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Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya
ISSN : 14104830     EISSN : 25021966     DOI : -
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Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya (JMB) or Journal of Society and Culture is a peer-reviewed journal that aims to be an authoritative academic source on the study of society and culture. We publish original research papers, review articles, case studies, and book reviews focusing on Indonesian society, cultural phenomena, and other related topics. A manuscript describing society and culture outside Indonesia is expected to be analyzed comparatively with the issues and context in Indonesia. All papers will be reviewed rigorously at least by two referees. JMB is published three times a year, in April, August , and December.
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Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 10, No 2 (2008)" : 7 Documents clear
ORANG KALANG, CINA, DAN BUDAYA PASAR DI PEDESAAN JAWA Mulyanto, Dede
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 10, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (87.401 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v10i2.215

Abstract

This essay is a preliminary analysis on social condition of Chinese people as well as the Kalang of Java in relation to their social identity as ‘merchant family’. Both of them are minority groups of people in rural Java. Though ethnographical research in a Javanese village in Banyumas District, Central Java for four months, I realised that the Chinese and the Kalang are identified by the Javanese as ‘merchant family’ based on ‘market-place culture’ (budaya pasar). Accordingly, market-place culture can be defined as collective way of life that placed local trading activity and livelihood as a main socio-economic orientation of the family. Meanwhile, the Javanese, as dominant ethnic group in the village, see themselves and been seen by Chinese and the Kalangs as thani or traditional land cultivator who hold ‘land-culture’ (budaya lahan) as their main socio-economic orientation. Among their Javanese neighbours, the Chinese and the Kalangs’ social identity is accepted through reproducing their myth of origin and to differentiate their group norms and values.
KEADILAN SEBAGAI PEMECAH MASALAH KONFLIK ANTARA KEKUASAAN (POWER) DAN HAK KEPEMILIKAN (PROPERTY RIGHT) DALAM NEGARA DEMOKRASI (Sebuah Tinjauan Filsafat) Tambunan, Sihol Farida
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 10, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (90.317 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v10i2.219

Abstract

English philosophers such as Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, and the French thinker, Jean Jacques Rousseau had developed philosophical thought about democracy in the beginning of 18th century. Their thoughts to abolish the absolutism of the state and the government have influenced a lot of people, because absolutism is not suitable for the machienary era after the industrial revolution. On the contrary the state must guard the property right of the people according to the contract social based on the constitution. But for most of the under-developed countries, empirical evidences show that democracy is still an idea. The government gives their first priority to develop their countries rather than to grow the welfare of their people. On the contrary, people must sacrifice by giving up their properties such as their ancestor land, forest and river for the sake of development due to the government’s plan. As a consequence, the conflict between the power of the state and the property right of the people cannot be prevented. This article views the problem of conflicting interest through the theory of Justice from Aristoteles, Thomas Aquino and John Rawls is suitable to face the increase of such contemporary problem.
PERGESERAN KEKUASAAN BANGSAWAN JAWA INDONESIA: SEBUAH ANALISIS WACANA KRITIS Arimi, Sailal
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 10, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (102.345 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v10i2.214

Abstract

Adopting Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) approach, this paper offers a model of sociolinguistic study on identity of power in the case of Javanese local gentry (nobleman). The analysis strongly confirmed Soemardjan’s (1981) thesis that the Javanese local gentry did not any longer hold powers of economy and politics towards their people. Their power has shifted to the unpowerful area of culture. Such power shift has given an impact to breaking traditional structure of Javanese society. A conclusion drawn from the analysis undoubtedly proposes a critical thesis that the structure of Javanese society as argued by Koentowijoyo (2004) as consisting of the Sultanate, priyayi (local gentry), and kawula (the people) should have been reconsidered. In this paper, I propose that the modern structure of Javanese society should consist of only the Sultanate and the people. Until this time, the Sultan does still play his role as administration.
TAMAN NASIONAL KUTAI DAN PEREBUTAN SUMBERDAYA ALAM Siburian, Robert
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 10, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (108.252 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v10i2.218

Abstract

National Park has big resources. They could be used for economic development in a certain region. But that expectation couldn’t be carried out. National park functions are not only for economic development but also for keeping environmental balance, which is more important. Both functions have made conflict of interests between some stakeholders. Some of them want to use these resources in order to exploit them and ignore deforestation impact, while others want to preserve the national park to maintain its good condition for the future. This conflict of interests has been more intense since governmental decentralization system was overthrown. In this paper, the author would like to explain this phenomenon, especially by using the case of Kutai National Park. This paper is a result of a research conducted in July, 2006.
PENGELOLAAN SUMBER DAYA ALAM DI MATA MAHKAMAH KONSTITUSI: Analitis Kritis atas Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi tentang Sumber Daya Alam Mulyani, Lilis
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 10, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (123.581 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v10i2.217

Abstract

The natural resources management in Indonesia has been overburdened with problems, starting from legislation problems to the impacts of their exploitations to the people and environment. The absence of uniformed national paradigm due to overlapping and multi-interpretation legislation have worsened the problems. The establishment of the Indonesian Constitutional Court in 2004 has brought a new hope to unfold the mess. However, as this writing reveals, the “interpretation” of the Constitutional Court on different types of management of natural resources has caused the policy on natural resource management even more complicated. The “stream” that the Constitutional Court follows seems to be no different than the political economy pragmatism, which was also followed by the current government.
ISLAM AND CIVIL SOCIETY IN SOUTHEAST ASIA: The Role of Islamic Organizations in Promoting Pluralism in Indonesia and Malaysia Noor, Firman
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 10, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (101.973 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v10i2.216

Abstract

Dalam kehidupan politik dan masyarakat modern, peran Ummat Islam dalam memperkuat civil society tidak dapat diragukan. Di wilayah Asia Tenggara hal itu tercermin dari pengakuan dan penghormatan terhadap pluralisme, sebagai salah satu komponen utama dari civil society, oleh organisasi Islam besar di dua negara muslim terbesar di kawasan tersebut, Indonesia dan Malaysia. Di Indonesia, komitmen itu ditunjukkan oleh NU dan PKS dengan pengakuan atas kebhinnekaan dan dukungan terhadap sebuah konsep negara yang dilandasi oleh landasan toleransi dan kebangsaan. Sementara di Malaysia dukungan terhadap pluralisme oleh ABIM dan PAS diperlihatkan dengan sikap akomodatif terhadap kelompok-kelompok non-Muslim dan penolakan atas semangat komunalisme. Dengan mengambil nilai-niai dan metode berpikir dari tradisi Islam, organisasi-organisasi itu menunjukan bahwa Islam baik dalam pemikiran maupun praktek merupakan elemen pendukung dalam perkembangan civil society.
MERAJUT TRADISI HUMANIORA TIMUR DAN BARAT Humaedi, M. Alie
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 10, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (53.55 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v10i2.220

Abstract

Judul Buku : CITA HUMANISME ISLAM: Panorama Kebangkitan Intelektual dan Budaya Islam dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Renaisans Barat (The Rise of Humanism in Classical Islam and The Christian West) Pengarang : George Abraham Makdisi Penerbit : Serambi Ilmu Semesta, 2006 Jumlah Hal. : 600 hlm.

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