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AgroTech Journal
ISSN : 25485121     EISSN : 25485148     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture, Social,
AgroTech Journal (ATJ) is oriented to the regular publishing of research in the areas of agrotechnology. This journal is blind peer reviewer that applies an Open Journal System (OJS). The areas include agriculture, seed science, and technology, agronomy, horticulture, plant biotechnology, soil biotechnology, plant pests and diseases, plant breeding, plant physiology, fertilizers, and fertilization.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)" : 10 Documents clear
THE EFFECT OF NATURAL GUANO ORGANIC FERTILIZER ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF SPRING ONION (ALLIUM FISTULOSUM L.) Afa, Musadia
AgroTech Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v1i1.206

Abstract

A field experiment was aimed at investigating the effect of natural guano organic fertilizers on growth and yield of Spring Onion (Allium fistulosum L.). The experiment was conducted from September to Nopember, 2014 in Unamendaa Village, Kolaka District. It was prepared by using a randomized block design  (RBD) with single factor namely doses of natural guano organic fertilizers. The treatments consisted of 4 levels were : (1) G0 = control or no treatment, (2) G1 = dose of 6 kg unit-1 (equivalent to 5 t. ha-1), (3) G2 = dose of 12 kg unit-1 (equivalent to 10 t. ha-1) and (4) G3 = dose of 18 kg unit-1 (equivalent to 15 t. ha-1), respectively. Every treatment was replicated 3 times, therefore overall there were 12 experimental units. Data was collected on growth and yield parameters of Spring Onion : (1) plant height, (2) number of leaves, (3) number of tillers, (4) diameters of stem and (5) yield (plant fresh weight unit-1). Data obtained were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (Anova) and followed by Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT) at the 1 % level. The result of experiments showed that fertilizations using natural guano organic was significantly affected on : plant height, number of leaves, number of tillers, diameter of stem and plant fresh weight, respectively. Untill fertilization of 18 kg unit-1 (G3) were able to increased the growth and yield of Spring Onion, hence it was showed better performance on all parameters
POLYMORPHISM OF SIMPLE SEQUENCE REPEAT REGIONS OF SULAWESI EBONY (DIOSPHYROS CELEBICA BAKH.) IN EXPERIMENTAL FOREST OF HASANUDDIN UNIVERSITY PROVENANCE Larekeng, Siti Halimah; Restu, Muh.; Gusmiaty, Gusmiaty; Rismawati, Rismawati
AgroTech Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v1i1.173

Abstract

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)-based molecular techniques have been used to detect the polymorphism in plants. The utilization of molecular markers plays essential role in germplasm characterization and plant breeding since the information of DNA marker technology can be exchanged between laboratories and should have standard method to be reproducible. The molecular aspect has been commonly linked to DNA isolation protocol and polymorphic molecular marker, thus can be used for molecular research recommendation purposes. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the capability of microsatellite marker of Ebenaceae Family for amplifying Ebony DNA, and to determine the appropriate PCR annealing temperatures. The DNA isolation of Ebony leaves from Experimental Forest of Hasanuddin University Provenance was carried out using Genomic DNA Mini Kit (Plant) Geneaid protocol. Nine of seventeen selected primers from the Genus Diospyros were able to amplify Ebony DNA. Amplification products produced polymorphic bands with different annealing temperatures (ranged from 53 to 56°C). These nine polymorphic primers will be recommended to use for future studies in genetic diversity as well as pollen dispersal pattern analyses.
EFFECTIVENESS OF SOME NITROGEN DOSE AND CELLULOLYTIC MICROORGANISM (MOS) TOWARD DECOMPOSITION RATE OF TAN AND EMPTY AEROBIC PALM Sakiah, Sakiah; Sembiring, Mariani
AgroTech Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v1i1.203

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of nitrogen levels, cellulolytic microorganisms and the interaction of both the aerobic decomposition rate of oil palm empty fruit bunches. The research was conducted at Home Compost STIP-AP Medan in April until July 2016. Research used a factorial randomized block design consisting of two factors and three replications. The first factor is the dose of nitrogen consisting of four levels i.e. N0 = without urea, N1 = dose of Nitrogen 2% of the dry weight of TKS which is 40% as much as 48 grams, N2 = dose of Nitrogen 4% of the dry weight of TKS which is 40% as much as 96 grams, N3 = Nitrogen dose of 6% of the dry weight of TKS which is 40% as much as 144 grams. The second factor is the cellulolytic microorganism isolates comprising four levels i.e. M0 = without cellulolytic microorganisms isolates, with isolates MOS M1 = 10 ml, M2 = isolate MOS 20 ml, isolate MOS M3 = 30 ml. From the research the effectiveness of multiple doses of nitrogen and cellulolytic microorganisms (MOS) on the rate of decomposition of oil palm empty fruit bunches can be deduced as follows, namely addition of nitrogen dose was able to reduce levels of C/N was 76.4% of the levels of C/N beginning. The best treatment is contained in N3 treatment. Addition of Microorganisms treatment cellulolytic (MOS) is able to reduce levels of C/N as much as 74.6% of the levels of C/N beginning. The best treatment is contained in M3 treatment. Interaction between giving treatment cellulolytic microorganisms Nitrogen and reducing levels of C/N as much as 79.4%. Interaction best treatment there in treatment N3M3.
LAND PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENT THROUGH GIVING FERTILIZER N, P, K AND PLANTING TIME OF PEANUT (ARACHIS HYPOGAEA L.) IN THE INTERCROPPING SYSTEM WITH MAIZE (ZEA MAYS L. ) Handayani, Febri Dian; Sabaruddin, Laode; Afa, La Ode
AgroTech Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v1i1.204

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to investigate the productivity of land by N,P,K fertilizer and time of planting peanuts in intercropping systems with maize. This research was conducted applying experimental garden at Agriculture Faculty of Halu Oleo University, Kendari. The research was conducted in the dry season, from August to November 2015. The research was arranged meant by split plot design with two replications. The main plot is NPK fertilizer dose (S) consisted of three levels namely 56-36-25 kg ha-1 (S1), 90-54-25 kg ha-1 (S2) , 124-72-50 kg ha-1 (S3). The subplots was planting time of peanuts with maize intercropping (W) consisted of three levels, namely planting time of peanuts 10 days before planting (DBP) maize (W1), planting peanuts with maize simultaneously (W0), and planting peanuts 10 days after planting (DAP) maize (W2). There are nine treatment combinations of two factors mentioned. Each combination treatment was repeated three times, coupled with each of the three experimental plots for monoculture cropping systems of peanuts and maize. The total number of units was 45 units experimental. Data experiments were analyzed by using analysis of variance followed by Duncan's Multiple Range Test. The results showed that the treatment time 10 DBP planting peanuts with maize to increase productivity, reduce competition index and efficient of the use fertilizer. Provision of fertilizer NPK 124-72-50 kg ha-1 dose can increase growth and yield of maize and peanuts
POTENCY OF DREGS COCONUT FERMENTATION (COCOS NUCIFERA) AS AN ALTERNATIVE FEED FOR FISH AND POULTRY 'PA-BIO’ Syahri, Yolanda Fitria; Syahrir, S.
AgroTech Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v1i1.198

Abstract

People of Kolaka accustomed to using coconuts as well be used as a food supplement or a mixture of additives in processed foods, cakes and other confectionary. Therefore utilizing coconut pulp as feed fish and poultry should be made to minimize the potential for household waste. Feed from coconut pulp is a transfer of science and technology to the people who are expected to help poor people to be productive. Fermentation is one method to process coconut pulp into feed ingredients. The fermentation process is done by using spores of Aspergillus niger. The fermentation process is done in stages, by aerobic fermentation followed by anaerobic fermentation (enzymatic process). In short the process of making feed "PA-BIO" from coconut pulp is: Dregs of coconuts added water, stirred and steamed. Cooled and then stirred together with a mixture of minerals, Aspergillus niger spores are added and stirred again until evenly distributed. The mixture was then fermented aerobically and unaerobically. Dregs fermented and then dried and packaged for later in packing. Based on the results of research that the utilization of coconut dregs as cattle feed and fish is potential. Miskiyah et al. (2006), increase protein content after fermentation of coconut pulp 11.35% to 26.09%, or by 130% and decreased fat content of 11.39%. The results also showed that the feed produced quite safe for livestock, namely the aflatoxin content <20 ppb. Feed from coconut pulp is also good for fish farming. Goenarso et al. (2002) on tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.), the faster fish growth with increasing the feed protein content of 25%, 30%, 35%, 40% and 45%.
EFFECTIVENESS OF BIO-INVIGORATION TECHNIQUE AGAINST VIABILITY AND VIGOR OF SOME COCOA SEED SOURCE Handayani, Fitrianti; Safuan, La Ode; Sutariati, Gusti Ayu Kadek
AgroTech Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v1i1.199

Abstract

The research was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of bio-invigoration treatment and seed sources on seed viability and vigor. The experiment was conducted in Agronomy Laboratory Unit of Agriculture Faculty of Haluoleo University, from January to May 2013. Laboratory research was arranged in split plot completely design.  The main factor was variety which consisted of 3 varieties i.e. Hybrid  (V1), Sulawesi 1 (V2) and Sulawesi 2 (V3). The sub plot was seed bio-osmoconditioning with rhizobacteria treatments which consisted of 6 treatments, namely: without seed bio-osmoconditioning (B0), seed bio-osmoconditioning with Bacillus sp. CKD061 (B1), seed bio-osmoconditioning with P. fluorescens PG01 (B2), seed bio-osmoconditioning with S. liquefaciens SG01 (B3), seed bio-osmoconditioning with Trichoderma sp. (B4), and seed osmoconditioning with KNO3 (B5). Every treatment was replicated 3 times. Therefore, overall there were 54 experimental units. Data obtained were analized using analysis of variance and followed with Duncan’s Multiple Range Test. The result of experiment in the Laboratory showed that Bacillus sp. CKD061 and Trichoderma sp. were efective in improving viability and vigor of all seed sources of cocoa seed used. In all seed sources used (Hybrid, Sulawesi 1, and Sulawesi 2), these treatment were effective in increasing germination power, homogenous growth, index vigor, and growth compared with untreated treatment. For the best result, still needed further research to evaluated stability effect of seed bio-osmoconditioning on cocoa seedling in the field
THE EFFECT OF FERTILIZER UREA AND KCL ON ULTISOL AND INCEPTISOL TOWARD SOIL CHEMICAL PROPERTIES ON CORN ( ZEA MAYS L. ) GROWTH Lubis, Wira Okriadi
AgroTech Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v1i1.209

Abstract

The research was conducted at green house of Agriculture Faculty, North Sumatera University. The research was done to study on the Urea and KCl fertilizer of chemical effect characteristic and growth of corn plant at Ultisols and Inceptisols. The research designed by randomized block factorial with two factors and four dosage replications. The first factors were kind of soils (Ultisols and Inceptisols). The second factor was Urea and KCl fertilizer, each others at 0 ppm, 100 ppm, 200 ppm, 300 ppm N and 0 ppm, 100 ppm, 200 ppm, 300 ppm K2O. The result showed that application of Urea and KCl fertilizers increased height and dry weight of corn plants, soil acidity, nitrogen content and exchangeable Kalium at Inceptisols. Dosage excess of Urea was more at 100 ppm N responsible on height and weight of corn plant.
ANALYSIS OF LEGOWO ROW PLANTING SYSTEM AND SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION (SRI) OF PADDY FIELD (ORYZA SATIVA L.) TOWARD GROWTH AND PRODUCTION Darmawan, M.
AgroTech Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v1i1.202

Abstract

Rice is the main commodity crops in the province of Gorontalo, in addition to maize and pulses. One alternative technology to increase productivity is through application of Legowo cropping system that is engineered way of planting the tiles so that there is a spacious room extends to one direction between two rows of rice plants, while the other way seemed more tightly. In rice cultivation with system of transplanting, planting distance is one factor of production that is very important because it determines the productivity achieved. This research is expected to be a reference for farmers, especially in the province of Gorontalo to carry rice cultivation so as to increase the production of rice plants. The design of the study is a Randomized Complete Block Design by comparing between systems that are often used by farmers, namely row planting system tiles (S0), the system of row planting Legowo (2: 1) (S1), system of row planting Legowo (4: 1 ) (S2), planting system SRI (S3). The parameters of observations made were plant height, number of tillers, production (kg/plot), and observations of soil samplesman. The results showed treatment plant system of tiles provide number of tiller and height of plants that are best compared with other treatments. The best results for a number of productive tillers, the average production of grain/plot, grain weight of 1000 grain was in the treatment plant system Legowo row 2: 1.
THE ESTIMATION OF PEATLANDS RESERVE ON CARBON IN THE FOREST AND SHRUBS THAT HAS BEEN DRAINED Batubara, Siti Fatimah; Agus, Fahmuddin
AgroTech Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v1i1.213

Abstract

Global warming and greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) became a hot issue in the world today. An increased concentration of carbon in the atmosphere becomes one of the serious problems that can affect life on Earth. Peatlands pointed out as one of the sources of GHG emissions. Drainage of peatlands cause decreased water level so that the decomposition process is faster on a layer above the groundwater table, thus affecting the chemical characteristics of peat. In addition to affecting the ground water level, drainage also leads to a decrease in surface height peat soil (subsidence). Given the magnitude of the role of drainage and land use types in affecting carbon stocks and emissions of CO2 on peat soil, this study is to measure carbon stocks and emissions of CO2 on peat soil in forests and shrubs that have been drained. CO2 emissions increase with the closer spacing of the drainage channel that is at a distance of 50 m to 500 m of drainage channels. Meanwhile, at a distance of 5 m and 10 m of the drainage channel can not be concluded because of the condition of ground water that is stagnant at the time of sampling gas, so be very low CO2 emissions. CO2 emissions on the use of forest land are higher than the shrub land.
ESTIMATION OF GENETIC PARAMETERS, CORRELATION, AND GENETIC RELATIONSHIP OF TOMATOES GENOTYPE IN LOWLAND Mustafa, Marlina; Syukur, Muhamad; Sutjahjo, Surjono Hadi; Sobir, Sobir
AgroTech Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v1i1.193

Abstract

The cultivation of tomato in lowland experience many obstacles, such as low produvtivity. One effort to increase tomato productivity  in lowland is through selection of tomato genotype for high yield and yield component  in lowland. This study aims to determine the variability based on genetic information, heritability and correlation of characters as well as the yield components of tomato genotypes relationship patterns in the lowlands. A Randomized Complete Block Design was used to characterization base on best genotype of yield component character, genetic variability, broad sense heribility and correlation to yield. Genotype of tomato tested had diverse characteristics. Best genotypes based on the yield character is IPB T1, based on the number of fruit per plant is IPBT30, based on the fruit length and day to flowering is IPB T74, based on the fruit diameter is IPB T73 and fruit thickness is IPBT60. Wide genetic diversity has a high heritability. Number of fruit per plant, fruit length, fruit diameter, and fruit thickness has a wide genetic diversity and high heritability. Yield characters has a narrow genetic diversity and heritability is low. Characters that have a direct impact on the yield are the fruit diameter. Based on the cluster analysis, tomato genotypes are grouped into five groups. Group I consists of seven genotypes (IPBT1, IPBT58, IPBT60, IPBT64, IPBT78, IPBT80 and IPBT82), group II consists of one genotype (IPBT74), group III consists of three genotypes (IPB T13, IPB T73 and IPB T86), group IV consists of five genotypes (IPBT3, IPBT33, IPBT43, IPBT53, and IPBT3) which is characterized by fruit thickness, fruit length and days to flowering, and group V consists of one genotype (IPBT30).

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