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Fajri Marindra S
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INDONESIA
Acta Biochimica Indonesiana
ISSN : 26546108     EISSN : 26543222     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Acta Biochimica Indonesiana (ActaBiolna) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that published by Indonesian Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
Articles 15 Documents
EFFECTIVENESS OF CRUDE OIL DEGRADING FUNGI ISOLATED FROM PETROLEUM HYDROCARBON CONTAMINATED SOIL IN SIAK, RIAU Sari, Endang Maya; Novianty, Riryn; Awaluddin, Amir; Saryono, Saryono; Pratiwi, Nova Wahyu
Acta Biochimica Indonesiana Vol 2, No 1 (2019): ACTA BIOCHIMICA INDONESIANA
Publisher : PP PBBMI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (447.571 KB) | DOI: 10.32889/actabioina.v2i1.35

Abstract

Background: Biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbon needs a specific technique called bioremediation to remove the environmental pollutants. Several indigenous microorganisms including fungi, bacteria, and actinomycetes are effective agents in degrading petroleum derivatives, aliphatic and polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).Objective: This research aimed to investigate indigenous fungi isolates from petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated soil in Siak which are capable to degrade hydrocarbon.Methods: The competence of indigenous fungi was isolated from a crude oil-contaminated soil which collected from one of oil-field in Siak, Riau. The effectiveness of isolates on the degradation crude oil was tested by culturing the isolates in Bushnell-Haas broth containing crude oil (5% v/v) for 16 days. A decrease in pH, change in optical density and amount of CO2 released were recorded to indirectly indicate the crude oil degradation by the fungi. To measure the percentage of crude oil biodegradation, gravimetric analysis was utilized.Results: The two colonies were selected and identified as Aspergillus sp LBKURCC151 and Penicillium sp LBKURCC153. The results showed that Aspergillus sp LBKURCC151 reached a higher level (61%) of biodegradation after 16 days under the optimum conditions in degrading total petroleum hydrocarbon than Penicillium sp LBKURCC153 (46%).Conclusion: These results indicated that Aspergillus sp LBKURCC151 and Penicillium sp LBKURCC153 are potential degraders for bioremediation in crude oil-contaminated area.
THE PROTECTIVE EFFECT OF RHIZOPHORA APICULATA BARK EXTRACT AGAINST TESTICULAR DAMAGE INDUCED BY CIGARETTE SMOKE IN MALE RATS Mustofa, Syazili; Hanif, Fauziah
Acta Biochimica Indonesiana Vol 2, No 1 (2019): ACTA BIOCHIMICA INDONESIANA
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (367.793 KB) | DOI: 10.32889/actabioina.v2i1.34

Abstract

Background: The mangrove bark extract (Rhizophora apiculata) is known to have the ability to inhibit the formation of free radicals, act as antioxidants, and anti-inflammatory.  Objective: This study was attempted to investigate the potency of Rhizophora apiculata bark extracts as an antioxidant to protect rat testes from the damage due to cigarette smoke exposure. Methods: An experimental study using a posttest-only control group design was employed. Samples consisted of 25 male rats divided into 5 groups, namely K (-) not treated, K (+) exposed to cigarette smoke without the administration of mangrove bark extract, groups P1, P2, and P3 were exposed to cigarette smoke and each group received a dose of Rhizophora apiculata bark extracts every day for 30 days. Furthermore, P1 obtained 28.275 mg/KgBW, P2 was about 56.55 mg/kgBW, and P3 got 113.10 mg/kgBW.Results: Analysis using One Way ANOVA showed that there were significant effects of administration of extracts on the average number of primary spermatocytes and the thickness of the seminiferous tubules in the rats that have been exposed to cigarette smoke when compared to controls. The dose of extract that has the best effect was 113.10 mg/kgBW.Conclusion: Rhizophora apiculata bark extract is indicated to have a protective effect that can prevent damage in rats testes exposed to cigarette smoke.
ELISA METHOD TO DETECT ABO BLOOD GROUP IN EXTERNAL SECRETION FLUIDS Sadikin, Abdul Halim; Moenadjat, Yefta; Hardiany, Novi Sylvia
Acta Biochimica Indonesiana Vol 2, No 1 (2019): ACTA BIOCHIMICA INDONESIANA
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (244.262 KB) | DOI: 10.32889/actabioina.v2i1.33

Abstract

Background: Usually it takes a large number of volume sample to determine blood group from external secretion fluids. But, in certain condition, samples are only available in very small amount. The objective of this study is to detect the presence of ABO blood group substances in mucosal fluid using ELISA technique, thus only requires small amount of samples.Objective: To develop an ELISA technique using the current anti-ABO antibodies for determination of blood group by hemagglutination technique and second peroxidase label antibody specific for mouse IgG, originally used for another ELISA technique.Methods: 100 μl of diluted human intestinal mucosal fluid were incubated overnight in 4oC in ELISA microplate wells, followed by addition anti-ABO antibodies. Then after incubation, a second revealing antibody anti mouse IgG labeled with peroxidase was added. After a brief incubation, substrate H2O2 and chromogenic TMB were added.Results: Positive reaction is marked by development of blue colour, which, on termination enzymatic reaction by addition 100 μl H2SO4 change to yellow.Conclusion: An ELISA method for detecting ABO substance in mucosal fluid can be developed from antibodies not specifically made for this technique, but specific only for the target.
THE FIRST INVESTIGATION OF AAC(6’)-Ib ENZYME IN CARBAPENEM-RESISTANT ENTEROBACTERIACEAE ISOLATED FROM INDONESIAN PATIENTS Novianty, Beauty; Amalia, Ella; Maritska, Ziske; Yuwono, Yuwono; Hayati, Lusia
Acta Biochimica Indonesiana Vol 2, No 1 (2019): ACTA BIOCHIMICA INDONESIANA
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (244.035 KB) | DOI: 10.32889/actabioina.v2i1.32

Abstract

Background: Over the past decade, numbers of Carbapenemase Producing-Carbapenem Resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CP-CRE) has been increasing worldwide and it has been becoming a threat because of its resistance against carbapenem which is considered as the “last resort” antibiotic. Therapy options for its infection are still limited. Aminoglycoside serves as one of the most commonly used antibiotics, but the resistance against it has already been presented for a long time. Aminoglycoside Modifying Enzyme (AME) is the most important resistance mechanism against aminoglycoside. AAC(6’)-Ib enzyme is one of the most common AME produced by the gram-negative bacteria.Objectives: This study wished to identify the gene of this enzyme among CRE isolated from infected Indonesian patients in Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Hospital Palembang.Methods: Twenty-eight isolates collected from CRE-infected patients identified by Vitek 2 Compact (bioMerieux, USA) in dr. Mohammad Hoesin Hospital Palembang during September—November 2017. AAC(6’)-Ib gene was identified using PCR method, then visualize by electrophoresis. The result is then analyzed by comparing it with a susceptibility test.  Results: Out of 28 samples, AAC(6’)-Ib is identified in 22 (78.57%) samples. Samples with AAC(6’)-Ib showed to be less resistant to various antibiotics, significantly to amikacin (p=0.023).Conclusion: AAC(6’)-Ib gene is found in most of samples implying its frequent occurrence in Indonesian patients.
CHANGES ON OXIDATIVE STRESS-RELATED BIOMARKERS IN PLASMA AND CARDIAC TISSUE DUE TO PROLONGED EXPOSURE TO NORMOBARIC HYPEROXIA Dwiyanti, Maria Christina; Benettan, R; Wandy, F; Lirendra, M; Ferdinal, Frans; Limanan, david
Acta Biochimica Indonesiana Vol 2, No 1 (2019): ACTA BIOCHIMICA INDONESIANA
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (291.394 KB) | DOI: 10.32889/actabioina.v2i1.31

Abstract

Background: Hyperoxia is a state of oversupply of oxygen in tissues and organs that can increase reactive oxygen species (ROS). When antioxidants cannot balance ROS levels, oxidative stress occurs. Catalase and reduced glutathione (GSH) are two of the antioxidants that can be very useful to counteract ROS. Increased production of ROS subsequently results in lipids damage and generates malondialdehyde (MDA). ROS interaction with cardiac cells causes remodeling thus leads to heart failure.Objectives: The purpose of this study was to find out the changes on oxidative stress-related biomarkers in plasma and cardiac tissue. Methods: Sprague Dawley rats were divided into 5 groups (n=6/group). Control group was exposed to normoxia (21% O2), while each treatment group was exposed to hyperoxia (75% O2) for 1, 3, 7, and 14 days. Blood and heart samples were used for blood gas analysis and hematology test, also for catalase specific activity measurement, GSH level, and MDA level measurement.  Results: Blood gas analysis of pO2, pCO2, and HCO3 were increased, while the O2 saturation and all hematological parameters were decreased. Plasma and cardiac tissue’s catalase specific activity increased in day 1 to day 7 but declined in day 14. Cardiac tissue’s GSH has the same result. Plasma GSH level increased in day 1 but decreased afterward. MDA level in plasma and cardiac tissue increased significantly since day 1.Conclusion: Hyperoxia causes oxidative stress, marked by the increase of oxidative stress-related markers, and partially compensated respiratory acidosis.
Syzygium aromaticum (CLOVE) EFFECT ON CATALASE ACTIVITY DUE TO CARBON TETRACHLORIDE-INDUCED OXIDATIVE STRESS IN RAT LIVER Prijanti, Ani Retno; Hawali, AA
Acta Biochimica Indonesiana Vol 1, No 1 (2018): ACTA BIOCHIMICA INDONESIANA
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (625.414 KB) | DOI: 10.32889/actabioina.v1i1.5

Abstract

Background: Clove is known as antioxidant spice that used in cigarettes, spice for food/soup, and traditional medicine. It is believed that clove could protect smokers from cigarette-free radicals. Otherwise, study on clove as an antioxidant was still confused.Objective: To reveal that clove can overcome carbon tetra chloride (CCl4) and its free radical derivesMethod:  This study was an experimental research, using 20 Wistar rats that were divided into 4 groups, Group 1 (CCl4 + cloves 3), group 2 (CCl4 + cloves 1), group 3 (normal control, without being offered treatment), group 4 (positive control, induced by CCl4 and followed by 100 mg alpha-tocopherol), and group 5 (negative control, only induced by CCl4). Rat livers were homogenized and followed with CAT activity measurement using spectrophotometry method of Mates.Results: There was a significant difference in mean between the groups (p= 0,001). Further test, the Post Hoc showed that there is a significance different between group 1 and 4 (p=0.008), 1 and 5 (p=0.001), 2 and 5 (p=0.001), 3 and 5 (p=0.001), and 4 and 5 (p=0.007). Group 1 (CCl4+Clove3) has the highest catalase activity.Conclusion: Syzygium aromaticum (clove) oral administration with the dose of 200 mg/kg rat body weight against 0.55 mg/kgBW CCl4 show increased of catalase activity but did not overcome the oxidative stress.
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE UMBILICAL CORD LENGTH AND IT'S DIAMETER WITH THE TOTAL CD34+ AND TOTAL NUCLEATED CELL (TNC) AS A PARAMETER OF CORD BLOOD SELECTION Indriani, Meiliza; Rahadiyanto, Ya’kub; Effendi, Yusuf; Putera, Bayu Winata; Hafy, Zen
Acta Biochimica Indonesiana Vol 1, No 2 (2018): ACTA BIOCHIMICA INDONESIANA
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (356.944 KB) | DOI: 10.32889/actabioina.v1i2.12

Abstract

Background: The stem cell transplantation successful influenced by the quality of the umbilical cord blood which includes the number of CD34 + and Total Nucleated Cells (TNC).Objectives: The study aims to determine the correlation between umbilical cord length and it’s diameter, with the number of  CD34 + and TNC cells as indicators of the quality of cord blood storage feasibility. Several other factors as maternal age, gestation period, and infant birth weight also examined.Methods: Thirty four of umbilical cords from the delivered woman in Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Hospital (RSMH) Palembang were collected from May to June 2018. The length and diameter of the cord were immediately measured after delivery.  The evaluated cells were counted with a flow cytometer at Klaster Stem Cell and Tissue Engineering Research Centre (SCTE) IMERI Faculty of Medicine University of Indonesia (FKUI).  Results: Spearman correlation test show that there was no correlation between the length and diameter of the umbilical cord, maternal age, gestational period and infant weight, with the number of CD34 + and TNC cells in the cord  (p> 0.05). However, the profile analysis indicated that the longer and larger the diameter of the umbilical cord, the higher concentration of the CD34+ and TNC cells.Conclusion: This study suggested that the younger maternal age, older gestational age, and higher infant birth weight, also normal hemoglobin level, tend to increase the number of CD34+ and TNC cells in the cord blood.
THE INCREASED OF CARBONIC ANHYDRASE IN LIVER TISSUE OF RAT INDUCED BY CHRONIC SYSTEMIC HYPOXIA Ridwan, Rahmawati; Iswanti, Febriana Catur; Sadikin, Mohamad
Acta Biochimica Indonesiana Vol 1, No 1 (2018): ACTA BIOCHIMICA INDONESIANA
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (541.387 KB) | DOI: 10.32889/actabioina.v1i1.1

Abstract

Background: Carbonic anhydrases (CAs) are metalloenzymes which catalyze the reversible hydration/dehydration reaction of CO2, in order to maintain the cell homeostasis. These enzymes are found in various tissues and involve in a number of different physiological processes, including ion transport, acid-base balance, bone formation, gluconeogenesis and so on.Objective: To examine the specific activity of CA and to observe the liver tissue respond to oxidative stress by measured the malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration, in rat liver tissue induced by chronic systemic hypoxia for 1, 3, 5, 7 and 14 days of hypoxia.Results: The study showed that the activity of CA which induced by chronic systemic hypoxia significantly increasing at early exposure to the hypoxic condition, at day 1 and days 3 of hypoxia (0.281 and 0.262 nmol/mg protein/minute compared to control 0.155 nmol/mg protein/minute) (p<0.05). No statistically difference at treatments of hypoxia  5, 7 and 14 days. The concentration of MDA also increased significantly in day 3 of liver tissue hypoxia (0.013 nmol/mg compared to control 0.009 nmol/mg liver tissue) (p<0.05), and no statistically differences at day 1, 5, 7, and 14 days of hypoxia.Conclusion : There was damage of membrane cells affected by oxidative stress in liver tissue of rat induced by chronic systemic hypoxia.
ENHANCING COGNITIVE FUNCTION OF HEALTHY WISTAR RATS WITH AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF Centella asiatica Rosdah, Ayeshah A; Lusiana, Evi; Reagan, Muhammad; Akib, Abdurrahman; Khairunnisa, Fadhila; Husna, Afkara
Acta Biochimica Indonesiana Vol 1, No 2 (2018): ACTA BIOCHIMICA INDONESIANA
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (778.827 KB) | DOI: 10.32889/actabioina.v1i2.15

Abstract

Background: Centella asiatica (L.) Urb is a native herb from Asian countries such as India, China, and Indonesia. This herb has been widely used as a cure for various diseases. However, studies investigating the aqueous extract of Centella asiatica as a nootropic in healthy individuals are still very limited.Objective: This study aims to investigate the potential of aqueous extract of Centella asiatica in enhancing cognitive function of healthy male Wistar rats.Methods: Rats were randomly allocated to four treatment groups, i.e. without treatment and aqueous Centella asiatica extract at doses of 200, 400 and 800 mg/kg. To determine enhancement of cognitive function, novel object recognition (NOR) test was conducted after the course of treatment. Acetylcholine content was assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results: There was a significantly high preference index towards the novel object in the NOR test in groups treated with 200 mg/kg and 800 mg/kg of the aqueous extract compared to control. This was further confirmed by a significant increase of brain acetylcholine content in rats treated with 200 mg/kg of the extract.Conclusion: Therefore, this study confirms that the aqueous extract is effective in enhancing cognitive performance of healthy Wistar rats.
THE EFFECT OF MANGROVE (Rhizophora apiculata) BARK EXTRACT ETHANOL ON HISTOPATHOLOGY PANCREAS OF MALE WHITE RATS SPRAGUE DAWLEY STRAIN EXPOSED TO CIGARETTE SMOKE Mustofa, Syazili; Bahagia, W; Kurniawaty, Evi; Audah, Kholis A
Acta Biochimica Indonesiana Vol 1, No 1 (2018): ACTA BIOCHIMICA INDONESIANA
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (738.749 KB) | DOI: 10.32889/actabioina.v1i1.2

Abstract

Background: Cigarette smoke is free radical that causing some pathological conditions such as inflammation, proteolysis, and oxidative stress. In previous studies, mangrove (Rhizophora apiculata) bark extract showed the potential effect as an antioxidant. Mangrove and mangrove associates are abundant plants that grow throughout Indonesian shorelines that have high pharmaceutical and food values.Objective: The purpose of this study is to explore the potential of Rhizophora apiculata bark extract in protecting pancreas of male white rat (Rattus novergicus) Sprague Dawley strain exposed to cigarette smoke.Methods: This research was an experimental study using a posttest-only control group design. Mangrove bark was extracted by using the maceration method. Cigarette smoke exposure was performed using an electric cigarette. Liver inflammation is assessed histopathologically.Results: Significant results (p <0.05) were found between the control and cigarette groups as well as the cigarette and bark extract + control groups. The results were not significant (p> 0.05) between the control and the bark extract + cigarette.Conclusion : The administration of mangrove bark extract has a potential to protect the damage of pancreatic male white rats (Rattus norvegicus) Sprague Dawley strains exposed to cigarette smoke

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