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International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES)
ISSN : 02166739     EISSN : 2549516X     DOI : -
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) is expected to enrich the serial publications on earth sciences, in general, and remote sensing in particular, not only in Indonesia and Asian countries, but also worldwide. This journal is intended, among others, to complement information on Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences, and also encourage young scientists in Indonesia and Asian countries to contribute their research results. This journal published by LAPAN.
Articles 12 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 4,(2007)" : 12 Documents clear
PRESENT UNDERSTANDING OF ACEH TSUNAMI (APPLICATIONS OF DATA FROM FIELD TO SATELLITE OBSERVATIONS) Hendrawan, I Gede; Sukresno, Bambang; Sugimori, Yasuhiro
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 4,(2007)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (571.254 KB) | DOI: 10.30536/j.ijreses.2007.v4.a1222

Abstract

Application of data from field to satellite observation and simulation has been made as present understanding of Aceh tsunami. Tsunami has attracted attention after struck Aceh in December 26th 2004, generated by a strong eartquake with magnitude Mw=9.0. The eatrhquake triggered giant tsunami waves that propagated throughout the Indian Ocean, causing extreme inundation and destruction along the northern and western coast of Sumatra. Within hours, the tsunami devastated the distant shores of Thailand to east as well as Sri Lanka, India and Maldives to the west. The tsunami also caused deaths, and destruction in Somalia and other nations of East Africa. The tsunami was recorded on tidal stations throughout the Indian Oceans in worldwide. Unlike the Pacific, the Indian Ocean does not yet have a network of deep-ocean pressure sensors, and so coastal tide gauges provide the only direct measurement of Indian Ocean stunami amplitudes. We had many lessons and basic knowledge which had already been learned from this tragic event in the Indian Ocean. Many more lessons should be learned in the near future as this tragedy unfolds and reverals many failures to value and protect human life in this neglected region of the world. Keywords: Tsunami, Earthquake, Indian Ocean, Aceh.
RELATIVE HUMADITY ESTIMATION BASED ON MODIS PRECIPITABLE WATER FOR SUPPORTING SPATIAL INFORMATION OVER JAVA ISLAND Sofan, Parwati; Sugiharto, Totok; Hasnaeni, -
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 4,(2007)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (432.741 KB) | DOI: 10.30536/j.ijreses.2007.v4.a1215

Abstract

This research is performed to derive weather property, i.e. relative humidity, based on precipitable water from MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data which on board of TERRA/AQUA satellites. As one of dynamic atmospheric parameters, the precipitable water has ability to indicate the dryness or wetness of a certain area. It can be derived by MODIS at 0.865, 1.24, 0.905, 0.936 and 0.940 um of its wavelength ranges. Verification of MODIS precipitatble water is made using radiosonde data at 2 climatological stations in Java island (Jakarta and Surabaya). The result shows that the standard deviation between precipitable water which is derived by MODIS and radiosonde data (August-October 2004), is 1.6 cm, Meanwhile, through the statistical analysis, they have significant correlation of about 0.82. In adition, the relationship between the MODIS precipitable water and the altitude has a negative correlation (r= -0.98). It means that the precipitable water tends to decrease along with the increase of altitude, According to the climate condition in West Java which is mostly wetter rather than of East Java, we knew that the precipitable water in West Java is higher than East Java. Related to related to relative humidity, the mODIS precipitable water can be used to estimate relative humidity, based on topography area, the correlation coeficient between 0.84-0.92. Keywords: MODIS Precipitable water, Radiosonde, Relative humidity, Verification.
SEA SAND MINING ZONATION THROUGH THE INTEGRATION OF OCEAN DYNAMIC AND GIS IN RIAU ISLAND WATERS M.Napitu, Asmi; M.Hakim, Dudung; S.Ningsih, Nining; Albert D., -
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 4,(2007)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (476.401 KB) | DOI: 10.30536/j.ijreses.2007.v4.a1217

Abstract

Sea-sand mining has both advantages particularly in its destructive capabilities. The damages caused by sea-sand mining are mostly due to the unorganized mining zones. In order to minimize the negative effects of mining activities, the well-organized mining zones that have evaluated all related aspects are required. There are several aspects which are closely related to the sea-sand mining zones , one of those is hydro-oceanography aspects in its relation with the sea environments. A comprehensive analysis can be made by integrating hydrooceanography and GIS as a system of both data-organizer and software. This method is supported by using the remote sensing technology as a verification data comparison to the results of hydrooceanography analyses. The application of image analysis as a verification tool is a good method to proof the results given by the numerical simulation model. In this study, we use the Landsat images as the data analysis have indicated that the mining can be continously conducted in several locations without imposing any hazardous impacts to the adjacent environment. By considering the results above, in integrated system between the numerical model and the GIS in highly effective as a foundation to determine the mining zone where the negative effects of the oceanographic-dynamical-changes on the environment due to the mining activities can be easily recognized and predicted. Keyword: Geographic Information System, Hydro-oceanography, Image Analysis.
VERIFICATION OF LAND MOISTURE ESTIMATION MODEL BASED ON MODIS REFLECTANCES IN AGRICULTURAL LAND Dirgahayu, Dede; Sofan, Parwati
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 4,(2007)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (292.832 KB) | DOI: 10.30536/j.ijreses.2007.v4.a1216

Abstract

From this research, it is found that reflectances in the first, second, and sixth channels (R1, R2, R6) of MODIS have high correlations with surface soil moisture (percent weight) at 0-20 cm depth. An index called Land Moisture INdex (LMI) was created from the linier combination of R1 (percent), R2(percent), and R6 (percent). The MODIS reflectances and field soil moisture in paddy field taken from the Central and East Java during Juli-September 2005 are applied into the previous model which have been generated from data during July-September 2004. The result showed that there was a high correlation between Land/Soil Moisture (SM) which was measured from field survey, and LMI which was generated from the MODIS refectances. The best model equation between SM and LMI is the power regression model, which has the coeficient of determination of 88 percent. It is implied that soil moisture condition can be obtained from the MODIS data using LAnd Moisture Index. Therefore, the spatial information of drouht condition analysed throught the soil moisture in the agricultural land can be provided from the MODIS data. Keywords: Land Moisture Index, Soil Moisture Estimation, Spatial information, drought.
COMPARISON RESULT OF DEM GENERATED FROM ASTER STEREO DATA AND SRTM Trisakti, Bambang; Carolita, Ita
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 4,(2007)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (240.293 KB) | DOI: 10.30536/j.ijreses.2007.v4.a1220

Abstract

This paper explains a method to generated DEM (Digital Elevation Model) from ASTER (Advanced Spaceborn Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer) stereo data and evaluates the generation of ASTER DEM and SRTM (Shuttle Radar Topography Mission) DEM with 90 m spatial resolution. ASTER DEM is generated from 3n (nadir looking) and 3b (backward looking) level 1b, with 10 ground control points (XYZ coordinate)derived from ASTER RGB 321 geometric-corrected image and SRTM DEM. Almost all tie points are collected automatically and several tie points is added manually. The triangulation and DEM extraction process are made automatically using ERDAS Imagine Software. DEM evaluation is carried out by comparing between ASTER DEM and SRTM DEM in the height distribution of vertical and horizontal transect lines and the height value of the whole DEM image. The process is continued by analyzing the height differences between ASTER DEM and SRTM DEM. The results shows thatASTER DEM has 15 m spatial resolution with height differnces less than 30 m for about 67 percent of total area, and absolute mean error is 27 m (compared with SRTM DEM) This absolute mean error is large enough, because the GCPs (Ground Control Point) used in this study are only in a small amount and most of study area is in the high terrain area (mountainous area) with dense vegetation coverage. Keyword: DEM, ASTER, height difference, GCP.
THE CHARACTERISTIC AND VARIABILITY OF SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE IN JAVA SEA Sulistya, Widada; Hartoko, Agus; Prayitno, S.Budi
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 4,(2007)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (395.733 KB) | DOI: 10.30536/j.ijreses.2007.v4.a1219

Abstract

The phenomena of marine climate can be identified by the sea surface temperature, as Illahude (1999) reported that one of the parameters of oceanography which characterized of sea water mass is sea surface temperature (SST). The distribution of sea surface temperature can be used as an indicator of fishing ground. However, as understanding of marine climate variability it does not well enough (Hartoko,2000). The characteristic and variability of ST in Java Sea are not sufficiently enough understood. In order to better understand, we need the Spatial-Temporal Analysis of SST. The Spectral Analysis Method is used to study the characteristic and seasonal variation of SST, while GIS Analysis is used to study SST spatial distribution pattern. Temporally, the highest temperature at Java Sea occurs in April-May and November, whereas the lowest temperature in February and August. The SST fluctuation of Java Sea ranges from 27.48 degree of celcius to 29.66 degree of celcius and its periodic cycle generally occurs for 6 months, 1 year and 8 years. Keyword: SST, Variability, Spatio-Temporal Analysis
THE USE OF SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING (ALOS SATELLITE DATA) Gede Astawa Karang, I Wayan; Hendrawan, I Gede
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 4,(2007)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (478.815 KB) | DOI: 10.30536/j.ijreses.2007.v4.a1223

Abstract

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BIO-OPTICAL CHARACTERISTIC OF CASE-2 COASTAL WATER SUBSTANCES IN INDONESIA COAST Swardika, I Ketut
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 4,(2007)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1558.477 KB) | DOI: 10.30536/j.ijreses.2007.v4.a1218

Abstract

The result of our study in the bio-optical characteristic of mixed water substances or referred as water leaving radiance of chlorophyll-a in case-2 water. Apparent optical properties of chlorophyll-a(chl-a) influence by others water constituents eq.particle backscattering, and yellow substances absorption coefficients. We studied varies Chl-a concentration from 0.001 ug/l,-65.0 ug/l, mixed by suspended particle (SS) concentration from 0.01 mg/l-50.0mg/l, and yellow substances absorption coeficients (ay) from 0.001m - 5.0m. We used the simple radiative transfer equation in seawater method to simulate the Normalized water leaving radiance (NLw)of Chl-a with concentration less than 1 ug/l and less influence from other substances similiar to NLw of pure sea water characteristic. This high reflected at blue band. Otherwise, chl-a concentrations more than 1 ug/l, are similiar to the absorption characteristic of Chl-a with flourescene peak at 680 nm. The Cross characteristic (Hinge point) occurs at 530 nm. Higher SS concentration causes NLw characteristic of Chl-a change, where hinge point moves toward the longer wavelength. Higher yellow substance absorption coeficients cause NLw characteristic of Chl-a has strange behavior. To keep the NLw Chl-a characteristic SS concentration should be no more than 1 mg/l, and ay coeficient no more than 0.01m. Keyword: bio-optical, chlorophyll, the Normalized water leaving radiance.
WATER MASS ANALYSIS OF THE INDONESIAN THROUGHFLOW BY MEANS OF PRINCIPLE COMPONENT ANALYSIS Naulita, Yuli
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 4,(2007)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (219.555 KB) | DOI: 10.30536/j.ijreses.2007.v4.a1214

Abstract

The water masses in both routes of Indonesia Throughflow (ITF) from historical hydrographic data are examined by means of the Principal Component Analysis (PCA), a multivariate statistical technique, during the southeast monsoon and northwest monsoon, and compared with the TS diagrams. The temperature and dissolves oxygen always play in the same PC, which describeds a variability contribution of the water mass characters, while salinity in a different PC. The relationship of the water masses parameters may indicate the character of dissolved oxygen as a non-conservation tracer. The Principle Component Analysis may also be used to follow the trendds of core layer attenuation as verified by the salinity corresponds at the PC. It will be higher with S-max and S-min and more closely resemble the sources. This condition is shown in the waters close to the main sources in the Pacific, like Sulawesi, Malkuku and Halmahera Sea, where both the salinity extrema can still be observed. Conversely, in the Banda and Timor Sea, where S-max and S-min are greatly attenuated even completely remove, the correspondence of salinity in the water mass character variability becomes smaller. As seen on TS and TO diagrams, PCA graphics are also showed the dominant of the north Pacific water in the western route seas, the Sulawesi, Makasar Strait and the Florest Sea, but relatively salty water of South Pacific origin is observed in the Halmahera Sea, particularly in the northwest monsoon. The strong seasonal variablity of surface water in the Indonesian can also be observed in the PCA graphics. Keywords: Water Mass, Indonesian Throughflow, PCA.
THE INDIAN SUMMER MONSOON CONTRIBUTION TO THE JJA RAINFALL OVER THE NOTERN PART OF SUMATRA DURING THE CO-OCCURING EL NINO AND DIPOLE MODE (+) YEARS B.Harijono, Sri Woro
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 4,(2007)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (256.843 KB) | DOI: 10.30536/j.ijreses.2007.v4.a1213

Abstract

This article describes the further study investigating the JJA rainfall formation in the northern part of Sumatra during the co-occuring El Nino and Dipole Mode (+) years. Analyses based on wavelet transformation reveal that the rainfall in that part of Sumatra is insensitive or at least insignificantly influenced by El Nino and or DM. This study confirms also that the Indian Summer Monsoon (IM) may play important roles in the rainfall budget of the region including in compensating the possible reduction effects of both El Nino and DM on the JJA rainfall. The characteristics of JJA rainfall over the northern part of Sumatra on a wavelet time-frequency plane are descreibed, and the relative contributions of EN-DM-Indian summer monsoon in the rainfall over the nothern part of Sumatra are demonstrated by using multicoliner statistical analysis. Keywords: Indian Summer Monsoon, Rainfall, El Nino, Dipole Mode.

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