonesia. All papers will be reviewed rigorously at least by two referees. JMB is published three times a year, in April, August , and December.
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Search results for , issue " Vol 14, No 1 (2012)" : 5 Documents clear
ETNISITAS, HUBUNGAN SOSIAL DAN KONFLIK DI KALIMANTAN BARAT

Haba, John

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 14, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (98.102 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v14i1.86

Abstract

Indonesia has more than 300 ethnic groups living scaterred in around 17.000 islands. Having said that, brilliantly Indonesian founding fathers such Soekarno, Hatta and other prominent leaders fought and struggled to lay down a very strong foundation, to bring all ethnic groups and its complexities into the one nation state. Since the beginning, the challenge is to bring all the ethnic groups, races, religious adherents together into one framework of thinking, that we are one nation being constructed from various social, ethnic and religious background. Various regional unrest during Soekarno’s era up to the present, should be discerned as a consequence of imbalance development policy and political ‘treatment’ especially over people who reside in outer islands. Although improvement and reorientation of development policies and programs have brought much changes for people who live far from Jakarta. But, the arrival of decentralization period which had started in January 1999, where the transferred of power from the center to the region resumed, some ethnic violents and clashes occurred. One among several ethnic tragedy happened in Indonesia, was the bloody Sangau Ledo and Sambas conflict that severely forced the Madura peoples to leave the West Kalimantan Province, a site they had resided for many years. After the uncertainty in the social and ethnic nexus among Madura, Dayak and Melayu peoples, as a result of the conflict, today the situation is gradually improving, and social interaction in the conflict sites is much developing to be better compared with the time when the clashes erupted.

ETNOGRAFI: MEMBUAT DATA BERCERITA

Kleden-Probonegoro, Ninuk

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 14, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (270.487 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v14i1.85

Abstract

This article aims to show how one can organize ethnographic data in such a way that these data can “tell a story”. As a social and human science method ethnography has been used by almost all researchers of socio-cultural problems in a manner in which it is treated as something given as if anything could go in it and it can be interpreted according to one’s own will. As a result, ethnography is deprived of its own meaning, and loses its nature as a means of story-telling while lacking its ability to account for the story it produces. This is the reason which has motivated my effort to objectify in this article what an ethnography should be like and how as a social science method it can describe a socio-cultural reality or an imagination, and even can make an imagination the very reality which a thick description can bring about. Qualitative ethnographic data can tell a story at diagnostic or interpretive level. In so doing ethnographic descriptions become accountable because these are based on an epistemological ground.

INTEGRITAS PELAYANAN PUBLIK DALAM PERIZINAN PEMANFAATAN AIR BAWAH TANAH DI DKI JAKARTA

Wahyono, Ary, Wardiat, Dede

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 14, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (137.825 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v14i1.89

Abstract

The failure of government to provide water supplies for industries and households in DKI Jakarata and its surrounding will exacerbates the condition of water resources in Jabodetabek. Therefore, gratification in ground water services occurs in the permit process, especially on the stage in obtaining technical recommendation which is proposed in order to conduct drilling to decide the the location of ground water and subsequently recommendation letter will be issued as consideration to grant permit for taking ground water (SIPAT). Gratification can be occurred in law enforcement process. Since the enactment of the law no 7/2004 on water resources, violence is not categorized as administrative sanction only but also criminal. Based on this law the police can arrest the offenders. Gratification practice occurs when there is an effort to shifting from criminal sanction to non criminal. The others thing related to public services is the enactment of new taxation law comes into force 2011 where previously tax manage by provincial level now transfer to city/regent level. With this enactment there is probability to eliminate the fundamental function of ground water as temporary replacement of surface water. Ground water is seen as source to increase local revenue. This trend is predicted gives significant impact to the condition of ground water in the future.

BERAKHIRNYA FRONTIR PERTANIAN: KAJIAN HISTORIS WILAYAH BESUKI, 1870-1970

Nawiyanto, Nawiyanto

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 14, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (97.137 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v14i1.88

Abstract

This article discusses the agricultural sector of Besuki from an environmental history perspective. The theoretical framework upon which the analysis is built is taken from frontier theories as developed by Turner in the context of American historical experience and Butcher in the context of Southeast Asia. Drawing upon primary and secondary historical source materials, the article argues that the development of the agricultural frontier of Besuki resulted from a combination factors of demography, echnology and overseas market as the driving forces. The inflows of migrant made it possible to exploit the widely available and uncultivated lands for developing commercial crops induced demands from the international markets, and facilitated by the improved technology. The agricultural sector of Besuki translated human agency as an environmental change mover. Human-made landscape grew rapidly and a variety of crops developed from 1870. However, in the 1950s the agricultural frontier of Besuki was closed, as indicated by the decreasing percapita land ownership, the escalating conflicts over lands, and the outgoing migration. This development was also inseparable from the growing environmental consciousness demanding the stoppage of the uncontrolled forest conversion which was also environmentally dangerous for running agricultural activities.

PULAU SEBATIK: KAWASAN PERBATASAN INDONESIA BERAROMA MALAYSIA

Siburian, Robert

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 14, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (360.337 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v14i1.87

Abstract

This article is based on a field research conducted in September 2011. The island of Sebatik belongs to two countries: Indonesia and Malaysia. The southern part of Sebatik is owned Indonesia and the northern is owned by Malaysia. Sebatik island is located between Nunukan, the capital of Nunukan District in Indonesia and Tawau, the capital of Tawau District in Malaysia. Indonesia's Sebatik is not a business center but its population is growing rapidly. Most of the inhabitants are migrants who came from many places in Indonesia, mainly from South Sulawesi. As a place that is very close to Tawau, a business center in Sarawak, Malaysia, the dynamic of Indonesian Sebatik economy is very dependent on economic conditions in Tawau. Many goods that are consumed by Indonesian Sebatik inhabitants, such as canned food and and drinks, electronic goods, and gas are imported from Tawau, The products come into Sebatik under border trade agreement through an MOU signed by Indonesian and Malaysian governments in 1967. In addition, the use of the Malaysia ringgit currency as a means of transactions has made the economy in Indonesian Sebatik smelt Malaysia. This article seeks to explore the dynamics of economic conditions in Sebatik as a border area, its economic potentials, the use of dual money currency, and finally what will happen to Sebatik's economy without Tawau.

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