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Ivan Ferdian
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INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience
ISSN : 23559314     EISSN : 23559306     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
The spirit to improve the journal to be more credible is increasing, and in 2012 it invited earth scientists in East and Southeast Asia as well as some western countries to join the journal for the editor positions in the Indonesia Journal of Geology. This is also to realize our present goal to internationalize the journal, The Indonesian Journal on Geoscience, which is open for papers of geology, geophysics, geochemistry, geodetics, geography, and soil science. This new born journal is expected to be published three times a year. As an international publication, of course it must all be written in an international language, in this case English. This adds difficulties to the effort to obtain good papers in English to publish although the credit points that an author will get are much higher.
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Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 6, No 1 (2019)" : 7 Documents clear
The Ancient Borobudur Lake, History, and Its Evidences to Develop Geo-archeotourism in Indonesia Murwanto, Helmy; Purwoarminta, Ananta
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 6, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.6.1.103-113

Abstract

DOI: 10.17014/ijog.6.1.103-113In 2015, the number of international tourists who visited Borobudur temple declined and did not reach the government target. It was because there was only one attraction in the temple. After visiting Borobudur, most of tourists move to another place such as Yogyakarta. They know about the temple, but not its past environment when the temple was built. The history and past environment of Borobudur temple could be developed as additional tourist attractions to make them stay longer in that area. Geological condition and the evidences of an ancient lake could be developed as tourist objects. It is very interesting and could be developed to educate visitors in geo-archeology. The aim of this research is to develop archeological (temple) tourism based on geology and past environment. Although many researches on geo-archeology have been done, the results which relate to tourism are still not widely applied yet. The methods used are secondary data analysis and a field survey to investigate the potential of tourist stop sites. The potential tourist attractions were determined by geomorphology, lithology outcrops, stratigraphy, environment, and accessibility. The result is ten stop sites which could be used to describe the paleoenvironment in Borobudur based on geosciences. These tourist objects could explain the environment in the past related to the temple reliefs and ancient human activities.
Biostratigraphy and Depositional Environment of Early to Middle Miocene Sediments at Kulon Progo, Wonosari, and Punung Areas Based on Their Foraminiferal and Palynological Assemblages Fakhruddin, Rakhmat
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 6, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.6.1.73-101

Abstract

DOI: 10.17014/ijog.6.1.73-101Epiclastic sediments at Kulon Progo, Wonosari, and Punung areas were deposited in marine and terrestrial environments. The aim of this study is to reconstruct biostratigraphy, depositional environments, and sequence stratigraphy of several sections of these epiclastic sediments. Combined foraminiferal and palynological analysis needs to be done to better understand the age correlation of epiclastic sediments of those three studied areas. Epiclastic sediments at Wonosari area (Sambipitu Formation) were deposited at N7-N8 zones, late Early Miocene, while at Kulon Progo area (lower part of Jonggrangan Formation) and Punung area (Jaten, Wuni, and Nampol Formations) were deposited at Middle Miocene. Sediments of the lower part of Jonggrangan Formation were deposited in various environments: mangrove and inner to middle shelf. Depositional environments at the lower part of Sambipitu Formation at Kali Ngalang section are peat swamp and mangrove environments which are more landward compared to the upper part of sediments of Sambipitu Formation which were deposited in marine environments: inner shelf, middle shelf, and outer shelf. At Punung area, the depositional environments are riparian forest, alluvial swamp, backmangrove, mangrove, and inner shelf. MFS-A and MFS-B at Wonosari area found in N8 zone, late Early Miocene, were made as a regional datum correlation for this area, because they are the good age control as they show low diachronous. MFS-1 and MFS-2 at Kulon Progo and Punung areas are found in Florschuetzia meridionalis zone, Middle Miocene.
Sedimentary Environment of a Modern Carbonate Platform of Karimunjawa Islands, Central Java Solihuddin, Tubagus; Utami, Dwi Amanda; Salim, Hadiwijaya Lesmana; Prihantono, Joko
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 6, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.6.1.57-72

Abstract

DOI: 10.17014/ijog.6.1.57-72Sitting in a biodiversity “hotspot” of the mid-Sunda Shelf region, Karimunjawa Islands have currently been the priority for marine biodiversity conservation. Knowledge of surface sediments on modern carbonate platform is one of essential information to support conservation policies, but such has received little attention from reef researchers. This study describes the sediment characteristics of the selected modern carbonate platforms of Karimunjawa Islands through integrated sediments and satellite data analysis. Textural group of sediments indicates that moderate to poorly sorted gravelly sands are dominant with no grading pattern concerning geomorphological and habitat succession from landward to seaward. Sediment compositions are predominantly bioclastic components, comprising coral and mollusks as the highest and the second highest estimated order of abundance. The reworked grains and rock fragments, although present, are not volumentary abundant. The carbonate sedimentary facies is primarily composed of mud-lean packstone with additional proportion of grainstone and packstone. There are only slight distinct sedimentological characteristics for all benthic habitats as shown by the principal component analysis revealing overlap relationship between sediment parameters and benthic habitats. The study provides the first characterization of sediments which operate on the modern carbonate platform of Karimunjawa Islands along with their controlling factors and specialized nature.
Late Holocene Pollen Record of Environmental Changes in Karimata Strait, Sunda Shelf Region Yulianto, Eko; Sukapti, Woro Sri; Dewi, Kresna Tri
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 6, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.6.1.41-55

Abstract

DOI: 10.17014/ijog.6.1.41-55Pollen analysis has been conducted on a 90 cm gravity core taken from the Karimata Strait to reveal pollen facies in marine sediment and Late Holocene environmental changes in the central Sunda Shelf region. The core site is at 32 m water depth and located about 170 km northwest of Bangka Island, Indonesia. Ten samples were collected at 10 cm intervals through the core. The total number of pollen grains counted in the samples varies between very low (<50 grains) to abundant (>200 grains). High frequencies (50 - 70%) of mangrove pollen are found at 90 to 40 cm indicating that pollen facies in offshore marine sediment may be comparable with those in mangrove forest floor sediment. The core site has been in a neritic environment since its early deposition ca. 1,800 yr B.P. (~150 A.D.) when mangroves vastly grew on the tidal flats of the surrounding islands and they persisted to ca. 700 yr B.P. (~1,250 A.D.). In the middle of this period, a catastrophic event speculatively due to the 535 A.D. Krakatau eruption might have responsible for the decrease of mangroves and the disappearance of benthic foraminifers. The deposition of silicious materials (tephra) due to this eruption might have provided an opportunity for benthic foraminifers to increase their population subsequently. From ca. 700 yr B.P. (~1,250 A.D.) mangroves declined, as indicated by lower frequencies of pollen grain in samples from 30 cm deep upward. It occurred simultaneously with the deposition of coarser sediment and the increase of benthic foraminifer abundance. Interplay of anthropogenic activities, strengthening ENSO cycle, and lowering erosion base level might have been responsible for these environmental changes.
Fluid-Rock Interaction During Hydrothermal Alteration at Parangtritis Geothermal Area, Yogyakarta, Indonesia Yudiantoro, D. F.; Haty, I. Permata; Sayudi, D. S.; Aji, A. Bayu; C., S. Umiyatun; Adrian, M. Nuky
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 6, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.6.1.29-40

Abstract

DOI: 10.17014/ijog.6.1.29-40Parangtritis Volcano is part of the Tertiary magmatic belt in Java, which was tectonically formed by collisions between the Eurasian Continental Plate and Indo-Australian Oceanic Plate. The collisions have taken place since Late Cretaceous and still continue until today. In that period, the magmatic belt in Java Island was formed and produced mineralization and geothermal. The characterization of geothermal in Tertiary volcanoes differs from the geothermal system that is on Quaternary volcano alignment in the middle of Java, such as: Awibengkok, Wayang Windu, Darajat, and Kamojang which have a high temperature. The purpose of this research is to study the mobilization elements due to interaction of hydrothermal fluids with wall rocks in low enthalpy geothermal regions of the Tertiary magmatic arc in Parangtritis. Identification of minerals and chemical element changes is approached by methods of petrographic and scanning electron microscope (SEM) analyses. As for knowing the composition and the origin of hydrothermal fluids, it used analyses of cations, anions, and isotope δ18O and δD of hot water manifestation. The occurrence of geothermal manifestations in Parangtritis, such as hot water and rock alteration, reflects the interaction of hydrothermal fluids with wall rocks which generates an argillic zone with mineral alteration such as quartz, calcite, montmorillonite, and hematite. The presence of alteration mineral montmorillonite replacing pyroxene provides an evidence that there have been interactions between the fluids and rocks. This interaction is as a process of element mobilization. Decrease in elements Si, Ca, Mg, and Fe is accompanied by an increase of Al during the replacement of pyroxene into montmorillonite. The mobility of this element occurs due to acid fluids. However, the hydrothermal fluid composition of the current hot water manifestation is neutral chloride water type composition, and the origin of the fluids is meteoric water (δ18O: -4.20 ‰ and δD: 23.43 ‰).
Study of Seawater Intrusion in Deep Aquifers of Semarang Coast Using Natural Isotopes and Hydrochemicals Wijatna, Agus Budi; Kayis, Muhammad; Satrio, Satrio; Pujiindiyati, Evarista Ristin
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 6, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.6.1.17-28

Abstract

DOI: 10.17014/ijog.6.1.17-28Seawater intrusion in deep aquifers of Semarang Coast is important to be investigated, because Semarang is one of big cities in Indonesia. Besides its dense population, the growth of industries also increases rapidly with the increase of withdrawal of groundwater either from shallow or deep aquifers. Over-exploitation of groundwater can cause a decreasing groundwater quality due to seawater intrusion. Through this study, the salinization from seawater into the deep aquifer system can be observed. Groundwater samples were collected from deep aquifers with the depth around 40-120 m, and then the isotope contents of 18O and 2H as well as the hydrochemical were analyzed. The isotope and hydrochemical analysis results show that six of thirteen samples are of freshwater type. They are in S2, S5, S7, S8, S9, and S13 sites. While the others are supposed to be encroached by seawater. The slight encroached groundwater of S1, S6, and S10 had a fraction of seawater in the range of 0.15 to 0.26, whereas the moderate and high ones were of S3, S4, S11, and S12 which had seawater fraction between 0.25 and 0.34. Seemingly, salinization mechanism of groundwater by seawater does not depend on its distance from the shoreline and bore well depth. It is confirmed to the site of S5 and S7 located 680 m and 950 m from the shoreline, respectively, which were predominated as freshwater type. On the contrary, the groundwater of S10, S11, and S12 located at further sites about 5-6 km from shoreline is clearly indicated seawater intrusion.
Geochemical Characteristics of Sunda Volcanic Arc in Sumatra and Andaman Kurnio, Hananto
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 6, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.6.1.1-16

Abstract

DOI: 10.17014/ijog.6.1.1-16Geochemical characteristics of Sunda volcanic belt are recognized from each characteristic of Weh Island, Tabuan Island in Semangko Bay, South Sumatra, and Andaman Islands. Trace and rare earth elements (REE) are produced by fumaroles in a marine environment of submarine volcano of Weh Island characterized by barium (Ba) as an indicator of sea water influence in the mineralization process, while sulphide minerals do not occur in this area. REE pattern compared to Mid Oceanic Ridge Basalt (MORB) shows a characteristic of subduction tectonics and is distributed in shallow coastal water of high energy. Based on comparison of REE contents in all samples, it reveals that volcanism process causes REE enrichments either in the past or in recent. Geochemical characteristics of Tabuan Island in Semangko Bay reveal the occurrence of hydrothermal mineralization followed by pervasive occurrences of sulphide minerals in vein-type disseminations enriched in Au, Ag, Zn, Pb, Cu, As, Sb, Ba, and Mn. Geochemical characteristics of Andaman Islands reveal imprint of substantial subduction component in the form of sediment fluid and melt and fluid-induced subduction component derived from altered oceanic crust.

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