Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya
ISSN : 14104830     EISSN : 25021966
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya (JMB) or Journal of Society and Culture is a peer-reviewed journal that aims to be an authoritative academic source on the study of society and culture. We publish original research papers, review articles, case studies, and book reviews focusing on Indonesian society, cultural phenomena, and other related topics. A manuscript describing society and culture outside Indonesia is expected to be analyzed comparatively with the issues and context in Indonesia. All papers will be reviewed rigorously at least by two referees. JMB is published three times a year, in April, August , and December.
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Search results for , issue " Vol 11, No 1 (2009)" : 8 Documents clear
RELASI PANCASILA, AGAMA DAN KEBUDAYAAN: SEBUAH REFLEKSI

Saidi, Anas ( Pusat Penelitian Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan (P2KK-LIPI) )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 11, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (126.555 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v11i1.233

Abstract

The relation between Pancasila and religions under sociological sphere creates a permanent tension. As a source of value and symbolical system, both factors has contested to gain followers and for defining reality, despite the fact that the two are actually in need and fulfill one another. Pancasila needs religion to enrich the meaning of life, and as the major source to deliver nation and statehood ethics based on social piousity derived from religion. This is also true that religion can become the source of answer on problems that lies beyond reality, such as the life after death explanation. On the other hand, religion needs Pancasila to gather universal values under different religions such as: justice, equality and humanity, which took different normative forms in each religion. Pancasila has the ability to mediate or bridge different primordial bounds derived from different religious cosmology, which could ignite conflict. This mutualistic symbiose can be achieved if both Pancasila and religion can realize their positions and limitations. In recent Indonesia, the relation between Pancasila and religion is under the most worrisome tension. At one point, the flow of religious (Islamic)-puritanism with its truth claim, and other claims, has changed the form of religiousity that was inclusive, tolerant, sincretic, adaptative; to another form that is exclusive, intolerant, anti-nationalism, anti-democracy, and anti-tradition. On the other point, the over-spirited voice of democracy radicalisation, gender equality and secularism claims has negated the need for ethics (religion) to enter the public sphere. To add the complication, the relation between Pancasila, religion, and culture, has to face globalization wave that disregard limits of tradition, nationalism and religious authority. Keywords: Pancasila, Agama, Kebudayaan.

MEMAHAMI KEKERASAN PENJARA (SUATU TINJAUAN TEORITIS)

Kusumawardhani, DTP ( Pusat Penelitian Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan (P2KK) )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 11, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (107.906 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v11i1.237

Abstract

Theories of prison violence and behavior are often divided into the indigenous and importation model. This paper utilizes Irwin and Cressey’s importation model and integrates it with elements of Miller’s theory of a lower-class subculture explaining prison violence. The paper also examines other relevant theories of violent subcultures to enhance the argument that most prison violence is not indigenous to the prison but is brought to the institution as part of a pre-existing value. Keywords: Prison, Violence, Indigenous model, Importation model, Integration model

DI SEKITAR MASALAH AGAMA DAN KOHESI SOSIAL:PENGALAMAN DAN TANTANGAN

Abdullah, Taufik ( Pusat Penelitian Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan (P2KK-LIPI) )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 11, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (80.409 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v11i1.232

Abstract

Religion is the sacred relationship between human-being and the transcendent concept of Gidhead. But as a social and cultural phenomenon, religion is the strongest factor that determines the form and the strength of social integration and cohesion. In a plural society religion can become a barrier to an undifferentiated social cohesion. Looking religion as the sacred foundation of social relationship from historical perspective it may appear in four different faces, though by means exclusive to each others. Understanding on the teaching of the adhered can be the important source of social dynamics -- it is the basis of a certain form of social change. Secondly, despite the fact that science has consistently opened up the secrets and even the laws of nature, it cannot replace the role of religion as the source of the ultimate answer to the questions of the “real” reality. Third, religious pluralities and more importantly the differences in the understanding of the “true teachings” of the commonly adhered religion may become a source of internal conflict, although at the same it strengthens the internal cohesion of the believers of the same religious orientation. Four, in the conflict situation, the understanding of one’s religion can easily become a non-negotiable stand in the relation with the others. Despite its noble idea, the New Order -sponsored “three strategies of harmonious life”-- the Pancasila, “the three harmonious religious lives” (among co-religionists, among the followers of different religions, and between religious followers and the government) and “three brotherhood or uchuwah (Islamic, national, and intentional brotherhood) -- lost its credibility the moment the state undergone the crisis of legitimacy. The religion-based social cohesion can only be guaranted by a healthy democratric life and the continuing effort to strengthen the tradition of the spirit of tolerance. Keywords: Agama, kohesi sosial, Durkheim, Max Weber, struktural-fungsional, fenomenologi, “tiga strategi dasar”.

PILIHAN BAHASA ORANG YABEN DI PAPUA BARAT:TINJAUAN DARI HIERARKI KEBUTUHAN MASLOW

Katubi, Katubi ( Pusat Penelitian Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan (P2KK-LIPI) )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 11, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (106.009 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v11i1.236

Abstract

This paper is an attempt to describe the result of study on Yabenese language choice, in Konda and Wamargege villages, Teminabuan district, South Sorong regency, West Papua province. It is estimated that the speakers of Yabenese language remain 500 left. As a result of language contact with various ethnic groups, Papua Malay language, and Indonesian language, Yabenese people are faced with the problem of language choice in the various fields. The result of analysis of language choice indicates that there is language shift to Papua Malay language. Speakers of Yabenese language from child and teenage groups do not make use of Yabenese language any longer in domestic field. Meanwhile, the teenage group has only a passive command over their ethnic language. The result of analysis on the basis of Maslow’s need hierarchy shows that to meet all the levels of human’s need, Yabenese people need to use another second language with wider coverage. Fulfillment of the need, specifically physiological need, in this study is considered the impetus of the occurence of Yabenese language shift. Keywords: Yaben, language choice, Maslow’s need hierarchy

KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN “SIJORI” DAN DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP KEBUDAYAAN

Aribowo, Sutamat ( Pusat Penelitian Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan (P2KK-LIPI) )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 11, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (88.34 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v11i1.235

Abstract

In the New Order era, President Soeharto, Prime Minister Mahathir Muhammad, and Prime Minister of Lee Kuan Yew developed a cooperation among three nearby states, which called “growth triangle” Singapura - Johor - Riau (Sijori). The approach used at that moment was “comparative advantage”. As a consequence of this approach, its orientation tends to be more quantitative rather than qualitative. Caring less for the qualitative issue has made the approach ‘ignore’ the problems of culture. Therefore, policies executed following the paradigm of “growth triangle” Sijori were merely seen from the perspective of economic and politics. This article tries to reflect and converse the cooperation of “growth triangle” in Kepulauan Riau from the perspective of culture. Particularly in answering the question on how the policies of culture in this area at past, present, and the future are. Keyword: Politics of culture, development policy, Sijori, Malay’s world.

THE DILEMMA OF MULTICULTURALISM

Mulyani, Lilis

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 11, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (73.057 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v11i1.239

Abstract

Book Review

NYAI DAN UMI DALAM TRADISI PESANTREN DI JAWA DAN DAYAH DI ACEH:ACHIEVED DAN DERIVATIVE POWER

Srimulyani, Eka ( Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 11, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (82.263 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v11i1.234

Abstract

Pesantren as well as other traditional Islamic education institutions such as dayah used to be portrayed as an institution that set up particular boundaries on women’s public roles. The leadership system applied in the given institutions is also apparently patriarchal; in which man use to be prioritized in the succession of pesantren or dayah leadership. Besides, some discourses of the text books or literatures taught tend to absorb some patriarchal values. Nevertheless, beyond its patriarchal images, indeed there are still some spaces for women’s agency either in the pesantren or dayah – that would include the leadership system or even beyond. This will be feasible either through a ‘derivative power’ when the status is inherited or ‘achieved power’; when personal struggle is dominant to achieve it. Keywords: pesantren, dayah, achieved power, derivative power

FORUM KEMITRAAN POLISI DAN MASYARAKAT (FKPM): SEBUAH PENDEKATAN PERPOLISIAN MASYARAKAT UNTUK MEMBANGUN CITRA POLISI

Wahyono, Ary ( Pusat Penelitian Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan (P2KK-LIPI) )

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 11, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v11i1.238

Abstract

The traditional concept of police has created an image that police has not seen community as major partner in policing. Therefore, community policing approach is formulated. Community policing tries to control crime using preventive approach, which proactively done by good partnership between the police and the community. It does not depend on modern technology, machines and knowledge based anymore. The concept of community policing has shown that networking between humans is a source to control crime. Community policing as a philosophy, actually has already implemented in everyday life because that what citizen desired. This is why the establishment of FKPM has greatly welcomed by the community. From the observation in many local regions, the establishment of FKPM has been given great support from the community by providing facilities and infrastructure for FKPM such as meeting venue and office secretariat. Another indicator to the successfulness of FKPM is the growing of social capital in the community which was once destroyed because of the intervention of government policy in the “Orde baru” regime. Keywords: community policing, civil police

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