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Ekuilibrium : Jurnal Ilmiah Bidang Ilmu Ekonomi
Ekuilibrium : Jurnal Ilmiah Bidang Ilmu Ekonomi is a journal published by the Economic Faculty, Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo (Unmuh Ponorogo) in collaboration with Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo Research and Community Service. Published twice a year (March and September), contains six to ten articles and receive articles in the field of economic and business review studies with research methodologies that meet the standards set for publication. Manuscript articles can come from researchers, academics, practitioners, and other economic observers who are interested in research in the field of economics.
Articles
64
Articles
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Sector and Country Balance of Trade Analysis Based on World Input-Output Database: Indonesian Economy

Muchdie, Muchdie, Ulza, Emaridial, Setiawan, Edi

EKUILIBRIUM : JURNAL ILMIAH BIDANG ILMU EKONOMI Vol 13, No 2 (2018): September
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo

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Abstract

This paper analyses trade balance in Indonesian economy by using Indonesia input-output tables for the year 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2014. The results showed that, firstly, Indonesian export had been increased significantly during the year of study. Secondly, Indonesian import had also increased significantly during the year of study. Important sectors and countries’ trade partners of export and import had been indicated. Thirdly, trade balances in Indonesia economy were surpluses in all years of the study. Sectors and countries in which trade balances were deficits and surpluses had also been clearly indicated.

The Role of Mining Materials in Group C Against Community Welfare In Ngawi Regency

Ardianto, Ivan, Hadiwiyono, Vincent, Mulyaningsih, Tri

EKUILIBRIUM : JURNAL ILMIAH BIDANG ILMU EKONOMI Vol 13, No 2 (2018): September
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo

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Abstract

Natural resources in the mining sector are one of the natural resources in Indonesia. The sector produces various types of mining commodities that have different economic values. Ngawi Regency is one of the regions in East Java Province which has potential in the mining sector. One of the potential of the mine is group C excavation material. Since the construction of toll roads in the Ngawi Regency area, demand for mining products in the form of class C excavation materials as materials for toll road construction has increased rapidly. This has encouraged the growth of mining businesses in the region. Mining activities or businesses in addition to having a positive impact, such as the absorption of labor, also cause various negative impacts that affect the welfare of the community. Employment in the mining sector is indeed wide open which then causes people to switch from various sectors of employment to employment in the mining sector. The shift of employment to the mining sector has an impact on rising levels of income. However, this does not significantly affect the level of community welfare.

Compensation Analysis on The Performance Of Employees Of The Public Work Of Civil Work And Regional Spatial District Nganjuk Regency

Bawono, Muhammad

EKUILIBRIUM : JURNAL ILMIAH BIDANG ILMU EKONOMI Vol 13, No 2 (2018): September
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo

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Abstract

Natural resources in the mining sector are one of the natural resources in Indonesia. The sector produces various types of mining commodities that have different economic values. Ngawi Regency is one of the regions in East Java Province which has potential in the mining sector. One of the potential of the mine is group C excavation material. Since the construction of toll roads in the Ngawi Regency area, demand for mining products in the form of class C excavation materials as materials for toll road construction has increased rapidly. This has encouraged the growth of mining businesses in the region. Mining activities or businesses in addition to having a positive impact, such as the absorption of labor, also cause various negative impacts that affect the welfare of the community. Employment in the mining sector is indeed wide open which then causes people to switch from various sectors of employment to employment in the mining sector. The shift of employment to the mining sector has an impact on rising levels of income. However, this does not significantly affect the level of community welfare.

Macro Economy, Fluctuation of Rupiah Exchange Rate on American Dollars at The Time and Before Jokowi Government

Sulistyowati, Lilik Nur, Ahmadi, Herman

EKUILIBRIUM : JURNAL ILMIAH BIDANG ILMU EKONOMI Vol 13, No 2 (2018): September
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo

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Abstract

The rupiah exchange rate against the US Dollar penetrated the highest figure at Rp. 14,728, - during the reign of Jokowi, so it is necessary to discuss the anticipation of rupiah depreciation against the US dollar. Quantitative data types, secondary data (www.bps.go.id), (www.bi.go.id),Rupiah exchange rate against US dollar, inflation, Interest Rate, Money Supply,Import, Export. Sampling technique is sample saturated, this study uses monthly time series data period before Jokowi government starting from October 2013 until October 2014, and in the reign of Jokowi November 2014 until November 2015, Data analysis techniques using the test of Normality and Test Paired sample T-Tes ,T-test Result of research that there is no difference of inflation, interest rate, money supply before and after Jokowi government, while Export and Import there is difference before and after Jokowi government, whereas t test before Jokowi Government known only interest rate only influence the rupiah exchange rate on USDollar, while after Jokowi government variable inflation, interest rate, money supply, Export, import, no Significant.

Optimalisasi Sumber Dana Pada Amal Usaha Muhammadiyah Wilayah Gorontalo

Radjak, Lukfiah I., Lantowa, Felmi D.

EKUILIBRIUM : JURNAL ILMIAH BIDANG ILMU EKONOMI Vol 13, No 2 (2018): September
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis optimalisasi sumber dana pada amal usaha Muhammadiyah (AUM) wilayah Gorontalo dengan tujuan jangka panjang adalah pengelolaan keuangan yang akuntabel pada AUM. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada AUM di Wilayah Gorontalo yang menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif deskriptif. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi.Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat dilihat pengelolaan keuangan di AUM pengelolaan keuangannya sudah berpedoman pada ART Muhammadiyah sesuai dengan  pasal 7 ayat 2 AD Muhammadiyah dan untuk sistem pencatatan masing-masing AUM berbeda hal ini dilihat dari segi pencatatan laporan keuangan dari keseluruhan amal usaha yang menjadi sampel penelitian, satu-satunya yang menerapkan sistem pencatatan berdasarkan PSAK Nomor 45 yakni Universitas Muhammadiyah Gorontalo dan jika di tinjau dari segi optimalisasi sumber dana dari amal usaha yang menjadi sampel penelitian belum optimal dalam sumber dana karena masih mengandalkan sepenuhnya dari bantuan pemerintah dan mahasiswa untuk tingkat perguruan tinggi dan belum optimal dalam mengembangkan unit usaha yang nantinya akan menambah sumber dana amal usaha. 

Increasing Food Security through Strengthening Farmer Groups

Barokatuminalloh, Barokatuminalloh, Widayaningsih, Neni, Gunawan, Diah Setyorini

EKUILIBRIUM : JURNAL ILMIAH BIDANG ILMU EKONOMI Vol 13, No 2 (2018): September
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo

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Abstract

The research is based on the low household food security in Banyumas regency. One way to improve it is by empowering farmer groups. The growing group of farmers is "Minasari". focuses on the analysis of farmer group strengthening aspects. Strengths: have fish seeding certificate, access to information, training on fish feed, high confidence level. Weaknesses: low education level, unstable members, lack of response to information, marketing difficulties. Opportunities: "Minapolitan" Policy, the existence of KSU "Ngudi Rahayu"; buffer Beji Village. Threats: fishponds are narrow, depending on the weather, no follow-up after training, no bargaining position, and no cooperation with other parties.

Comparative Performance Islamic Shares Mutual Funds Between Indonesia And Malaysia

Basuki, Novianto, Khoiruddin, Moh

EKUILIBRIUM : JURNAL ILMIAH BIDANG ILMU EKONOMI Vol 13, No 1 (2018): March
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo

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Abstract

The objective of this study is to evaluate the performance of Islamic mutual funds in Indonesia and Malaysia. Research conducted on the types of shares mutual funds in the period 2014 until 2016. The technique sample used was purposive sampling method with 13 Islamic mutual funds in Indonesia and 72 Islamic mutual funds in Malaysia. Fund performance measured by Sharpe index, Treynor index, and Index of jenesen’s Alpha. The results of this study showed in 2014 and 2016 Islamic mutual fund performance be superior to Indonesia than Malaysia. While in 2015 Islamic mutual fund performance Malaysia be superior compared to Indonesia. Based on the results of this research, it is recommended for investment managers to increase the publication of and understanding of mutual funds so that more potential investors who are interested in investing in mutual funds in particular Islamic mutual funds.

Factor Influence Analysis of Corporate Value with Firm Size As Moderator Variable in Indonesia Stock Exchange

Suteja, Jaja, Abas, Muhammad Rida

EKUILIBRIUM : JURNAL ILMIAH BIDANG ILMU EKONOMI Vol 13, No 1 (2018): March
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo

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Abstract

Corporate value is the representation of people’s judgement towards the company’s performance in general that usually correlated with stock price. Maximizing corporate value is the main goal of a company. By doing so, it will also improve the prosperity of shareholders. This present study aims to analyze the influence of capital structure, dividend policy, and profitability towards the corporate value by involving firm size as the moderator variable. The subjects are the companies of consumer goods industry sector that has been registered in Indonesia Stock Exchange from 201 until 2016. The result showed that capital structure, dividend policy, and profitability simultaneously have influence towards the corporate value with coefficient of determination (R2) 20.17%. Thus, moderately, firm size can negatively moderate the correlation between capital structures towards corporate value. However, it cannot moderate the correlation between ldividend policies towards the corporate value. Keywords: Corporate Value, Capital Structure, Dividend Policy, Profitability, Firm Size

Breastfeeding : Gender and Socio-Economic Dimensions

Pratama, Yogi Pasca, Samudro, Bhimo Rizky, Yogi, Anang Pra

EKUILIBRIUM : JURNAL ILMIAH BIDANG ILMU EKONOMI Vol 13, No 1 (2018): March
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo

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Abstract

This study aims to examine breastfeeding behavior from a gender perspective and socio-economic dimension. The legal basis and internal and external factors of breastfeeding behavior are the main issues. Breastfeeding views are also studied in terms of working women, in response to the increasingly expensive economic needs of women to help the family economy by entering the labor market, while women also have an obligation to engage in breastfeeding activities. This study uses literature method, by collecting all the literature related to the breastfeeding process, the legal basis that supports, and the factors that can inhibit and the way to succeed exclusive breastfeeding issues. This study found the fact that there is a misconception of society about breastfeeding that the breastfeeding process is not optimal, the modernization also makes women who should breastfeed to make new choices instead of breastfeeding obligations for their children.  

The Analysis of Factors Influencing Effectivenes of Property Taxes in Karanganyar Regency

Brotojoyo, Endang

EKUILIBRIUM : JURNAL ILMIAH BIDANG ILMU EKONOMI Vol 13, No 1 (2018): March
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to test empirically Effect of Compensation, Motivation and External Factors To Performance Officer With Property Taxes Voting in the District Effectiveness Matesih Karanganyar. The analysis technique used is using validity and reliability test, linearity test, regression analysis, path analysis, t test, F test, test the coefficient of determination and correlation analysis. Compensation Hypothesis Test Results significantly influence the effectiveness of tax collection. Motivation significantly influences the effectiveness of tax collection. External factors do not significant effect on effectiveness of tax collection. Compensation significant effect on the performance of Officers. Motivation significant effect on the performance of the Property Taxes polling clerk. External factors do not significant effect on the performance of Officers. Effectiveness of tax collection clerk significant effects on performance. F test results can be concluded jointly variable compensation, motivation, and external factors affecting the effectiveness of tax collection performance. The R2 total of 0,974 means that the performance of the Property Taxes in the district polling officer Matesih Karanganyar explained by the variable compensation, motivation, external factors and the effectiveness of tax collection amounted to 97.4%. The results of path analysis showed that the effective compensation and motivation through a direct path, while external factors are not effective for direct and indirect pathways.