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International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES)
ISSN : 02166739     EISSN : 2549516X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) is expected to enrich the serial publications on earth sciences, in general, and remote sensing in particular, not only in Indonesia and Asian countries, but also worldwide. This journal is intended, among others, to complement information on Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences, and also encourage young scientists in Indonesia and Asian countries to contribute their research results. This journal published by LAPAN.
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Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 8, (2011)" : 7 Documents clear
DEVELOPING TROPICAL LANDSLIDE SUSCEPTIBILITY MAP USING DINSAR TECHNIQUE OF JERS-1 SAR DATA Alimuddin, Ilham; Bayuaji, Luhur; Maddi, Haeruddin C.; Sri Sumantyo, Josaphat Tetuko; Kuzei, Hiroaki
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 8, (2011)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (961.883 KB) | DOI: 10.30536/j.ijreses.2011.v8.a1739

Abstract

Comprehensive information in natural disaster area is essential to prevent and mitigate people from further damage that might occur before and after such event. Mapping this area is one way to comprehend the situation when disaster strikes. Remote sensing data have been widely used along with GIS to create a susceptibility map. The objective of this study was to develop existing landslides susceptibility map by integrating optical satellite images of Landsat ETM and ASTER with Japanese Earth Resource Satellites (JERS-1) Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data complemented by ground GPS and feature measurement into a Geographical Information Systems (GIS) platform. The study area was focused on a landslide event occurred on 26 March 2004 in Jeneberang Watershed of South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Change detection analysis was used to extract thematic information and the technique of Differential SAR Interferometry (DInSAR) was employed to detect slight surface displacement before the landslide event. The DInSAR processed images would be used to add as one weighted analysis factor in creating landslide susceptibility map. The result indicated that there was a slight movement of the slope prior to the event of landslide during the JERS-1 SAR data acquisition period of 1993-1998. Keywords: Optical Images, JERS-1 SAR, DInSAR, Tropical Landslide, GIS, Susceptibility Map 1. Introduction Recently, natural disasters increased in terms of frequency, complexity, scope, and destructive capacity. They have been particularly severe during the last few years when the world has experienced several large-scale natural disasters such as the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami; floods and forest fires in Europe, India and China, and drought in Africa (Sassa, 2005). Mapping such natural disaster areas is essential to prevent and mitigate people from further damage that might occur before and after such event. In Indonesia in particular, in these recent years natural disasters occurred more frequently compared to the last decade (BNPB, 2008). Once within a month in 2011, in three different islands, Indonesia was stricken by earthquake, tsunami, flash floods, and volcanic eruptions with severe fatalities to the people and environment. It was obvious that Indonesia was prone to natural disaster due to its position of being squeezed geologically by three major world plates and this fact makes Indonesia one of the most dangerous
ANALYSIS OF CRITICAL LAND IN THE MUSI WATERSHED USING GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS Surya Candra, Danang
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 8, (2011)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (503.35 KB) | DOI: 10.30536/j.ijreses.2011.v8.a1735

Abstract

Critical land is a land that is no longer functioning as a regulator of water, agricultural production elements and environmental protection elements. Owing to the fact that the analysis of critical land is usually carried out manually, the probability of errors in processing (human error) is very high. This research utilizes the Geographic Information System (GIS) technology to analyze critical area in protected forest area of Musi Watershed. The application of GIS technology, enables the analysis of critical land according to standard of critical land criteria. The results show that the very critical level area in protected forest area of Musi Watershed is 1.7%. The dominant level is in critical potential area (53.34%). Keywords: Critical Land, Watershed, Remote Sensing, GIS, Weighting Method, SPO-4.
DEM GENERATION FROM STEREO ALOS PRISM AND ITS QUALITY IMPROVEMENT Trisakti, Bambang; Julzarika, Atriyon
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 8, (2011)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1333.66 KB) | DOI: 10.30536/j.ijreses.2011.v8.a1740

Abstract

Digital elevation mode (DEM) is important data for supporting many activities. One of DEM generation methods is photogrametry of optical stereo data based on image matching and collinear correlation. The problem of DEM from optical stereo data is bullseye due to low contrast in relatively flat area and cloud cover. The research purpose is to generate DEM from ALOS PRISM stereo data level 1B2R and improve the quality of the DEM. DEM was generated using Leica Photogrametry Suite (LPS) software. The study area is located in Sragen district and its vicinity. The process needed three dimension of Ground Control Point (GCP) XYZ, as input data for collinear correlation. Ground measurement was conducted using differential GPS to collect 30 GCPs that used for input (21 GCPs) and for accuracy evaluation (9 GCPs). The generated DEM has good detail (10 m), but it has bullseye which mostly occurred in relatively flat area. The quality improvement was carried out by combining the DEM with SRTM DEM (30 m) using DEM fusion method. Both DEMs were processed for geoids correction (EGM 2008), co-registration and histogram normalization. The fusion method was conducted by considering height error map (HEM) of each DEM. The quality of fused DEM was evaluated by comparing HEM, the number of bullseye, and vertical accuracy before and after the fusion. The result shows that DEM fusion can preserve detail information of the DEM and significantly reduce the bullseye (decreasing more than 66% of bullseye). It also shows the improvement (from 7.6 m to 7.3 m) of vertical accuracy. Keywords: Digital Elevation model, Optical stereo data, ALOS PRISM, DEM fusion, Bullseye
VARIABILITY AND VALIDATION OF SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE ESTIMATED BY PATHFINDER ALGORITHM OF NOAA-AVHRR SATELLITE IN THE NORTH PAPUA WATERS Nababan, Bisman; Hasyim, Bidawi; Bada, Hilda I.N.
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 8, (2011)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (558.444 KB) | DOI: 10.30536/j.ijreses.2011.v8.a1738

Abstract

Variability and validation of sea surface temperatures (SST) in north Papua waters were conducted using SST estimated by Pathfinder algorithm of NOAA AVHRR satellite and SST measurements from TAO buoy in 2001-2009. Satellite data (SST Pathfinder) were daily, weekly, and monthly composite with 4x4 km2 resolution and downloaded from http://poet.jpl.nasa.gov. In situ data (SST measurement from buoy TAO) were measured at a depth of 1.5 m and recorded every hour (http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/tao_deliv). The in situ data then converted into daily, weekly, and monthly average data. In general, the SST values of both satellite and in situ SST in the north Papua waters ranged between 27.10 - 31.90 °C. During the east season (June-September), SST values (27.90-31.90 °C) were generally higher than the SST values ( 27.10-30.13 °C) during the west season (December-February). In general, the SST values both day-time and night-time from in situ and the satellite measurements showed no significant differences except in waters close to the shore. The results also showed that the coefficient of determination values (R2) between the satellite and the in situ SST measurements were relatively low (65%) and up to 5% of RMSE. The relatively low correlation between in situ dan satellite SST measurements may be due to high cloud coverage (90-96%) in the north Papua waters so that SST satellite data become less representative of the in situ data. These results also indicated that the Pathfinder algorithm can not be used as a valid estimate of SST NOAA AVHRR satellite for the north Papua waters. Keywords: SST Pathfinder, NOAA AVHRR, Validation, TAO buoy, North Papua Waters
TREND IN PRECIPITATION OVER SUMATERA UNDER THE WARMING EARTH Iskandar, Iskhaq; Irfan, Muhammad; Syamsuddin, Fadli; Johan, Akmal; Poerwono, Pradanto
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 8, (2011)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (737.415 KB) | DOI: 10.30536/j.ijreses.2011.v8.a1737

Abstract

A long-term climate variations in the western Indonesian region (e.g. Sumatera) were evaluated using precipitation data as a proxy. The result showed that there was a long-term climate variation over Sumatera region indicated by a decreasing trend in precipitation (drying trend). Moreover, the long-term precipitation trend has a strong seasonality. Remarkable decreasing trend at a rate of 3.9 cm/year (the largest trend) was observed during the northwest monsoon (DJF) season, while the smallest decreasing trend of 1.5 cm/year occurred during the southeast monsoon (JJA) season. This result suggested that the Sumatera Island experienced a drying trend during the northwest monsoon season, and a dryer condition will be more frequently observed during the southeast monsoon season. The long-term precipitation over the Sumatera Island was linked to coupled air-sea interactions in the Indian and Pacific oceans. The connection between the seasonal climate trends and sea surface temperature (SST) in the Indian and Pacific oceans was demonstrated by the simultaneous correlations between the climate indices (e.g. Dipole Mode Index (DMI) and the Niño3.4 index) and the precipitation over the Sumatera Island. The results suggested that both the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) and the El Niño-Southern Oscillation Index (ENSO) have significant correlation with precipitation. However, remarkable correlations were observed during the fall transition of the IOD event. Keywords: Climate variations, Dry season, Precipitation, Sumatera and Kalimantan, Wet season.
APPLICATION OF SATELLITE MICROWAVE REMOTE SENSING DATA TO SIMULATE MIGRATION PATTERN OF ALBACORE TUNA Zainuddin, Mukti; Saitoh, Katsuya; Saitoh, Sei-Ichi
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 8, (2011)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (804.741 KB) | DOI: 10.30536/j.ijreses.2011.v8.a1741

Abstract

To simulate migration pattern of albacore tuna in the western North Pacific Ocean during the winter period, a kinesis model driven by high accuracy of sea surface temperature (SST) maps was used. The SST data were derived from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission/TRMM Microwave Imager (TRMM/TMI). Simulations showed that albacore tuna aggregated in areas of thermal preference indicated by contour line of 20°C SST. Results are compared with empirical observation maps of albacore tuna fishing locations determined from longline fishing operation during the same time periods. Albacore tuna distributions along thermal fronts generating from Simulations were fairly consistent with fishing data especially during November-January, although seasonal variations in surface temperature ranges occupied suggest that additional oceanographic factors are involved particularly during February-March. Simulations and empirical data had similar temperature distributions at approximately 18-21°C and one-sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov test reinforced the result performance. These results suggest that kinesis model driven by satellite microwave remote sensing is one of effective mechanisms for describing migration pattern of tuna in the open ocean environment. Keywords: Kinesis model, Microwave remote sensing, SST, Albacore tuna, Migration pattern
CO2 FLUX IN INDONESIAN WATER DETERMINED BY SATELLITE DATA Ekayanti, Ni Wayan; as-syakur, Abd. Rahman
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 8, (2011)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1245.898 KB) | DOI: 10.30536/j.ijreses.2011.v8.a1736

Abstract

The oceans was considered to be a major sink for CO2. The improving of quantitative and qualitative description about the ability of sea in uptaking or emitting CO2 is a great scientific concern in meteorological and climatological science. Measurement of the ability of sea in uptake or emitting CO2 could determined by measuring the CO2 exchange coefficient on sea interface and the measuring the different partial pressure of CO2 between the air and sea. In this study, CO2 flux distribution of Indonesian waters in 2007 to 2009 was computed using monthly CO2 exchange and the different partial pressure of CO2 estimated from wind speed, salinity, SST, and sea characteristic, which were obtained from satellite data. The carbon dioxide flux thus was estimated and discussed by two different designs of transfer velocity (k), of Wanninkhof (1992), kW92 relationship and by Nightingale et al. (2000), kN, relationship. The result indicated that generally, Indonesian water was emitting the CO2 to the air. Average CO2 emitting from sea to the air for recent year in 2007 to 2009 are 3.80 (mol m-2year-1) and 2.85 (mol m-2year-1) with kW92 relationship and kN relationship calculation, respectively. The total average CO2 emission from sea to the air in 2007 to 2009 for the Indonesian waters areas are 0.15 (PgC year-1) and 0.12 (PgC year-1) based on kW92 relationship and kN relationship calculations, respectively. Keywords: CO2 flux, salinity, SST, sink and sources of CO2.

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