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AgroTech Journal
ISSN : 25485121     EISSN : 25485148     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture, Social,
AgroTech Journal (ATJ) is oriented to the regular publishing of research in the areas of agrotechnology. This journal is blind peer reviewer that applies an Open Journal System (OJS). The areas include agriculture, seed science, and technology, agronomy, horticulture, plant biotechnology, soil biotechnology, plant pests and diseases, plant breeding, plant physiology, fertilizers, and fertilization.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 2, No 2 (2017): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)" : 10 Documents clear
POTENTIAL EXTRACTS OF PANGIUM EDULE REINW AND DERRIS ELLIPTICA WALLICH AS BOTANICAL MOLLUSCICIDES FOR MANAGEMENT OF GOLDEN APPLE SNAIL Pomacea canaliculata Lamarck Manoppo, Jacklin Stella Salome
Agrotech Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2017): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2067.227 KB) | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v2i2.243

Abstract

The research purposed was compared of two extracts as molluscicidal activities from root of Derris elliptica Wallich. and Pangium edule Reinw seed, that assessed to 3-month old snails Pomacea canaliculata L. The Golden apple snails is widely regarded as worst invasive pest species in the rice growing area. It normally destroys the young stems and leaves paddy and could consume 7 – 24 rice seedlings per day. The experiment research started with the mortality test of the golden apple snail, meanwhile hexane extract fraction and etanol extract fraction have completely jumble mode; using the lethal concentration (LC) have mean to describe short term potency of poisonous (toxicity) from materials and can gave little effect or impact for environment; processing phytochemical test from n-hexane extract and etanol extract of root D.elliptica and P.edule showed positive to contain tanin, saponin and fenol. The data of LC50 from n-hexane fraction measure with probit analyze (9,905 mg L-1) by D.elliptica L. with high toxic category, and n-hexane fraction (11,574 mg L-1) by P.edule Reinw. with toxic category are more effective for golden apple snail control. The golden apple snail mortality was highest using 5000 ppm n-hexane fraction showed 93,3% from D.elliptica and using 5000 ppm n-hexane fraction from P.edule showed 63,3%. In conclusion, both of extracts from D.elliptica roots and P.edule seeds was showed potency as botanical mollusicicides and it can be apply in the field 
THE EFFECT OF GAMMA IRRADIATION TO THE PHENOTYPIC OF TWO AGLONEMA VARIETIES Ritonga, Arya Widura; Sukma, Dewi
Agrotech Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2017): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2067.22 KB) | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v2i2.312

Abstract

Increased phenotypic diversity is needed to increase the economic value of Aglaonema. However, information on increasing phenotypic diversity of Aglaonema using gamma-ray irradiation has not been widely known. This study aimed to investigate the effect of gamma ray irradiation treatment to the performances of two varieties of Aglaonema. This research was arranged factorially using randomized group design (RKLT) of two factors consisting of 8 combinations of treatments that are 4 level of irradiation dose and 2 Aglaonema varieties. The results showed that the induction of gamma ray irradiation decreased the % viable of the plants, the number of leaves, leaf length, leaf width, and the % green color as well as increased the % blue on the leaves of Aglaonema Butterfly and Aglaonema Siam Aurora. The interaction between dose of irradiation and aglaonema varieties was obtained in the % red of leaf color. Both of Aglaonema varieties had a high radiosensitivity with LD50 values ranged of 16.70 - 17.14 Gy
CHARACTERIZATION AND SIMILARITY ANALYSIS OF 15 TOMATO GENOTYPES IN LOWLANDS BASED ON MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERS Saputra, Helfi Eka; Syukur, Muhammad; Aisyah, Syarifah Iis
Agrotech Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2017): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2067.22 KB) | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v2i2.309

Abstract

This study aimed to obtain information about the characteristics of 15 genotypes and to study a genetic similarity of each genotype that will be used for producing superior tomato varieties in lowlands. The research was conducted from March to August 2012 at the Experimental Field Leuwikopo Bogor Agricultural University, Darmaga Bogor. The experiment used The Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) using a single factor of genotype with three replications. Characterization and similarity analysis used the method of principal component analysis and cluster analysis. Based on principal component analysis and cluster analysis of tomato genotypes, it can be classified into three groups: group I (IPBT1, IPBT4, IPBT8, IPBT13, IPBT58, IPBT83 and IPBT84), Group II (IPBT3, IPBT23, IPBT30, IPBT33, IPBT34, IPBT53 and IPBT57) and group III (IPBT80). Characters with an influence on the genetic diversity of each component are the size of the cork layer between the scar stalk and the size of the center of the fruit in transverse slices. The genotypes with a high genetic similarity were IPBT1 and IPBT8, while IPBT30 with IPBT80 had a low genetic similarity
INTEGRATED FARM BY MAKING OF "POC-FISH" AS THE ALTERNATIVE FOR ECONOMICAL COASTAL COMMUNITIES INCREASE Syahrir, S.; Toyang, Djunarlin
Agrotech Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2017): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2067.21 KB) | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v2i2.315

Abstract

Coastal communities play an important role in marine and fisheries development, as well as forming a culture in coastal areas. The socio-economic life of coastal communities in Kolakaasi Sub-District of Kolaka District is far from prosperous as the data obtained from Badan Pusat Statistik  of Kolaka (2015), the number of poor population in Kolaka reached 27,210 with the percentage of 14.68%. Partners in this IbM activity are teenagers who drop out of school environments and groups of housewives living in coastal areas. The problem of partners in the activities of IbM is the number of teenagers dropping out of school in the partner environment due to the low level of welfare of coastal communities so that the average level of the highest education is junior high school where the young women have to help the family economy by working as laborers in traditional markets of Kolaka or only help parents at home while the men work at sea. Fishing is highly dependence to the nature, so that if the weather is bad then the fishermen cannot gain  income. IbM-Integrated Farm by making "POC-FISH" is the manufacture of liquid organic fertilizer that combines agricultural activities with fisheries. POC-FISH is mad of small fish, commonly called lure fish (teri) by Kolaka community. This type of fish is abundant in Kolaka and sold cheaply (R.p 5,000/Kg). The purpose of this IbM activity was the empowerment of coastal communities through the transfer of science and technology by utilizing local potentials so that the partners involved can begin to be productive and economically independent by conducting business on a household scale. The method of making POC - FISH will be carried out simply so that technology transfer can be easily understood by partners. The process of transfer of science and technology was carried out with the pattern of 1) the education of the partner group on the importance of technology adoption by utilizing the potential and local wisdom that will be able to produce a product with higher economic/selling value 2) POC-FISH making training 3) mentoring partner group in marketing 4) monitoring and evaluation. The outgoing plan of this IbM activity is the publication of the ISSN national journal published in 2017 and POC-FISH Products 
IMPACT OF BOTANICAL INSECTICIDES DERIVED FROM Pangium edule Reinw AND Annona muricata L. SEED EXTRACTS ON THE “GAY GANTUNG” DIAMONDBACK MOTH, Plutella xylostella L. Sakul, Ernest Hanny
Agrotech Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2017): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2067.241 KB) | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v2i2.245

Abstract

Insecticidal properties of fractioned extracts from Pangium edule Reinw seed and Annona muricata seed against Plutella xylostella larvae were investigated in the laboratory. The study was initiated to investigate the possibility of using botanical pesticides to control P.xylostella, a serious cosmopolitan pest of crucifer plants. The study aims to determine the most effective concentration and the most active extract;  to evaluate the different extract concentrations on the treated larvae; and to characterize the phytochemical contents of the most effective extracts fraction. The study was an experiment initiated by test of phytochemical screening test in order to discover the presence of secondary metabolites in the extracts. It was followed by the test of mortality of the diamondback moth larvae. Furthermore, the extracts hexane fraction and etanol fraction, were conducted with completely randomized design; The LC50 values were determined following probit analysis, the data were treated in the software programme IBM Statistic SPSS 20. Results showed that n-hexane fraction is the most effective againts larvae (LC50-48h = 12,71 mg/L) from P.edule seed extract, (LC50-48h = 50,81 mg/L) from A.muricata seed extract. Larva mortality was highest using 1000 ppm n-hexane fraction (96,6%) derived from P.edule seed extract, (93,3%) derived from A.muricata seed extract. The ethanol fraction tested positive for alkaloid, saponins, flavonoids, terpenoids, phenol and tannins. N-hexane fraction of P.edule seed extract, and A.muricata seed extract are an effective botanical insecticides exhibiting larvicidal and antifeedant properties against P.xylostella thus it can be alternative to synthethic insecticides. Results indicate that these botanical insecticides have good possibilities for control of P.xylostella. Further work is necessary to evaluate and characterize the active components of the extract fractions and its efficacy in the fieldInsecticidal properties of fractioned extracts from Pangium edule Reinw seed and Annona muricata seed against Plutella xylostella larvae were investigated in the laboratory. The study was initiated to investigate the possibility of using botanical pesticides to control P.xylostella, a serious cosmopolitan pest of crucifer plants. The study aims to determine the most effective concentration and the most active extract;  to evaluate the different extract concentrations on the treated larvae; and to characterize the phytochemical contents of the most effective extracts fraction. The study was an experiment initiated by test of phytochemical screening test in order to discover the presence of secondary metabolites in the extracts. It was followed by the test of mortality of the diamondback moth larvae. Furthermore, the extracts hexane fraction and etanol fraction, were conducted with completely randomized design; The LC50 values were determined following probit analysis, the data were treated in the software programme IBM Statistic SPSS 20. Results showed that n-hexane fraction is the most effective againts larvae (LC50-48h = 12,71 mg/L) from P.edule seed extract, (LC50-48h = 50,81 mg/L) from A.muricata seed extract. Larva mortality was highest using 1000 ppm n-hexane fraction (96,6%) derived from P.edule seed extract, (93,3%) derived from A.muricata seed extract. The ethanol fraction tested positive for alkaloid, saponins, flavonoids, terpenoids, phenol and tannins. N-hexane fraction of P.edule seed extract, and A.muricata seed extract are an effective botanical insecticides exhibiting larvicidal and antifeedant properties against P.xylostella thus it can be alternative to synthethic insecticides. Results indicate that these botanical insecticides have good possibilities for control of P.xylostella. Further work is necessary to evaluate and characterize the active components of the extract fractions and its efficacy in the field
EMPOWERMENT OF COCOA FARMERS (THEOBROMA CACAO L.) DURING PRE AND POST-HARVEST IN EFFORT OF QUALITY IMPROVEMENT OF COCOA COMMODITY IN KOLAKA Syahri, Yolanda Fitria; Hastuti, H.
AgroTech Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2017): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2067.21 KB) | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v2i2.316

Abstract

Kolaka is known as "Kolaka Cocoa City". Cocoa is the main commodity of Kolaka Regency. Kolaka is one of the cities in Southeast Sulawesi. Southeast Sulawesi is one of the provisions in Sulawesi which is the center of cocoa production after South Sulawesi with total area of 260,458 ha and with production 142,156 tons (Ditjenbun, 2012). Cocoa production centers in southeast sulawesi are located in Latambaga and Samaturu Sub-districts. Partners in the IbM program are cocoa farmers of Induha Urban Village, Latambaga Sub-district and cocoa farmer in Samaturu Sub-district. Various cooperation programs have been conducted to improve the quality of cocoa commodities in Kolaka District. In its development, classical problems remain faced by partner farmers both in terms of production and business management. In terms of production, pre-harvest problems faced by farmers are cocoa pests and diseases, which cause the farmers’ dependence on pesticides and chemical fungicides as well as the age of plants, therefore, it is important to reduce the use of pesticides and chemical fungicides because in the long term it can have adverse impact on environmental sustainability and health. The problem of post-harvest for partner farmers is a low quality of cocoa production. Most cocoa farmers process cocoa fruits to be dried beans in a rough way so that ± 90% of the cocoa beans produced by farmers have a low quality with the main characteristic is not fermented. The problem faced by farmers  in the marketing chain is the oligopsoni market structure, where farmers are at the lowest position so that farmers do not have bargaining position. The objectives of IbM program were to 1) Reduce farmers’ dependence on pesticides and chemical fungicides with the utilization of environmentally friendly pesticides 2) Design the fermentor to improve the quality of cocoa beans 3) Enhance the bargaining position of farmers through the active role of Farmer group (Gapoktan)  in the marketing chain of cocoa
FERMENTATION OF WHEY WASTE AS ORGANIC LIQUID FERTILIZER "PUCAFU" Akib, Muhammad Akhsan; Setiawati, Henny
Agrotech Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2017): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2067.227 KB) | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v2i2.277

Abstract

Whey waste contains organic materials, particularly high complex proteins and amino acids in the form of suspended and dissolved solids, however the utilization of whey as a organic liquid fertilizer still has a less attention. Thus the Utilization of the whey waste through anaerobic process to be used as a organic liquid fertilizer is the purpose of the research. This research was conducted using factorial design with completely randomized design (CRD) which consists of two factors: the yeast concentration (without yeast; 0.25 and 0.50 g/500 ml of whey waste) and the fermentation time (0, 3, and 5 days). The variables measured were the content of organic C, C/N Ratio, and Total N, P2O5 and K2O contents. The results showed that the fermented whey waste on the different fermentation time and yeast concentration had increased the organic C and C/N ratio, but decreased P2O5 and K2O contents. The utilization of whey combined with solid or other liquid wastes gave a chance to produce a quality organic liquid fertilizer 
EFFECT OF THE TREATMENT OF RICE SEED INFECTED BY XANTHOMONAS ORYZAE PV. ORYZAE ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF RICE IN THE FIELD Zamzami, Ahmad; Ilyas, Satriyas
Agrotech Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2017): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2067.25 KB) | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v2i2.317

Abstract

This research aimed to study the effect of treatment of rice seed infected with X. oryzae pv. Oryzae naturally to control bacterial leaf blight and to increase growth and yield of rice in the field. The research used Slit plot design with the main plot of variety consisting of IR64 and Ciherang, while the subplot is a seed treatment consisting of control, bactericide 0.2%  (Agrept 20WP), 1% citronella oil, biological agent Pseudomonas diminuta (McFarland IV scale ), matriconditioning + Agrept 0.2%, matriconditioning + 1% citronella oil, and matriconditioning + P. diminuta. Although seed treatment has not been able to control the bacterial leaf blight, it can increase the growth of seed and yield. Treatment of matriconditioning + Agrept 0.2% can increase the seed viability and dry weight of seedlings. Height of seedlings can be increased by the treatment of citronella oil, biological agents P. diminuta, matriconditioning + agrept 0.2%, and  matriconditioning + 1% citronella oil. Treatment of citronella oil, matriconditioning + P. diminuta, biological agents P. diminuta, and matriconditioning + Agrept 0.2% can increase the  estimated yield of ubinan/CCE harvest
THE EFFECT OF WASTE BAGASSE (Saccharum sp) FERTILIZER TOWARD GROWTH OF PEANUTS (Arachis hypogaea L.) Prastyo Wibowo, Emas Agus; Prastiwi, Wening Dwi; Nada, Dina Fika; Azizah, Yuni Nur
Agrotech Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2017): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2067.21 KB) | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v2i2.305

Abstract

The process of sugar cane into sugar which is carried out in the sugar mill produces bagasse obtained from the milling process around 32% of the total cane processed. Sugarcane production in Indonesia in 2007 amounted to 21 million tons, the potential of bagasse produced about 6 million tons of bagasse per year. Up untill now almost every cane sugar mills uses bagasse as boiler fuel, animal feed mixes and the rest are burned or thrown away. One of alternative solid waste management is to turn solid waste into compost.The purpose of this research is to understand the effect of bagasse fertilizer on growth and progress of peanut plants (Arachis hypogaea L.). Bagasse fertilizer made using cow dung as bioactivator. Bagasse obtained from several places in Semarang mashed with finely enough size. Then, with a ratio of cow dung and bagasse 1: 3. Placed in a container then mix and sealed until there is no incoming air. Every 4 or 5 days in 4 weeks is being inverted. After 4 weeks it will get bagasse fertilizer with characteristic brown color, odorless and slightly moist. This research uses three treatments there are peanuts with mixed bagasse fertilizer on the soil medium, compost on the soil medium, and without fertilizer then measured the progress for 14 days. After 14 days, so it obtained an average of plants height and number of leaves. Respectively, are 2.10; 1.38; 2.24 while the number of leaves are 2.55; 2.66; 3.22
EFFECT OF NITROGEN FERTILIZER ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF MAIZE COMPOSITE VARIETY LAMURU Rahmawati, R.
AgroTech Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2017): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2067.225 KB) | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v2i2.310

Abstract

This research was conducted at Seed Center Canru of Sabbangparu Subdistrict Wajo district, from August to November 2015. The research aimed to study the effect of nitrogen fertilizer on growth and yield of maize composite variety Lamuru. This research used the Randomized Block Design with the treatment of three doses of nitrogen ie 0 kg N/ha, 75 kg N/ha, and 150 kg N/ha. The results showed that the fertilization dose of 75 kg N / ha tended to serve the best effect to the length of cobcorn, moisture content, yield and productivity of maize crop. While that the highest maize plant and corncob position was produced by maize treated with the fertilization of 150 kg N/ha

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