Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya
ISSN : 14104830     EISSN : 25021966
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya (JMB) or Journal of Society and Culture is a peer-reviewed journal that aims to be an authoritative academic source on the study of society and culture. We publish original research papers, review articles, case studies, and book reviews focusing on Indonesian society, cultural phenomena, and other related topics. A manuscript describing society and culture outside Indonesia is expected to be analyzed comparatively with the issues and context in Indonesia. All papers will be reviewed rigorously at least by two referees. JMB is published three times a year, in April, August , and December.
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RITUS RUWAT: ESENSIALISME BARU DALAM POLITIK KEBUDAYAAN INDONESIA

Kleden-Probonegoro, Ninuk

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 10, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (155.988 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v10i1.169

Abstract

Ruwat is one of the ceremonies in Javanese tradition, which is conducted in accordance to the culture’s cosmology. In Javanese cosmology, changes or transfers are considered as dangerous, and therefore a ceremony is performed to liberate the individual from such dangers. As a ritual, Ruwat is always conducted every 1st Suro according to the Javanese calendar or 1st Muharram according to the Islamic calendar. In its development, cultural agents have brought Ruwat outside its original scope. Ruwat is no longer practiced within Javanese circles only but also within public circles and attracts tourism and commodities. In addition, Ruwat is also practiced at a national scope, especially in ceremonies blessing the work of political leaders. Ruwat, which was given and practiced within Javanese private sphere has transformed to the public sphere. It is now practiced even within the scope of the nation state, which is not given but constructed. This article explains the dynamics of shift from private to public; and from sacral to profane purposes practiced in the scope of the nation state.

MASYARAKAT PERBATASAN RI-MALAYSIA DAN KASUS ASKAR WATANIAH: RELEVANSI PERUBAHAN KEBIJAKAN KESEJAHTERAAN

Djafar, Zainuddin

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 10, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.605 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v10i1.173

Abstract

This writing seeks to determine the extent of the welfare factor as a basis of the decision taken by Indonesians living in Malaysian border to join the Malaysian Askar Wataniah paramilitary unit. The case itself signifies how government welfare plannings have yet to be realized in its fullest capacity to prevent citizens from considering the alternative to join a foreign security. This is among others, due to cronic economic and development retardness faced by the region. In light of such circumstances, better concepts and policies concerning welfare in this region must be developed, especially through policy analyses and recommendations, which would contribute towards preventing the recurrence of similar cases. The case has become more serious having in mind the different development of Indonesia with its neighbors, in terms of poverty, deprafity, educational backwardness, retardness, and marginality (Five K) remains to be a dominant feature in many Indonesian border societies. Therefore, developments of new economic growth hubs has become an ever essential priority in the crusade to combat the Five K, especially through the development of better trade infrastructures in the border areas, in order to improve border tradings and its positive effects to the society. Government intervention in such project will also need to reach the Political, Socio-Cultural, and Defence-Security dimensions of the issue in order to anticipate problems such as the low human resources quality in the region, etc. Thereby, the following policy stages may need to be considered; (A) to increase within the interaction between the government and the border societies, (B) to empower border societal participation, (C), to raise a consciousness towards the development of human and natural resources for the benefit of all elements of the border societies.

PEMIKIRAN KOSMOPOLIT GUS DUR DALAM BINGKAI PENELITIAN KEAGAMAAN

Usman, Usman

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 10, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (50.028 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v10i1.177

Abstract

Judul Buku : Islam Kosmopolitan, Nilai-Nilai Indonesia & Transformasi Kebudayaan Penulis : KH Abdurrahman Wahid Editor : Agus Maftuh Abegebriel Penerbit : The Wahid Institute Cetakan : I, 2007 Tebal : xxxviii + 397 halaman

TRAFFICKING DI WILAYAH PERBATASAN

Widayatun, Widayatun

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 10, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (89.959 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v10i1.172

Abstract

The number of women migrating for work from Indonesia has steadily risen since the mid 1980’s; and by the year 2000 had increased to over 300,000 migrants. A significant number of Indonesian women voluntarily migrate to work are trafficked for sexual and labor exploitation in Malaysia and Singapore. This article explores trafficking problems and situation in Indonesia, especially focused in the border areas. International definitions of trafficking recognize a broader spectrum of abuses. In Indonesia, the most commonly recognized sectors into which women and children are trafficked in Indonesia include: migrant work, domestic work, sex work and servile marriage in the form of mail order brides. People from several areas of Java, Sumatera and Kalimantan who voluntarily migrating for work as domestic servants, later found themselves coerced into abusive conditions. Among them are Indonesian women who were recruited by false promises of employment and later coerced into prostitution or forced labor. Other cases show that ethnic Chinese women and teenage girls in the West Kalimantan district are recruited as mail-order bridges for men in Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore. The Indonesian government has made significant efforts towards implementing a framework of action to address trafficking abuses against Indonesian women and children. Along with governmental actions, Indonesian civil society organizations (including NGOs and universities) have also increased their attention to the issue of trafficking in persons. Civil society organizations are now more effectively conducting research on trafficking related issues, implementing prevention and awareness raising activities in high risk communities, providing victim protection services such as legal aid case-handling and reintegration support, and advocating for increased law enforcement.

PEKERJAAN SOSIAL DALAM PEMBANGUNAN KESEJAHTERAAN SOSIAL

Hadi, Aulia

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 10, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (36.594 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v10i1.176

Abstract

Judul Buku : Membangun Masyarakat Memberdayakan Rakyat (Kajian Strategis Pembangunan Kesejahteraan Sosial dan Pekerjaan Sosial) Pengarang : Edi Suharto, Ph.D. Penerbit : PT. Refika Aditama Bandung Tahun Terbit : 2006 Jumlah Halaman : (xvi + 274) halaman

FEMININITAS DAN KEKUASAAN

Santoso, Widjajanti

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 10, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (108.678 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v10i1.171

Abstract

This article shows the change and continuity of femininity construction in Indonesian public using the media. It started with the femininity construction during the colonial era, which showed how femininity was used by the colonial government and by the Indonesian movement at that time. It was a public space construction, which negotiated places to support some types of femininity construction. By describing this construction process, the article wish to show that power plays an important role. Being feminine women is not of women wish but more on how the society at large preserve some types of femininity discourse. The article also shows that such construction process at the end is also a big demand from capitalistic interest. The capital and the global are two other sources of power that at present depict what kind of women to be constructed.

ANALISIS HUKUM PADA KEBIJAKAN PEMBEBASAN TANAH UNTUK KEPENTINGAN UMUM DI INDONESIA

Suartina, Tine

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 10, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (124.102 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v10i1.175

Abstract

Land acquisition for public purpose in Indonesia is a crucial matter since it relates with people’s land ownership and livelihood. In Indonesia, the problems are divided in two: laws and regulations; and its practice or implementation. Through legal analysis and interpretation method, this article will focus on observing weaknesses in the law and regulations concerning land acquisition for public purpose in Indonesia – aside from the practical observation-, whereas laws and regulations are important tools in the policy implementation but are potential to be used for any intention different with public interest. The setting of land acquisition for public purpose policy in Indonesia, including in the laws and regulations, contains many problems and weaknesses, such as unstable definition of ‘public interest’ as the reason of land acquisition and expropriation; possibility for private sector involvement – which is actually forbidden based on the concept taken from Constitution Article 33 (1) and State Controlling Rights-; influence and intervention from international and donor institutions in transplanting their policies which sometimes not always in the line with domestic policy. However, without neglecting the review on its weaknesses, positive aspects can be found in the compensation arrangement which has some benefits for land owners. Legal analysis on laws and regulations related is carried out to explain those weaknesses and positive aspects. Particularly, the controversial Presidential Regulation 36/2005 stipulation case is an important example in understanding land acquisition for public purpose policy problems in Indonesia.

PARADIGMA DALAM KEBIJAKAN DESENTRALISASI DI INDONESIA: SEBUAH KRITIK TERHADAP DOMINASI PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION SCHOOL

Tirtosudarmo, Riwanto

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 10, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (112.623 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v10i1.170

Abstract

In this article, the underlying approach that has been used to formulate the post-Soeharto's territorial reform that produced decentralization laws and regulations is critically reviewed. The so-called Public Administration School or "PAS" that is rooted on the formal-legal paradigm and adopted by the discipline of law and political sciences has dominated the thinking behind the formulation of the decentralization and regional autonomy laws. The legal drafter of the decentralization laws in Indonesia are strongly influenced by the PAS approach and have crafted a national law that is generally lack of comprehensive understanding on the dynamics and processes at the society level. The PAS approach is failed in their attempt to incorporating various dimensions that are not only formatted but also contextualized the society. The critical implications that are mostly beyond the imagination of the experts that belong to the PAS approach is the fact that the news have created many loopholes for political elites to easily manipulating the existing regulations for their short term goal to capture the regional political positions and economic benefits. Two case studies of "pemekaran wilayah" in Central and Southeast Sulawesi provinces are presented to show the actual processes in which “pemekaran” become an arena for the local elites to contest for power and economic resources. A more comprehensive approach that is able to incorporating social, economic and ecological dimensions is needed to avoid the flaws, hypocrisy and manipulation by the political elites, as we have noticed in the implementation of the current decentralization laws and government regulations.

DAMPAK EKSPLOITASI HUTAN DI FILIPINA TERHADAP KEHIDUPAN MASYARAKAT DAN LINGKUNGAN

Sudiyono, Sudiyono

Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 10, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (99.972 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v10i1.174

Abstract

The Philippines is one of the largest archipelagic states on the world. Its lies near the equator and underneath its islands, lies the tectonic plates, which has made the country vulnerable to natural disasters. These include tropical storms, floods, droughts, tidal waves, tornadoes, land slides, earthquakes, tsunami and volcanic eruptions. Not all natural disaster has been caused by natural factor. For example, wide spread droughts disaster in the Philippines area, are not merely an El-Nino fenomenon; it also due to an external factor such as the aggravation of the ecological problem. The length and the severity of dry seasons, derives also from the lack forest cover. In other words, it is also a man-made natural disaster, especially the extensive legal and illegal logging activities, which rampant in the Philippines country. From this study we can understand that environmental problems involve many aspects such as social, politic, and economic.

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