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Ivan Ferdian
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INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience
ISSN : 23559314     EISSN : 23559306     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
The spirit to improve the journal to be more credible is increasing, and in 2012 it invited earth scientists in East and Southeast Asia as well as some western countries to join the journal for the editor positions in the Indonesia Journal of Geology. This is also to realize our present goal to internationalize the journal, The Indonesian Journal on Geoscience, which is open for papers of geology, geophysics, geochemistry, geodetics, geography, and soil science. This new born journal is expected to be published three times a year. As an international publication, of course it must all be written in an international language, in this case English. This adds difficulties to the effort to obtain good papers in English to publish although the credit points that an author will get are much higher.
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Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 5, No 2 (2018)" : 7 Documents clear
Geochemical Characteristics of Limestone of Wonosari-Punung Formation, Gunungkidul Regency, Yogyakarta, Indonesia Atmoko, Didik Dwi; Titisari, Anastasia Dewi; Idrus, Arifudin
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.5.2.179-197

Abstract

DOI: 10.17014/ijog.5.2.179-197A geochemical study was carried out to determine the geochemical characteristics of limestone in Wonosari-Punung Formation, and to suggest its depositional conditions and the source of rare earth elements. The study was conducted at Ponjong Area, Gunungkidul Regency, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Indonesia. White limestone which contains more abundant calcite is characterized by the highest CaO concentration. Red limestone which is associated with impure minerals such as siderite, rodochrosite, hematite, and titanite is typified by depleted CaO but higher SiO2, Fe2O3, MnO, and TiO2 concentrations. Grey limestone characterized by depleted CaO and higher MnO contents is considered to be influenced by the presence of impure minerals of manganite (Mn2O3.H2O) and/or pyrolusite (MnO2). Depletion of Sr concentration in the coloured limestone indicates that the diagenetic process increases from the white limestone to the coloured limestone. The process possibly occurred post-deposition of the limestones. The limestones show positive Mn* values (2.46 - 2.95) and authigenic U values (0.89 - 3.38) that suggest an oxidative environment. The Ce/Ce* values (0.57 - 0.80), Eu/Eu* values (1.04 - 1.88), high Y/Ho ratio, and low LaN/YbN ratio are indications that the rare earth elements in the limestones were derived from terrigenous materials. The positive Eu anomaly and enrichment of Cr and Mn of the limestones are indications of hydrothermal fluid activity taking place in the studied area. Based on the geochemical characteristics of the Punung-Wonosari limestones, the depositional environment and the source of rare earth elements of the limestones were therefore influenced by a combination of hydrothermal fluid activity with small amount of terrigenous material input and post depositional diagenetic process.
The Use of Electrical Resistivity Tomography to Investigate Basaltic Lava Tunnel Based on the Case Study of Al-Badia Cave in Jordan Al-Amoush, Hani; Abu Rajab, Jafar
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.5.2.161-177

Abstract

DOI: 10.17014/ijog.5.2.161-177Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) was employed to conduct a geoelectrical survey near the Al-Badia lava tunnel located close to the Al-Bishyrria Village in Jordan. The technique enabled the mapping of the subsurface tunnel extension and description of its inner structure. To assess the quality of data and resistivity models, Schlumberger and Reciprocal Schlumberger electrode configurations were used to produce eight ERT profiles. As revealed by the examination of received potential, the implemented configurations exhibited a strong signal, producing an approximated reciprocal error of up to 6%. The findings of ERT models showed that the lava tunnel had a clearly outlined structure with an elliptical to rectangular shape. The modelled resistivity of the lava tunnel was obtained in proximity to 1000 Ω-m, with a better characterization being possible at resistivity exceeding 8000 Ω-m in 200 Ω-m of Fahda Vesicular Basalt medium. An exploration depth of 50 m revealed that the lava tunnel was 10 m deep and 5 m in diameter on the average. Furthermore, potential means of groundwater recharging were reported by the simultaneous detection of a number of resistivity anomalies of less than 50 Ω-m and lava tunnel. In addition, the lava tunnel was observed to extend and ramify beyond the area under investigation, indicating at the potential existence of multiple lava tunnel extensions in both the investigation area and in the basaltic flows, which could have adverse implications for future urban projects.
Major Bifurcations, Slip Rates, and A Creeping Segment of Sumatran Fault Zone in Tarutung-Sarulla-Sipirok-Padangsidempuan, Central Sumatra, Indonesia Natawidjaja, Danny Hilman
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.5.2.137-160

Abstract

DOI: 10.17014/ijog.5.2.137-160A detailed active fault study in Tarutung-Sarulla-Sipirok-Padangsidempuan was conducted based on their tectonic-morphological features using SRTM-30, 3D-visualization, and LIDAR data, combined with field and shallow geophysical surveys using the GPR method. Sumatran Fault Zone is bifurcated from the single major Sianok fault segment into two major branches: Angkola and Barumun-Toru Faults that run (sub) parallel to each other. In the studied area, they are merged gradually to become the Renun Fault. The total slip rates from Sianok to Renun segments are constant at about ~ 14 mm/year (13.8 ± 0.3 mm/yr on Renun and 13.7 ± 1.6 mm/yr on Sianok segments). In the bifurcation zone, it is partitioned into 9.3 ± 1.8 mm/yr slip on Toru, and about 4 - 5 mm/yr on Angkola segments. Based on field evidence supported by the seismicity and historical record, the Toru Fault appears to move continuously (creeping). This is crucial for understanding tectonics and its significance to hazard mitigations. Further investigations on Angkola and Toru Faults are crucial for mega installations of Sarulla Geothermal Power Plant, which is located in between Angkola and Toru Fault zones.
Scale Prevention Technique to Minimized Scaling on Re-Injection Pipes in Dieng Geothermal Field, Central Java Province, Indonesia Agustinus, Eko Tri Sumarnadi; Syafri, Ildrem; Rosana, Mega Fatimah; Zulkarnain, Iskandar
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.5.2.129-136

Abstract

DOI: 10.17014/ijog.5.2.129-136Dieng geothermal field including its volcanic geothermal system is dominated by hot water. Brine water is characterized by high salinity, content of chloride (Cl-), amorphous silica (SiO2), Na+, and K+. The condition of brine water has potential for the formation of amorphous silica scale in the re-injection pipeline which is one of the obstacle in the electrical energy production. The scale prevention on re-injection pipes was performed with non-acid re-injection system. Nevertheless, the scale formed in the re-injection pipe is still relatively thick due to the non-optimal sludge. This research is focused in optimizing the deposition of sludge. The research aim is to apply scale prevention technique on re-injection pipeline by involving engineering technology. The study was conducted through laboratory experiments with factorial design method 23 (two levels of three factors). Those three factors are pH, concentrations of coagulants and flocculants concentrations which act as the independent variables. The indicator is the volume of sludge deposition and turbidity of brine water which act as the dependent variables. The result showed that the most significant factor is pH, whereas the concentrations of coagulant and flocculant are preserved to accelerate and stabilize the sludge deposition. The optimal condition is achieved at the level of pH 8, the concentration of 10 ppm coagulant (PAC), and 1 ppm flocculants (Polyamide). These parameters are then used for the preparation of scaling process technology on the prevention of re-injection pipeline by adding some equipments on settling ponds. Therefore, in addition to reduce environmental degradation, it also produces sludge that has potential to be used as raw materials for other industries.
Stratigraphical and Sedimentological Review of the Merawu Formation, Serayu Basin, Central Jawa, Indonesia Martosuwito, Surono; Bachri, Syaiful; Kamal, Zakiyah Ainul
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.5.2.117-128

Abstract

DOI: 10.17014/ijog.5.2.117-128Merawu Formation is widely distributed in the Serayu Basin, Central Jawa, Indonesia. The formation is dominated by fine-grained clastic sediments comprising interbedded mudstone, siltstone, and sandstone. In the field, these outcrops are well exposed and well bedded. Stratigraphically, the Merawu Formation is underlain by the Paleocene Worawari Formation and overlain by the Late Miocene Penyatan Formation. Contacts between the Merawu Formation and the Worawari Formation are always found as fault types. Twelve sections have been done during the field work. Two members were identified within the Merawu Formation (Sandstone and Mudstone Members) in the field, where they interfinger each other. Previously, researchers interpreted the Merawu Formation as a turbidite sequence of deep marine deposits and depicted Early - Middle Miocene in age. However, the interpretation from the present research shows that the Merawu Formation was deposited on a tidal flat environment and has Early Miocene - Pliocene age, based on foraminifers found in some sections.
The Oxygenated Biomarker as an Indicator of Origin and Maturity of Miocene Brown Coal, Sangatta Coal Mines, East Kalimantan Zetra, Yulfi; Kusuma, Hendra Siswanto; Riandra, Fina; Sosrowidjojo, Imam B.; Burhan, R.Y. Perry
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.5.2.107-116

Abstract

DOI: 10.17014/ijog.5.2.107-116The Middle to Late Miocene brown coal extracted from Inul area, Sangatta coal mines, East Kalimantan, was studied to recognize the distribution of ketone and acid biomarkers. Samples were extracted using soxhlet method and separated by column chromatography and thin layer chromatography. Acetylation of acid fractions by BF3/MeOH produced an ester compound which is an acid derivative. The distributions of fatty acid methyl esters were analyzed with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The distributions of ketones included compounds in n-alkan-2-one, amyrin-derived ketone, and friedeline derivatives as well as olean-13(18)-en-3-one with oleanane skeleton. Distributions of fatty acids included compounds in the range from n-methylhexadecanoate (n-C16) to n-methyltriacontanoate (n-C30) with dominating compounds from n-methylhexadecanoate (n-C16) to n-methyldococanoate (n-C22). The most obvious feature is predominance of compounds with even-over-odd-carbon-atom-number in a molecule, which come from vascular plant fatty acids. The distributions of these biomarker compounds are used as an indicator of higher plant and oxic depositional environment, as well as the involvement of bacteria in diagenesis stage which indicates immature coals.
Influence of Rock Properties in Estimating Rock Strength for Shallow Underground Structures in Weak Rocks Agustawijaya, Didi Supriadi
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.5.2.93-105

Abstract

DOI: 10.17014/ijog.5.2.93-105Two popular rock strength criteria, the linear Coulomb and non-linear Hoek-Brown, are widely used in underground designs. These two criteria may be applied differently depending on rock conditions. Weak rocks may have different properties compared to hard rocks. Both criteria have been applied in a current research to practically determine the applicability of the criteria in estimating the strength of weak rock masses of five shallow underground structures. Results show that both criteria are able to model the strength of the five weak rock masses, but as expected the criteria provide quite different values for each type of rocks. The strength of rock masses around underground structures depends on uniaxial compressive strength and confinement; but the linear criterion very much depends on shear characteristics of rock materials. Whereas, the non-linear criterion relies on the geological strength index (GSI). Although the GSI may have served practical descriptions for rock masses, some difficulties were found when using the GSI for very weak pyroclastic rocks. The GSI seems to provide underestimated indexes for these rock types. Estimations show that the non-linear criterion may not really exhibit curved strength envelopes rather linear in some sense, for five weak rock masses. Thus in general, when an underground structure is reasonably shallow, has a lack of confinement, and where the shear behaviour dominates rock failures, the linear criterion is more preferable than the non-linear criterion in modelling the strength of weak rock masses.

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