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M. Nazir Salim
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INDONESIA
BHUMI: Jurnal Agraria dan Pertanahan
ISSN : 24426954     EISSN : 25802151     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture, Social,
Bhumi is published twice a year in May and November. Bhumi focuses on the publication of articles result of researchs and book reviews that transcend disciplines, curiously on agrarian and land studies: geodesy, social, humaniora, history, economy, and law.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 16 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 5, No 2 (2019): BHUMI" : 16 Documents clear
Paddyfield Land Parcel Identification in Bompon Watershed Landslide Prone Area Using Small Format Aerial Photography Arnanto, Ardhi
BHUMI: Jurnal Agraria dan Pertanahan Vol 5, No 2 (2019): BHUMI
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Sekolah Tinggi Pertanahan Nasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31292/jb.v5i2.328

Abstract

The increased disaster events in the last ten years warns all stakeholders about potential hazards. Potential risk to land assets due to disaster affects the needs of fast and accurate land data. However, most of land parcel is not yet mapped, only 65% of them. Therefore, it is necessary to create an innovative method to provide spatial data. Drone is seen as a solution tool to provide quick and accurate spatial data. This study aims to establish an interpretation method of paddy field from small format aerial photography. The research uses interpretation method by evidence convergence approach. The result shows that the value of accuracy above the tolerance value, 93.13% for landuse interpretation and 84,21% for land parcel booundary interpretation. It means that the small format aerial photography derived from drone can be used to provide quick and accurate spatial data on paddy field land parcel identification.
Eksistensi Lembaga Penilai Dalam Pengadaan Tanah Sumarja, FX.
BHUMI: Jurnal Agraria dan Pertanahan Vol 5, No 2 (2019): BHUMI
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Sekolah Tinggi Pertanahan Nasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31292/jb.v5i2.371

Abstract

Abstract: Compensation often arises in land acquisition. The purpose of this study is to determine the existence of an appraisal institution in providing an assessment of the land and/or objects that are on it, as a basis for providing reasonable compensation. The study method used in this study is normative juridical approach. The data was critically analyzed using content analysis. The results of the study indicate that the Government has established an independent institution, namely the Land Appraisal Agency, as the basis for providing compensation. The existence of an independent institution was first regulated in Presidential Regulation No. 36 of 2005. In 2012, the Land Appraisal Agency obtained a perfect regulation in a law. However, it is not automatically the only institution that has authority in valuing land prices. The government is still being halfhearted. The Land Appraisal Institution received full position in the land acquisition after the Ministerial Regulation of Agrarian & Spatial Planning/Head of National Land Agency No. 6 of 2015 was made. Intisari: Ganti rugi sering muncul dalam pengadaan tanah. Tujuan kajian ini, untuk mengetahui eksistensi lembaga penilai dalam memberikan penilaian terhadap tanah dan/atau benda-benda yang ada di atasnya, sebagai dasar memberikan ganti rugi yang wajar. Metode kajian menggunakan pendekatan yuridis normatif. Analisis data secara kritis menggunakan konten analisis. Hasil kajian menunjukkan, bahwa Pemerintah telah membentuk lembaga independen yaitu lembaga penilai pertanahan, sebagai dasar memberikan ganti rugi.  Keberadaan lembaga independen pertama kali diatur dalam Peraturan Presiden No. 36 tahun 2005. Pada tahun 2012, lembaga penilai  pertanahan mendapatkan pengaturan yang sempurna dalam sebuah undang-undang. Meskipun, tidak otomatis menjadi satu-satunya lembaga yang memiliki kewenangan dalam penilaian harga tanah. Pemerintah masih bersikap setengah hati. Lembaga penilai pertanahan mendapatkan kedudukan secara penuh dalam pengadaan tanah setelah adanya Peraturan Menteri Agraria & Tata Ruang/Kepala Badan Pertanahan Nasional No. 6 Tahun 2015. 
Memahami Dan Menanggulangi Persoalan Ketimpangan Agraria (2) Shohibuddin, Mohamad
BHUMI: Jurnal Agraria dan Pertanahan Vol 5, No 2 (2019): BHUMI
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Sekolah Tinggi Pertanahan Nasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31292/jb.v5i2.366

Abstract

Abstract: This article, which consisted of two parts, offers two contribution to the literature on agrarian inequality in Indonesia, i.e. a conceptual approach for understanding this phenomenon and what it implies on policy formulation. The first contribution has been elaborated in Part 1 which includes a synthesis of various aspects of agrarian inequality and a distinction between two types of agrarian inequality, namely: inequality of distribution and of allocation. In Part 2, the second contribution of this article will be elaborated. Firstly, the current situation of agrarian inequality in Indonesia, which covers those two types of inequality, will be presented. Secondly, a comprehensive policy framework to resolve this problem will be promoted, based on the principle of positive discrimination towards smallholders? interests. For this purpose, five schemes of tenure reform need to be fully integrated, namely: (re)distribution, registration, recognition, devolution and restitution.  Intisari: Artikel ini, yang terdiri atas dua bagian, menawarkan dua kontribusi pada literatur mengenai ketimpangan agraria di Indonesia, yaitu pendekatan konseptual untuk bisa memahami gejala ini dan apa implikasinya terhadap penyusunan kebijakan. Kontribusi pertama telah dibahas pada Bagian 1 yang mencakup sintesis atas ragam aspek ketimpangan agraria dan pembedaan antara dua jenis ketimpangan agraria, yakni ketimpangan distribusi dan ketimpangan alokasi. Pada Bagian 2, kontribusi kedua dari artikel ini akan diulas secara mendalam. Pertama-tama, situasi ketimpangan agraria terkini di Indonesia, yang mencakup dua jenis ketimpangan di atas, akan dipaparkan. Selanjutnya, sebuah kerangka kebijakan yang komprehensif untuk memecahkan masalah ini akan dipromosikan dengan berdasarkan pada prinsip diskriminasi positif bagi kepentingan para produsen skala kecil. Dalam rangka ini, lima skema pembaruan tenurial berikut penting untuk diintegrasikan secara menyeluruh, yaitu: (re)distribusi, registrasi, rekognisi, devolusi, dan restitusi. 
POTENTIAL LAND ALLOCATION FOR HOUSING IN SURAKARTA CITY Basworo, Gung Putro
BHUMI: Jurnal Agraria dan Pertanahan Vol 5, No 2 (2019): BHUMI
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Sekolah Tinggi Pertanahan Nasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31292/jb.v5i2.347

Abstract

The growth of trade centers, inns, office buildings, meetinghouses and other supporting facilities has a direct impact on the addition of population and land needs for housing amid the limited land. This resulted the problem of the gap between housing built and the amount of housing needed by the community. This study aims to examine potential land for the provision of housing based on the results of spatial data processing.  Both quantitative and qualitative analysis method used through a geographic information system based spatial analysis approach. The existence of the built-up area and the suitability of the Surakarta City space utilization plan was taken into consideration. In the process, it was found that the tendency of locations was in the northern part of Surakarta City where the results of land value analysis showed that the area was suitable for housing, but security analysis showed inappropriate results and even restricted. The findings in the housing land suitability analysis showed that the results of the accessibility analysis and the results of the analysis of affordability of water and sanitation systems had a significant effect. The analysis found that out of 51 urban villages there were 43 urban villages that had potential land for housing with a level of conformity that matched them to an inappropriate level
Pesawat Udara Nir Awak (Uav) Untuk Penyediaan Data Spasial Bidang Tanah Di Kawasan Rawan Bencana Arnanto, Ardhi; Wulan Mei, Estuning Tyas; Hizbaron, Dyah Rahmawati; Utami, Westi
BHUMI: Jurnal Agraria dan Pertanahan Vol 5, No 2 (2019): BHUMI
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Sekolah Tinggi Pertanahan Nasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31292/jb.v5i2.377

Abstract

Abstract: The increased disaster events in the last ten years warns all stakeholders about potential hazards. Potential risk to land assets due to disaster affects the needs of fast and accurate land data that only 65% mapped. This study aims to establish an interpretation method and mapping of paddy field using unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). The research uses interpretation method by evidence convergence approach. The result shows that the value of accuracy above the tolerance value, 93.13% for landuse interpretation and 84,21% for land parcel booundary interpretation. It means that the small format aerial photography derived from drone can be used to provide quick and accurate spatial data on paddy field land parcel identification.Intisari: Peningkatan bencana dalam sepuluh tahun terakhir memberikan peringatan kepada semua pemangku kepentingan akan potensi bahaya. Potensi risiko terhadap aset-aset lahan yang disebabkan oleh dampak bencana membutuhkan ketersediaan data spasial lahan yang cepat dan akurat yang hingga saat ini baru terpetakan seluas 65%. Penelitian ini bertujuan membangun metode interpretasi dan memetakan bidang tanah sawah menggunakan unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). Penelitian ini menggunakan metode interpretasi visual dengan pendekatan konvergensi bukti. Hasil interpretasi menunjukkan nilai akurasi diatas nilai toleransi, 93,13% untuk interpretassi penggunaan lahan dan 84,21% untuk interpretasi batas bidang tanah. Hal ini berarti bahwa fotoudara format kecil yang dihasilkan dari pemotretan drone dapat digunakan untuk menghasilkan data spasial bidang tanah sawah secara cepat dan akurat. 
KETIMPANGAN AGRARIA: PENDEKATANKONSEPTUAL DAN KERANGKA KEBIJAKAN Shohibuddin, Mohamad
BHUMI: Jurnal Agraria dan Pertanahan Vol 5, No 2 (2019): BHUMI
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Sekolah Tinggi Pertanahan Nasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31292/jb.v5i2.289

Abstract

Artikel ini menawarkan dua kontribusi pada kajian ketimpangan agraria di Indonesia, yaitu pendekatan konseptual untuk memahami fenomena ini dan implikasi kebijakannya. Kontribusi pertama mencakup eksplorasi atas berbagai dimensi ketimpangan agraria sebagai sintesis dari sejumlah literatur. Selain itu, dua jenis ketimpangan agraria juga dibedakan berdasarkan locus keberadaannya, yaitu ketimpangan distribusiuntuk mengacu kesenjangan penguasaan tanah antar-kelas pada sektor pertanian rakyat danketimpangan alokasi untuk mengacu kesenjangan peruntukan sumber-sumber agraria antar-sektor; dalam hal ini antara sektor usaha tani rakyat dengan sektor usaha berskala besar.Dari sisi implikasi kebijakan, telaah kritis dilakukan atas kebijakan yang dimaksudkan menjawab kedua jenis ketimpangan agraria tersebut, yaitu land reform terkait jenis ketimpangan pertama dan pembatasan izin lokasi terkait jenis kedua. Atasdasar ini dan dengan menyadari akutnya kondisi ketimpangan agraria di tanah air, maka artikel inimengajukansebuah kerangka kebijakan yang dicirikan oleh ?diskriminasi positif? terhadap petani kecil dalam rangka mengutamakan kepentingan mereka dalam politik alokasi sumber-sumber agraria.Hal inisecara praktis diupayakan melalui lima skema pembaruan tenurial yang saling berkaitan sebagai berikut: (re)distribusi, registrasi, rekognisi, devolusi dan restitusi.Kata kunci: ketimpangan agraria; ketimpangan distribusi; ketimpangan alokasi; pembaruan tenurial; Indonesia
Kota sebagai Ruang Terbuka: Belajar dari Waduk Sepat, Surabaya Novenanto, Anton
BHUMI: Jurnal Agraria dan Pertanahan Vol 5, No 2 (2019): BHUMI
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Sekolah Tinggi Pertanahan Nasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31292/jb.v5i2.329

Abstract

This paper chronicles a case of land dispute through a sociospatial lens (Gottdiener, Hutchison and Ryan, 2015) with a specific case of the dynamic of urban spatial management of the city of Surabaya. Key structural changes of public spaces in Surabaya have been running starting from the late 1990s for the local government was given authority to manage its space. Simultaneously, the plethora of freedom spirit since Reformasi 1998 has been reshaping citizens? politics towards their city as public space. Relying on secondary data, this paper argues that the dynamic of city spatial management has been colored by struggles of various actors in reclaiming public places. Surabaya, like other big cities all over the world, is an open field for power contestations over a space for living.
Implementasi Reforma Agraria Terhadap Pemenuhan Harapan Masyarakat Yang Bersengketa Lahan Martini, Sri; Ash-Shafikh, Maiza Hazrina; Afif, Nur Choirul
BHUMI: Jurnal Agraria dan Pertanahan Vol 5, No 2 (2019): BHUMI
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Sekolah Tinggi Pertanahan Nasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31292/jb.v5i2.367

Abstract

Abstract: Agrarian reform policy in Indonesia has become a very important issue. Indonesia has tried to carry out agrarian reform by making various changes in laws and government policies. This is a descriptive research aiming to describe the phenomena occurring in the field as well as a verification research aiming to examine the effect of the implementation of agrarian reform on the positive response of affected community in Punggelan Village, Punggelan Subdistrict, Banjarnegara Regency, Central Java Province. The type of research is explanatory research that aims to explain the effect of the variable of agrarian reform strategy implementation on the response of the affected community. The data in this study was collected through distribution of 100 questionnaires to the affected community and interviews with officials from the National Land Agency office, the Chairperson of the farmers? group, and the farmers working on disputed lands. The results showed that there was a positive and significant influence of agrarian reform on the response of the affected community. This means that agrarian reform was able to meet the needs and expectations of the affected community. Intisari: Kebijakan reforma agraria di Indonesia menjadi isu yang sangat penting. Indonesia sudah berusaha melakukan reforma agraria dengan melakukan berbagai perubahan perundang-undangan dan kebijakan pemerintah. Penelitian deskriptif ini bertujuan untuk menggambarkan fenomena yang terjadi di lapangan dan verifikatif bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh implementasi reforma agraria terhadap responss positif masyarakat terdampak di Desa Punggelan, Kecamatan Punggelan, Banjarnegara?Jawa Tengah. Jenis Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksplanatori yang bertujuan menjelaskan pengaruh variabel implementasi strategi reforma agraria terhadap respons masyarakat terdampak. Pengumpulan data pada penelitian ini melalui penyebaran 100 kuesioner terhadap masyarakat terdampak dan wawancara kepada pejabat kantor Badan Pertanahan Nasional, Ketua Kelompok petani dan petani penggarap lahan sengketa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh positif dan signifikan reforma agraria terhadap respons masyarakat terdampak. Artinya reforma agraria mampu memenuhi kebutuhan dan mendapatkan respons positif dari masyarakat yang bersengketa lahan.  
IREGULARITAS AGRARIA “TANAH TIMBUL” (AANSLIBBING) DAN PERUBAHAN LANSKAP DI WILAYAH PESISIR UJUNG PANGKAH, GRESIK JAWA TIMUR Budiman, Mokhamad Asyief Khasan
BHUMI: Jurnal Agraria dan Pertanahan Vol 5, No 2 (2019): BHUMI
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Sekolah Tinggi Pertanahan Nasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31292/jb.v5i2.327

Abstract

Hingga tahun 2018, "aanslibbing" atau ?tanah timbul? di dua desa pesisir Ujung Pangkah mencapai 4644,98 hektar dengan rata-rata peningkatan luas lahan 8-12 hektar per tahun. Berdasarkan tradisi masyarakat Ujung Pangkah, objek lahan menjadi objek distribusi lahan untuk budidaya di mana setiap keluarga memperoleh 3-4 hektar tanah yang dilakukan oleh pemerintah desa dan tokoh masyarakat/tokoh agama yang berpengaruh. Namun, dari citra satelit pada periode 2016-2018 daerah ini mengalami penurunan luas hingga 115,87 hektar karena abrasi pantai. Dari interpretasi citra dan analisis sosial-yuridis dapat diperkirakan bahwa penggunaan ?tanah timbul? memiliki implikasi pada dua hal, yaitu perubahan lanskap pantai termasuk hilangnya ekosistem mangrove untuk perluasan tambak, dan praktik iregularitas agraria karena lahan dikontrol bukan melalui prosedur formal sesuai dengan norma formal pertanahan sehingga berpotensi konflik, terjadi konsentrasi lahan, transfer tanah di luar jalur resmi, reklamasi sepihak, dan kurangnya kepastian tenurial. Sebagai mekanisme untuk mengurangi konflik agraria di masa depan, direkomendasikan bahwa administrasi pertanahan di daerah pertama-tama melakukan pengumpulan data yang komprehensif pada ?tanah timbul?, memberikan alas hak untuk kontrol negara sebelum mendistribusikan tanah berdasarkan tradisi dan menyediakan penguatan kepemilikan ?tanah timbul? dari prosedur penguasaan yang ada tanpa mengabaikan fungsi spasial dan ekologis.
IMPLEMENTASI REFORMA AGRARIA TERHADAP PEMENUHAN HARAPAN MASYARAKAT TERDAMPAK AFIF, NUR CHOIRUL
BHUMI: Jurnal Agraria dan Pertanahan Vol 5, No 2 (2019): BHUMI
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Sekolah Tinggi Pertanahan Nasional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31292/jb.v5i2.354

Abstract

Abstract: Agrarian reform policy in Indonesia has become a very important issue. Indonesia has tried to carry out agrarian reform by making various changes in laws and government policies. This was a descriptive research aiming to describe the phenomena occurring in the field as well as a verification research aiming to examine the effect of the implementation of agrarian reform on the positive response of affected community in Punggelan Village, Punggelan Subdistrict, Banjarnegara Regency, Central Java Province. The type of research was explanatory research that aimed to explain the effect of the variable of agrarian reform strategy implementation on the response of the affected community. The data collection in this study was through distribution of 100 questionnaires to the affected community and interviews with officials from the National Land Agency office, the Chairperson of the farmers? group, and the farmers working on disputed lands. The results showed that there was a positive and significant influence of agrarian reform on the response of the affected community. This means that agrarian reform was able to meet the needs and expectations of the affected community.  

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