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Biota
ISSN : 20863586     EISSN : 24608483     DOI : -
Focus and Scope of Biota on Bioscience, includes: cell biology and genetics, biodiversity, ecology, physiology and biotechnology. Biota covers all life forms, including microbes, fungi, plants, virus, animal and human. Focus and Scope of Biota on Biology Education, includes: Experimental Research, Class Action Research, Qualitative Research, Quantitative Research, Model Learning Development, Media Learning Development, and Learning Evaluation.
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Articles 69 Documents
Analisis Distribusi Serangga Tanah Jalan MT Haryono dan Tlogomas Malang Zayadi, Hasan; Mubarakati, Nurul Jadid
Biota Vol 10 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : UIN Mataram

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1120.083 KB) | DOI: 10.20414/jb.v10i2.3

Abstract

Vegetation in urban areas can be viewed, as compensation for environmental change due to urbanization of plant diversity affecting the diversity of animals in an ecosystem, the loss of plant species will disrupt the food webs in the ecosystem. Research on the diversity of soil insects found in shade trees species is still not widely done. The purpose of this study were to identify the types of soil insects found in shade trees along Dinoyo and Tlogomas roadside in sub-district of Lowokwaru, Malang and to characterize spatial distribution of soil insect species found in shade trees along Dinoyo and Tlogomas roadside in sub-district of Lowokwaru Malang by using GIS application. Sampling was conducted at two different locations (MT Haryono and Tlogomas Road). Soil insect analysis was calculated using Shannon-Wiener (H') index at different sites. Variables measured were Relative Frequency (FR) and Relative Abundance (KR), while mapping Spatial descriptions. Distribution of soil insects was done by stages in spatial data analysis including digitization, attribute data, map overlay, and map output results. The results of this study obtained the number of species of soil insects as many as 14 species with a total of 287 individuals. Soil insects most commonly found were family Formicidae, the species of Momorium destructor with the number of individuals as much as 87 individuals, and Paratrechina longicornis as many as 86 individuals.
Efektifitas Pemberian Suplemen Serbuk Kunyit (Currcuma longa L.) Terhadap Jumlah Bakal Telur (Hierarki Folikel) Puyuh Jepang (Coturnix-coturnix japonica L) Putra, Sukarman Hadi Jaya
Biota Vol 10 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : UIN Mataram

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (938.581 KB) | DOI: 10.20414/jb.v10i2.7

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to study the effect of turmeric powder supplementation prior to sexual maturity of Japanese quail’s egg. Forty-five of female quils were assigned into completely randomized design with 3 treatments (P0: without tumeric powder or control, P1: level of turmeric powder 54 mg/quail/day, P2: level of turmeric powder 108 mg/quail/day) and each treatments used 3 quils with 5 replications respectively. The treatments were administrated every day for 30 days started at the age of 14 days. Parameters measured were number of follicles hierarchy. Statistical analysis used ANOVA followed by Duncan’s test. The result showed that administrated turmeric powder suplementation at level 108 mg/quail/day had significantly increase the number of Japanese quail follicles hierarchy prior to sexual maturity.
Profil Anatomi Batang Kacang Komak (Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet) Lokal Pulau Lombok Jayanti, Ervina Titi
Biota Vol 10 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : UIN Mataram

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (991.335 KB) | DOI: 10.20414/jb.v10i2.8

Abstract

Hyacinth bean (Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet) is a member of Fabaceae which has high economic potential but is still treated as an underutilized crop. Research on Lombok’s hyacinth bean focused on stem anatomical profile has never been conducted.  The aims of this research were to study stem anatomical profile of hyacinth bean in Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara. Young and mature stem were collected using exploration method. Anatomical sample preparation was done using free hand section method, stained with safranin, and mounted in a glycerine liquid. Sample was visualized and documented using binocular microscope connected to the digital camera integrated with ScopeImage 9 software. Data were analyzed by a triangulation method.  The result showed that stem anatomical profile of hyacinth bean in Lombok by transversal section consists of one layer of an epidermal cell and unicellular glandular trichomes as it’s derivate. Parenchyma cell was found in the cortex, interfascicular region, and pith in shape of rounded, oval, up to polygonal and varied in size. Vascular tissue showed a unique structure and became the distinctive feature od hyacinth bean stem. There were 2 type of vascular bundles i.e big and small vascular bundles.  The large vascular bundles contain xylem and phloem and the small vascular bundles may or may not contain both xylem and phloem.
Determinasi Pola Konsumsi Minuman Keras pada Remaja di Pulau Lombok HALID, MUSPARLIN
Biota Vol 10 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : UIN Mataram

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1095.335 KB) | DOI: 10.20414/jb.v10i2.12

Abstract

This study aims to identify the determinants of alcohol consumption patterns (liquor) in adolescents in Lombok Island, the condition of alcohol abuse that is already at a very alarming level. This research used cross-sectional design with quantitative approach. Sample taken by purposive sampling in juvenile Junior High School (JHS) and Senior High School (SHS) in Lombok Island amounted to 1664 students. Data collected by using questionnaires distributed to respondents. The variables measured as follows: alcohol consumption patterns, gender, age, cigarette consumption pattern, parental education level, parental divorce status, peer influence, social media influence, sexual behavior, conflict with spouses and family conflicts. Data analysis was descriptive and Chi-square with significant level p <0.05 and Odds Ratio (OR) with Confidence Interval (CI) 95%. There was a significant relationship between alcohol consumption (liquor) > 3 liter/week pattern in adolescents in Lombok Island based on gender, age, cigarette consumption pattern, parental education level, parental divorce status, peer influence, social media, sexual behavior, conflict with spouse and conflict with family (p <0.05). This can be concluded that the causality of alcohol consumption patterns (liquor) in adolescents was determined by various factors derived from the environment and internal factors within the adolescent. Thus, it is necessary to do promotive and preventive efforts in minimizing alcohol abuse in adolescents.
Isolasi dan Identifikasi Kapang Pelarut Fosfat dari Fosfat Guano Gua Pawon Hafsari, Anggita Rahmi
Biota Vol 10 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : UIN Mataram

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1024.075 KB) | DOI: 10.20414/jb.v10i2.13

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to isolate and identify phosphate solubilizing Fungi from phosphate guano in Pawon Cave, Karst area, Citatah, West Java. The research design was descriptive. The data obtained were presented descriptively based on macroscopic and microscopic morphological characteristics and the result of qualitative phosphate capability screening on pikovskaya medium. The results showed that there were five isolates in the phosphate guano in Pawon Cave. Karst area, which were Penicillium sp. PF1, Aspergillus sp. PF2, Aspergillus sp. PF3, Mycelia sterilia, and Mucor sp. Based on the screening test, there were two isolates which could solubilize the phosphate, Aspergillus sp. PF3 and Mucor sp.
Pengaruh Polutan Terhadap Struktur Morfologi Stomata Daun Trembesi (Samanea saman (Jacg) Merr) Kusumo, Pratiwi Dyah
Biota Vol 10 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : UIN Mataram

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1760.824 KB) | DOI: 10.20414/jb.v10i2.14

Abstract

Trembesi (Samanea saman) is one of the plants that is currently developed as one of the green line plants. Stomata as part of the leaf that has the ability to bind air, especially oxygen and carbon dioxide, is one part of the plant that can be used as an indicator to see the effect of pollutants contained in the air. The result was obtained by using an electron microscope to analyze the morphological structure of stomata leaves Trembesi (Samanea saman). Location was determined by two groups, the control group was at the UKI campus environment which was away from air pollution and the treatment group was in the Cawang police station where many vehicles passed through. Within a 90 days after treatment of pollutant exposure to plants, the structure of Trembesi leaf stomata was observed using an electron microscope. Based on the observation, the leaf position in the middle of the tree and the position of the leaf at the bottom of the tree, it was found that the leaves placed in the control position had a finer stomata mouth structure, more leaf hairs, and a wider diameter. While on the leaves that are placed on the location exposed to pollutants, has an irregular leaf mouth structure, fewer leaf feathers, and smaller diameter. This study can be concluded that there was an effect of exposure of pollutant that could change morphology of stomata leaves of Trembesi (Samanea saman).
Upaya Peningkatan Motivasi dan Hasil Belajar Kognitif Mahasiswa Program Studi Biologi STKIP Pembangunan Indonesia Melalui Model Pembelajaran Grup Investigasi dan Model Pembelajaran Inkuiri Pada Matakuliah Anatomi dan Fisiologi Manusia Nurdin, Muh. Rilzadi Trias Jaya Putra
Biota Vol 10 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : UIN Mataram

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1062.889 KB) | DOI: 10.20414/jb.v10i2.15

Abstract

This study was a quasy experiment that aims to investigate and compare students' cognitive learning outcomes using two different learning model i.e. investigation learning and inquiry learning. The third year students of biology class VIg and VIh were involved in experimental groups, class VIg experienced investigation learning model and class VIh was implementing inquiry learning model. Both classes were taught Anatomy and Human Physiology courses. Data were collected by administrating questionnaire sheets for learning motivation and pretest-postest for cognitive learning result. This result showed that the inquiry learning model improved the motivation and cognitive learning outcomes in one experimental group (Class VIh). It was shown by the mean score was 61.40 for inquiry learning model and 48.40 to the investigation learning model. To summarize this study, inquiry learning model had significant impact in students’ cognitive learning outcomes.  
Analisis Keterampilan Dasar Mengajar Mahasiswa Pada Mata Kuliah Praktek Proses Pembelajaran Biologi Dewi, Maria Paulin Sari
Biota Vol 10 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : UIN Mataram

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (957.52 KB) | DOI: 10.20414/jb.v10i1.16

Abstract

As a prospective teacher, students need to be trained in basic teaching skills before doing Field Experience Practice (PPL). Therefore, it is necessary to conduct research on the level of mastery of basic skills of teaching students. The purpose of this study is to know the basic skills of teaching students, the subjects of Biology Learning Process Practice, Biology Education Study Program, Teacher Training and Education Faculty, Widya Mandira Catholic University, Academic Year 2016/2017. This research is a quantitative descriptive research. The instrument used is the basic teaching skill assessment instrument. Data were collected by observation method and analyzed by descriptive quantitative. The results showed that the average ability to open the learning and attitude in the learning process is very good, with the value of each 3,625 and 3,675; Mastery of teaching materials and learning process is quite good with the value of each 3,475 and 3,575. While the evaluation aspect is quite good with the value of 3,5375 and the ability to close learning is good with a value of 3.4.  
Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Tipe Team Games Tournament (TGT) di Kelas X SMAN 4 Kota Bengkulu Safniyeti, Safniyeti; Abas, Abas; Ruyani, Aceng
Biota Vol 10 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : UIN Mataram

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (968.264 KB) | DOI: 10.20414/jb.v10i1.18

Abstract

Cooperative learning of Team Games Tournament (TGT) with numbered media card is one of teaching method that can be applied to biology. The objectives of this research were to describe the activities of teacher, activities of student student, and result student learning with apply cooperative learning model of Team Games Tournament (TGT). This was a classroom action research (CAR) with quantitative descriptive method and the subjects of this research were biology teachers and 34 students of SMAN 4 class XF Bengkulu city. The instrument used in this research was the observation and test sheets. Data collected were analyzed by calculating the average and specifies the range of values ​​for each criterion, while the test of data analyzed calculating the average value of the class and percentage of completeness classical learning. Results of data analysis observation of the teacher activity first cycle obtained to score of 34.5 with good criteria, then increased in the second cycle to 38 with good criteria. The activity of students in the first cycle obtained score of 34.5 with good criteria, then increased in the second cycle to 37 with good criteria. The student learning results the first cycle of 73.55% with incomplete criteria then increased in the second cycle to be 88.23% with complete criteria. This applied model of learning type TGT could upgrade the activities of teacher, activities of student, and the learning results of Biology students class XF SMAN 4 Bengkulu City.   Keywords : Cooperative Learning, Team Games Tournament (TGT); Result of learning, Student activity; Teacher activity
Pengaruh Supervisi Akademik Pengawas Sekolah Terhadap Kinerja Guru Mata Pelajaran IPA di SMPN Tungkal Jaya Mujahidin, Mujahidin
Biota Vol 10 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : UIN Mataram

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1063.016 KB) | DOI: 10.20414/jb.v10i1.20

Abstract

Education is the essence of the nation’s progress. But in reality, it is rhetoric whereas it has been more than 65 years of independence. The low professionalism of teachers in Indonesia can be seen from the eligibility of teaching teachers. One of effort to improve the professionalism of teachers, conducted through the supervision of school academic supervisors in supervision of teacher’s performance. Thus the role of academic supervision conducted by the school supervisor is very influential in order to improve the performance of teachers in teaching. This research was conducted in Junior High School (SMPN) in Tungkal Jaya districts. This was a classroom action research which the approach used in this research was a quantitative descriptive approach. The implementation of academic supervision of school supervisors influenced the performance of teachers’ science subject at SMPN 2 Tungkal Jaya, SMPN 3 Tungkal Jaya, SMPN 4 Tungkal Jaya, SMPN 5 Tungkal Jaya, and SMPN 7 Tungkal Jaya. This study showed that the performance of the teachers’ science subject increased from the category of less good value (≤ 50) to very good (≥ 86).