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INDONESIA
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia
ISSN : 08537704     EISSN : 26203162     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia (JRI) is an online and printed scientific publication of the Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR). The journal is published thrice-monthly within a year (January, April, July and October). The journal is focused to present original article, article review, and case report in pulmonary and critical care medicine.
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Articles 50 Documents
The Effect of Harmonica Exercise on Inspiratory Capacity, Dyspnea, Exercise Capacity and Quality of Life of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients Raharjo, Angga M.; Suradi, Suradi; Aphridasari, Jatu
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 39, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

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Background: Chronic inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) causes respiratory muscle dysfunction and decreased respiratory muscle capacity. Incongruity of the capacity and the burden of the respiratory muscle results in increased symptoms of breathlessness, decreased inspiratory capacity, exercise capacity, and quality of life. The objectives of the study were to analyze the effect of harmonica exercise as a pulmonary rehabilitation modality on inspiratory capacity, shortness of breath symptoms, exercise capacity, and quality of life on stable COPD patient. Methods: Clinical trials with pre and post test group design were performed on 30 stable COPD patients at the respiratoy clinic at Dr. Moewardi Hospital Surakarta in August - September 2017 taken by purposive sampling. Evaluation of inspiratory capacity (IC) by spirometry, symptoms of breathlessness by mMRC, exercise capacity by 6MWT and quality of life by SGRQ were measured at baseline and after 6 weeks in the harmonic and control exercises group. Results: A total 30 stable COPD subjects met criteria and divided into two groups. The harmonica training group increased IC (1.78±0.30 litre) and 6MWT (420.00±35.49 meters), decreased mMRC score (1.00±0.458) and SGRQ score (33.87±6.05) after exercise were had significant differences (p
Effects of Mangosteen pericarp Extract to Clinical Improvements, The Plasma Level of IL-6 and Malondialdehyde in Acute Exacerbation of COPD Patients Baroroh, Khilyatul; Suradi, Suradi; Rima, Ade
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

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Background: Amplification of inflammation in acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) increases inflammatory mediators and oxidative stress in the airways, pulmonary and systemic circulation that are characterized by increased plasma level of IL-6 and MDA, resulting in worsening of clinical symptoms. Xanthones in mangosteen pericarp have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, potentially as an adjuntive therapy in acute exacerbations of COPD. Methods: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of mangosteen pericarp extract to clinical improvements, plasma level of IL-6 and MDA of acute exacerbation COPD patients. A clinical trial of experimental with pretest and posttest was conducted on 34 acute exacerbation of COPD patients in Dr. Moewardi Hospital Surakarta and Dr. Ario Wirawan Lung Hospital Salatiga from April until May 2016. The sample was taken by consecutive sampling. Subjects were divided by randomized double blind technique into the treatment group (n=17) received mangosteen pericarp extract 2x1100mg/day and control group (n = 17) received placebo. Clinical improvements were measured in CAT score and length of stay. CAT score, plasma level of IL-6 and MDA were measured on admission and at discharge. Length of stay based on the number of days of care in hospitals. Results: There was significant difference (p=0,011) towards decreased of IL-6 plasma level between treatment group (-2,17 ± 3,46 pg/ mL) and control group (+1,67 ± 6,81 pg/mL). There were no significant difference towards decreased of length of stay (p=0,34) between treatment group (4,12 ± 1,54 days) and control group (5,24 ± 2,49 days), towards decreased of CAT score (p=0,252) between treatment group (-19,18 ± 3,96) and control group (-18,24 ± 2,75), and towards decreased of MDA plasma level (p=0,986) between treatment group (+0,03 ± 0,36μmol/L) and control group (+0,35 ± 1,58). Conclusions: The addition of mangosteen pericarp extract 2x1100mg/day during hospitalization was significantly lowered plasma levels of IL-6, but were not significant in lowering the CAT score, shortening the length of stay, and reducing the increase in plasma level of MDA.
The Prevalence of Pulmonary Hypertension in Destroyed Lung Due to Post Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Its Relation to Exercise Capacity Septiyanti, Diana; Sari, Astari Pranindya; Aniwidyaningsih, Wahju; Antariksa, Budhi; Siswanto, Bambang Budi
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

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Background: To improve patient’s quality of life, understanding destroyed lung (DL) is very important, however, it is very limited in information related to it as well as to the existency of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in destroyed lung. In this study, we investigated relationship between DL with PH status and the exercise capacity through 6 minutes walking test (6MWT). Method: Cross-sectional analytic study involving 54 DL subjects. Subjects performed echocardiography to exclude cardiac abnormality and to determine whether they had PH. Subjects were then divided into two groups based on their PH status. They underwent 6MWT and their walking distance and peripheral oxygen saturation were measured. Student t-test was used for analyzing data. Furthermore, we determined correlation between walking distance and mean Pulmonary Artery Pressure (mPAP) value also peripheral oxygen saturation and mPAP. Result: We calculated the mean of walking distance between the two groups. The mean from subjects with PH and without PH were 329.18 and 388.77 meter respectively (p=0.035). We found negative correlation between the mean of walking distance and subject’s mPAP using statistical analysis Pearson correlation test (r= -0,457, p = 0,001) while percentage of 6MWT by its prediction also had a negative correlation (r= -0,468, p=
A Comparison of Aerobic Bacterial Culture between BAL and Induced Sputum Method on HIV-AIDS Patient with Bacterial Pneumonia CO-Infection Sholeh, Amir; Marhana, Isnin Anang
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 39, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

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Background: Bacterial pneumonia is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised individuals. The incidence of bacterial pneumonia on HIV patients is 2,3 cases per 100 people per year. On several cases, obtaining sputum sample for cultivation to confirm bacterial pneumonia diagnosis is difficult, thus further work to gain representative sample is necessary. This can be acquired through sputum induction and bronchoscopy. This study aims to compare aerobic bacteria culture result between BAL and induced sputum NaCl 3% method. Method: This is a comparative analytical study which was done in UPIPI dr. Soetomo Hospital Surabaya on HIV-positive patients between 21 – 60 years old with suspected bacterial pneumonia through clinical and radiology findings. All patients went through sputum induction and BAL procedure. The sputum obtained was cultured aerobically to confirm the diagnosis of bacterial pneumonia. Results: There were 26 subjects with average age 40 years old and male majority (73,1%). All patients were present with coughing and breahtlessness as their chief complaint, while the general complaint was coughing with difficulty in excreting sputum. The dominant risk factor is a history of free sex. The radiologic findings were dominated with unilateral infiltrate (73,1%). Most of the FOB imaging results were normal (88,5%). The results of aerobic bacterial culture from sputum induction are: Streptococcus pneumoniae (20%), Pseudomonas aeroginosa (20%), Acinetobacter spp. (20%), while from BAL method: Klebsiella pneumoniae (25%). The different specimen-obtaining method between induced sputum and BAL method has significant result with p= 0,001 (p
Respiration Status of Asthma Patients Who Get Nebulisation Using Jet Nebulizer Compared to Nebulizer Using Oxygen Santosa, Agus; Endiyono, Endiyono
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

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Background: Some of regional hospitals still provide oxygen gas for nebulizer to therapies in astma patiens. The study was aimed to observe the effectiveness of jet nebulizer vs oxygen as a driving gas for nebulizer on respiratory parameters of asthma patients which is breath pattern, respiration rate (RR), breath sound, oxygen saturation (SpO2), peak expiratory flow rate (PEF}. Method: The research was an experimental with a combination design, pre-post test with control group and post test only with control group in RSUD dr. R. Goeteng Taroenadibrata Purbalingga consisted of 60 respondents selected by proportional stratified random sampling. Data analysis used was independent t-test and fisher’r exact test. Result: There was no difference in the respiratory pattern variables between jet nebulizer and oxygen as a driving gas nebulizers (p> 0.05). The jet nebulizer was better in reducing RR in asthma patients than the oxygen as a driving gas nebulizer (p
Immunogenicity Test of ESAT-6/CFP-10 Mycobacterium Tuberculosis (Indonesian Strain) Recombinant Protein Fusion: IFN-γ and CD8+ T Cells Expression in PBMC Culture Handayani, Anung Sri; Astuti, Tri Wahju; Sartono, Teguh Rahayu; Arthamin, Maimun Zulhaidah; Tanoerahardjo, Fransisca Srioetami
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

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Background: BCG vaccination is one way to control tuberculosis (TB) but still poor in efficacy thus new vaccine development is needed. Immunogenicity test is needed in developing new vaccine. The aim of this study was to understand whether the recombinant protein fusion of ESAT-6/CFP-10 Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) can stimulate cellular immune response, especially IFN-γ and CD8 + T cell expression in PBMC cultures. Methods: This study was an experimental laboratory research conducted on PBMC cultures of 3 groups of subjects (TB patients, latent TB patients and healthy subjects) at RSUD Dr. Saiful Anwar in April-July 2017. The sample of each groups was 8 subjects. Each groups induced by recombinant protein fusion ESAT-6/CFP-10 M. tuberculosis as a standard protocol and to establish the immunogenicity status. CD8+ T cells IFN-γ expressed by C8+ were measured by flowcytometry. Result: Recombinant protein fusion ESAT-6/CFP-10 can stimulate CD8+ T cells and IFN-γ expressed by CD8+ T cells in all group. The highest stimulation of CD8+ percentage was found in healthy subject (37.533 ± 7.264) and IFN-γ expressed by CD8+ T cells was found in healthy subject (7.908 ± 4.457); There are increase significantly CD8+ T cells (p=0.001) and IFN-γ expressed by CD8+ T cells (p=0.217) not significantly in healthy subject compared in PPD and without antigen. Conclusion: Recombinant protein fusion ESAT-6/CFP-10 M. tuberculosis can stimulate CD8+ T cells and IFN-γ expressed by CD8+ T cells in healthy subject. Recombinant protein fusion ESAT-6/CFP-10 M. tuberculosis potential as a new vaccine candidate. (J Respir Indo. 2018;38: 210-8)
The Effect of Opiocephalus striatus Extract on Leptin, Adiponectin and COPD Assessment Test Scores on Stable COPD Patients Experiencing Muscle Wasting Widiasari, Komang Sri Rahayu; Djajalaksana, Susanthy; Rasyid, Harun Al
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

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Background: Muscle wasting is one of extrapulmonary manifestations that occur in 20-40% of patients with COPD as a result of an imbalance of protein synthesis and degradation, where it is thought to be a consequence of chronic inflammation. One of the factor that affect muscle wasting is nutritional factor. The purpose of this study is to prove that nutrition therapy can improve inflammation (measured by levels of leptin, adiponectin) further improve muscle wasting and improve the quality of life of patients COPD with muscle wasting. Method: The clinical study design is pre and post auto control quasi experimental in stable COPD patients with comorbid muscle wasting. The experiment was conducted in Pulmonary Outpatient Clinic Dr. Saiful Anwar Hospital and Physiology Laboratory of Medical Faculty Brawijaya University. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was diagnosed based on 2014 GOLD criteria. Muscle wasting was diagnosed through examination of the BIA. Levels of leptin and adiponectin was measured using ELISA method, and quality of life was assessed using CAT score. We measured BIA, Leptin, Adiponectin and CAT in 32 COPD patients with muscle wasting, before and after 12 weeks supplementation of Opiocephalus striatus extract 3x1000mg/day. Results: There were significant increased of BMI (p = 0.046), no significant increase of FFMI (p = 0506), a significant decrease in leptin levels (p = 0.000) and a significant increase in adiponectin levels (p = 0.048) and improvement of quality of life (score CAT) (p = 0.000) ) after administration of opiocephalus striatus extract for 12 weeks. Conclusion: Suplementation of Opiocephalus striatus extract for 12 weeks can improve BMI, decrease levels of leptin and increase level of adiponectin resulting in improvement of quality of life in stable COPD patients with muscle wasting.
The Changes of Interleukin 17 levels On Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients with AFB Smear-Positive After 2 Months Anti Tuberculosis Drugs Treatment Siregar, Andy Sulaiman; Soedarsono, Soedarsono
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

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Background: Tuberculosis still remain as a health problem in the world. No specific biomarkers can be used to monitor the rapid response to TB therapy. This study aims to assess the change of IL-17 levels in pulmonary tuberculosis patients with AFB smear-positive before and after 2 months of anti tuberculosis drugs (ATD) treatment. Method: Design of study is analytic observational with prospective cohort. The subject include 17 new cases of pulmonary tuberculosis patients with AFB smear-positive in Soetomo Hospital Surabaya from July - October 2016. Plasma levels of IL-17 were measured using ELISA technique before treatment and 2 months after the ATD therapy. Results: The mean levels of IL-17 before treatment is 3.510 pg / ml (2.087- 5.051 pg/ml). There were significantly decreament (p = 0.001
Survey of Lung Function and Respiratory Symptoms Among Online Motorcycle Taxi Drivers in Bekasi City Damayanti, Triya; Pradipta, Jaka; Rahmawati, Ismulat; Harlivasari, Annisa Dian; Prasetyo, Erry; Anggara, Bobby
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 39, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

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Background: Online motorcycle taxi drivers have been heavily exposed to high concentration of hazardous air pollutants. This study aimed to describe the lung function and respiratory symptoms among online motorcycle taxi drivers and risk factors which influence them. Methods: The study design was survey research design with sample number of 99 online motorcycle taxi drivers in Bekasi City. Lung function examination was done using spirometer (Spirolab) and the predicted value of lung function was using Pneumobile Project Indonesia. Risk factors and respiratory symptoms were collected using questionnaire. Results: There were 10.1% of subjects with restrictive lung function and 5.1% with obstructive impairment. There were significant association between age of the drivers with restrictive disorders (P=0.006) and the mean difference of %FEV1 (P=0.039). There was a significant relationship between sex (P=0.001) and age (P=0.001) with the mean percent of forced vital capacity (%FVC). The respiratory symptoms collected were cough (17.2%) and shortness of breath (6.1%). There were no significant relationship between respiratory symptoms and lung function. Conclusions: Online motorcycle taxi drivers had respiratory symptoms and lung function impairment, however the causal relationship with the workplace environment is still unclear. Moreover, education about the importance of using personal protective equipment is needed to protect respiratory systems from harmful substances. (J Respir Indo 2019; 39(1))
Mechanical Ventilation in Non Lung-Post Surgery Patients Sari, Ika Yunita; Pamungkasningsih, Sri Wening; Rasmin, Menaldi
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

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A case of a 41-year-old man, with a lump in his left abdomen since 5 months before admission to the hospital. In the last 2 weeks the patient complained of reddish urine and pain during urination. The diagnosis of the patient is a left kidney tumor, has performed nephrectomy and splenectomy surgery. Postoperative complications include sepsis, anemia and hypoalbuminemia. Sepsis in these patients is caused by colonic perforation leading to intra-abdominal infection. These complications cause patients to get treatment in the intensive care unit longer by using a ventilator for four days.