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AgroTech Journal
ISSN : 25485121     EISSN : 25485148     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture, Social,
AgroTech Journal (ATJ) is oriented to the regular publishing of research in the areas of agrotechnology. This journal is blind peer reviewer that applies an Open Journal System (OJS). The areas include agriculture, seed science, and technology, agronomy, horticulture, plant biotechnology, soil biotechnology, plant pests and diseases, plant breeding, plant physiology, fertilizers, and fertilization.
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Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 3, No 2 (2018): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)" : 6 Documents clear
The Role of Customary Leaders on the Decision Making Process in the Ethics of Land Clearing and Harvesting Process in Rice Farmers in Puday Village, Wonggeduku Barat Sub-District, Konawe District Helviani, H.; Husnaeni, H.
Agrotech Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2018): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (740.082 KB) | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v3i2.817

Abstract

Customary leaders have dominant roles and influences, these facts are shown in the land clearing process (monahundau) and the harvesting process (meolu) of paddy rice crop. These processes begin with the opening ceremony or in the form of a small ritual carried out by customary leader numbering one person called Puusaraormandaranosara. The purpose of this study is to find out how the role of customary leaders in decision-making in the ethics of land clearing and harvesting processes in paddy rice farmers. Analysis of the data used in the form of qualitative descriptive analysis, where the data obtained is then described qualitatively using the Miles and Huberman model which consists of three stages, namely (1) Data Reduction, (2) Data Presentation, (3) Conclusion Drawing / Verification. The results of this study indicated that land clearing (monahundau) and the harvesting process (meolu) were influenced by hereditary customs in Puday Village, Wonggeduku Barat Sub-District, Konawe District. Monahundau is a land clearing process which is the first step to open a new planting season every year. Meoluis a harvesting process that is carried out in the same steps as the process of land clearing (observation, reciting intentions and praying silently for the best wishes desired in the harvesting process), and the final step is done by investigating at the rice fields who first turned yellow (ripe), then the rice fields that will be harvested first, the rice begins to be harvested when there is already a statement then the other farmers' land that has yellowed (ripe) may be harvested by themselves (meoludowo). Customary leaders are people chosen by the people of Puday village (puusaraormandaranosara) and have an influnce on decision making in the process of land clearing (monahundau) andharvesting (meolu)
Soybean Adaptation to Water Stress on Vegetative and Generative Phases Sacita, Andi Safitri; June, Tania; Impron, I.
Agrotech Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2018): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1033.594 KB) | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v3i2.843

Abstract

Soybean is rich in protein and is one of the main sources of vegetable protein which essential in enhancing public nutrition. Climate change is the main trigger of the occurance of extreme weather events makes plants become more vulnerable to drought. Drought stress significantly affect the decline in soybean production, especially when it occurs during the reproductive phase. This research aimed to identify the response of soybean  to water stress as a reference for determining the adaptive and tolerant varieties. The research was arranged in split-split plot design, with main plot was varieties (Dering and Argomulyo), the development phase (vegetative and  generative phases) as the subplot, and water stress in the form of irrigation intervals (2, 5, and 10 days) as the sub-sub plots. The results showed that water stress during the vegetative phase has not statistically significant effect on soybean production. Soybean crop adapted  to water stress by reducing the number of leaves, the leaf area, stomatal openings, as well as doing motion response by folding leaves. This crop adaptation mechanisms affecting the formation of dry matter quantity, seeds yield, water use efficiency, and radiation use efficiency
Land Use Potential on Water Balance Based on SWAT Method in Saddang Watershed in Bendung Benteng Irrigation System Irmayani, I.; Putera, Muh. Ikbal; Alam, Syahirun; Surahman, Suryansyah; Masnur, M.
Agrotech Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2018): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (937.14 KB) | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v3i2.857

Abstract

Saddang Watershed (DAS) as a large watershed in Sulawesi, rich in natural resource potential in the form of land, topography, slope, geology, soil, vegetation, climatology; rainfall, temperature, humidity, and sunshine. In maintaining and utilizing (watershed management) availability and water requirements for; humans, plants and animals. The availability and demand of water in watershed management requires the role of land in regulating agroclimatology and hydrology conditions. The water balance approach method used is SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool) method of soil and water assessment tools, to determine the condition of availability and demand of water in an effort to maintain water flow conditions at all times (number and distribution) of Bendung Benteng irrigation system, which is capable of supply water for paddy field irrigation in two regencies of South Sulawesi’s paddy granaries namely Pinrang Regency and Sidrap Regency. According to the Schmidth-Fergusson climate classification, the type of climate in Saddang watershed area belongs to type C climate = slightly wet area with tropical rainforest vegetation, the average amount of rainfall ranges from 2.155 mm/year. This indicates that there is large level of rainfall every year and land use with a forest area of 676,39 or 26,41% of the watershed area, thus Saddang watershed is able to save tremendous amount of water supply. Based on the results of the water balance analysis using SWAT method, the amount of water available in the average watershed ; 3.133 mm year-1, the amount of water being flowed ; 1.040,9 mm, and stored as ground water ; 29,60 mm, as well as direct runoff ; 366,9 mm and flow coefficient of 0,45. Hence, there is 45% of the flow loss as surface stream and there is 55% of the flow stored in the watershed, and the model application is categorized as good both in conducting simulations and validating the flow discharge on Saddang River. Watershed processing classified as having good watershed conditions, because one indicator of a watershed's water performance can be seen from the river discharge fluctuation. River discharge fluctuations can be seen from the river regression coefficient (KRS), which is a number that shows ratio between maximum discharge (Qmax) and minimum discharge (Qmin). The highest discharge (Qmax) was 30.805 m³/sec while the lowest discharge (Qmin) was 994 m³/sec. The regression coefficient value (KRS) of Saddang River watershed was 26.650 m³/sec. Based on the results of the 2017 data analysis, the condition of Saddang watershed provides surplus value of 1.911.986 (m3 year-1), out of the total water availability of 2.155.273 (m3 year-1) minus the total irrigation water requirement of 243.286,50 m3 year-1, with the pattern of planting paddy-paddy-secondary crops (palawija). Therefore, Saddang watershed has the ability to store large amounts of water throughout the year
Diallel Analysis of Chili Pepper Resistance to Melon Aphid (Aphis gossypii Glover) Infestation in Seedling Phase Daryanto, Ady; Syukur, Muhamad; Maharijaya, Awang; Hidayat, Purnama
Agrotech Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2018): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (896.808 KB) | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v3i2.868

Abstract

Aphis gossypii Glover is one of important insect pest in Indonesia. Genetic analysis of resistance to A. gossypii is required in plant breeding program to obtain host-plant resistance cultivar. Diallel analysis was used to estimate genetic parameters for chili pepper resistance to A. gossypii infestation in early generation. The objective of this research was to estimate genetic parameters of chili pepper resistance to A. gossypii infestation with diallel crossing design. The F1 and parent plants were arranged in randomized competed block design with three replication. Resistance lines was measured using choice test laboratory screening techniques. Two aphids were infested per plant and stopped 12 days after first infestation. Different lines respond was detected as shown by significant numbers of aphid per leaf, total aphid per plant, and total winged aphid per plant. There were no maternal effect and resistance were controlled by recessive and polygenic genes. Gene effects for resistance to aphid’s infestation were additive and dominance. Dominance effect larger than additive effects. Broad-sense heritability values were high but narrow-sense heritability values were very low
Genetic Variability and Heritability of in vitro Chrysanthemum on Various Combination of Plant Growth Regulators Bdr, Muh. Farid
Agrotech Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2018): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (41.096 KB) | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v3i2.870

Abstract

Heritability is a measure that describes the magnitude of a genetic influence on a character rather than an environmental factor. The higher the heritability value of a character, the higher the genetic variability. The aim of the study was to know the interaction between the combination of growth regulators and chrysanthemum varieties that gave the best chrysanthemum growth in vitro and analyzed the heritability of various chrysanthemum characters. The research was carried out at the In vitro Laboratory of Agronomy Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University, Makassar from May to September 2016. The study used a separate plot design in the group. The main plot was a combination of growth regulator consisting of 200 ml Coconut Water, 0.5 ppm BAP + Coconut Water 100 ml, BAP 1 ppm + Coconut Water 100 ml, 2,4-D 0.5 ppm + Coconut Water 200 ml, 2,4-D 0.5 ppm + BAP 0.5 ppm + Coconut Water 100 ml, 2,4-D 0.5 ppm + BAP 1 ppm + Coconut Water 100 ml. The subplots included 8 varieties of chrysanthemum (Fiji Pink, Marimar, Pasopati, Salzieta, Solida Pelangi, Limeron, Arosuka Pelangi, Yellow Tumohon). The basic media used was MS medium. The results showed that adding 200 ml young coconut to the culture media gave the best in-vitro chrysanthemum growth in terms of shoot and root formation, shoot count, root number, and shoot height in all chrysanthemum varieties; as well as all observed characters have high heritability and genetic variability
Effectivity of Manure at Various Dose Added Agrobost to The Growth of Mango Seedlings Afa, Musadia; Adawiyah, Robiatul
Agrotech Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2018): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (918.404 KB) | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v3i2.882

Abstract

One of the efforts to increase mango production in Southeast Sulawesi is to produce high quality and high quantity mango seeds. Manure contains macro and micro nutrients that are important for plant growth and development as well as play a role in maintaining nutrient balance in the soil to improve soil properties. The aim of this study was to obtain the best manure doses applied with agrobost in improving the growth of Arumanis mango seedlings. This research was conducted in Kemaraya Sub-District of West Kendari District, Kendari City. The study design used was a randomized block design (RBD) with 6 treatments, namely: control (T0), 100 g (T1); 150 g (T2); 200 g (T3); 250 g (T4); and 300 g (T5) of manure per polybag. Each treatment was added with agrobost of 17 ml/polybag and replicated 5 times. The variables observed were plant height, stem diameter; number of leaves, and leaf area, at ages 1, 2, and 3 months after planting. The results showed that the manure added agrobost influenced the growth of Arumanis mango seedlings. The manure treatment with a dose of 150 g per polybag (T2) was the best treatment in improving the growth of Arumanis mangoes at 1, 2 and 3 months after planting. This was indicated by the plant height of 28,40; 30,94; and 32,82 cm, stem diameter of 0,44; 0,70; and 0,99 cm; and number of leaves 6,60; 7,20 and 9,00 strands were significantly higher compared to other treatments during the study

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