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Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya
ISSN : 14104830     EISSN : 25021966     DOI : -
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Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya (JMB) or Journal of Society and Culture is a peer-reviewed journal that aims to be an authoritative academic source on the study of society and culture. We publish original research papers, review articles, case studies, and book reviews focusing on Indonesian society, cultural phenomena, and other related topics. A manuscript describing society and culture outside Indonesia is expected to be analyzed comparatively with the issues and context in Indonesia. All papers will be reviewed rigorously at least by two referees. JMB is published three times a year, in April, August , and December.
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Articles 11 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 12, No 3 (2010)" : 11 Documents clear
PENDEKATAN SOSIAL DALAM PENELITIAN HUKUM Mulyani, Lilis
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 12, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (86.479 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v12i3.150

Abstract

Recently, we are witnessing the vast expansion of the use of social methods in law research. The so-called socio-legal research is one way of using scientific methodologies in social science disciplines (such as sociology, anthropology, economics, language) to find answers for legal problems. In this paper I would like to unfold how these methods influence the legal reasoning in legal research, to what extent they can be used or even to be misused. Law, is a specific subject, in which law text are authoritative in nature, which makes it having its own particularities that differs it from other texts. As an authoritative text, approach to law is narrowed as it supposed to maintain the certainty of the law itself. However, legal problems do not always concern with merely legal text, it also touches many aspects of the societies, which for this part, law needs approaches from other social sciences methods. In this writing, legal research methods are differentiated based on the user of the information it will provide. Keywords: legal research, socio-legal studies, interdisciplinary studies
FENOMENA “AYAM DEN LAPEH” DAN MASALAH METODOLOGI Zaelani, Andi
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 12, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (116.677 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v12i3.159

Abstract

Judul Buku : Mencari Indonesia 2 (Batas-batas Rekayasa Sosial) Penulis : Riwanto Tirtosudarmo Penerbit : LIPI Press Jakarta Cetakan : I, 2010 Tebal : xxviii+424 hlm. ISBN : 978-979-799-498-3
KEBERAGAMAN DAN EKSKLUSI SOSIAL: SIMBOL IDENTITAS DALAM RUANG PUBLIK Setyawati, Lugina
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 12, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (82.923 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v12i3.154

Abstract

This article is a writing based on a research on tolerance and diversity in Tangerang City. The objectives of this writing is to describe social relations between groups with different ethnic and religious backgrounds by unfolding and reflecting boundaries of identity built by these groups. This writing argues that decentralization as a context, in which tolerance, ethnic identity and democratization has worked as a new arena for repositioning and redefintion the relations between groups at local level. The State (in this particular is the Local Government) is actually play a role as an agent that reconstructs the relations between ethnic and religious groups; and some of their “policies” has created social exclusion in public spaces. As the research unfold, Tangerang’s City vision to build “akhlaqul karimah” society (a society with pious religious attitudes), has contibuted to the shaping of social relations of the groups with different ethnic and religious backgrounds that shares living spaces in Tangerang, as the local government tries to “color” the city identity by expressing certain religious symbols in open public spaces. The result is a form of social exclusion, experienced and felt by ethnic (and religious) groups, which are the minority in political, economical and socio-cultural arena in Tangerang City. Keywords: social exclusion, Tangerang City vision, identity symbols in public spaces
EKSKLUSI SOSIAL: PERSPEKTIF BARU UNTUK MEMAHAMI DEPRIVASI DAN KEMISKINAN Syahra, Rusdi
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 12, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (159.186 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v12i3.149

Abstract

This article is a brief account on the introduction and development of the concept of social exclusion in the intellectual discourse and national policy, primarily in the western countries. The concept, which is multidimensional in nature, is a new paradigm that seeks to explain deprivation and poverty in the light of asymmetric relations between the exclusive groups who command a variety of resources and the ones who are made disadvantageous. The concept, first introduced in France in 1974 to explain the erosion of solidarity among the French society, has sinced been adopted in many western countries and developing countries alike, to explain the causes social discontents of the excluded. Despite its relatively successful application as policy guidelines to minimize deprivation in many European countries, the concept has not yet been widely known in Indonesia. While, many forms of social exclusion have been part of social and cultural life in the archipelago since the historical past, in fact, the concept of social exclusion as a scientific approach has not been instrumental in explaining factors leading to the disadvantages and impoverishment of the deprivative groups. While another concept, social capital, has entered intellectual discourse since many years and has been used by many international assistance agencies as an approach in their development programs and projects, only a limited number of scientific papers on social exclusion have been found to address this issue. Keywords: Social exclusion, paradigm, deprivation, poverty, social capital
METHODOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE APPROACH Zaenuddin, Dundin
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 12, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (138.141 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v12i3.158

Abstract

Dalam penelitian ilmu sosial dikenal dua pendekatan yaitu pendekatan kuantitatif dan kualitatif yang masing-masing menganggap dirinya lebih unggul baik dari sisi reliabilitas maupun dari sisi validitas hasil penelitian. Namun perkembangan terakhir menunjukkan bahwa kedua pendekatan ini semakin saling mendekat dan kedua pendekatan tersebut memberikan kontribusi untuk mengurang kekurangannya masing-masing sebagaimana diproposisikan pentingnya triangulasi dalam pengumpulan data atau uji hipotesis. Walaupun demikian, kecenderungan untuk memilih salah satu pendekatan dapat tetap diapresiasi sejauh didasari oleh relevansi atau kesesuaiannya dengan pertanyaan penelitian. Berkembangnya pendekatan multi-disiplin atau bahkan interdisiplin guna memahami lebih komprehensif fenomena sosial, betapapun sebagian ahli resisten akan kecenderungan baru ini, menunjukkan bahwa pemahaman komprehensif lebih merupakan sumbangan dari penggunaan berbagai metode dan teori, bukan sebaliknya. Kata Kunci: Metodologi, Pendekatan Kuantitatif dan Kualitatif, Triangulasi, Pertanyaan Penelitian.
STUDI TENTANG ’ELIT INDONESIA’: PROBLEMATIKA & PENDEKATAN Thung, Ju Lan
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 12, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (64.019 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v12i3.153

Abstract

Even though the term ’elite’ is often used by the Indonesian researchers, but it is rather difficult to find a particular study that focuses on the Indonesian elite(s). We could find some historical writings concerning Indonesian elite of the 20th century, but not contemporary studies on the Indonesian elite(s), particularly those using anthropological approaches. This paper discusses the methodological problems which are faced by the Indonesian researchers to conduct an anthropological study of elite. Keywords: elite, the category of elite, anthropological approach on elite, Indonesian elite(s), study of Indonesian elite.
ILMU SOSIAL DI INDONESIA: PELUANG, PERSOALAN DAN TANTANGAN Achwan, Rochman
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 12, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (75.246 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v12i3.157

Abstract

Social science in Indonesia has enjoyed the luxury that has never been experienced in modern scientific history in the country. Nonetheless, this luxury has not been able to trail the development of social sciences achieved by neighboring countries. Using the concepts of social science’s types, this article concludes that the development of professional social science and critical social science has far left behind the development of public and policies related social science. This disparity actually marked the poor-quality of our social science development. This writing also recommends the needs to construct national social science by focusing on the revitalization of scientific association and reorientation of the method of social scientist’s thinking. By the time these steps are taken, Indonesian social scientists will be able to develop theories, concepts, and appropriate methodology within the contexts of Indonesian society. The national social science will become the amalgamation of Western social theories with local societal context. Keywords: social science development, Indonesia, revitalization of scientific association, reorientation of social science method
PENGGUNAAN METODE PENELITIAN PEREMPUAN DALAM KASUS PEREMPUAN DAN KONFLIK DI TIGA KOTA Santoso, Widjajanti M
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 12, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (99.875 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v12i3.152

Abstract

Despite the abundance of social conflict research, those focusing on women issues are actually quite rare. This writing is based on a research using women’s research method to unfold the role of women in conflicted areas in the city of Poso, Maluku and Atambua. Focusing on women, and integrating it with the research method that was used, it appeared that women has played a significant role in resolving social conflict in the community. Women also played an important role in preventing sexual abused cases and other impacts of social conflict. This research served as a preliminary data for Resolution 1325 dissemination, which emphasized the special attention to women and children in any occurrence of social conflict. The main conclusion of this research is that women’s knowledge needs to be elaborated; therefore greater public can understand the significant role of women in conflict areas. Although concurrently becomes victims at most conflict occurrence, women also has significant role in resolving conflict at community level. Keywords: women’s role, social conflict, women’s research method
PENGEMBANGAN DAN PERLINDUNGAN KEKAYAAN BUDAYA DAERAH: RESPON PEMERINTAH INDONESIA TERHADAP ADANYA KLAIM OLEH PIHAK LAIN Patji, Abdul Rahman
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 12, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (90.666 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v12i3.156

Abstract

This article studies about the wealth of Indonesia’s local (ethnical) cultures which were claimed by some foreign countries as well as their private enterprises. The claim has been occurred on until nowadays and possibly to be increased in the future. Facing this phenomenon needs prepare protection effective efforts from all segments of Indonesian societies. The main objective of this article is analyse some efforts of the Government of Indonesia (GoI) for responding to those claims as part of their responsibility for developing and protecting the cultural properties of Indonesian peoples. In this relation some facts shows that the role of Indonesian governments, whether central or regional, are not optimum yet, except the local government of Bali and Yogyakarta. The involvement Indonesian government in the ratification of several international convention on cultural intellectual rights, the development of cultural agreements with many countries as well as the opening of cultural attache offices in the friendly countries are also apparently can not wipe out the claim of foreign countries on Indonesia's local (ethnical) cultures. Keywords: development, protection, claims of foreign countries on Indonesia’s local (ethnical) cultures, role of the GoI (Government of Indonesia)
PRIVATISASI, KAPITALISME DAN NEGARA DALAM PELAYANAN KESEHATAN (SUATU STUDI PERUBAHAN SOSIAL DALAM INDUSTRI KESEHATAN) Sujatmiko, Iwan Gardono
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 12, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (88.216 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v12i3.160

Abstract

This article analyzes the health service conducted by the state along with private sectors and it illustrates the positive roles of public health agencies. A more active role of state supported by tax and priority in state budget will result in social inclusion and access for the majority in the lower strata. On the other hand, privatization of state hospitals will weaken state’s capacity in providing health services. The increased role of domestic and foreign private sectors within health industry must be controlled in order to protect patients and to create a fair competition in the health service market. This complex change calls for a strong accountability of state institutions as well as health service providers and practitioners, especially doctors as it requires a more critical mass media and active society. It needs a paradigm that perceives patients as citizens with their constitutional rights supported by their members of legislature in their constituencies, not merely as consumers in uncontrolled market. Keywords: Public Health, Privatization, Capitalism, Social Inclusion, Social Change

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