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INDONESIA
Jurnal Medika Karya Ilmiah Kesehatan
ISSN : 25414615     EISSN : 2654945X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Development of Scientific-Based Research and Publication of Manuscripts in Reputable National and International Journals Sub-themes: 1. Nursing 2. Midwifery 3. Technology Laboratory Medic
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 2 No 2 (2017)" : 10 Documents clear
Karakteristik Responden Penderita Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 Dengan Resiko Kaki Diabetik Safitri, Kiki Hardiansyah; Hartati, Maria Sri; Pratama, Alfi
Jurnal Medika : Karya Ilmiah Kesehatan Vol 2 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : STIKES Wiyata Husada Samarinda

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Abstract

Patients with diabetes mellitus have different characteristics such as age, sex, duration of suffering, work, and education which can affect the risk of diabetic foot so that it can be at 15% risk of having diabetic foot complications during his lifetime and 70% relapse in 5 years. Long-term complications of diabetes mellitus both microvascular and macrovascular can. causing insufficiency of blood flow to the legs, which leads to infection, ulcers and ends in amputation. Aim to find out the relationship between the characteristics of respondents with type 2 diabetes mellitus and the risk of diabetic foot. This type of research uses descriptive analytic with cross sectional design. Conducted from March to April 2018. The sample in this study amounted to 46 respondents who had not yet experienced diabetic foot ulcers, with Consecutive sampling technique. Data were collected by respondent characteristic questionnaires and screening of Inlow's 60 Second Foot Screen Screening Tool. Data analysis using Fisher's Exact Test was obtained by age (p = 0.002; OR = 21.88), gender (p = 0.047; OR = 5.40), duration of suffering (p = 0.042; OR = 6.22) , work (p = 0.00, OR = 11.73) and education (p = 0.025; OR = 6.45) have a significant relationship with the risk of diabetic foot. The results showed that the characteristics of respondents (age, sex, duration of suffering, work and education) had a significant relationship with the risk of diabetic foot. It is expected that community nurses care more about screening diabetics, because the characteristics of sufferers can increase the risk of diabetic foot.
Pola Asuh Orangtua Dalam Pemberian Makanan Pada Anak yang Mengalami Obesitas Sinaga, Sumiati; Sulistyarini, Wahyu Dewi; Nur Pama Rusfan, Indy Putra
Jurnal Medika : Karya Ilmiah Kesehatan Vol 2 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : STIKES Wiyata Husada Samarinda

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Abstract

Overweight or obesity in children is a growing global health problem. One of the highest areas is the province of East Kalimantan. This data shows five of children aged 5-12 years are obese. Obesity is a condition where the body becomes heavier than normal due to the accumulation of excess fat. The cause of obesity itself is multifactorial, both individual factors (biologic and psychological) and environmental factors. The study aims to describe the parenting style of feeding in children who are obese in the working area of ​​West Bontang Health Center. This study uses qualitative research methods with a phenomenological approach. Participants in this study were 7 parents who had obese children. Participant selection uses purposive sampling. This research has 6 main themes, namely feeding children who exceed normal limits at their age, family meal menus that are not good for children's health, the principle of control over eating, the principle of emotional feeding, activities that do not generate much energy, the application of healthy life to control weight excessive body in children. Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that the picture of parenting in feeding shows that the mother is an important role in regulating daily household arrangements including regulating food menus and regulating nutritional status in children. Parents' principle in feeding children who often happens is parents. with groups of parenting emotional feeding because parents do not have the heart to behave with the behavior of children who are somewhat rebellious or angry if their appetite is limited by parents.    
PENGARUH METODE VIDEO DAN CERAMAH TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN CUCI TANGAN ANAK PRASEKOLAH Mulyono, Edy; Nurarif, Amin Huda; Yosa, Esti Vera
Jurnal Medika : Karya Ilmiah Kesehatan Vol 2 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : STIKES Wiyata Husada Samarinda

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Abstract

The use of appropriate methods can affect the ability of respondents. The ability to wash hands is to do well how to wash hands properly using soap and running water. The purpose of the study was to determine differences in the ability of health education video methods and lectures on hand washing at TK Bunga Kasih West Kutai. The type of research used is Quasi Experiments with Nonequlvalent control group design. The study population was kindergarten children of Bunga Kasih Barong Tongkok. The sample of the respondents was 30 respondents divided into 2 groups, 15 groups of video methods and 15 respondents in the lecture method technique by consecutive sampling. The research instrument uses an observation sheet. Data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon test and the Whitney Man Test. The results obtained after being given health education the ability of the two groups of respondents there is a change evidenced by an increase in the good category. The results of the Wilcoxon statistical test obtained pvalue = 0,000 video method and pvalue = 0,0001 lectures, p 5 0,05. The Man Whitney test obtained the value of p value = 0.034 smaller than the value of α (p ≤ 0.05). The conclusion is that there is an effect of increasing handwashing ability after being given video method health education and lecture method. And the video method is more influential on increasing the ability of preschoolers to wash their hands.
Hubungan Peran Kader Dengan Pelaksanaan Kegiatan Posyandu Lansia Rusdi, Rusdi; Rianto, Eko; Puspita, Devy
Jurnal Medika : Karya Ilmiah Kesehatan Vol 2 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : STIKES Wiyata Husada Samarinda

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Abstract

To realize the development program of government policy through health services for the elderly in the elderly posyandu, activities in an effort to provide excellent health services, the role of cadres is very much needed in the elderly posyandu activities. Elderly Posyandu cadres prepare the implementation of posyandu, mobilize the community to attend and participate in posyandu activities, and assist health workers in registration, counseling, and various other public health businesses. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of the role of cadres with the implementation of elderly posyandu activities in the work area of ​​Samarinda Wonorejo Health Center. The method used in this study was descriptive analytic, and used a cross sectional design. The sampling technique used by Non Probability Sampling with a sample of 20 respondents data was collected using a questionnaire and observation sheet. The results of the Fisher exact test showed that the Significant value (Sig) of the Fisher Exact Test was 0.037 <α (0.05). So that Ha is accepted which means that there is a relationship between the role of cadres of the elderly posyandu activities and the implementation of the Elderly Posyandu activities in the Wonorejo Samarinda Community Health Center. The role of cadres is related to the elderly posyandu activities. Puskesmas are expected to provide special training for cadres to improve their roles and duties in the implementation of elderly posyandu activities.
TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN DAN KEJADIAN SKABIES DI PONDOK PESANTREN Sulistyarini, Wahyu Dewi; ., Hamka; Sholehah, Zaitun
Jurnal Medika : Karya Ilmiah Kesehatan Vol 2 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : STIKES Wiyata Husada Samarinda

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Abstract

Scabies is a disease related to personal hygiene. The incidence of scabies is often found in environments with high occupancy and interpersonal contact density such as prisons, orphanages, and Islamic boarding schools. This is caused by several factors, one of which is the lack of knowledge about scabies. Lack of knowledge about the dangers of scabies makes this disease considered an ordinary disease because it does not endanger lives. To find out whether there is a relationship between the level of knowledge and the occurrence of scabies in the Al-Izzah Islamic boarding school. This research is descriptive analytic, with cross sectional design. Conducted in April-May 2018, the sample of this study amounted to 56 respondents. The results of the statistical test are based on data analysis using Chi Square test Obtained results (Value P = 0.000> 0.005). The results of the research conducted by the researcher showed that there was a relationship between the knowledge of santri and the incidence of scabies at the Al-Izzah Simpang Pasir Palaran Islamic Boarding School.  
PENGARUH BACK MASSAGE TERHADAP MATERNAL DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS PADA IBU POSTPARTUM Pratiwi, Anis Eka; Anwar, Mohammad; Fitriana, Herlin; Norhapifah, Hestri
Jurnal Medika : Karya Ilmiah Kesehatan Vol 2 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : STIKES Wiyata Husada Samarinda

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Abstract

The postpartum period is a process of adaptation to physical and psychological changes. Postpartum mothers at risk for psychological disorders. Giving intervention such as back massage can be done by health workers to reduce maternal depressive symptoms. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of back massage to change maternal depressive symptoms score in postpartum. A Quasy experimental study of pretest-posttest with Non-equivalent control group design was undertaken among all postpartum in Sakina Idaman and Amanda hospital. The sampling technique used consecutive sampling with a sample 26 for each group. Back massage was given 2 times a week within a period of 4 weeks duration 15 minutes. Instruments Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was used to measure maternal depressive symptoms in pretest-posttest. Sarason’s Social Support Questionnaire (SSQ) measured social support. The statistical test used paired t-test and independent t-test. Score of maternal depressive symptoms before and after intervention is similar 12,9±3,99 between 2 groups. The score significantly decrease after intervention (fourth week) 6,46±1,60 for intervention group and 8,73±1,63 for control group. Delta mean is 2,26 (Pvalue 0,04 CI 95% 0,05-4,47). 
PENGARUH EKSTRAK DAUN SIRSAK (Annona muricata L.) TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN BAKTERI Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 DAN Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 ., Nadira; Raudah, Siti; ., latifah
Jurnal Medika : Karya Ilmiah Kesehatan Vol 2 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : STIKES Wiyata Husada Samarinda

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One of the plants that has long been used as traditional medicine includes soursop leaves (Annona muricata L.). Soursop leaves are commonly used to prevent and treat certain types of diseases caused by bacteria such as diarrhea and skin infections. One of the chemical content of soursop which plays an important role for medicine is flavonoids and tannins. This research was conducted in 5 stages: 1) Making soursop leaf extract, 2) Preliminary test, 3) Phytochemical test, 4) Test sensitivity of soursop leaf extract (Annona muricata L.) on the growth of Escherichia coli bacteria ATCC 25922 and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 , 5) Observation of inhibitory zones. The second to fourth leaves from the top are used as ingredients. The concentration of soursop leaf extract used is 60%, 70%, 80%, 90%, 100%. Each concentration of extract was tested on media Muller Hilton Agar. The radical zone formed is measured as a barrier to bacterial growth. Analysis of the data used is Simple Linear Regression. The results showed that there was the effect of soursop (Annona muricata L.) leaf extract on the growth of Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 at concentrations of 60%, 70%, 80%, 90% and 100% formed inhibition zones with an average of 11 mm, 11.6 mm, 12.6 mm, 13.6 mm and 14.6 mm. The results showed no effect of soursop (Annona muricata L.) leaf extract on the growth of Escherichia coli bacteria ATCC 25922 at concentrations of 60%, 70%, 80%, 90% and 100% formed inhibition zones with an average of 0 mm, 0 mm , 0 mm, 0 mm and 0 mm. Based on the coefficient value shows T count> T table, or 19,919> 3,182, meaning regression is significant. So the concentration of soursop leaf extract (Annona muricata L.) has a significant effect on the inhibitory zone of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria.
PREVALENSI KEJADIAN ANOREKSIA PADA LANSIA Damanik, Chrisyen; Sinaga, Sumiati; Alexander, Maichel
Jurnal Medika : Karya Ilmiah Kesehatan Vol 2 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : STIKES Wiyata Husada Samarinda

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The prevalence of anorexia sufferers in the elderly will continue to increase due to the aging process which can be detrimental to quality of life, morbidity, and mortality. By using simple measurements through the anorexia questionnaire, it is known that the elderly who experience good and bad appetite. This study was to determine the prevalence of anorexia in the elderly at the Tresna Werdha Nirwana Social Home Puri Samarinda. This study is a cross-sectional measurement study that is descriptive in nature, random sampling with 80 respondents. The prevalence of anorexia from 80 respondents, mostly women 62.5% with the highest age of 45-59 years, showed that the risk of anorexia was 41.3% and those not at risk 58.8%. In the care of the elderly at social institutions so that they can provide material about anorexia so that they can reduce those that can harm the health of the elderly at the Tresna Werdha Nirwana Social Home Puri Samarinda
Hubungan Pengetahuan Lansia Tentang Pencegahan Hipertensi Dengan Pola Makan Lansia Mukaromah, Siti; Hartati, Maria Sri; Maimunah, Siti
Jurnal Medika : Karya Ilmiah Kesehatan Vol 2 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : STIKES Wiyata Husada Samarinda

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Elderly is a population group that is the focus of public attention because the elderly are a high risk of degenerative diseases, one of which is hypertension. The wrong diet is one of the risk factors that increase hypertension, the elderly need to increase their knowledge of proper diet for people with hypertension. Aim to find out the relationship of knowledge of the elderly about how to prevent hypertension with an elderly diet at the Poli General Puskesmas Temindung Samarinda. This type of research uses analytical surveys with a Cross Sectional approach. The population in this study were elderly who had hypertension at the General Poly of Temindung Samarinda Health Center with a sample of 47 people determined by accidental sampling technique. The Fisher's Exact Test results obtained a value of ρ (0,000) <α (0.05) indicating that Ha is accepted, which means that there is a relationship between knowledge about prevention of hypertension with an elderly diet at the General Poly of Temindung Samarinda Health Center. Knowledge of the elderly about the prevention of hypertension is related to the diet of the elderly. Therefore, the Puskesmas is expected to be able to improve the diet of the elderly through knowledge about prevention of hypertension so that the health degree of the elderly can be optimal.
PENGARUH KONSELING TERHADAP STATUS PEMAKAIAN KONTRASEPSI DAN JENIS KONTRASEPSI PADA IBU NIFAS Wahyuni, Ridha
Jurnal Medika : Karya Ilmiah Kesehatan Vol 2 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : STIKES Wiyata Husada Samarinda

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Abstract

Quality interaction or counseling between clients and providers (medical personnel), especially midwives, is one of the most decisive indicators for the success of family planning programs in Indonesia. Clients who get counseling well will tend to choose contraception correctly and precisely. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of counseling on contraceptive usage status and type of contraception in postpartum mothers. This study is a quantitative analytical study and analyzed using Mann Whitney's test. The number of respondents was 36 people by dividing the intervention group by 18 respondents and the control group by 18 respondents. Obtained counseling effect test results with contraceptive use status in postpartum mothers with Asymp values. Sig. (2-tailed) 0.78> 0.05 and the results of the counseling effect test on the selection of contraception types in postpartum mothers with Asymp values. Sig. (2-tailed) 0.014 <0.05. The conclusions in this study were that there was no effect of counseling on contraceptive use status in postpartum mothers and there was an effect of counseling on the selection of contraception in postpartum mothers.

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